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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bowers, Jack; Herold, Axel; Romary, Laurent; Tasovac, Toma;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The present paper describes the etymological component of the TEI Lex-0 initiative which aims at defining a terser subset of the TEI guidelines for the representation of etymological features in dictionary entries. Going beyond the basic provision of etymological mechanisms in the TEI guidelines, TEI Lex-0 Etym proposes a systematic representation of etymological and cognate descriptions by means of embedded constructs based on the (for etymologies) and (for etymons and cognates) elements. In particular, given that all the potential contents of etymons are highly analogous to those of dictionary entries in general, the contents presented herein heavily re-use many of the corresponding features and constraints introduced in other components of the TEI Lex-0 to the encoding of etymologies and etymons. The TEI Lex-0 Etym model is also closely aligned to ISO 24613-3 on modelling etymological data and the corresponding TEI serialisation available in ISO 24613-4.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edmond, Jennifer; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Introduction The scholarly monograph has been compared to the Hapsburg monarchy in that it seems to have been in decline forever! It was in 2002 that Stephen Greenblatt, in his role as president of the US Modern Language Association, urged his membership to recognise what he called a ‘crisis in scholarly publication’. It is easy to forget now that this crisis, as he then saw it, had nothing to do with the rise of digital technologies, e-publishing, or open access. Indeed, it puts his words in...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Davidović, Davor; Cetinić, Eva; Skala, Karolj;
    Country: Croatia
    Project: EC | EGI-Engage (654142)
  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Savonnet, Marinette;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Les Systèmes d'Information Scientifique (SIS) sont des Systèmes d'Information (SI) dont le but est de produire de la connaissance et non pas de gérer ou contrôler une activité de production de biens ou de services comme les SI d'entreprise. Les SIS se caractérisent par des domaines de recherche fortement collaboratifs impliquant des équipes pluridisciplinaires et le plus souvent géographiquement éloignées, ils manipulent des données aux structures très variables dans le temps qui vont au-delà de la simple hétérogénéité : nuages de points issus de scanner 3D, modèles numériques de terrain, cartographie, publications, données issues de spectromètre de masse ou de technique de thermoluminescence, données attributaires en très grand volume, etc. Ainsi, contrairement aux bases de données d'entreprise qui sont modélisées avec des structures établies par l'activité qu'elles supportent, les données scientifiques ne peuvent pas se contenter de schémas de données pré-definis puisque la structure des données évolue rapidement de concert avec l'évolution de la connaissance. La gestion de données scientifiques nécessite une architecture de SIS ayant un niveau d'extensibilité plus élevé que dans un SI d'entreprise. Afin de supporter l'extensibilité tout en contrôlant la qualité des données mais aussi l'interopérabilité, nous proposons une architecture de SIS reposant sur : - des données référentielles fortement structurées, identifiables lors de la phase d'analyse et amenées à évoluer rarement ; - des données complémentaires multi-modèles (matricielles, cartographiques, nuages de points 3D, documentaires, etc.). Pour établir les liens entre les données complémentaires et les données référentielles, nous avons utilisé un unique paradigme, l'annotation sémantique. Nous avons proposé un modèle formel d'annotation à base ontologique pour construire des annotations sémantiques dont la cohérence et la consistance peuvent être contrôlées par une ontologie et des règles. Dans ce cadre, les annotations offrent ainsi une contextualisation des données qui permet de vérifier leur cohérence, par rapport à la connaissance du domaine. Nous avons dressé les grandes lignes d'une sémantique du processus d'annotation par analogie avec la sémantique des langages de programmation. Nous avons validé notre proposition, à travers deux collaborations pluridisciplinaires : - le projet ANR CARE (Corpus Architecturae Religiosae Europeae - IV-X saec. ANR-07- CORP-011) dans le domaine de l'archéologie. Son objectif était de développer un corpus numérique de documents multimédia sur l'évolution des monuments religieux du IVe au XIe siècle (http://care.tge-adonis.fr). Un assistant d'annotation a été développé pour assurer la qualité des annotations par rapport à la connaissance représentée dans l'ontologie. Ce projet a donné lieu au développement d'une extension sémantique pour MediaWiki ; - le projet eClims dans le domaine de la protéomique clinique. eClims est un composant clinique d'un LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System) développé pour la plate-forme de protéomique CLIPP. eClims met en oeuvre un outil d'intégration basé sur le couplage entre des modèles représentant les sources et le système protéomique, et des ontologies utilisées comme médiatrices entre ces derniers. Les différents contrôles que nous mettons en place garantissent la validité des domaines de valeurs, la complétude, la consistance des données et leur cohérence. Le stockage des annotations est assuré par une Base de Données orientées colonnes associée à une Base de Données relationnelles.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    van Nispen, Annelies;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Netherlands

