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35 Research products for "2717-9907"

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: TÜRKMEN, Sena;

    Artan nüfus, teknolojik yenilikler ve küreselleşme hareketleri ile birlikte enerjiye olan ihtiyaç giderek artmaktadır. Enerji kaynaklarının büyük ölçüde tükenebilir olması, yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarına yönelimi hızlandırmaktadır. Diğer taraftan, özellikle gelişmekte olan ülkeler yoğun kalkınma çabası içerisindeyken çevre tahribatının artması ve toplumun yaşam kalitesinin düşmesi ile enerji üretiminde yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarının kullanımı ve belirleyicilerinin tespiti önem kazanmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, 1990-2014 dönemi yıllık verileri ile gelişmekte olan ülkeler için yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarının belirleyicileri, güncel ekonometrik testlerden olan ikinci nesil panel eş bütünleşme testleri ile analiz edilmektedir. Ampirik bulgularda kentleşme, karbondioksit emisyonu, ekonomik büyüme ve yenilenebilir enerji üretimi arasında uzun dönemli bir ilişki tespit edilmiştir. With the increasing population, technological innovations and globalization movements, the need for energy is increasing. The fact that energy resources are largely exhaustible accelerates the trend towards renewable energy sources. On the other hand, the use of renewable energy sources and detection of determinants gain importance in energy production, associated with the increase in environmental destruction and the quality of life of the society especially in the developing countries that are be in a struggle for development. In this study, the determinants of renewable energy resources for developing countries are analyzed with the secondgeneration panel cointegration tests, which are among the current econometric tests, with the annual data for the period of 1990-2014. In empirical findings, a long-term relationship betwee

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: ATA, Ahmet Yılmaz; ABDULKARİM, Mohamed;

    Bu makale, ekonomik kalkınma göstergeleri üzerinden iki bin on birde Suriye'de başlayan çatışmaların tahmin edilip edilemeyeceğini araştırmayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu makale, ekonomik kalkınmanın toplumu istikrara kavuşturmadaki rolünü değerlendirmek için iki bin on birdeki çatışmadan önce Suriye ekonomisinin mevcut tarihsel ekonomik kalkınma göstergelerini analiz etmektedir. Bahsedilen bu göstergelerle ilgili resmi istatistiklerin gözden geçirilmesi ve orta gelirli ülkelerle kıyaslanması, kişi başına düşen gayri safi yurtiçi hasıla (GSYH), hükümet harcamaları, enflasyon oranı, işsizlik oranı ve insani gelişme endeksindeki (IGE) yıllık büyümenin iki bin on birden önce endişe verici seviyelerde olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Sonuç olarak, incelenen bütün bu ekonomik kalkınma göstergeleri çatışmayı öngörmeye yardımcı olmaktadır. This paper aims at exploring whether the economic development indicators could have predicted the conflict in Syria in 2011. To evaluate the role of economic development in stabilizing the society, this paper analyses the available historical economic development indicators for the Syrian economy before the conflict in 2011. Reviewing the available official statistics about aforementioned indicators and benchmarking them against middle-income countries reveal that the annual growth in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the government expenditure, inflation rate, unemployment rate, and human development index (HDI) were at alarming levels before 2011. This paves the way to the 2011 conflict in Syria.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: YILDIRIM, Metin; DERTLİ, Gül;

    Today, global financial centers have become an important topic at the center of economic policies with the proliferation of international trade and the intensification of capital mobilities. With the shift of the balance of economic power from the West to the East, important financial centers in Hong Kong, Tokyo, Shanghai, Singapore and Dubai have been added to big financial centers such as London and New York. Turkey has started to work to position İstanbul as a global financial center by the decision in 2009. In this study, the criteria of being a global financial center is emphasized and global financial centers in the world are evaluated within the framework of the global financial centers index. In this context, advantages and disadvantages of becoming a global financial center for the İstanbul Finance Center Project are examined in this paper.  Günümüzde küresel finans merkezleri, uluslararası ticaretin yaygınlaşması ve sermaye hareketlerinin yoğunlaşmasıyla ekonomi politikalarının merkezinde yer alan önemli bir konu başlığı haline gelmiştir. Ekonomik güç dengesinin Batı’dan Doğu’ya kaymasıyla Londra ve New York gibi büyük finans merkezlerine Hong Kong, Tokyo, Şangay, Singapur ve Dubai gibi önemli finans merkezleri eklenmiştir. Türkiye de 2009 yılında aldığı kararla İstanbul’u küresel finans merkezi olarak konumlandırmak için çalışmalara başlamıştır. Bu çalışmada küresel finans merkezi olma kıstasları üzerinde durulmuş ve küresel finans merkezleri indeksi çerçevesinde dünyadaki küresel finans merkezlerinin konumları değerlendirilmiştir. Bu bağlamda İstanbul Finans Merkezi Projesi’nin küresel finans merkezi olma yolunda sahip olduğu avantajlar ve dezavantajlar ortaya koyulmuştur.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: BAL, Harun; PALANDÖKENLİER, Berk; ERDOĞAN, Esma;

