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Leipzig University

Leipzig University

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208 Projects, page 1 of 42
  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101018743
    Overall Budget: 2,500,000 EURFunder Contribution: 2,500,000 EUR

    TRANSOPERA investigates the politics of opera in the Habsburg Empire between the Congress of ‘Transopera’ investigates the politics of opera in the Habsburg Empire between the Congress of Vienna and the outbreak of World War One. With its emphasis on transnational exchanges between the Empire’s different parts and on Austria’s multinational concept of state, my project challenges traditional narratives that have tended to highlight the role of opera as a tool of political nationalism. Instead, the Empire supported opera (the form and the repertoire) as a means to create cultural and intellectual connections between its different peoples, as well as between its political centre and its many peripheries. Following a cross-disciplinary agenda, my project responds to two distinct fields of scholarship so as to establish a new paradigm in our understanding of nineteenth-century opera: the contextual analysis of opera production and its reception; and new trends in Habsburg history, which have moved away from a narrow focus on ethnic and linguistic conflict to examine the role of national hybridity, of dynastic loyalty, and of social structures such as religion, class or gender that cut across national boundaries. ‘Transopera’ connects these two fields of scholarship through a shared challenge to methodological nationalism. It combines cultural and intellectual history to investigate five areas of opera production that deeply marked the monarchy's social, political and cultural life: the role of Italian opera in uniting the Empire culturally across its different crownlands and nationalities; the use of national vernaculars in opera production across the Empire; the function of opera in the context of dynastic representation; the role of grand opéra in staging historical narratives that connected the monarchy to events elsewhere in Europe; and finally, a focus on opera in the Empire’s Southern and Eastern peripheries, as a way of building bridges with its political centre.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 838259
    Overall Budget: 264,669 EURFunder Contribution: 264,669 EUR

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) may be categorized as an epidemic disease associated with an increased risk for heart failure, thromboembolism, dementia and mortality. The underlying mechanisms behind AF describe multiple pathological states leading to various remodeling processes. One of the easiest available diagnostical tools is an electrocardiogram (ECG). Numerous P wave indices have been identified, demonstrating associations with increased risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes and mortality. Prolonged signal-averaged P wave duration (SAPWD) measured from the non-invasive signal averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) using a vector composite of filtered orthogonal leads accurately measures cardiac activation times. In comparison with analysis of a standard 12-lead ECG, the SAECG is superior in detection of P wave prolongation as a risk marker for AF. However, there are only limited data analyzing this issue. Current project is aimed to perform P wave SAECGs in Framingham Heart Study (Boston, US) and LIFE Health Care Study (Leipzig, Germany) and to investigate their role in AF incidence. Furthermore, estimation of corresponding lifetime risk will be performed using multistate modeling phenomapping of AF, e.g. classification of AF patients based on a broad range of data (clinical, laboratory, ECG, echocardiography, biomarkers) predicting adverse clinical outcomes. The current project represents an innovative and authentic multidisciplinary research in AF and includes different future perspectives. It paves the way for fruitful international cooperation with Framingham cohort - the one the most renowned epidemiological studies, intensive exchange of experience and researcher mobility as well as academical and practical implementation of cardiovascular epidemiology and prevention at European institution.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 306284
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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101041499
    Overall Budget: 1,083,750 EURFunder Contribution: 1,083,750 EUR

    This project is devoted to integrable probability. The key feature of the field is the prominent role of methods and ideas from other parts of mathematics (such as representation theory, combinatorics, integrable systems, and others) which are applied to stochastic models. This philosophy often leads to very precise limit theorems which seem to be inaccessible by more standard probabilistic techniques. The proposed research is a study of a variety of probabilistic models. Specific examples include the single- and multi-species asymmetric simple exclusion process, a six vertex model, random walks on Hecke, Temperley-Lieb, and Brauer algebras, random tilings models, and random representations. The suggested methodology consists of a range of probabilistic, algebraic, analytic, and combinatorial techniques. The project involves two circles of questions. The first one focuses on random walks on algebras and their applications to interacting particle systems. The specific objectives include studying the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang type fluctuations for the multi-species asymmetric simple exclusion process, computing limit shapes and fluctuations around them for a general six vertex model, introducing and studying integrable three-dimensional analogues of a six vertex model, and developing a general theory of random walks on algebras. The second one focuses on asymptotic representation theory. This area deals with the probabilistic description of representations of “big” groups. Such questions turn out to be related to a plethora of other probabilistic models, in particular, to models of statistical mechanics. The goals of this part include bringing this interplay to a new level, developing asymptotic representation theory of quantum groups, and studying random tilings in random environment. The unifying idea behind these questions is a systematic use of precise relations for the study of asymptotic behavior of stochastic models which are out of reach of any other techniques.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101059800
    Funder Contribution: 189,687 EUR

    This research project is an investigation of identity- and nation-building in eighteenth-century Bhutan with a particular focus on the agency of Buddhist masters as important diplomats and Bhutan's entangled history with Tibet. This will enable a novel understanding of Bhutan's religious and political history, particularly its Buddhism-induced development model of Gross National Happiness (GNH) that has not yet received systematic historical analysis in religious studies in Europe despite its global popularity as an example of alternative sustainable economic models. Furthermore, for the first time, Bhutan's historical role in linking South Asia, the British Raj, and East Asia will be systematically addressed. The research output will significantly advance both fields - that of Tibetology and religious studies. The innovative research design combines historical-philological methods by analyzing a thus far untranslated corpus of Bhutanese/Tibetan primary sources with a theoretical framework from religious studies focusing on identity and social differentiation. Therefore, the project is in its methodology, output, and impact inter-disciplinary. The researcher will produce a draft for a single monograph publication for habilitation in Germany. The proposed project involves as the researcher a German Tibetologist trained in Germany, Canada, India, and Bhutan reintegrating to Germany to work with a religious/Buddhist studies scholar at Leipzig University. This will enable substantial training for the researcher in religious studies and impactful two-way knowledge exchange between the researcher and the host institution due to the international experience of the researcher. An intersectional secondment at The British Library Endangered Archives Programme (London) will provide further Tibetological training in (digital) archival work, palaeography, and codicology, and produce globally accessible research data about this digitized Bhutanese/Tibetan primary source corpus.

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