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Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research

Country: Germany

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Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research

27 Projects, page 1 of 6
  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 253079
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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 290998
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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101078619
    Overall Budget: 1,498,360 EURFunder Contribution: 1,498,360 EUR

    Current 2.5D microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices are disadvantaged by their distinctive unreliability. Lack of built-in damage sensing, impact protection mechanisms and the absence of application-relevant reliability tests, collectively mask the true potential of MEMS devices. AMMicro will address these limitations by designing and developing the building blocks essential for robust next-generation 3D MEMS devices. This will be done using a novel combination of cutting edge electrodeposition technique and advanced reliability testing protocols. Localized electrodeposition in liquid (LEL) is an advanced micromanufacturing technology, capable of printing 3D metal micro-/nano-architectures. With recent developments in advanced reliability testing using micro/nanomechanical testing (MNT) platforms, application-relevant high dynamic conditions are possible, yet remain under-exploited. AMMicro will break new ground by harnessing the combined potential of LEL and MNT. Multimetal microlattices will be fabricated with optimized position-specific chemical compositions to maximize specific impact energy absorption. Multiphase microlattices fabricated with dyed fluid encapsulations and pressure-release valves will enable novel self-damage sensing and impact-protection mechanisms. Full-metal 3D MEMS based load sensors will be fabricated and used for tensile testing of LEL printed nanowires. The enhanced reliability of these microarchitectures will be validated using application-relevant advanced mechanical testing. AMMicro is a highly interdisciplinary project at the boundary of materials science, mechanical, electrical and manufacturing engineering. For the material science community, it will pave the way for breakthroughs in critical applications including catalysis, phononics, photonics, etc. Beyond materials science, it has the transformative potential to revolutionize several fields including drug delivery, microscale temperature sensors, etc.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101150912
    Funder Contribution: 173,847 EUR

    A major barrier to a wider adoption of renewable energy technologies is developing more performing materials. Grain boundaries (GBs) emerge having a strong and multifaceted impact on thermal and electrical transport, critically controlling the materials performance in applications spanning from photovoltaics, solid oxide fuel-cells, thermal barriers, and thermoelectrics. Despite the considerable technological relevance, our understanding of how the structure and chemistry of GBs govern heat transport at the local scale, where GBs operate, remains limited. MetaSCT is a career development program designed for Dr. Eleonora Isotta, aimed at developing structure – chemistry - thermal property (SCT) relations to advance our understanding of GBs. To successfully deliver the project goals, Dr Isotta will receive advanced research training from an intercontinental collaboration of world-leading institutes and will benefit of their cutting-edge expertise and equipment. This opportunity will support Dr. Isotta’s growth as independent researcher and expert materials scientist, with lasting impact on her long-term career trajectory. If successful, the project will uncover new knowledge on heat transport at GBs, consolidate a promising material for thermoelectrics, establish novel techniques for SCT relations with 20x higher spatial resolution than current possibilities, and develop predictive models. High resolution techniques can have significant impact on broad areas of applied materials science and energy generation. New understanding on GBs will enable the design of metamaterials with engineered GBs for several applications, including thermoelectric energy harvesting and heat management.

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  • Funder: European Commission Project Code: 101054368
    Overall Budget: 2,491,840 EURFunder Contribution: 2,491,840 EUR

    With 1.8 billion tons produced per year, steel is the dominant metallic material. It can be recycled by melting scrap, a resource satisfying at most 30% of the demand. Hence, fresh steel must be produced in huge amounts, from oxide minerals reduced by CO in blast furnaces, followed by partial removal of C by O2 in converters. These two processes create ~2.1 tons CO2 per ton of steel, qualifying steelmaking as the largest single greenhouse gas emitter on earth (~8% of all emissions). ROC tackles the fundamental science needed to drastically cut these staggering CO2 numbers, by up to 80% and beyond. This is the biggest single leverage we have to fight global warming. The disruptive approach of ROC lies in (1) using H instead of C as reductant and (2) merging the multiple steps explained above into a single melting plus reduction process which can run with green electricity, namely, an electric arc furnace operated with a H-containing reducing plasma. ROC’s approach is feasible as it can be upscaled by modifying existing furnace technology. The motivation is that solid Fe from other synthesis methods such as direct reduction must anyway be melted after reduction. Project ROC also addresses hybrid processes, where partially reduced oxides from direct reduction are fed into a reducing plasma, for high energy and H2 efficiency at fast kinetics and high metallization. Project ROC explores the physical and chemical foundations of these processes, down to atomistic scales, with a blend of instrumented laboratory furnaces, characterization, simulation and machine learning. Specific topics are the elementary nucleation, transport and transformation mechanisms, mixed scrap and ore charging, influence of contaminants from feedstock, plasma parameters, C-free electrodes, slag metallurgy and the role of nanostructure. Drastic reduction of CO2 is the biggest challenge of our time and project ROC explores how steelmaking can contribute to it by cutting its emissions by 80% and more.

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