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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Samuele Bovo; Giuseppina Schiavo; Anisa Ribani; Valerio Joe Utzeri; Valeria Taurisano; Mohamad Ballan; María Muñoz; Estefania Alves; José Pedro Araújo; Riccardo Bozzi; +22 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Italy, Serbia, Italy, Croatia, Spain, France, Spain
    Project: EC | TREASURE (634476)

    Coronaviruses silently circulate in human and animal populations, causing mild to severe diseases. Therefore, livestock are important components of a "One Health" perspective aimed to control these viral infections. However, at present there is no example that considers pig genetic resources in this context. In this study, we investigated the variability of four genes (ACE2, ANPEP and DPP4 encoding for host receptors of the viral spike proteins and TMPRSS2 encoding for a host proteinase) in 23 European (19 autochthonous and three commercial breeds and one wild boar population) and two Asian Sus scrofa populations. A total of 2229 variants were identified in the four candidate genes: 26% of them were not previously described; 29 variants affected the protein sequence and might potentially interact with the infection mechanisms. The results coming from this work are a first step towards a "One Health" perspective that should consider conservation programs of pig genetic resources with twofold objectives: (i) genetic resources could be reservoirs of host gene variability useful to design selection programs to increase resistance to coronaviruses; (ii) the described variability in genes involved in coronavirus infections across many different pig populations might be part of a risk assessment including pig genetic resources. This work has received funding from the University of Bologna RFO 2016-2019 programmes, the Italian MIUR 2017 PigPhenomics project, from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 634476 for the project with acronym TREASURE, from the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) Secretariat, project “Application of animal genomics and data mining to predict and monitor novel coronavirus potential infections (VirAnimalOne)”, the EGI call for COVID-19 research projects (AnGen1H project) and from the Por Fesr Emilia-Romagna 2014-2020 (actions 1.1.4 and 1.2.2—Bando per sostenere progetti di ricerca ed innovazione per lo sviluppo di soluzioni finalizzate al contrasto dell’epidemia da COVID-19—Project LIVESTOCK-STOP-COVI). The content of this article reflects only the authors' view and the European Union Agency is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains. 14 Pág. Departamento de ​Mejora Genética Animal Peer reviewed

Include:
1 Research products, page 1 of 1
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Samuele Bovo; Giuseppina Schiavo; Anisa Ribani; Valerio Joe Utzeri; Valeria Taurisano; Mohamad Ballan; María Muñoz; Estefania Alves; José Pedro Araújo; Riccardo Bozzi; +22 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Italy, Serbia, Italy, Croatia, Spain, France, Spain
    Project: EC | TREASURE (634476)

    Coronaviruses silently circulate in human and animal populations, causing mild to severe diseases. Therefore, livestock are important components of a "One Health" perspective aimed to control these viral infections. However, at present there is no example that considers pig genetic resources in this context. In this study, we investigated the variability of four genes (ACE2, ANPEP and DPP4 encoding for host receptors of the viral spike proteins and TMPRSS2 encoding for a host proteinase) in 23 European (19 autochthonous and three commercial breeds and one wild boar population) and two Asian Sus scrofa populations. A total of 2229 variants were identified in the four candidate genes: 26% of them were not previously described; 29 variants affected the protein sequence and might potentially interact with the infection mechanisms. The results coming from this work are a first step towards a "One Health" perspective that should consider conservation programs of pig genetic resources with twofold objectives: (i) genetic resources could be reservoirs of host gene variability useful to design selection programs to increase resistance to coronaviruses; (ii) the described variability in genes involved in coronavirus infections across many different pig populations might be part of a risk assessment including pig genetic resources. This work has received funding from the University of Bologna RFO 2016-2019 programmes, the Italian MIUR 2017 PigPhenomics project, from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 634476 for the project with acronym TREASURE, from the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) Secretariat, project “Application of animal genomics and data mining to predict and monitor novel coronavirus potential infections (VirAnimalOne)”, the EGI call for COVID-19 research projects (AnGen1H project) and from the Por Fesr Emilia-Romagna 2014-2020 (actions 1.1.4 and 1.2.2—Bando per sostenere progetti di ricerca ed innovazione per lo sviluppo di soluzioni finalizzate al contrasto dell’epidemia da COVID-19—Project LIVESTOCK-STOP-COVI). The content of this article reflects only the authors' view and the European Union Agency is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains. 14 Pág. Departamento de ​Mejora Genética Animal Peer reviewed

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