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CIEMAT

Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
Country: Spain
227 Projects, page 1 of 46
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 892933
    Overall Budget: 172,932 EURFunder Contribution: 172,932 EUR

    Neutrino Physics is one of the areas of Particle Physics with the highest potential for discoveries. DUNE, a long-baseline neutrino-oscillation experiment, will study the neutrino mass ordering and the charge-parity violation in the next decade using liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) detectors. Until DUNE begins, the only opportunity to study actual neutrino interactions in LArTPCs is the Short-Baseline Neutrino (SBN) Program at Fermilab. SBND, the near detector of the SBN Program, will collect the largest statistics of neutrino interactions, enabling the resolution of anomalies which could be caused by additional neutrinos, cross-section measurements in many relevant channels for SBN and DUNE, and Beyond-Standard-Model (BSM) searches. The goal of this fellowship is for Dr Crespo to make a high-visibility contribution to SBND at CIEMAT. Specifically, the objectives are 1) commission the data acquisition and trigger systems of SBND, a critical contribution to the experiment; 2) develop the simulation and reconstruction of scintillation light in the detector, which is crucial for the cosmic-ray background rejection in a near-surface experiment like SBND; 3) develop a search for BSM Heavy Neutral Leptons, which could explain the smallness of the neutrino mass, using the Fermilab neutrino beam. Dr Crespo will receive first-hand training by the CIEMAT group, which has broad experience in simulating and reconstructing scintillation light in LArTPCs, and led this work for one of the DUNE prototypes. The supervisor, Dr Gil-Botella, is the Leader of the Far Detector Dual-Phase Photon-Detection System for DUNE. Dr Crespo will strengthen the CIEMAT contribution to SBND. He is a member of SBND since 2015, and is an expert in the readout and trigger systems, and the Co-Convener of Astroparticle and Exotic Physics in MicroBooNE, another SBN experiment. This project will reintegrate Dr Crespo in the EU, bringing his expertise, and fostering EU and US collaboration.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 302453
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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 870186
    Overall Budget: 4,246,330 EURFunder Contribution: 3,988,290 EUR

    The International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility - Demo Oriented NEutron Source (IFMIF-DONES) is a novel Research Infrastructure based on a unique neutron source with energy spectrum and flux tuned to those expected for the first wall in future fusion reactors, to investigate radiation damage phenomena and to characterize materials irradiated under such conditions. It will also develop a unique high-current high duty-cycle accelerator technology, liquid metal target technology and advanced control systems. Since 2007, the original IFMIF project has been pursued by Japan and the European Union under the Broader Approach Agreement in the field of fusion energy research and in December 2017 Fusion for Energy (F4E)positively evaluated the Spain-Croatia joint proposal to site DONES in Granada (Spain) and at this moment a wide international collaboration is being fostered to design and build the facility. The primary goal of the IFMIF-DONES Preparatory Phase project is to elaborate and draft the consortium agreement allowing for the construction of the facility. During the Preparatory Phase, the Project will deal with the financial, legal and organisational issues related to the international character of the facility during its construction and operation phases. The Preparatory Phase is also the ideal framework to attract other partners, also to ensure the operation and exploitation of the project, such as the already confirmed Andalucía Region Authority and the Spanish Government, EUROfusion and F4E that cover about 75 % of construction costs.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 799281
    Overall Budget: 158,122 EURFunder Contribution: 158,122 EUR

    In recent years the presence of pharamceuticals (PhAcs) in wastewater treatment plant effluents, drinking water and groundwater has become an issue of emerging concern.The global concentration of these compounds constitutes an effluent organic matter which often serves as precursor for the formation of hazardous disinfection by-products during conventional water disinfection processes. The potential effects of pharmaceutically active compounds on humans and aquatic ecosystems are not completely understood, especially if it is considered that PhACs co-exist in mixtures with other compounds (chemical “cocktails”).The uncontrolled release of antibiotics to the environment promotes the selection of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB), which shade further long-term health risks to humans and animals To address this challenge, the application of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for the removal of residual organic matter and microorganisms has become an emerging area of research. In order to overcome the limitation of individuals AOPs the simultaneous application of light based AOPs looks quite interesting. However, in spite of the progress made in fundamental research at bench scale, the practical achievements in the field of environmental photocatalysis have been modest. The PreSTO project deals with the development and demonstration of pilot plants hybrid photocatalytic processes for the simultaneous removal of pathogens & pharmaceuticals from real wastewater effluents. This will be achieved with a step by step investigation of all relevant aspects, including: (a)development of efficient hybrid advanced oxidation processes (i) Cavitation/Solar photo-Fenton and (ii) Solar photo-ElectroFenton at the unique facilities of CIEMAT SPA (b)development & optimization of state of the art analytical methods and biological assays;(c) photocatalytic evaluation for the elimination of antibiotics and pathogens at hybrid pilot scale reactor.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101076533
    Overall Budget: 2,473,530 EURFunder Contribution: 2,473,530 EUR

    The universe in the visible wavelength remains largely unexplored in the sub-second time regime and sub-milliarcsecond scale, primarily due to instrumental limitations. Overcoming these impediments would bring a breakthrough in our knowledge of stellar physics, evolution and modelling by imaging the stars and their surroundings as well as unravel the history of the Solar System. MicroStars will demonstrate the viability of a cost-effective and novel solution to enhance the capabilities of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) to perform ultra-fast optical measurements. Such an upgrade allows two novel applications of these telescopes in the visible range: their use as Stellar Intensity Interferometers and as high-time-resolution, fast, high-precision photometers. MicroStars will allow to expand the limiting time and angular resolution of current optical observatories by at least an order of magnitude. By upgrading the capabilities of next-generation IACTs, MicroStars has the potential of creating a host of scientific breakthroughs, answering fundamental questions regarding stellar physics, magnetic activity and modelling, exoplanet properties and the Solar System planetary formation. The interdisciplinary and field-transforming nature of MicroStars, merging astroparticle physics instrumentation with optical astronomy, will extend the scientific life of current IACT experiments, and greatly expand the scientific impact of the next generation: the Cherenkov Telescope Array. Bringing this proposal to life is only possible with an ambitious funding scheme, willing to finance the major equipment needed, and support a research team with the required multidisciplinary skills to expand the state of the art with novel instrumentation and methodologies.

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