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  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alex Edison; Max Guillen; Henrik Johansson; Oliver Schlotterer; Fei Teng;
    Publisher: arXiv
    Country: Sweden
    Project: EC | UNISCAMP (804286)

    In the low-energy effective action of string theories, non-abelian gauge interactions and supergravity are augmented by infinite towers of higher-mass-dimension operators. We propose a new method to construct one-loop matrix elements with insertions of operators $D^{2k} F^n$ and $D^{2k} R^n$ in the tree-level effective action of type-I and type-II superstrings. Inspired by ambitwistor string theories, our method is based on forward limits of moduli-space integrals using string tree-level amplitudes with two extra points, expanded in powers of the inverse string tension $\alpha'$. Similar to one-loop ambitwistor computations, intermediate steps feature non-standard linearized Feynman propagators which eventually recombine to conventional quadratic propagators. With linearized propagators the loop integrand of the matrix elements obey one-loop versions of the monodromy and KLT relations. We express a variety of four- and five-point examples in terms of quadratic propagators and formulate a criterion on the underlying genus-one correlation functions that should make this recombination possible at all orders in $\alpha'$. The ultraviolet divergences of the one-loop matrix elements are crosschecked against the non-separating degeneration of genus-one integrals in string amplitudes. Conversely, our results can be used as a constructive method to determine degenerations of elliptic multiple zeta values and modular graph forms at arbitrary weight. Comment: 71 pages plus appendices and ancillary files; v2: matching published version; v3: Minor corrections in (4.29), (4.49), (4.50), (7.3) and (C.3)

Include:
1 Research products, page 1 of 1
  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alex Edison; Max Guillen; Henrik Johansson; Oliver Schlotterer; Fei Teng;
    Publisher: arXiv
    Country: Sweden
    Project: EC | UNISCAMP (804286)

    In the low-energy effective action of string theories, non-abelian gauge interactions and supergravity are augmented by infinite towers of higher-mass-dimension operators. We propose a new method to construct one-loop matrix elements with insertions of operators $D^{2k} F^n$ and $D^{2k} R^n$ in the tree-level effective action of type-I and type-II superstrings. Inspired by ambitwistor string theories, our method is based on forward limits of moduli-space integrals using string tree-level amplitudes with two extra points, expanded in powers of the inverse string tension $\alpha'$. Similar to one-loop ambitwistor computations, intermediate steps feature non-standard linearized Feynman propagators which eventually recombine to conventional quadratic propagators. With linearized propagators the loop integrand of the matrix elements obey one-loop versions of the monodromy and KLT relations. We express a variety of four- and five-point examples in terms of quadratic propagators and formulate a criterion on the underlying genus-one correlation functions that should make this recombination possible at all orders in $\alpha'$. The ultraviolet divergences of the one-loop matrix elements are crosschecked against the non-separating degeneration of genus-one integrals in string amplitudes. Conversely, our results can be used as a constructive method to determine degenerations of elliptic multiple zeta values and modular graph forms at arbitrary weight. Comment: 71 pages plus appendices and ancillary files; v2: matching published version; v3: Minor corrections in (4.29), (4.49), (4.50), (7.3) and (C.3)

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