    Robert Lucas’ın yüksek getiri oranı farklılıklarına rağmen sermayenin az gelişmiş ekonomilere yeterince gitmemesini sorguladığı öncü çalışmasıyla başlayan tartışmalar sermaye hareketlerinin temel belirleyicilerinin neler olabileceği çerçevesinde analizlerin hızla artmasına yol açmıştır. Literatürde “Lucas Paradoksu” olarak adlandırılan analizlere katkı sunmak amacıyla hazırlanan çalışmamız, Dünya Bankası sınıflandırması çerçevesinde seçilmiş 47 gelişmekte olan ülke için paradoksun Doğrudan Yabancı Sermaye Yatırımları özelinde geçerliliğini ve bu kapsamda olmak üzere olası belirleyicilerinin neler olduğu araştırmayı amaçlamıştır. Panel veri analiz tekniği çerçevesinde yapılan ampirik analizlerin bulguları paradoksu desteklemekte ve ülkeler arası marjinal getiri farklarının önemsizliğine işaret etmektedir. Bulgularımız, ilgili literatürü destekleyecek şekilde beşeri sermaye ile kurumsal kalite değişkenlerinin etkilerinin ise önemli ve oldukça yüksek olduğuna işaret etmektedir. Pioneering work of R. Lucas questioning the capital not going to underdeveloped economies despite the higher rate of returns, generated a discussion which led to a rapid increase in the studies analyzing the main determinants of capital movements. The aim of our study is to contribute to the literature regarding the analyzes of "Lucas Paradox" and to investigate the validity of the paradox in the context of foreign direct investments and of the possible determinants for 47 developing countries selected with reference to World Bank country classification. The findings from panel data analyses support the Paradox and point to the insignificance of differences in the marginal rate of return among countries. Our findings also indicate that the effects of human capital and institutional quality are significant and quite high, supporting the relevant literature.

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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: NAKİBOĞLU, Aslıhan; IŞIK, Sevgül;

    Covid-19 is to determine the views of university students on the transition from formal education to distance education due to the epidemic. The data collection tool created by researchers for the purpose was implemented with the permission of the Ethics Committee of Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University dated 04.5.2020 and numbered 19680. Between May May 5, 2020 and May 15, 2020, it was applied online to 662 students studying at Niğde Ömer Halisdemir university. The data obtained were analyzed in a computer environment through the SPSS 22.0 statistical program. As a result of the research, it was concluded that university students had a high level of negative views on the effectiveness of distance education given in the Covid-19 process, and that teachers and materials were highly effective in the effectiveness of distance education. Kovid-19 salgını nedeniyle örgün eğitimden uzaktan eğitime geçilmesine yönelik üniversite öğrencilerinin görüşlerini belirlemektir. Amaç doğrultusunda araştırmacılar tarafından oluşturulan veri toplama aracı, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi 04.5.2020 tarihli ve 19680 sayılı etik kurul izni ile 5 Mayıs 2020 ile 15 Mayıs 2020 tarihleri arasında Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi’nde eğitim gören 662 öğrenciye online olarak uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen veriler bilgisayar ortamında SPSS 22.0 istatistik programı aracılığıyla analiz edilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda; üniversite öğrencileri Kovid-19 sürecinde verilen uzaktan eğitimin etkinliğine ilişkin yüksek düzeyde olumsuz görüşler içerisinde oldukları, uzaktan eğitimin etkinliğinde hocaların ve materyallerin yüksek düzeyde etkili olduğu sonuçlarına ulaşılmıştır

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM Derg...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: DOĞAN, Taylan Taner; DOĞAN, Tayyibe Işıl;

