Fast super-resolution with affine motion using an adaptive Wiener filter and its application to airborne imaging

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Russell C. Hardie ; Kenneth J. Barnard ; Raul Ordonez (2011)
  • Publisher: Figshare
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3763436.v1
  • Subject: Space Science | Biophysics
    • FOR: 80699 Information Systems not elsewhere classified | 69999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified | 19999 Mathematical Sciences not elsewhere classified | 59999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
    acm: ComputingMethodologies_COMPUTERGRAPHICS | ComputingMethodologies_IMAGEPROCESSINGANDCOMPUTERVISION

Fast nonuniform interpolation based super-resolution (SR) has traditionally been limited to applications with translational interframe motion. This is in part because such methods are based on an underlying assumption that the warping and blurring components in the observation model commute. For translational motion this is the case, but it is not true in general. This presents a problem for applications such as airborne imaging where translation may be insufficient. Here we present a new Fourier domain analysis to show that, for many image systems, an affine warping model with limited zoom and shear approximately commutes with the point spread function when diffraction effects are modeled. Based on this important result, we present a new fast adaptive Wiener filter (AWF) SR algorithm for non-translational motion and study its performance with affine motion. The fast AWF SR method employs a new smart observation window that allows us to precompute all the needed filter weights for any type of motion without sacrificing much of the full performance of the AWF. We evaluate the proposed algorithm using simulated data and real infrared airborne imagery that contains a thermal resolution target allowing for objective resolution analysis.
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