    The European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI) started in October 2010 to build on a network that connects both people (Holocaust researchers, archivists, curators, librarians and digital humanists) and dispersed Holocaust source material and collections. EHRI’s aim is making sources visible in a systematic way in order to counteract the fragmentation of the sources and to reveal interconnections. EHRI focuses on Archive and collection descriptions, which are available through the EHRI Portal. EHRI is currently in its second phase and is on the ESFRI Roadmap2 for a more sustainable future. EHRI has developed a set of controlled vocabularies that serves both as a retrieval and cataloguing tool for the multilingual and highly heterogeneous data of the EHRI portal. These vocabularies were partly implemented in the first phase of the project. In the current phase of EHRI the vocabularies are in the process of quality improvement improve and enrich the existing terms, add new terms, disambiguate and remove the mistakes (deduplication, merging, adding multilingual labels, consistency checks, multiple parent relations, etc.) and increase their coverage. In the EHRI portal the subject terms are currently not available for the public, as they are used only for retrieval purposes.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nataša Jermen; Zdenko Jecic;
    Publisher: OpenEdition Press

    Professionally edited open access online encyclopaedias enable a systemic and reliable orientation within the ever-increasing amount of data and information on the Internet. Providing access to scientifically verified information, they represent an important part of the research and didactic infrastructure. This paper demonstrates the activities of Croatia’s Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography aimed at exploring the new encyclopaedic concept in the digital age. The Institute’s digital transformation is shown, which involves the digitisation and online publishing of archival editions, publishing of the permanently updated online general encyclopaedia, and the transformation of specialised encyclopedias to the encyclopaedic portals. Encyclopaedic portals could represent a new concept of encyclopaedias in the digital realm by serving as platforms for data networking and sharing, a sort of ‘junction points’ that connect diverse digital content on a specific topic. Institute’s publicly available repository of encyclopaedic knowledge enables the linking to the digital data and collections of other research and cultural institutions; therefore the collaborative projects aimed at reinforcing digital research and cultural infrastructure will be described. Thanks to the properties of the digital media and increasing connectivity, a closer collaboration Towards a New Concept of Open Access Online Encyclopaedia : A Case Study from... between professionally edited online encyclopaedias across Europe (and beyond) is enabled. This paper elaborates a range of initiatives seeking to build connections across individual European and North American national encyclopaedias, focusing on the role that Croatian encyclopaedistics plays in this endeavour.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Angela Cossu;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2014
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Duccio Troiano; Andrés García Morro; Alessandro Merlo; Eduardo Vendrell Vidal;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    Despite extensive research having been conducted on the subject, the problem of three-dimensional information systems for historical cities is actually still unresolved. In addition, commercially available software seems to be increasingly aiming at a quick development of unspecific urban settings, rather than at a metrically and perceptively faithful representation of reality. In this scenario, the SIUR 3D software (Sistema Informativo URbano tridimensionale) is based on a management structure that links an interactive, photorealistic and metrically reliable model of a city with a qualitative database of the historical, archaeological and material scope of an architectural part. Such application uses the Unity 3D game engine for geometrical models management and is equipped for online data sharing.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefan Bornhofen; Marten Düring;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | BLIZAAR (ANR-15-CE23-0002)

    AbstractThe paper presents Intergraph, a graph-based visual analytics technical demonstrator for the exploration and study of content in historical document collections. The designed prototype is motivated by a practical use case on a corpus of circa 15.000 digitized resources about European integration since 1945. The corpus allowed generating a dynamic multilayer network which represents different kinds of named entities appearing and co-appearing in the collections. To our knowledge, Intergraph is one of the first interactive tools to visualize dynamic multilayer graphs for collections of digitized historical sources. Graph visualization and interaction methods have been designed based on user requirements for content exploration by non-technical users without a strong background in network science, and to compensate for common flaws with the annotation of named entities. Users work with self-selected subsets of the overall data by interacting with a scene of small graphs which can be added, altered and compared. This allows an interest-driven navigation in the corpus and the discovery of the interconnections of its entities across time.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Davidović, Davor; Cetinić, Eva; Skala, Karolj;
    Country: Croatia
    Project: EC | EGI-Engage (654142), EC | INDIGO-DataCloud (653549)
search
Include:
