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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    De-Volder, Carolina;
    Project: WT

    All the aspects of scientific communication are explained. An analysis of the impact of the movement for open access to scientific and academic literature was performed: here you will find a full description of its beginnings, definitions of the main terms, goals, the most significant initiatives undertaken all around the world and those strategies designed to get it; the open access journals and self-archiving in repositories - focusing on the progress of the latter – represent the most radical alternative for the development of open access. Then the different practices and attitudes adopted by Argentine librarians towards the self-archiving of their work in the thematic repository E-Lis are also analyzed. We try to determine which factors contribute to the use or non use of the repository.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Guédon, Jean-Claude;
    Project: WT

    Discusses the potential of open access to overcome the divide between the mainstream and the peripheral in science, including the divide between the developed and developing world. Specific open access implementation strategies are examined with respect to this role. For example, subsidized open access journals with no article processing fees, a common practice in many if not most of the world's countries, are helpful to overcoming the divide, as is a coherent system of institutional and thematic repositories.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Strähle, Michael;
    Publisher: DGI Deutsche Gesellschaft für Informationswissenschaft und Informationspraxis
    Project: WT

    This contribution describes and analyses the European Commission's recent open access initiatives by relating them to official documents by the Commission, studies commissioned by it, public consultations, and similar initiatives and statements by European organisations. Informed by an open access-friendly point of view, the author concludes by specifying weaknesses of the European Commission's initiatives: the inadequate consideration of interdisciplinarity and the strong orientation towards natural sciences and medical research.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Muñoz-Tinoco, Concha;
    Publisher: Collegi Oficial de Bibliotecaris-Documentalistes de Catalunya
    Project: WT

    Electronic publishing implies a change in the traditional publishing chain, for such concepts as storage and distribution of the scholarly article, going as it does from the physical to the digital archive, and affecting all processes in between. We will deal with the new trends in electronic publishing of scholarly journals, from the many and varied projects and initiatives of Open Access and Free Access. Regarding the letter, we shall speak about Open Access directories and repositories ( Open Archive Initiative) available on the Internet. When we speak of electronic publishing of scholarly journals, same points need to be clarified: 1) journals born under the Open Access model, 2) journals that combine commercial distribution with a temporary embargo period before their free distribution over the Internet. We shall see that the advantages outnumber the drawbacks with this new publishing policy and it will be the researchers themselves who must adapt to the cultural changes involved in this new form of publishing their works. The articles concludes with an analysis of how publishers, information distributors and libraries have been obliged to modify their systems of publishing, distribution and management of information.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Matsubayashi, Mamiko; Kurata, Keiko; Sakai, Yukiko; Morioka, Tomoko; Kato, Shinya; Mine, Shinji; Ueda, Shuichi;
    Project: WT

    The purpose of the article is to show the current status of Open Access (OA) in biomedical field, and compare some countries such as the U.S., the U.K. and Japan in terms of the OA situation. There are controversies about the definition of OA. After examining the requirements about OA, we recognized OA as the situation in which researchers could read the full text of articles in unrestricted way. In order to investigate the current situation of OA, 4,756 articles were sampled randomly from articles published between January and September in 2005 and indexed in PubMed. The main results are as follows: 1) The rate of OA articles was 25%, and 75% of all the articles were available online including electronic subscription journal articles. 2) The means of OA was classified into five types. Among them, the rate of OA articles by “OA and Hybrid OA journals” was overwhelming (more than 70%), and that of PMC was 26.2%. The rates of OA articles by “institutional repositories” and “authors’ personal sites” were considerably low (6.0% and 4.9% respectively). 3) When comparing the rates of OA articles by countries, Belgium ranked the first with 41.7%. The five countries indicated more than 30% in OA articles: Canada and India (38.7%), Brazil (36.4%), Australia (30.8%), and the U.S. (30.7%). Each country was different in the means of OA. 4) We explored the rates of OA for two groups; one group consists of articles published in journals with IF, and the other consists of articles published in journals without IF. The rate of OA for the group of articles in journals with IF is 20.6%, and that of articles in journals without IF is 30.8%.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Moller, Allison;
    Project: WT

