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GCU

Glasgow Caledonian University
Country: United Kingdom
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90 Projects, page 1 of 18
  • Funder: UKRI Project Code: ES/X000788/1
    Funder Contribution: 231,724 GBP
    Partners: GCU

    We study the medium and long-term societal effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, not only to understand what happened, but to ensure an "equitable, resilient and sustainable future" in line with the UN Research Roadmap for COVID recovery. Specifically, by bringing together an interdisciplinary team based in some of the countries that were hardest hit by the pandemic, we address the following: 1- Equity Through in-depth micro-level research, the project directly examines why some populations were affected more adversely than others due to the pandemic by virtue of factors such as socioeconomic status, age, ethnic background and cultural practices. The aim of the research is to: * understand existing inequity and accompanying processes of (de)mobilization during and after the COVID19 crisis. Empirically, we examine how disadvantaged groups (women, minorities, low-skilled workers, indigenous peoples, poorer communities) could or could not mobilize to demand their rights. We are interested in (de-)mobilizations for health equity as well as different types of mobilizations that have emerged in the context of the pandemic during lockdowns and afterward and that reveal alternative ways of expressing public demands. * to explore the ethical considerations underpinning policy responses. We explore the extent to which policies were adequate in addressing social vulnerabilities and ask how policies may be made more equitable to ensure resilience in the future. 2- Resilience Through multi-scalar research, we explore how societies can be made inherently resilient to cope with mounting and emerging challenges. We focus on the following dimensions of resilience: * We use an experimental survey to examine how the pandemic impacted public attitudes towards inequality and the effect of institutional contexts on societal resilience. * Different disciplines have proposed different understandings of resilience in recent years. Despite the volume of research interest in a host of academic fields, scholars rarely talk across the disciplines. As the ultimate result of ENDURE, we posit that a harmonized paradigm and theory of resilience is required to address the many challenges that global society is currently facing in the context of COVID-19. We seek to take steps toward bridging disciplinary canyons. Building upon dialogue and cross-disciplinary conversations about the ontological, epistemological, and normative aspects of studying resilience across disciplines and fields of research, we want to pull the pieces together to propose a unified, multifaceted and multidisciplinary view of the concept of resilience. We believe such an approach is both propitious and timely. 3- Sustainability While equity and resilience create the future we want, the sustainability of society can only be achieved through proper governance and a healthy media environment. By studying governance mechanisms and communication through transatlantic partnerships, we develop evidence-informed advice and mechanisms for recovery and political participation processes. We examine: * governance structures in responding COVID-19 in terms of lockdowns and vaccines and analyze how COVID-19 led to different forms of governance models; * International cooperation during the Covid-19 pandemic, especially regarding the capacity and legitimacy of International Organizations (IOs), * the extent to which crisis governance measures impacted democracy and freedom and the long-term transformations of society that resulted. * the extent to which effective, ethical and accurate communication was undertaken by government officials, health professionals, researchers, scientific advisers, and the media.

  • Funder: UKRI Project Code: MR/L003287/1
    Funder Contribution: 1,927,520 GBP
    Partners: GCU

    This application is driven by recent thinking about the potential for social enterprise to operate between, and in partnership with, traditional private and state sectors in addressing the societal challenge of persistent and widening health inequalities. Such inequalities are compounded by, and related to, continuing high rates of deprivation, unemployment, worklessness and financial exclusion in the poorest communities. Many parts of the UK suffer disproportionately from such challenges. Despite acknowledgement of such relationships, gaps between best and worst off continue to grow. The research proposed here seeks to develop methods aimed at discovering the extent to which social enterprise can remedy this growing disparity. Social enterprises are trading organisations with a social mission, no share ownership, and whose surpluses are directed back towards the mission. Despite a long history in many economies, little is known globally about longer-term impacts of social enterprise on health and well-being. In addressing this knowledge gap, this proposed research would be distinctive through building an original programme around the notion of 'social enterprise as a public health and well-being intervention'. Of note, this programme would go beyond the recent focus on social enterprise simply as an alternative provider of health services; the cutting-edge thinking, here, being that, in addressing many aspects of social vulnerability, almost any social enterprise might claim to act on 'upstream' social determinants of health. The programme proposed would build on three main pillars: theory building and creating conceptual frameworks for evaluating social enterprise in health and well-being terms; applying such frameworks in empirical studies, particularly those of a longitudinal mixed-method nature, embodying quantitative and qualitative methods, permitting as rigorous an attribution of outcomes to interventions as possible; and addressing issues of generalisability through collaboration with a wide range of the social enterprise sector and creation of a Knowledge Exchange Forum to address relevance across throughout Scotland the rest of the UK.