346 Research products, page 1 of 35
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bowers, Jack; Herold, Axel; Romary, Laurent; Tasovac, Toma;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The present paper describes the etymological component of the TEI Lex-0 initiative which aims at defining a terser subset of the TEI guidelines for the representation of etymological features in dictionary entries. Going beyond the basic provision of etymological mechanisms in the TEI guidelines, TEI Lex-0 Etym proposes a systematic representation of etymological and cognate descriptions by means of embedded constructs based on the (for etymologies) and (for etymons and cognates) elements. In particular, given that all the potential contents of etymons are highly analogous to those of dictionary entries in general, the contents presented herein heavily re-use many of the corresponding features and constraints introduced in other components of the TEI Lex-0 to the encoding of etymologies and etymons. The TEI Lex-0 Etym model is also closely aligned to ISO 24613-3 on modelling etymological data and the corresponding TEI serialisation available in ISO 24613-4.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edmond, Jennifer; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Introduction The scholarly monograph has been compared to the Hapsburg monarchy in that it seems to have been in decline forever! It was in 2002 that Stephen Greenblatt, in his role as president of the US Modern Language Association, urged his membership to recognise what he called a ‘crisis in scholarly publication’. It is easy to forget now that this crisis, as he then saw it, had nothing to do with the rise of digital technologies, e-publishing, or open access. Indeed, it puts his words in...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Davidović, Davor; Cetinić, Eva; Skala, Karolj;
    Country: Croatia
    Project: EC | EGI-Engage (654142)
  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Savonnet, Marinette;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Les Systèmes d'Information Scientifique (SIS) sont des Systèmes d'Information (SI) dont le but est de produire de la connaissance et non pas de gérer ou contrôler une activité de production de biens ou de services comme les SI d'entreprise. Les SIS se caractérisent par des domaines de recherche fortement collaboratifs impliquant des équipes pluridisciplinaires et le plus souvent géographiquement éloignées, ils manipulent des données aux structures très variables dans le temps qui vont au-delà de la simple hétérogénéité : nuages de points issus de scanner 3D, modèles numériques de terrain, cartographie, publications, données issues de spectromètre de masse ou de technique de thermoluminescence, données attributaires en très grand volume, etc. Ainsi, contrairement aux bases de données d'entreprise qui sont modélisées avec des structures établies par l'activité qu'elles supportent, les données scientifiques ne peuvent pas se contenter de schémas de données pré-definis puisque la structure des données évolue rapidement de concert avec l'évolution de la connaissance. La gestion de données scientifiques nécessite une architecture de SIS ayant un niveau d'extensibilité plus élevé que dans un SI d'entreprise. Afin de supporter l'extensibilité tout en contrôlant la qualité des données mais aussi l'interopérabilité, nous proposons une architecture de SIS reposant sur : - des données référentielles fortement structurées, identifiables lors de la phase d'analyse et amenées à évoluer rarement ; - des données complémentaires multi-modèles (matricielles, cartographiques, nuages de points 3D, documentaires, etc.). Pour établir les liens entre les données complémentaires et les données référentielles, nous avons utilisé un unique paradigme, l'annotation sémantique. Nous avons proposé un modèle formel d'annotation à base ontologique pour construire des annotations sémantiques dont la cohérence et la consistance peuvent être contrôlées par une ontologie et des règles. Dans ce cadre, les annotations offrent ainsi une contextualisation des données qui permet de vérifier leur cohérence, par rapport à la connaissance du domaine. Nous avons dressé les grandes lignes d'une sémantique du processus d'annotation par analogie avec la sémantique des langages de programmation. Nous avons validé notre proposition, à travers deux collaborations pluridisciplinaires : - le projet ANR CARE (Corpus Architecturae Religiosae Europeae - IV-X saec. ANR-07- CORP-011) dans le domaine de l'archéologie. Son objectif était de développer un corpus numérique de documents multimédia sur l'évolution des monuments religieux du IVe au XIe siècle (http://care.tge-adonis.fr). Un assistant d'annotation a été développé pour assurer la qualité des annotations par rapport à la connaissance représentée dans l'ontologie. Ce projet a donné lieu au développement d'une extension sémantique pour MediaWiki ; - le projet eClims dans le domaine de la protéomique clinique. eClims est un composant clinique d'un LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System) développé pour la plate-forme de protéomique CLIPP. eClims met en oeuvre un outil d'intégration basé sur le couplage entre des modèles représentant les sources et le système protéomique, et des ontologies utilisées comme médiatrices entre ces derniers. Les différents contrôles que nous mettons en place garantissent la validité des domaines de valeurs, la complétude, la consistance des données et leur cohérence. Le stockage des annotations est assuré par une Base de Données orientées colonnes associée à une Base de Données relationnelles.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    van Nispen, Annelies;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Netherlands