    The aim of this study is to examine the short and long-run symmetric and asymmetric effects of the exchangerates on the stock market in Turkey. Using the most recent monthly data for the period of December 2001-September 2020, the model developed in Bahmanie-Oskooee and Saha (2016) is estimated with ARDL(Autoregressive Distributed Lag) and NARDL (Nonlinear Autoregressive Distributed Lag) bounds testingapproach. Since the specification error may occur when the asymmetric effect is not taken into account, theinclusion of symmetric and asymmetric effects together in the model have provided econometrically moremeaningful results. According to the results of the NARDL test, a long-term equilibrium (cointegration)relationship among the variables of interest is determined and further, it is concluded that the exchange ratehas an asymmetric effect on the stock market in both short and long-run. Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye’de döviz kurunun borsa üzerindeki kısa ve uzun dönemli simetrik ve asimetrik etkilerinin incelenmesidir. 2001 Aralık – 2020 Eylül dönemine ait aylık güncel veriler kullanılarak, Bahmanie-Oskooee ve Saha (2016)’da geliştirilen model, ARDL (Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif) ve NARDL (Doğrusal Olmayan Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif) sınır testi yaklaşımı ile tahmin edilmiştir. Asimetrik etkinin göz önüne alınmadığı durumda spesifikasyon hatası ortaya çıkabildiği için simetrik ve asimetrik etkinin birlikte modele dahil edilmesi ekonometrik açıdan daha anlamlı sonuçlar elde edilmesini sağlamıştır. NARDL test sonuçlarına göre, çalışmaya konu olan değişkenler arasında uzun dönem denge (eşbütünleşme) ilişkisi saptanmış olup, buna ek olarak, döviz kurunun borsa üzerinde hem kısa hem de uzun dönemde asimetrik etkisinin olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır.

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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: TÜRKMEN, Sena;

    Energy, which forms the basis of modern society, is one of the most important elements of social development and economic growth. There are many studies in the literature examining the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth. On the other hand, there have not been many studies examining the relationship between financial development and energy consumption, which is accepted as an important policy tool in contributing to the economic growth process of developing countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between financial development and energy consumption for the period of 1995- 2018 in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkey, which are members of the Organization of Turkic States. Dynamic panel data analysis method was used in empirical analysis. In the study, in which tests with structural breaks were applied, the existence of a long-term relationship between energy consumption and financial development was determined. Modern toplumun temelini oluşturan enerji, sosyal gelişme ve ekonomik büyümenin en önemli unsurlarından biridir. Literatürde enerji tüketimi ve ekonomik büyüme arasındaki ilişkiyi irdeleyen çok sayıda çalışma bulunmaktadır. Diğer taraftan, gelişmekte olan ülkelerin ekonomik büyüme sürecine katkı sağlamada önemli bir politika aracı olduğu kabul edilen finansal gelişme ile enerji tüketimi arasındaki ilişkiyi inceleyen pek fazla çalışmaya rastlanmamıştır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türk Devletleri Teşkilatı’na üye ülkeler olan Azerbaycan, Kazakistan, Kırgızistan, Özbekistan ve Türkiye’de finansal gelişme ve enerji tüketimi ilişkisini 1995-2018 dönemi için araştırmaktır. Ampirik analizlerde dinamik panel veri analizi yönteminden yararlanılmıştır. Yapısal kırılmaları dikkate alan testlerin uygulandığı çalışmada enerji tüketimi ile finansal gelişme arasında uzun dönemli ilişkinin varlığı tespit edilmiştir.

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    Authors: Ahmet Yılmaz ATA; Tuğçe DALLI;

    Studies investigating the relationship between trade openness and inflation have been increasing in recent years. According to the hypothesis called the Romer hypothesis, which stands out among these studies, the inflation rate decreases as trade openness increases in the economies of small and open countries. In this study, it is aimed to test the relationship between trade openness and inflation rate in Turkey. For this purpose, FMOLS and CCR analysis were carried out with the Gregory Hansen cointegration test, following the traditional ADF, PP unit root test and single break Zivot-Andrews unit root test, using annual data from 1987-2021. According to the results, there is a negative relationship between trade openness and inflation variables in the long run.  Ticari dışa açıklık ile enflasyon arasındaki ilişkiyi araştıran çalışmalar son yıllarda artmaktadır. Bu çalışmalar içerisinde ise ön plana çıkan ve Romer hipotezi olarak isimlendirilen hipoteze göre küçük ve dışa açık ülkelerin ekonomilerinde ticari dışa açıklık arttıkça enflasyon oranı azalmaktadır. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de ticari dışa açıklık ile enflasyon oranı arasındaki ilişkinin test edilmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda 1987-2021 yıllarına ait yıllık veriler kullanılarak geleneksel ADF, PP birim kök testi ve tek kırılmalı Zivot-Andrews birim kök testinin ardından Gregory Hansen ve FMOLS ve CCR analizi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ulaşılan sonuçlara göre ticari dışa açıklıkla enflasyon değişkenleri arasında uzun dönemde negatif yönlü bir ilişki vardır.

