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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    A Paolone; S Brutti;
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | Si-DRIVE (814464)

    Abstract In this paper we investigated the calculation of the anodic limit of two anions of ionic liquids, largely used as electrolyte of lithium batteries. Starting from a model based on calculations performed on single ions at the MP2 level of theory, we showed that the matching between calculation and experiments decreases while using more expanded basis set with respect to 6-31G**, possibly because of the destabilization of the neutral species when larger basis sets are considered. Additionally, in order to decrease the computational time, the performances for the calculation of the anodic limit obtained by means of a series of DFT functionals with increasing level of complexity (from the Generalized Gradient Approximation to the Range Separated Hybrid meta-Generalized Gradient Approximation) were compared. Overall, the best performing functionals are BMK, ωB97M-V and MN12-SX, while acceptable results can be obtained by M06-2X, M11, M08-HX and M11-L. Some less computationally expensive functionals, like CAM-B3LYP and ωB97X-D, also provide reasonable values of the anodic limit.

Include:
1 Research products, page 1 of 1
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    A Paolone; S Brutti;
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | Si-DRIVE (814464)

    Abstract In this paper we investigated the calculation of the anodic limit of two anions of ionic liquids, largely used as electrolyte of lithium batteries. Starting from a model based on calculations performed on single ions at the MP2 level of theory, we showed that the matching between calculation and experiments decreases while using more expanded basis set with respect to 6-31G**, possibly because of the destabilization of the neutral species when larger basis sets are considered. Additionally, in order to decrease the computational time, the performances for the calculation of the anodic limit obtained by means of a series of DFT functionals with increasing level of complexity (from the Generalized Gradient Approximation to the Range Separated Hybrid meta-Generalized Gradient Approximation) were compared. Overall, the best performing functionals are BMK, ωB97M-V and MN12-SX, while acceptable results can be obtained by M06-2X, M11, M08-HX and M11-L. Some less computationally expensive functionals, like CAM-B3LYP and ωB97X-D, also provide reasonable values of the anodic limit.

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