    Open access publishing is an initiative that aims to provide universal, unrestricted free access to full-text scholarly materials via the Internet. This presents a radically different approach to the dissemination of research articles that has traditionally been controlled by the publishing enterprise that regulates access by means of subscriptions and licences fees levied on users, predominantly academic libraries. In presenting the case for open access publishing, the thesis explores the contemporary research environment, changing modes of knowledge production, the problems associated with the existing academic journal system, and the subsequent growth of the open access movement as an intervention to reclaim scientific communication. It highlights the ways in which open access better answers the requirements of researchers, funders, governments, and society more broadly. Free access to publicly funded scientific research is more democratic and is necessary for knowledge dissemination and production in a knowledge economy, particularly for developing countries such as South Africa. Attention is drawn to the ways that open access intersects with the ethical norms guiding the practice of research, with the idea of information as a public good, and with other parallel initiatives that resist the enclosure of knowledge through excessive copyright legislation. The study also closely interrogates the economic viability of open access journals, and shows how the ‘author pays’ model represents a reasonable approach, but by no means the only one available to publishers considering the transition to open access. Sections are also devoted to examining the impact potential of open access articles and the ways in which open access journals can achieve greater permanence. The main research question centres on the feasibility of open access journals becoming widespread within the South African research system. The study presents the findings of an investigation undertaken to assess the current awareness, concerns and depth of support for open access amongst South African stakeholders. Separate questionnaires were distributed to government departments, research councils, research funders, research managers within universities and a sample of published authors from biomedical fields. The conclusion recommends proactive engagement by faculty librarians and organized advocacy on the part of LIASA to promote the cause of open access within South Africa. It further calls for government to mandate open access to publicly funded research as a more democratic, cost-effective and strategic intervention to promote South African science. The gains to be won are particularly relevant for present challenges: training a new generation of researchers and scholars, and stimulating knowledge production and its subsequent application to solve the nation’s developmental needs.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Fullard, Allison;
    Project: WT

    Open access publishing offers wide benefits to the scholarly community and may also afford relief to financially embattled academic libraries. The progress of the open access model rests upon the acceptance and validation of open access journals and open archives or institutional repositories by the academic mainstream, particularly by publishing researchers. To what extent are the key actors in the South African research system aware of the advantages of open access? This article reports on the findings of a recent survey undertaken to assess the current awareness, concerns and depth of support for open access amongst local researchers, research managers and policy makers in South Africa. The study focuses on issues of quality, article or author charges and the established academic reward system. It concludes that within the prevailing framework, there is little prospect that academics would choose to publish within open access journals. Recommendations for advocacy by the library community are proposed.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Abadal, Ernest; Melero, Remedios; Abad-García, Francisca; Villarroya, Anna;
    Publisher: Associazione Italiana Biblioteche
    Project: WT | the control of cardiac co... (043341)

    Universities, research institutions and research funders are active stakeholders in promoting open access. SHERPA-JULIET and ROARMAP directories register and summarize funders, academic and research institutions open access policies. Request or require free access to scholarly outputs are mainly the options stated in those registries, however there are other kind of possibilities to explore. The aim of this paper is to describe a typology of intervention instruments which could be the basis for an institutional policy to promote open access. This typology has been adapted from studies applied to the analysis of cultural policies and comprises five main areas: establishment of technical infrastructures and services, information and dissemination actions, economic incentives, institutional coordination, regulation (mandate), and inspection or control. Several instruments for each one of this areas and relevant international examples are reported and analysed.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Duchange, Nathalie; Autard, Delphine; Pinhas, Nicole;
    Publisher: EDK
    Project: WT

    Open access within the scientific community depends on the scientific context and the practices of the field. In the biomedical domain, the communication of research is characterised by the importance of the peer reviewing process, the existence of a hierarchy among journals and the transfer of copyright to the editor. Biomedical publishing has become a lucrative market and the growth of electronic journals has not helped lower the costs. Indeed, it is difficult for today's public institutions to gain access to all the scientific literature. Open access is thus imperative, as demonstrated through the positions taken by a growing number of research funding bodies, the development of open access journals and efforts made in promoting open archives. This article describes the setting up of an Inserm portal for publication in the context of the French national protocol for open-access self-archiving and in an international context.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Térmens, Miquel;
    Publisher: EPI SCP, Barcelona, Spain
    Project: WT

    The article presents a survey of international research studies and development in digital preservation, devoting a section to the situation in Spain. The author outlines applications in areas such as institutional repositories, administrative records, personal archives, aerospace industry and museum archives, but the greatest attention is given to digital preservation applications in libraries and archives. The pre-eminent role of certain libraries and the national archives and records of certain countries is evident in an analysis of the protagonists of this research, as well as the emerging role of software companies. The major lines of research include the integration of tools to create integrated preservation systems.

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