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University of Graz

Country: Austria

University of Graz

154 Projects, page 1 of 31
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101116539
    Overall Budget: 1,499,260 EURFunder Contribution: 1,499,260 EUR

    In Classical Philology, a discipline which has long relied on the figure of the author, authorless texts are an ‘elephant in the room’. In antiquity, however, long before the introduction of copyright, texts were the universal commons of all those who drew on them. Authorship was frequently faked, forged, or anonymized. Because authorless texts resist the author-based gravitational structure of literary history, they continue to pose a challenge to scholars in the field and have often been marginalized. COLLAPSE tackles this problem by providing a new methodological basis for situating authorless texts in Greek studies. Imperial Greek literature in particular serves as a fertile ground to re-think (an)onymized text production. COLLAPSE aims (1) to reinterpret the forms of (an)onymization as forms of ‘fan fiction’ or as attempts to ‘rewrite’ previous authors; (2) to analyze how boundaries between model authors and their subsequent ‘imitators’ collapsed in Greek literature; (3) to explore the relation between poems that were ascribed to alleged authors and unattributed texts, thus differentiating forms, functions, and contexts of (an)onymization; (4) to develop a non-normative terminology and classificatory system that moves authorless texts from various fields to the center of Greek literary history. Three of COLLAPSE’s work packages investigate the centripetal power of the author’s name in the attribution of Greek texts. The other three analyze the dynamics of anonymization and examine the centrifugal forces of anonymity. COLLAPSE attempts to subvert the classificatory binary of genuine and authentic texts versus ‘forgeries’. Moreover, the inclusion of different fields of knowledge aims to break down theoretical boundaries to neighboring disciplines. Overall, COLLAPSE will rethink the processes of (an)onymization in a groundbreaking way and contribute to a better understanding of inter-authorial mechanisms in Imperial Greek textual production.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 101021791
    Overall Budget: 174,167 EURFunder Contribution: 174,167 EUR

    The characterization of integral domains R such that every singular matrix over R is a product of idempotent matrices is a classical open problem in ring theory. Its importance lies in the inter-connections with other big unsolved issues: classify integral domains whose general linear groups are generated by the elementary matrices, and those fulfilling weak versions of the Euclidean algorithm. The study of idempotent factorizations in matrix rings has gained increasing attention over the years and all the results have highlighted how the decomposition into idempotent factors is far from being unique. The Factorization Theory (FT) is the branch of ring theory that studies nonuniqueness of the representation of non-invertible elements in rings or semigroups as products of generating (irreducible) elements. Originated in the late 1960s, FT got in the last decade new striking developments (especially in the non-commutative framework) that, however, just barely involved matrix rings. The goal of FacT-in-MaRs is to study the nonuniqueness phenomena of idempotent matrix factorization from the point of view of the FT, thus connecting in an original way two areas of ring theory remained unrelated so far. In the framework of the present action, we aim at advancing the state-of-the-art by: 1) defining a new concept of factorization into idempotent (non-irreducible) factors in the non-commutative semigroup of singular matrices over a domain R; 2) studying the nonuniqueness of this factorization in terms of arithmetical invariants (i.e., sets of legths/distances, elasticity); 3) exploiting the previous results to provide new approaches to the classical problems on factorizations in matrix rings. The above objectives will be achieved through an innovative combination of classical and recent techniques of the theory of factorization of matrices over integral domains and of the FT, respectively belonging to the background of the applicant and of the Supervisor.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 655896
    Overall Budget: 178,157 EURFunder Contribution: 178,157 EUR

    This project aims to study the role of normative power of the EU in the post-conflict society of northern Kosovo and to explore how has the signing of the Brussels agreement changed the dynamics of relations at both intra-societal (within the community of Serbs of northern Kosovo) and inter-ethnic level (Serbs of northern Kosovo vs. Kosovo Albanians and the institutions of the Kosovo government). The project would: 1. explore the motivation and driving factors of Kosovo Serbs for their positive/negative stance regarding the signature of the Brussels agreement and the cooperation with the institutions of the Government of Kosovo and Kosovo Albanians in general; 2. assess the intra-societal split within the Serb community in northern Kosovo between those who cooperate with the institutions of the Government of Kosovo and Kosovo Albanians in general, and those who still reject any kind of cooperation, and how is the intra-societal conflict (pressure) manifested; 3. evaluate the impact of normative power of the EU in northern Kosovo; 4. assess the changes in the patterns of relations between Serbs from northern Kosovo and Kosovo Albanians on political, institutional and societal level after the signing of the Brussels agreement; 5. draw policy implications for the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy. This research project draws from three theoretical backgrounds: the theory of normative power, ‘theories’ of peacebuilding, conflict prevention and conflict resolution, and the theory of intra-societal conflict. The following research methods would be applied: interviews, surveying, focus groups (field-work in Kosovo), and study of primary and secondary sources. From theoretical viewpoint, this project is innovative, as it questions the impact of EU’s normative power in a post-conflict society. This project is relevant because certain policy implications (recommendations) for the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy could be drawn from it.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 745782
    Overall Budget: 178,157 EURFunder Contribution: 178,157 EUR

    Solar storms, also known as coronal mass ejections (CMEs), are the strongest drivers of space weather. During planetary impacts, they cause short term decreases in the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) flux, called Forbush decreases (FDs). These depressions are observed in the interplanetary space, at the surface of the Earth and recently also on the Mars’ surface by the Curiosity Rover. A large subset of FDs is caused by interplanetary flux ropes (FRs), which expand during their propagation based on observational studies. Our main goal is to develop and test a new diffusion/expansion FD model which will be able to predict FD amplitude and time-profile caused by the FR passage at a given point in the inner solar system (< 2 AU). The model will be based on the widely accepted approach of the initially empty FR which fills up slowly with particles by perpendicular diffusion, but will be supplemented with the additional mechanism-expansion. The model results will be evaluated using appropriate spacecraft and ground-based measurements at Earth and by the Mars Curiosity Rover. This modeling and multi-spacecraft observational approach will allow testing unanswered hypotheses on the FD properties. The proposed research will be carried out in a 24-months project at the University of Graz, Austria, with secondments at the Space Research Institute of the Austrian Academy of Science in Graz, and at the Department of Extraterrestrial physics at Christian-Albrechts University in Kiel. These institutions are well recognized in the field of CMEs, FR modeling and GCR detectors and offer outstanding expertise and infrastructure needed for the implementation of the project. The project will generate new knowledge on the properties of cosmic ray decreases by solar storms, which is relevant for space weather, human spaceflight and planetary and exoplanetary atmospheres.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 850877
    Overall Budget: 99,737.5 EURFunder Contribution: 99,737.5 EUR

    The ATEMPGRAD technology is based on the ASSISI|bf paradigm, which shows how an active dialogue can be engaged with organisms, instead of just observing them. The PocketEthoLab takes up this principle and transforms it into a cost-effective and portable device, which is designed for use in educational institutions. It offers a range of interaction possibilities with different organisms (especially insects, but also plants, micro-organisms or even chemical reaction agents), especially through a temperature gradient or more complex and dynamic thermal patterns, which in their own rightoffer a range of interaction possibilities with the organisms. In addition, the device optionally offers a way to automatically observe and analyze the organisms’ behavior and a way to adapt subsequent stimuli to the observed behaviour. Through an extensible interface, many different stimuli can act simultaneously on the organism. Thus, we can provide a simple to use yet versatile tool for small scale research and educational purposes, which we would like to make commercially available to the general public by designing it as a novel educational tool for modern interactive forms of teaching biology, physics, ecology, ethology and global change.

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