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  • Open Access
    Tomasz Dylag; Piotr Rafalski; Jolanta Kotlinska; Jerzy Silberring;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Country: Poland

    Abstract Synthetic derivative of C-terminal fragment of CART (55–102) with reduced thiol groups, [Abu 86,94 ]CART (85–102) red , given together with amphetamine (5 mg/kg, s.c.) or cocaine (15 mg/kg, s.c.), reversed hyperlocomotion induced by these drugs at a dose of 0.1 μg but not at a higher dose. In the cerebral cortex homogenate, [Abu 86,94 ]CART (85–102) red was nonspecifically cleaved from N- and C-termini. This peptide contains two chemically blocked Cys residues, and two others in reduced form. Concomitant with cleavage, rapid cyclization occurred. The newly formed cyclic peptides were stable. The cyclic peptide [Abu 86,94 ]CART (85–102) ox failed to inhibit amphetamine- and cocaine-induced locomotor activity. The ability to inhibit the locomotor-stimulant activity of amphetamine was retained in [Abu 86,88,94,101 ]CART (85–102), in which all Cys were replaced with 2-aminobutyric acid to prevent their pairing. Disulfide bridge formation may be an interesting mechanism that prevents proteolysis of [Abu 86,94 ]CART (85–102) red and terminates its ability to reverse amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion.

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