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    Authors: METİN, Tuğçe; BAYLAN, Mustafa; GÜNALAN, Mustafa;

    The main purpose of this study is to determine the attitudes of self-employed employees in Kahramanmaraş about the practice of Tradesmen Ahi Fund. For this purpose, in the first part of the study, a conceptual framework was drawn for a better understanding of the place of the Tradesman Ahi Fund application in the Social Security system. Then, in order to reveal the attitudes of the tradesmen regarding the practice of the Craftsman Ahi Fund, an attitude scale was created since there is no scale in the literature. The results of the reliability and validity tests performed on the scale provided evidence that the attitude scale is reliable and valid. As a result of the questionnaire applied, the demographic characteristics of the participants were revealed in the light of the data obtained from 274 participants operating in Kahramanmaraş and included in the scope of the Tradesman Ahi Fund application. In addition, by using independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA tests, it was tried to determine whether the attitudes of Kahramanmaraş shopkeepers towards the practice differ according to these demographic characteristics. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı Kahramanmaraş’ta kendi nam ve hesabına çalışanların Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulaması ile ilgili tutumlarını belirlemektir. Bu amaçla, çalışmanın ilk kısmında Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulamasının Sosyal Güvenlik sistemi içerisindeki yerinin daha iyi anlaşılması için bir kavramsal çerçeve çizilmiştir. Ardından, esnafların Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulaması ile ilgili tutumlarını ortaya çıkarabilmek adına, literatürde hali hazırda bir ölçek bulunmadığından, bir tutum ölçeği oluşturulmuştur. Ölçekle ilgili gerçekleştirilen güvenilirlik ve geçerlilik testlerinin sonuçları tutum ölçeğinin güvenilir ve geçerli olduğuna dair kanıtlar sunmuştur. Uygulanan anket sonucunda Kahramanmaraş’ta faaliyet gösteren ve Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulamasının kapsamına giren 274 katılımcıdan elde edilen veriler ışığında katılımcıların demografik özellikleri ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Ayrıca bağımsız örneklem t-testi ve tek yönlü ANOVA testleri kullanılarak bu demografik özelliklere göre Kahramanmaraş esnafının uygulamaya karşı tutumlarının farklılık gösterip göstermedikleri tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır.

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    Authors: ÖNDER, Ferid;

    Ülkelerin makroekonomik performanslarının ölçülmesinde birçok gösterge kullanılmaktadır. Ekonomide üretilen tüm mal ve hizmetlerin toplam değerindeki reel artışı ifade eden ekonomik büyüme hükümetlerin öncü hedefleri arasındadır. Finansal gelişmenin ekonomik büyüme üzerinde olumlu etkilerini olduğunu belirten çalışmalara literatürde sıkça rastlamaktadır. Bu çalışmada kırılgan beşli olarak adlandırılan Brezilya, Hindistan, Güney Afrika, Endonezya ve Türkiye için 1990-2019 yıllarına ait verilerle finansal gelişme ile ekonomik büyüme arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesinde dinamik panel veri analizinden yararlanılmıştır. Yatay kesit bağımlılığını ve heterojenliğini dikkate alan Westerlund (2006) panel eşbütünleşme testiyle serilerin eşbütünleşik olduğu sonucunun elde edilmesiyle Pesaran (2006) tarafından geliştirilen Common Corelated Effects (CCE) tahmincisinden yararlanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular panel genelinde, finansal gelişmenin ekonomik büyüme üzerinde istatistiki olarak anlamlı olduğunu göstermektedir. Finansal gelişmede meydana gelen %1’lik bir artış ise ekonomik büyümeyi %0.63 oranında azaltmaktadır. Ülkeler özelinde ise söz konusu katsayılarda farklılıklar görülmektedir. Many indicators are used to measure the macroeconomic performance of countries. Economic growth, which represents the real increase in the total value of all goods and services produced in the economy, is among the leading targets of governments. Studies stating that financial development has positive effects on economic growth are frequently encountered in the literature. In this study, dynamic panel data analysis was used to examine the relationship between financial development and economic growth with the data of 1990-2019 for Brazil, India, South Africa, Indonesia and Turkey, which are called the Fragile Five. The Common Correlated Effects (CCE) estimator developed by Pesaran (2006) was used to obtain the result that the series are cointegrated by the Westerlund (2006) panel cointegration test, which takes into account the cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity. The findings show that financial development is statistically significant on economic growth throughout the panel. A 1% increase in financial development reduces economic growth by 0,63%. There are differences in the mentioned coefficients for countries.

