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Medical University of Warsaw

Medical University of Warsaw

291 Projects, page 1 of 59
  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 224943
  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101040152
    Overall Budget: 1,499,620 EURFunder Contribution: 1,499,620 EUR

    The STONE-MASTERS project aims at exploring one of the most startling problems in the global history of research on collective memory and commemorative practices - the transformation of Roman Imperial epigraphic traditions in the later 3rd c. AD, and the subsequent rise of the so-called epigraphic cultures of Late Antiquity. The problem has been passionately debated since the 1980s, but so far no definite conclusions have been reached. In this project, the PI argues that the main reason for the transformation is to be ascribed to the dissemination of changes in the elite's approach to epigraphy by the workshops of stonecutters and mosaicists, and that only a thorough study of workshops can provide us with a complete understanding of the processes underpinning this same transition. So far, epigraphists of the Roman period have had few instruments to draw upon for the purposes of pursuing synthetic workshop studies, and have been overwhelmingly captivated by other strands: the quantitative research, the study of the self-representation, the visibility of inscriptions, and the "viewers' culture". The PI maintains that a significant leap in our understanding is, however, attainable through the building of a highly regionalized network/stemma of workshops, which will identify workshops of origin for all the inscriptions from the 3rd-5th c., and through applying the methodologies of workshop studies developed for other craftsmanships and periods (in particular for early Greek vase painters, and for scribes and scriptoria) which the PI will adapt to the needs of the Graeco-Roman epigraphy. Assuming that these new methodological lenses will redefine the field and re-focus our attention on the actual actors behind the production of epigraphy - artisans and workshops - as primary agents of top-to-bottom cultural transfer, then we can anticipate an entire restructuring of our understanding of the way artisans disseminated elitist culture in the lower echelons of society.

  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101077790
    Overall Budget: 1,499,920 EURFunder Contribution: 1,499,920 EUR

    Since the 16th century, the polymorphous and overlapping identities of Nahua (Aztec) deities have puzzled, first, the friars carrying out their evangelization project in New Spain, and later, throngs of researchers eager to better understand the pre-Hispanic Nahua system of beliefs. Despite many scholarly efforts, today, we are still far from satisfactorily apprehending the various intricacies of of the concept of teotl. Rendering of the Nahuatl term teotl as “god,” helpful as it was in the process of cultural translation, neither reflects its full semantic scope nor explains ontological and cosmological implications of this notion. Nevertheless, up to this date, no one has attempted to embrace this problem bringing together multiple yet complementary perspectives integrated by an innovative set of analytical tools. The project TEOTL aims at unfolding the underlying notions of this pre-Hispanic Nahua key religious concept by combining its four crucial aspects. These are: 1. “Nahua pantheon”; 2. teotl in relation to other important religious categories, such as tonalli, nahualli, or ixiptla; 3. philological analysis of the term teotl in collocations, compounds, and the discourse of Nahuatl texts; 4. appropriation of the notion of teotl in colonial Nahuatl Christian discourse. Using the heterogeneous textual and iconographic dataset derived from the well-known source base, TEOTL will employ a novel combination of research methods at the intersection of traditional (ethnohistory, religious studies, art history, philology, linguistics) and digital humanities (network analysis in historical sciences). This unexplored research path will lead to a reconceptualization of our approach towards the Nahua notion of the sacred and its decolonization. Also, the obtained results may be applicable outside of Mesoamerican studies as a model for approaching similar non-Western cultural and religious phenomena.

  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101067663
    Funder Contribution: 155,794 EUR

    Erradicating poverty, reducing inequality and achieving decent work and economic growth for the least developed countries is a major challenge in the 21st century. In this context, the way we provide and manage natural resources necessary for our day-to-day – athmosphere, water, minerals, wind, vegetation, sunlight, land – plays a fundamental role, as the resources tend to be extracted through large-scale infrastructures and in middle and low income countries. Since 1970, extraction of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) has increased from 6bn tonnes to 15bn tonnes, metals have risen by 2.7% a year, and other minerals (particularly sand and gravel for concrete) have surged nearly fivefold from 9bn to 44bn tonnes. Overall, resources are being extracted from the planet three times faster than in 1970, even though the population has only doubled in that time (UN Global Resources Outlook 2019). This study aims to build evidence based theories around and for the better understanding of the so-called Resource Curse, i.e. the paradox that countries with an abundance of natural resources tend to be associated with lower growth rates, promotion of authoritarianism and worsening living standard. We will give a central place to the concept of social disruption, a term used in sociology to describe the alteration, dysfunction or breakdown of social life, often in a community setting. By bringing together Earth Observtion (EO) and secondary data analysis to the study of natural resources extracition in Colombia, we will provide evidences that the large-scale extraction of resources disrupt regional economies in a number of ways: increase in crime, poverty and inequality and the creation of an “economic dessert” in the surrounding of the extraction sites. The results are expected to challenge some of the existing regional development theories, whille highlighting the conditions under which extractivism can still drive sustainable development.

  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 239172
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