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Carlos III University of Madrid

Country: Spain

Carlos III University of Madrid

240 Projects, page 1 of 48
  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 622643
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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 219359
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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 329153
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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101089083
    Overall Budget: 1,994,880 EURFunder Contribution: 1,994,880 EUR

    The functioning of the European Union (EU) legal system is ensured through an intricate interdependent and non-hierarchical judicial system, where judges at the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) and national courts must rely on the willing cooperation with each other to enforce decisions on EU law matters. Scholars have pointed to the relevance of legal, historical, sociological and political factors in explaining why courts cooperate within the EU judicial system. However, recent scholarly and policy debates underline the relevance of trust-enhancing solutions in addressing some of the current challenges facing the EU legal system: specifically that of judicial defiance of national courts to the authority of the CJEU. These concerns have been aggravated in the context of democratic and rule of law backsliding in Hungary and Poland, which have raised serious doubts about the correct application of EU law within a network of thousands of national courts. Despite this incipient interest, we still lack adequate theorising about the truly sociological and relational nature of this phenomenon, which is crucial for the development of a more fine-grained account of inter-judicial relations and for answering: what is trust between judges? Which factors make judges trust other judges? What are the implications of judicial trust for cooperation in multi-level systems? The CURIAFIDES project is an interdisciplinary and ground-breaking research project, aiming at investigating the relevance of trust between judges for the cooperation and, subsequently, the legal integration of the EU. The project will articulate a novel socio-legal theory of judicial trust within the EU, which will be based on strong empirical evidence collected from experiments, surveys, and interviews with CJEU and national judges. The purpose of which being is to define and explain judicial trust and its impact on judicial cooperation, which ties into a broader aim of offering new policy and legal solutions.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101026865
    Overall Budget: 160,932 EURFunder Contribution: 160,932 EUR

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide. Radiotherapy (RT) is an essential component of the treatment for the majority of BC patients. Although the therapeutic benefit of RT is well-proven, it may be offset by secondary effects, such as cardiac toxicity, arising from the inevitable irradiation of healthy tissue. Increased cardiac morbidity and mortality rates are well documented after breast cancer RT, but the exact underlying mechanisms behind cardiac toxicity is still unclear. Such information is crucial to develop accurate predictive models of cardiotoxicity and to devise new strategies for personalized RT treatments, either by optimizing the existing protocols or by considering emerging RT techniques, such as proton beam therapy. The goal of PRO-ORATICA project, carried out by the researcher Eugenia Mylona, is to devise decision-making tools aimed at proposing integrative and feasible strategies for reducing radiation-induced cardiac complications after breast cancer RT. Novel image processing and analysis techniques will be applied to identify radio-sensitive cardiac regions, while artificial intelligence will be used to develop multivariable subregion-driven predictive models of cardiac toxicities. Strategies will be proposed for transferring the developed models to the clinics, offering optimized personalized treatments with reduced cardiac complications. This research project can be practice-changing as it may define new improved standards for the treatment of breast cancer, potentially enhancing patients’ quality-of-life. The fellowship will take place at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) under the supervision of Dr Javier Pascau, Associate Professor at the Bioengineering and Aerospace Engineering Department. As part of this project, the researcher will carry out a secondment in the Clínica Universidad de Navarra (CUN) in Madrid, under the co-supervision of Dr Felipe Calvo, head of the Radiation Oncology Department.

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