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35 Research products for "2717-9907"
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    Authors: TÜRKMEN, Sena;

    Artan nüfus, teknolojik yenilikler ve küreselleşme hareketleri ile birlikte enerjiye olan ihtiyaç giderek artmaktadır. Enerji kaynaklarının büyük ölçüde tükenebilir olması, yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarına yönelimi hızlandırmaktadır. Diğer taraftan, özellikle gelişmekte olan ülkeler yoğun kalkınma çabası içerisindeyken çevre tahribatının artması ve toplumun yaşam kalitesinin düşmesi ile enerji üretiminde yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarının kullanımı ve belirleyicilerinin tespiti önem kazanmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, 1990-2014 dönemi yıllık verileri ile gelişmekte olan ülkeler için yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarının belirleyicileri, güncel ekonometrik testlerden olan ikinci nesil panel eş bütünleşme testleri ile analiz edilmektedir. Ampirik bulgularda kentleşme, karbondioksit emisyonu, ekonomik büyüme ve yenilenebilir enerji üretimi arasında uzun dönemli bir ilişki tespit edilmiştir. With the increasing population, technological innovations and globalization movements, the need for energy is increasing. The fact that energy resources are largely exhaustible accelerates the trend towards renewable energy sources. On the other hand, the use of renewable energy sources and detection of determinants gain importance in energy production, associated with the increase in environmental destruction and the quality of life of the society especially in the developing countries that are be in a struggle for development. In this study, the determinants of renewable energy resources for developing countries are analyzed with the secondgeneration panel cointegration tests, which are among the current econometric tests, with the annual data for the period of 1990-2014. In empirical findings, a long-term relationship betwee

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    Authors: ATA, Ahmet Yılmaz; ABDULKARİM, Mohamed;

    Bu makale, ekonomik kalkınma göstergeleri üzerinden iki bin on birde Suriye'de başlayan çatışmaların tahmin edilip edilemeyeceğini araştırmayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu makale, ekonomik kalkınmanın toplumu istikrara kavuşturmadaki rolünü değerlendirmek için iki bin on birdeki çatışmadan önce Suriye ekonomisinin mevcut tarihsel ekonomik kalkınma göstergelerini analiz etmektedir. Bahsedilen bu göstergelerle ilgili resmi istatistiklerin gözden geçirilmesi ve orta gelirli ülkelerle kıyaslanması, kişi başına düşen gayri safi yurtiçi hasıla (GSYH), hükümet harcamaları, enflasyon oranı, işsizlik oranı ve insani gelişme endeksindeki (IGE) yıllık büyümenin iki bin on birden önce endişe verici seviyelerde olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Sonuç olarak, incelenen bütün bu ekonomik kalkınma göstergeleri çatışmayı öngörmeye yardımcı olmaktadır. This paper aims at exploring whether the economic development indicators could have predicted the conflict in Syria in 2011. To evaluate the role of economic development in stabilizing the society, this paper analyses the available historical economic development indicators for the Syrian economy before the conflict in 2011. Reviewing the available official statistics about aforementioned indicators and benchmarking them against middle-income countries reveal that the annual growth in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the government expenditure, inflation rate, unemployment rate, and human development index (HDI) were at alarming levels before 2011. This paves the way to the 2011 conflict in Syria.

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    Authors: YILDIRIM, Metin; DERTLİ, Gül;

    Today, global financial centers have become an important topic at the center of economic policies with the proliferation of international trade and the intensification of capital mobilities. With the shift of the balance of economic power from the West to the East, important financial centers in Hong Kong, Tokyo, Shanghai, Singapore and Dubai have been added to big financial centers such as London and New York. Turkey has started to work to position İstanbul as a global financial center by the decision in 2009. In this study, the criteria of being a global financial center is emphasized and global financial centers in the world are evaluated within the framework of the global financial centers index. In this context, advantages and disadvantages of becoming a global financial center for the İstanbul Finance Center Project are examined in this paper.  Günümüzde küresel finans merkezleri, uluslararası ticaretin yaygınlaşması ve sermaye hareketlerinin yoğunlaşmasıyla ekonomi politikalarının merkezinde yer alan önemli bir konu başlığı haline gelmiştir. Ekonomik güç dengesinin Batı’dan Doğu’ya kaymasıyla Londra ve New York gibi büyük finans merkezlerine Hong Kong, Tokyo, Şangay, Singapur ve Dubai gibi önemli finans merkezleri eklenmiştir. Türkiye de 2009 yılında aldığı kararla İstanbul’u küresel finans merkezi olarak konumlandırmak için çalışmalara başlamıştır. Bu çalışmada küresel finans merkezi olma kıstasları üzerinde durulmuş ve küresel finans merkezleri indeksi çerçevesinde dünyadaki küresel finans merkezlerinin konumları değerlendirilmiştir. Bu bağlamda İstanbul Finans Merkezi Projesi’nin küresel finans merkezi olma yolunda sahip olduğu avantajlar ve dezavantajlar ortaya koyulmuştur.

