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University of Valencia
Country: Spain
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232 Projects, page 1 of 47
  • Open Access mandate for Publications and Research data
    Funder: EC Project Code: 101022293
    Overall Budget: 160,932 EURFunder Contribution: 160,932 EUR
    Partners: UV

    This project is aimed at applying laccases enzymes from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to eliminate undesirable substances in wines such as toxic compounds (biogenic amines-BA and ochratoxin A-OTA) and off-flavors (volatile phenols - VP) produced from yeasts, fungi and bacteria during the winemaking process. Wine has become a daily consuming-product and the EU is the world’s leading wine producer (60% of world production). To guarantee food quality and safety control for consumers, winemakers normally use physical and chemical methods to reduce toxins and off-flavours in wines, which will be replaced with LAB laccases to avoid environmental and health problems. The main objective of this project is to explore the structure, practical applications, and the activity of LAB laccases on BA, OTA and VP in wines and determine and quantify their degradation products in order to improve the wine quality. Specific objectives are to look for new LAB enzymes to eliminate aromatic defects and toxins in wine and determine their degrading products on BA, OTA and VP, to explore their structure and new applications, to discover chaperons that improve laccases expression and to evaluate the enzymatic activity on wine quality. In order to accomplish these objectives, four stages of the project have been established, which include the genome mining and laccases expression and purification, their activity evaluation in wine and the search of the protein structure. To achieve all these goals, it is required a large combination of technical and transversal skills that will greatly improve the potential of the candidate to become a leader in wine bacteria biotechnology given his background as Biochemical Engineer and his previous experience as researcher in the line of biochemical processes modelling and to enhance his employability opportunities. The knowledge and results generated from this project can be transferred to the wine/food industry with great benefits in quality and safety.

  • Open Access mandate for Publications and Research data
    Funder: EC Project Code: 101101079
    Funder Contribution: 150,000 EUR
    Partners: UV

    The baseline technology for green H2 production is the water-electrolysis (WE). However, roughly 96% of the H2 produced today is from fossil fuels, with the remaining 4% produced through water electrolysis , due to the still-high costs, and lower performance of current electrolysers compared with other production processes not affected by the use of toxic or critical raw materials (CRM). Therefore, there is a need of boosting the development of highly active and efficient catalysts to turn green hydrogen into a viable solution to decarbonise different sectors and to meet the ambitious goals settled in the Hydrogen Strategy. This project proposes an advanced Anion Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyser (AEMWE) stack as a critical milestone to translate the highly promising results coming from the ground-breaking research conducted during the ERC-StG awarded to Dr G. Abellán, into a marketable innovation. The AEMWE stack novelty relies on non-toxic CRM-free breakthrough novel electrodes (anodes) made of two-dimensional (2D) nickel-iron layered double hydroxide materials (2D NiFe-LDHs) that have shown an outstanding catalytic behaviour. Using this electrocatalytic material will allow overcoming the main challenges of WE to produce green H2. The activities to be undertaken under the 2D4H2 project, are aimed to prepare the translation of the 2D NiFe-LDHs electrocatalytic materials into an AEMWE stack as a precursor of a future fully operational 0.5kW electrolyser. For this purpose, the necessary optimisation and characterisation of the electrocatalyst to enable the testing and validation in a pilot plant of the single unit cell, and the AEMWE stack prototype, will be carried out together with the elaboration of an integrated strategy for effectively managing the knowledge generated during the project, including clarifying the IPR position, and an exploitation strategy involving potential stakeholders in order to evolve the idea further towards exploitation.

  • Open Access mandate for Publications
    Funder: EC Project Code: 792668
    Overall Budget: 158,122 EURFunder Contribution: 158,122 EUR
    Partners: UV

    This research aims to study the identity formation processes of slaves and captives in the Mediterranean between 16th and 17th centuries. It will do so by analysing the slaves markets of Naples and Valencia, two of the most important trading cities of the Spanish Empire. The project will combine different types of unexplored archival sources including the trials on slaves to be found within the Archivo del Reino of Valencia and a unique source represented by the book nr. 42 coming from Secretaría de Estado of the Archivo General de Simancas. The latter is as of now the most detailed source available on Mediterranean slavery, outlining the profiles of 657 slaves and captives aboard 26 privately-operated Neapolitan galleys in 1585. These sources will make it possible to focus in depth on the biography of slaves and the process of calculating their price. Through this analysis, my project aims to significantly contribute to two historiographical mainstreams: Mediterranean slavery and formation of personal identities in ancient regime. The underlying idea is that at the core of both these phenomena was an estimation process of 'how much is a man (and woman) worth' including social, psychological and economic aspects. To this end, I propose to read together the two topics (formation of personal identities and slavery) by doing a microanalytical study of men forced to labour. The main references for this analysis will be the micro-sociology of prices elaborated by Bourdieu and Boltanski and recent studies on social estimation processes in history, focusing on biographies as well as using case-studies oriented methodology. The fellowship will include a significant secondment to EHESS in Paris, and will result in the third monograph of the researcher on negotiated identities in modern Mediterranean.

  • Open Access mandate for Publications
    Funder: EC Project Code: 787015
    Overall Budget: 2,499,420 EURFunder Contribution: 2,499,420 EUR
    Partners: UV

    Research on the role played by women as actors and by gender as a cultural category has crucially contributed to historiographical revision of the Enlightenment and its legacy to the modern world. However, the perspective adopted has been national or, if comparative, mostly radial. A leap forward is urgent because current circulationist approaches to the Enlightenment tend to forget its key gender dimension and to underplay contributions from Southern Europe. This projects offers, for the first time in the field, a systematic,truly transnational and transatlantic approach, which knits together cultural, intellectual, gender and postcolonial history, literary, philosophical and visual studies. It looks at the cultural transfer of gender notions in global perspective around five axes: translation, learned sociability, travel, reading and sensibility, to be explored through textual and iconographic analysis and archival research. Adopting the vantage point of Spain and its empire will allow to question approaches based either on the “national context” or the centre-periphery dichotomy, to reassess the role of the Catholic Enlightenment in the making of modernity and to highlight the mediating roles played by local actors, male and female, in processes of sociocultural change. CIRGEN’s specific objectives are: to challenge dichotomous visions of Enlightenment discourses of gender by stressing their plural (and often conflictive) contribution to modernity; to decenter customary radial perspectives by stressing multilateral dialogues both within Europe and beyond; to better understand the role played by gender in the cultural geography of Enlightenment, particularly in the construction of the South/North symbolic divide; to produce empirically grounded evidence of the practical and iconic role of women in the making of modern reading publics; to foster innovative scholarship on the gendering of emotions in defining national identities and moral standards of civilization.

  • Funder: EC Project Code: 321739
    Partners: UV