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224 Research products, page 1 of 23

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  • 2012-2021
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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Kevin Swingler;
    Publisher: Springer

    The Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) is a neural network architecture that is widely used for regression, classification and time series forecasting. One often cited disadvantage of the MLP, however, is the difficulty associated with human understanding of a particular MLP’s...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lara S. G. Piccolo; Somya Joshi; Evangelos Karapanos; Tracie Farrell;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Cyprus

    Part 12: Workshops; International audience; The manipulation of information and the dissemination of “fake news” are practices that trace back to the early records of human history. Significant changes in the technological environment enabling ubiquity, immediacy and co...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Article . Preprint . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Salatino, Angelo; Osborne, Francesco; Thanapalasingam, Thiviyan; Motta, Enrico;

    Classifying research papers according to their research topics is an important task to improve their retrievability, assist the creation of smart analytics, and support a variety of approaches for analysing and making sense of the research environment. In this paper, we...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Malgorzata A. Grzegorczyk; Pantea Lotfian; William J. Nuttall;
    Publisher: Springer

    In this chapter we explore the future for innovation in two related, but distinct, sectors. We consider the linkages between medical technology(MedTech) and agricultural technology (Agri-Tech) innovation in the UK. We ask and discuss questions: Who are the key actors in...

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . Article . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Malindu E. Fernando; Ridmee M Seneviratne; Yong Mong Tan; Peter A Lazzarini; Kunwarjit S. Sangla; Margaret Cunningham; Petra Buttner; Jonathan Golledge;
    Publisher: Cochrane Wounds Group

    Background The estimated likelihood of lower limb amputation is 10 to 30 times higher amongst people with diabetes compared to those without diabetes. Of all non-traumatic amputations in people with diabetes, 85% are preceded by a foot ulcer. Foot ulceration associated...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Andrey Pepelyshev; Yuri Staroselskiy; Anatoly Zhigljavsky;
    Publisher: Springer Verlag

    We investigate the problem of adaptive targeting for real-time bidding in\ud online advertisement using independent advertisement exchanges. This is a problem\ud of making decisions based on information extracted from large data sets related\ud to previous experience. W...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sylvest, Matthew E.; Dixon, John C.; Conway, Susan J.; Patel, Manish R.; McElwaine, Jim N.; Hagermann, Axel; Barnes, Adam;
    Publisher: The Geological Society of London
    Project: EC | EPN2020-RI (654208), EC | UPWARDS (633127)

    Martian gullies were initially hypothesized to be carved by liquid water, due to their resemblance to gullies on Earth. Recent observations have highlighted significant sediment transport events occurring in Martian gullies at times and places where CO2 ice should be ac...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    June Barrow-Green;
    Publisher: Springer

    This chapter is based on the talk that I gave in August 2018 at the ICM in Rio de Janeiro at the panel on "The Gender Gap in Mathematical and Natural Sciences from a Historical Perspective". It provides some examples of the challenges and prejudices faced by women mathe...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Simone Baglioni; Francesca Calò; Paola Garrone; Mario Marco Molteni;
    Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

    This chapter presents the research rationale underpinning the book. It addresses the intertwining challenges of food security and surplus food management, discussing recent data and literature. It also presents how social innovation is conceptualized in the book as the ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Paul Warren; Paul Mulholland; Trevor Collins; Enrico Motta;
    Publisher: Springer

    Inspired by insights from theories of human reasoning and language, we propose additions to the Manchester OWL Syntax to improve comprehensibility. These additions cover: functional and inverse functional properties, negated conjunction, the definition of exceptions, an...