  • Funder: UKRI Project Code: ES/X002934/1
    Funder Contribution: 40,173 GBP
    Partners: GCU

    In the UK, over the past ten years, on average a woman is killed by her partner or former partner every 4 days. While our understanding of domestic abuse in all its forms has increased in recent years, we know significantly less about how this leads to homicide. Current data sets fail to unpack the complexity of factors that precede domestic homicide, yet this knowledge and understanding of the people, places and their interactions may offer us the best opportunities to prevent further deaths. Similarly, some deaths are 'hidden' such as suicides that are preceded by domestic abuse, but little is known about this phenomenon. It is these gaps in knowledge that this collaborative project between Glasgow Caledonian University, the University of Glasgow, Police Scotland and violence against women and girls (VAWG) public and third sector partners seeks to fill. Our overarching aim is to work collaboratively and build on our existing relationships between the universities and Police Scotland, the Scottish Institute for Policing Research and relevant third sector organisations to more fully understand domestic homicide of women, the patterns of behaviour that precede it, the challenges it presents in terms of prevention, and the opportunities that may exist for safeguarding. We aim to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and best practice between us as we co-design the project and create a community of practice around domestic homicide in Scotland. The project will begin by examining existing literature on domestic homicide before undertaking a focussed pilot study analysing police case file data for a sample of domestic homicides over a period of ten years. This will create a unique 'data profile' for each case derived from information about victims, perpetrators, the offence and context in which it occurred. We will develop offence timelines and typologies and unpack the complex interpersonal and contextual dynamics and patterns across cases that we analyse. Our work will also draw on social network analysis to understand the dynamics of perpetration, victimisation and risk, and create a visual representation of the dynamic nature of relationships, events and contexts to identify future opportunities for safeguarding and prevention. Our project will be supported by four focussed collaborative workshops with project partners - Police Scotland and public and third sector organisations. These will be focused on: developing our pilot study and overall collaborative approach to the project; reflecting on the findings of the pilot study and making meaning from them; considering what is still to be known and developing a methodology for a larger project; 'hidden homicides', domestic abuse and suicide, and the further development of a follow-on study. These will be structured using the World Café method, supported by a professional illustrator to tell a visual story of the development of this community of practice, key milestones and learning points. The project will produce a range of outputs for a variety of audiences including: an online webinar/conference; a digital learning resource using innovative learning software for dissemination to stakeholders and their organisations to strengthen the community of practice and create further partnerships and connections; a project website with a 'Slack Chat' type tool to facilitate continued dialogue and the development of further research, learning and practice. We will also produce short research briefings for practitioners, policy makers and academics, a final project report including an executive summary and infographics, and at least two academic articles for publication in leading journals. We will also co-produce a further larger collaborative project for which we will seek additional funding with a view to examining a wider sample of domestic homicides, attempted domestic homicides and 'hidden homicides' of women in Scotland.

  • Funder: UKRI Project Code: EP/C010353/1
    Funder Contribution: 172,441 GBP
    Partners: GCU

    A lot of effort has been made by psychologists and neuroscientists to ascertain why things look like they do . Much less attention has been paid to establishing what exactly things look like, probably because it seems self-evident. However even such elementary perceptions as achromatic colours have a more complicated internal structure than one might suppose. Contrary to the general belief that achromatic colours can be described as a one-dimensional continuum (referred to as lightness), we show that, in fact, they constitute a two-dimensional manifold. We plan to study the geometrical properties of this manifold using multidimensional scaling. We shall investigate apparent illumination/lightness invariance using a new approach. We shall also address the classical problem of lightness constancy (with respect to illumination and position) within a new theoretical and methodological framework.

  • Funder: UKRI Project Code: 509432
    Funder Contribution: 73,505 GBP
    Partners: GCU

    To develop the capability of ElectroMagnetic Interference (EMI) for diagnostic condition assessment of generators, motors and cables to support the power generation industry.