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London School of Economics and Political Science
Country: United Kingdom
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847 Projects, page 1 of 170
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 639633
    Overall Budget: 1,276,880 EURFunder Contribution: 1,276,880 EUR

    Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) are key ‘tectonic forces’, shaping the ‘mountains’ in a far-from-flat world economic geography. In 2010, MNEs generated value added for approximately US$16 trillion accounting for more than a quarter of world GDP (UNCTAD, 2012). The progessive expansion of firms from emerging economies into multinational enterprises is unprecedented. Outflows of FDIs from developing economies reached the record level of $426 billion in 2012, corresponding to 31% of global outflows, up from 16% in 2007 (UNCTAD, 2013). However, there is no consensus in the academic literature on both the factors able to shape the long-term location decisions of MNEs and, more generally, on the ultimate impact of MNEs on their host economies. This lack of consensus reflects three fundamental gaps in the existing literature. First the omission of some fundamental determinants of MNEs investment decisions in ‘traditional’ national-level analyses. Territorial/spatial factors, MNEs heterogeneity and local institutional conditions have been often overlooked in MNEs location analyses. Second the limited attention to the broader set of impacts of MNEs in their host economies and the role of institutional factors as selective ‘filters’ for these impacts. Third the intimate inter-connection between location motives and impacts has remained unexplored in the grey areas between separate streams of literature. This research project will investigate the location strategies of MNEs and their territorial impacts addressing these three fundamental gaps in the existing literature, shedding new light on the factors shaping the economic geography of MNEs and their impacts and providing policy-makers at all levels with new tools to promote innovation, employment and economic recovery after the current economic crisis.

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  • Funder: SNSF Project Code: 159160
    Funder Contribution: 72,600
  • Funder: EC Project Code: 654034
    Overall Budget: 183,455 EURFunder Contribution: 183,455 EUR

    The project aims to systematically explore a novel approach to model-based reasoning drawing on the relationship between the debate on the nature of scientific models from philosophy of science and the debate on the nature of fiction from aesthetics. Many contemporary philosophers of science argue that learning with models involves a special cognitive function that they call “surrogative reasoning” or “model-based reasoning”. Understanding model-based reasoning can be divided into two subprojects: what model-systems are (SP1) and how knowledge about the model is converted/interpreted into knowledge about the target (SP2). Work within (SP1) will be driven by the hypothesis that scientific models are akin to the fictions of literature and the arts. Work within (SP2) will be driven by the hypothesis that interpretation is mediated by a representational relation converting a fact about the model system into a claim about the target system. The project relies on the normative and descriptive methodology of analytical naturalised philosophy of science, which focuses on examples and case studies. The project will benefit from the combination of Frigg’s expertise in philosophy of science and modelling and of Salis’ original specialization in the areas of aesthetics and the philosophy of fiction. Furthermore, we will collaborate with the experts from the CPNSS Philosophy of Physics project at LSE, with the decision theorists and social choice experts in the LSE’s Choice Group and with the CATS (Centre for the Analysis of Time Series) group on climate models based at LSE. This study will lead to new insights into the nature of scientific modelling and model-based reasoning and it will open new lines of research by injecting a new and fresh perspective from aesthetics into philosophy of science.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 844176
    Overall Budget: 234,254 EURFunder Contribution: 234,254 EUR

    VDGSEGUR explores the ways in which dynamics of organised crime and securitised local resource conflicts together impact on the insecurity and violence that women experience in the interoceanic industrial corridor of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Focusing on the protection of women from the risk of becoming a victim of violent crime, VDGSEGUR examines the co-production of security through state, corporate and community actors. It scrutinises how different community actors respond to gendered forms of insecurity, paying particular attention to citizen-led security efforts, or “security from below”. Specific objectives are (1) to scrutinise how the dynamics of resource conflicts and organised crime impact on the insecurity that women experience in the region; (2) to investigate the state security interventions in the states of Veracruz and Oaxaca with a focus on the impacts of the Gender Violence Alerts; (3) to assess how community security measures contribute to constructing effective mechanisms to generate sustained security for women; (4) analyse the relationships between different security actors (state, corporate, community/citizen); (5) assess how law enforcement efforts, crime prevention measures and state victim service provision impact on the security perception of victim relatives. The study’s methodology is based on a participatory “security from below” approach, which, departing from agreed norms and shared values, and the contextualised needs of particular communities, aims to contribute to democratising security provision. An intersectional analysis, will allow conclusions regarding sustainable security measures and crime prevention in the Isthmus corridor, broken down according the factors of race, ethnicity and class. The findings will allow insights into what specific measures could diminish individual vulnerability and prevent re-victimisation, as well as reveal possible gaps in victim services, helping to improve them in the future.

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