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Instituto Superior da Maia
Country: Portugal
49 Projects, page 1 of 10
  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 703119
    Overall Budget: 148,636 EURFunder Contribution: 148,636 EUR

    The replacement of successive tree generations is a fundamental process which shapes the structure and dynamics of forest ecosystems and essential ecosystem services. Conditioning this process are the complex relationships between the spatial and temporal patterns of tree death (i.e. gap formation) and the recruitment and growth of young individuals. In this project, Magdalena Żywiec (hereinafter: MŻ) will investigate natural forest regeneration in an exceptionally well preserved area of Europe – the subalpine spruce forest of Mt. Babia Góra (Western Carpathians, Poland) – which remains in a nearly primeval state. MŻ will investigate the natural regeneration of two phylogenetically distant tree species which differ in a number of ecological and functional traits, making the results from this project generalisable to a range of European tree species. To address our general objective (i.e. to comprehensively understand the replacement of tree species generations), an inclusive evaluation of the spatio-temporal relationships between canopy gaps and natural tree regeneration must employ sophisticated state-of-the-art ecological models based on rigorous empirical data. This requires a strong background in point pattern analysis in addition to deep knowledge of the natural history of the studied system. MŻ will acquire comprehensive skills in aspects of different modelling disciplines such as spatial point pattern analysis, marked point pattern analysis and generalised linear mixed models. This project presents an excellent opportunity to integrate recent advances in spatial point pattern analysis (SPPA) with field data exhaustively collected during the last several decades. Finally, the novel approach to be applied and the long-term series of ecological data to be used make this proposal unique in Europe and the fellowship will lead directly to original results of huge significance for European forests preservation.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 659969
    Overall Budget: 148,636 EURFunder Contribution: 148,636 EUR

    Vegetation fire patterns depend on environmental drivers that are expected to change in the future, including climate and the expansion of agriculture and associated fire practices into natural ecosystems. In return, fires have a major influence on vegetation distribution, the carbon cycle and climate. It is important to anticipate the result of these interactions on future ecosystem dynamics and carbon emissions, and to integrate these outlook when designing societal strategies for climate mitigation. Such an integrative approach is especially relevant to terrestrial policies (e.g. REDD), which could drastically modify global landuse patterns and thus the anthropogenic footprint on fire regimes. In a first stage of the proposed research, we will improve our understanding of fire drivers through innovative observation data assimilation methods. We will focus on depicting the influence of climate and fuel on fire intensity, and of human activities on fire incidence, which are well-recognized research priorities. In a second stage, we will deploy this knowledge in multi-disciplinary settings to provide the first assessment of future fire regimes under economic, agricultural and climate scenarios. We will use existing and new scenarios from integrated assessment models with particular attention to design experiments of maximum relevance to the environmental policy commitments of the European Union.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 269257
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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 821860
    Overall Budget: 2,093,140 EURFunder Contribution: 1,807,390 EUR

    Forest Flux will revolutionize forestry value added services in Earth Observation (EO) by creating and piloting a cloud-based service for committed users on forest carbon assimilation and structural variable prediction using Copernicus data. The revolution is driven by sustainable forest management and anticipated by EU forest strategy, the Bioeconomy Action Pan, and the demands of environmentally aware end-users of wood industry products. Until recently, detailed information on forest carbon cycle has not been available due to a lack of scientific understanding, spatial data availability, limited processing capacity, and the complexity of implementing this information in business processes. Forest Flux will use the explosive increase in high-resolution EO data by Copernicus program and developments of cloud computing technology. It will implement world-first service platform for high-resolution maps of traditional forestry variables together with forest carbon fluxes using a holistic approach in a single processing chain. By the end of the project, forestry and carbon data will be completely integrated into the decision-making processes of selected core users and establish the leadership of European industry in sustainable utilization of forest resources. The relevant algorithms have been recently demonstrated by consortium partners. The computing infrastructure is specifically targeted for EO data and forestry users, and will be fully functional by the end of the project. The web-based human and machine interfaces will allow market access unrestricted by country boundaries and facilitate easy commercial interactions of players of different sizes and backgrounds. Dedicated user involvement, strong commercial interests, rapidly developing online markets, and demonstrated excellence of the consortium make the Forest Flux service platform sustainable beyond the end of the project.

  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 952396
    Overall Budget: 891,758 EURFunder Contribution: 891,758 EUR

    The main objectives of SMARTWATER are: 1) to reinforce the networking, research and innovation capacities of the University of Banja Luka (UNI-BL), University of Sarajevo (UNSA) and other institutions from Bosnia and Herzegovina in the field of sustainable agricultural water management; and 2) to increase their competences and fund-rising skills for a successful participation in the EU Research and Innovation Programs. The project will develop a large set of joint activities promoting networking, joint experimental fields, research cooperation and the exchange of knowledge and experts on specific topics, which are compatible with the overall national research strategy and include the application of smart technologies (cloud-based and remote sensing) in agricultural water management, optimization of water-energy-food nexus and climate change impact and adaptation measures. SMARTWATER foresees the publication of joint research documents in international conferences and peer-reviewed journals. The project will provide technical assistance and expertise to improve research and innovation capacities of BH institutions and delineate adequate national research strategies and policies for the future. The project will boost the S&T capacity through a series of capacity building actions focusing mainly on the early stage researchers. These include advanced training courses, participation in a joint MSc program, summer schools and hands-on workshops on R&I funding. A modern scientific strategy for stepping up and stimulating scientific excellence and innovation capacity will be outlined following a multi-stakeholder participatory approach. An effective communication and dissemination strategy for the adequate promotion of twinning activities and ensuring the expected impacts at regional, national, EU and global level will be adopted. The activities will be carried out in collaboration with three reputed EU international research partners (CIHEAM-IAMB, CSIC and ISA), and SME.

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