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    Authors: BAL, Harun; PALANDÖKENLİER, Berk; ERDOĞAN, Esma;

    Robert Lucas’ın yüksek getiri oranı farklılıklarına rağmen sermayenin az gelişmiş ekonomilere yeterince gitmemesini sorguladığı öncü çalışmasıyla başlayan tartışmalar sermaye hareketlerinin temel belirleyicilerinin neler olabileceği çerçevesinde analizlerin hızla artmasına yol açmıştır. Literatürde “Lucas Paradoksu” olarak adlandırılan analizlere katkı sunmak amacıyla hazırlanan çalışmamız, Dünya Bankası sınıflandırması çerçevesinde seçilmiş 47 gelişmekte olan ülke için paradoksun Doğrudan Yabancı Sermaye Yatırımları özelinde geçerliliğini ve bu kapsamda olmak üzere olası belirleyicilerinin neler olduğu araştırmayı amaçlamıştır. Panel veri analiz tekniği çerçevesinde yapılan ampirik analizlerin bulguları paradoksu desteklemekte ve ülkeler arası marjinal getiri farklarının önemsizliğine işaret etmektedir. Bulgularımız, ilgili literatürü destekleyecek şekilde beşeri sermaye ile kurumsal kalite değişkenlerinin etkilerinin ise önemli ve oldukça yüksek olduğuna işaret etmektedir. Pioneering work of R. Lucas questioning the capital not going to underdeveloped economies despite the higher rate of returns, generated a discussion which led to a rapid increase in the studies analyzing the main determinants of capital movements. The aim of our study is to contribute to the literature regarding the analyzes of "Lucas Paradox" and to investigate the validity of the paradox in the context of foreign direct investments and of the possible determinants for 47 developing countries selected with reference to World Bank country classification. The findings from panel data analyses support the Paradox and point to the insignificance of differences in the marginal rate of return among countries. Our findings also indicate that the effects of human capital and institutional quality are significant and quite high, supporting the relevant literature.

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    Authors: NAKİBOĞLU, Aslıhan; IŞIK, Sevgül;

    Covid-19 is to determine the views of university students on the transition from formal education to distance education due to the epidemic. The data collection tool created by researchers for the purpose was implemented with the permission of the Ethics Committee of Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University dated 04.5.2020 and numbered 19680. Between May May 5, 2020 and May 15, 2020, it was applied online to 662 students studying at Niğde Ömer Halisdemir university. The data obtained were analyzed in a computer environment through the SPSS 22.0 statistical program. As a result of the research, it was concluded that university students had a high level of negative views on the effectiveness of distance education given in the Covid-19 process, and that teachers and materials were highly effective in the effectiveness of distance education. Kovid-19 salgını nedeniyle örgün eğitimden uzaktan eğitime geçilmesine yönelik üniversite öğrencilerinin görüşlerini belirlemektir. Amaç doğrultusunda araştırmacılar tarafından oluşturulan veri toplama aracı, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi 04.5.2020 tarihli ve 19680 sayılı etik kurul izni ile 5 Mayıs 2020 ile 15 Mayıs 2020 tarihleri arasında Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi’nde eğitim gören 662 öğrenciye online olarak uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen veriler bilgisayar ortamında SPSS 22.0 istatistik programı aracılığıyla analiz edilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda; üniversite öğrencileri Kovid-19 sürecinde verilen uzaktan eğitimin etkinliğine ilişkin yüksek düzeyde olumsuz görüşler içerisinde oldukları, uzaktan eğitimin etkinliğinde hocaların ve materyallerin yüksek düzeyde etkili olduğu sonuçlarına ulaşılmıştır

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    Authors: DOĞAN, Taylan Taner; DOĞAN, Tayyibe Işıl;

