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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stephen E. Wilkie; Lorna Mulvey; William A. Sands; Diana E. Marcu; Roderick N. Carter; Nicholas M. Morton; Christopher Hine; James R. Mitchell; Colin Selman;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Countries: United Kingdom, Switzerland
    Project: WT

    Modulation of the ageing process by dietary restriction (DR) across multiple taxa is well established. While the exact mechanism through which DR acts remains elusive, the gasotransmitter hydrogen sulphide (H2S) may play an important role. We employed a comparative-type...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stephen Greer;
    Publisher: Taylor and Francis
    Country: United Kingdom

    Staged as a drift between and beyond the terms of normative gender, Paul B. Preciado's Testo Junkie (2013) suggests a reconceptualization of the Situationist derive as a practice of molecular becoming. In this essay, I offer Preciado's work as a way of understanding how...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Denise Brown; David I. Conway; Alex D. McMahon; Ruth Dundas; Alastair H Leyland;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: United Kingdom

    Background: \ud In many high-income countries cancer mortality rates have declined, however, socioeconomic inequalities in cancer mortality have widened over time with those in the most deprived areas bearing the greatest burden. Less is known about the contribution of ...

  • Publication . Article . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Michael V Berry; Nikolay I. Zheludev; Yakir Aharonov; Fabrizio Colombo; Irene Sabadini; Daniele C. Struppa; Jeff Tollaksen; Edward T. F. Rogers; Fei Qin; Minghui Hong; +17 more
    Countries: United Kingdom, Italy

    Superoscillations are band-limited functions with the counterintuitive property that they can vary arbitrarily faster than their fastest Fourier component, over arbitrarily long intervals. Modern studies originated in quantum theory, but there were anticipations in rada...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ahmed, Asam; Ge, Tianshu; Peng, Jinqing; Yan, Wei-Cheng; Tee, Boon Tuan; You, Siming;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Country: United Kingdom

    Decarbonizing the building sector is extremely important to mitigating climate change as the sector contributes 40% of the overall energy consumption and 36% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in the world. Net-zero energy buildings are one of the promising decarboni...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Francesco Finazzi; Yoana Napier; Marian Scott; Alan Hills; Michela Cameletti;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Countries: United Kingdom, Italy

    Abstract Statistical emulators are used to approximate the output of complex physical models when their computational burden limits any sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of model output to variation in the model inputs. In this paper, we introduce a flexible emulator...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mike Rogerson; Ramon Mercedes-Martín; Alexander T. Brasier; Rona A. R. McGill; Timothy J. Prior; Hubert B. Vonhof; Simon M. Fellows; John J. G. Reijmer; Erin L McClymont; Ian Billing; +2 more
    Countries: Netherlands, Netherlands, United Kingdom

    Lacustrine carbonate deposits with spherulitic facies are poorly understood, but are key to understanding the economically important “Pre-Salt” Mesozoic strata of the South Atlantic. A major barrier to research into these unique and spectacular facies is the lack of goo...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Tom Kingstone; Anna Kathryn Taylor; Catherine A. O'Donnell; Helen Atherton; David N Blane; Carolyn Chew-Graham;
    Publisher: Royal College of General Practitioners
    Country: United Kingdom

    BackgroundAn unknown proportion of people who had an apparently mild COVID-19 infection continue to suffer with persistent symptoms, including chest pain, shortness of breath, muscle and joint pains, headaches, cognitive impairment (‘brain fog’), and fatigue. Post-acute...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Abe, K.; Akutsu, R.; Azuma, Y.; Izmaylov, A.; Jamieson, B.; Jesus, C.; Jiang, M.; Johnson, S.; Jonsson, P.; Jung, C. K.; +190 more
    Countries: Spain, United Kingdom, United Kingdom, Italy, United Kingdom, Poland, United Kingdom, France, Switzerland, Germany ...
    Project: NSERC , EC | INPhINIT (713673), EC | JENNIFER (644294)

    We perform a search for light sterile neutrinos using the data from the T2K far detector at a baseline of 295 km, with an exposure of 14.7(7.6)×1020 protons on target in neutrino (antineutrino) mode. A selection of neutral-current interaction samples is also used to enh...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edwine Barasa; Anthony Muchai Manyara; Sassy Molyneux; Benjamin Tsofa;
    Country: United Kingdom
    Project: WT | Initiative to Develop Afr... (107769), WT | Oxford part of Kenya MOP ... (092654), WT , WT | Director's discretionary ... (077092), WT | How can Universal Health ... (107527)

    Background In 2013, Kenya transitioned into a devolved system of government with a central government and 47 semi-autonomous county governments. In this paper, we report early experiences of devolution in the Kenyan health sector, with a focus on public county hospitals...