    The European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI) started in October 2010 to build on a network that connects both people (Holocaust researchers, archivists, curators, librarians and digital humanists) and dispersed Holocaust source material and collections. EHRI’s aim is making sources visible in a systematic way in order to counteract the fragmentation of the sources and to reveal interconnections. EHRI focuses on Archive and collection descriptions, which are available through the EHRI Portal. EHRI is currently in its second phase and is on the ESFRI Roadmap2 for a more sustainable future. EHRI has developed a set of controlled vocabularies that serves both as a retrieval and cataloguing tool for the multilingual and highly heterogeneous data of the EHRI portal. These vocabularies were partly implemented in the first phase of the project. In the current phase of EHRI the vocabularies are in the process of quality improvement improve and enrich the existing terms, add new terms, disambiguate and remove the mistakes (deduplication, merging, adding multilingual labels, consistency checks, multiple parent relations, etc.) and increase their coverage. In the EHRI portal the subject terms are currently not available for the public, as they are used only for retrieval purposes.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nataša Jermen; Zdenko Jecic;
    Publisher: OpenEdition Press

    Professionally edited open access online encyclopaedias enable a systemic and reliable orientation within the ever-increasing amount of data and information on the Internet. Providing access to scientifically verified information, they represent an important part of the research and didactic infrastructure. This paper demonstrates the activities of Croatia’s Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography aimed at exploring the new encyclopaedic concept in the digital age. The Institute’s digital transformation is shown, which involves the digitisation and online publishing of archival editions, publishing of the permanently updated online general encyclopaedia, and the transformation of specialised encyclopedias to the encyclopaedic portals. Encyclopaedic portals could represent a new concept of encyclopaedias in the digital realm by serving as platforms for data networking and sharing, a sort of ‘junction points’ that connect diverse digital content on a specific topic. Institute’s publicly available repository of encyclopaedic knowledge enables the linking to the digital data and collections of other research and cultural institutions; therefore the collaborative projects aimed at reinforcing digital research and cultural infrastructure will be described. Thanks to the properties of the digital media and increasing connectivity, a closer collaboration Towards a New Concept of Open Access Online Encyclopaedia : A Case Study from... between professionally edited online encyclopaedias across Europe (and beyond) is enabled. This paper elaborates a range of initiatives seeking to build connections across individual European and North American national encyclopaedias, focusing on the role that Croatian encyclopaedistics plays in this endeavour.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Angela Cossu;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2014
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Duccio Troiano; Andrés García Morro; Alessandro Merlo; Eduardo Vendrell Vidal;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    Despite extensive research having been conducted on the subject, the problem of three-dimensional information systems for historical cities is actually still unresolved. In addition, commercially available software seems to be increasingly aiming at a quick development of unspecific urban settings, rather than at a metrically and perceptively faithful representation of reality. In this scenario, the SIUR 3D software (Sistema Informativo URbano tridimensionale) is based on a management structure that links an interactive, photorealistic and metrically reliable model of a city with a qualitative database of the historical, archaeological and material scope of an architectural part. Such application uses the Unity 3D game engine for geometrical models management and is equipped for online data sharing.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefan Bornhofen; Marten Düring;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | BLIZAAR (ANR-15-CE23-0002)

    AbstractThe paper presents Intergraph, a graph-based visual analytics technical demonstrator for the exploration and study of content in historical document collections. The designed prototype is motivated by a practical use case on a corpus of circa 15.000 digitized resources about European integration since 1945. The corpus allowed generating a dynamic multilayer network which represents different kinds of named entities appearing and co-appearing in the collections. To our knowledge, Intergraph is one of the first interactive tools to visualize dynamic multilayer graphs for collections of digitized historical sources. Graph visualization and interaction methods have been designed based on user requirements for content exploration by non-technical users without a strong background in network science, and to compensate for common flaws with the annotation of named entities. Users work with self-selected subsets of the overall data by interacting with a scene of small graphs which can be added, altered and compared. This allows an interest-driven navigation in the corpus and the discovery of the interconnections of its entities across time.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Davidović, Davor; Cetinić, Eva; Skala, Karolj;
    Country: Croatia
    Project: EC | EGI-Engage (654142), EC | INDIGO-DataCloud (653549)
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