    The aim of this study is to examine the short and long-run symmetric and asymmetric effects of the exchangerates on the stock market in Turkey. Using the most recent monthly data for the period of December 2001-September 2020, the model developed in Bahmanie-Oskooee and Saha (2016) is estimated with ARDL(Autoregressive Distributed Lag) and NARDL (Nonlinear Autoregressive Distributed Lag) bounds testingapproach. Since the specification error may occur when the asymmetric effect is not taken into account, theinclusion of symmetric and asymmetric effects together in the model have provided econometrically moremeaningful results. According to the results of the NARDL test, a long-term equilibrium (cointegration)relationship among the variables of interest is determined and further, it is concluded that the exchange ratehas an asymmetric effect on the stock market in both short and long-run. Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye’de döviz kurunun borsa üzerindeki kısa ve uzun dönemli simetrik ve asimetrik etkilerinin incelenmesidir. 2001 Aralık – 2020 Eylül dönemine ait aylık güncel veriler kullanılarak, Bahmanie-Oskooee ve Saha (2016)’da geliştirilen model, ARDL (Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif) ve NARDL (Doğrusal Olmayan Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif) sınır testi yaklaşımı ile tahmin edilmiştir. Asimetrik etkinin göz önüne alınmadığı durumda spesifikasyon hatası ortaya çıkabildiği için simetrik ve asimetrik etkinin birlikte modele dahil edilmesi ekonometrik açıdan daha anlamlı sonuçlar elde edilmesini sağlamıştır. NARDL test sonuçlarına göre, çalışmaya konu olan değişkenler arasında uzun dönem denge (eşbütünleşme) ilişkisi saptanmış olup, buna ek olarak, döviz kurunun borsa üzerinde hem kısa hem de uzun dönemde asimetrik etkisinin olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır.

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    Authors: TÜRKMEN, Sena;

    Energy, which forms the basis of modern society, is one of the most important elements of social development and economic growth. There are many studies in the literature examining the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth. On the other hand, there have not been many studies examining the relationship between financial development and energy consumption, which is accepted as an important policy tool in contributing to the economic growth process of developing countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between financial development and energy consumption for the period of 1995- 2018 in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkey, which are members of the Organization of Turkic States. Dynamic panel data analysis method was used in empirical analysis. In the study, in which tests with structural breaks were applied, the existence of a long-term relationship between energy consumption and financial development was determined. Modern toplumun temelini oluşturan enerji, sosyal gelişme ve ekonomik büyümenin en önemli unsurlarından biridir. Literatürde enerji tüketimi ve ekonomik büyüme arasındaki ilişkiyi irdeleyen çok sayıda çalışma bulunmaktadır. Diğer taraftan, gelişmekte olan ülkelerin ekonomik büyüme sürecine katkı sağlamada önemli bir politika aracı olduğu kabul edilen finansal gelişme ile enerji tüketimi arasındaki ilişkiyi inceleyen pek fazla çalışmaya rastlanmamıştır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türk Devletleri Teşkilatı’na üye ülkeler olan Azerbaycan, Kazakistan, Kırgızistan, Özbekistan ve Türkiye’de finansal gelişme ve enerji tüketimi ilişkisini 1995-2018 dönemi için araştırmaktır. Ampirik analizlerde dinamik panel veri analizi yönteminden yararlanılmıştır. Yapısal kırılmaları dikkate alan testlerin uygulandığı çalışmada enerji tüketimi ile finansal gelişme arasında uzun dönemli ilişkinin varlığı tespit edilmiştir.

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    Authors: Ahmet Yılmaz ATA; Tuğçe DALLI;

    Studies investigating the relationship between trade openness and inflation have been increasing in recent years. According to the hypothesis called the Romer hypothesis, which stands out among these studies, the inflation rate decreases as trade openness increases in the economies of small and open countries. In this study, it is aimed to test the relationship between trade openness and inflation rate in Turkey. For this purpose, FMOLS and CCR analysis were carried out with the Gregory Hansen cointegration test, following the traditional ADF, PP unit root test and single break Zivot-Andrews unit root test, using annual data from 1987-2021. According to the results, there is a negative relationship between trade openness and inflation variables in the long run.  Ticari dışa açıklık ile enflasyon arasındaki ilişkiyi araştıran çalışmalar son yıllarda artmaktadır. Bu çalışmalar içerisinde ise ön plana çıkan ve Romer hipotezi olarak isimlendirilen hipoteze göre küçük ve dışa açık ülkelerin ekonomilerinde ticari dışa açıklık arttıkça enflasyon oranı azalmaktadır. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de ticari dışa açıklık ile enflasyon oranı arasındaki ilişkinin test edilmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda 1987-2021 yıllarına ait yıllık veriler kullanılarak geleneksel ADF, PP birim kök testi ve tek kırılmalı Zivot-Andrews birim kök testinin ardından Gregory Hansen ve FMOLS ve CCR analizi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ulaşılan sonuçlara göre ticari dışa açıklıkla enflasyon değişkenleri arasında uzun dönemde negatif yönlü bir ilişki vardır.

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    Authors: METİN, Tuğçe; BAYLAN, Mustafa; GÜNALAN, Mustafa;

    The main purpose of this study is to determine the attitudes of self-employed employees in Kahramanmaraş about the practice of Tradesmen Ahi Fund. For this purpose, in the first part of the study, a conceptual framework was drawn for a better understanding of the place of the Tradesman Ahi Fund application in the Social Security system. Then, in order to reveal the attitudes of the tradesmen regarding the practice of the Craftsman Ahi Fund, an attitude scale was created since there is no scale in the literature. The results of the reliability and validity tests performed on the scale provided evidence that the attitude scale is reliable and valid. As a result of the questionnaire applied, the demographic characteristics of the participants were revealed in the light of the data obtained from 274 participants operating in Kahramanmaraş and included in the scope of the Tradesman Ahi Fund application. In addition, by using independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA tests, it was tried to determine whether the attitudes of Kahramanmaraş shopkeepers towards the practice differ according to these demographic characteristics. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı Kahramanmaraş’ta kendi nam ve hesabına çalışanların Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulaması ile ilgili tutumlarını belirlemektir. Bu amaçla, çalışmanın ilk kısmında Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulamasının Sosyal Güvenlik sistemi içerisindeki yerinin daha iyi anlaşılması için bir kavramsal çerçeve çizilmiştir. Ardından, esnafların Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulaması ile ilgili tutumlarını ortaya çıkarabilmek adına, literatürde hali hazırda bir ölçek bulunmadığından, bir tutum ölçeği oluşturulmuştur. Ölçekle ilgili gerçekleştirilen güvenilirlik ve geçerlilik testlerinin sonuçları tutum ölçeğinin güvenilir ve geçerli olduğuna dair kanıtlar sunmuştur. Uygulanan anket sonucunda Kahramanmaraş’ta faaliyet gösteren ve Esnaf Ahilik Sandığı uygulamasının kapsamına giren 274 katılımcıdan elde edilen veriler ışığında katılımcıların demografik özellikleri ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Ayrıca bağımsız örneklem t-testi ve tek yönlü ANOVA testleri kullanılarak bu demografik özelliklere göre Kahramanmaraş esnafının uygulamaya karşı tutumlarının farklılık gösterip göstermedikleri tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır.

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    Authors: ÖNDER, Ferid;

    Ülkelerin makroekonomik performanslarının ölçülmesinde birçok gösterge kullanılmaktadır. Ekonomide üretilen tüm mal ve hizmetlerin toplam değerindeki reel artışı ifade eden ekonomik büyüme hükümetlerin öncü hedefleri arasındadır. Finansal gelişmenin ekonomik büyüme üzerinde olumlu etkilerini olduğunu belirten çalışmalara literatürde sıkça rastlamaktadır. Bu çalışmada kırılgan beşli olarak adlandırılan Brezilya, Hindistan, Güney Afrika, Endonezya ve Türkiye için 1990-2019 yıllarına ait verilerle finansal gelişme ile ekonomik büyüme arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesinde dinamik panel veri analizinden yararlanılmıştır. Yatay kesit bağımlılığını ve heterojenliğini dikkate alan Westerlund (2006) panel eşbütünleşme testiyle serilerin eşbütünleşik olduğu sonucunun elde edilmesiyle Pesaran (2006) tarafından geliştirilen Common Corelated Effects (CCE) tahmincisinden yararlanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular panel genelinde, finansal gelişmenin ekonomik büyüme üzerinde istatistiki olarak anlamlı olduğunu göstermektedir. Finansal gelişmede meydana gelen %1’lik bir artış ise ekonomik büyümeyi %0.63 oranında azaltmaktadır. Ülkeler özelinde ise söz konusu katsayılarda farklılıklar görülmektedir. Many indicators are used to measure the macroeconomic performance of countries. Economic growth, which represents the real increase in the total value of all goods and services produced in the economy, is among the leading targets of governments. Studies stating that financial development has positive effects on economic growth are frequently encountered in the literature. In this study, dynamic panel data analysis was used to examine the relationship between financial development and economic growth with the data of 1990-2019 for Brazil, India, South Africa, Indonesia and Turkey, which are called the Fragile Five. The Common Correlated Effects (CCE) estimator developed by Pesaran (2006) was used to obtain the result that the series are cointegrated by the Westerlund (2006) panel cointegration test, which takes into account the cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity. The findings show that financial development is statistically significant on economic growth throughout the panel. A 1% increase in financial development reduces economic growth by 0,63%. There are differences in the mentioned coefficients for countries.

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