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  • 2017-2021
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  • Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access

    France’s hesitant stance on EU enlargement towards the Balkans is illustrative of a broader ambivalence among both French elites and citizens towards the European project. Despite principled support for the Balkans’ EU membership, achieving this step is no strategic priority for France. The official approach emphasizes strict conditionality and a rigorous monitoring of reform progress in aspirant countries. A hostile public opinion and superficial media coverage further strengthen the country’s reluctance to admit new, possibly unprepared candidates into the Union. Analysing the historical evolution of the French position on EU enlargement as well as its current political, institutional and societal expressions, this article construes France’s disinvestment from the Balkans’ EU perspective as the result of failed expectations and a growing disillusionment with the EU’s international role and its political future more broadly. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17 (4)

  • Publication . Other literature type . Preprint . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    David Chiavacci; Sébastien Lechevalier;
    Countries: France, Switzerland, France
    Project: EC | INCAS (645763)

    This article has been published as the introduction of the special issue in Japan Forum (“Japanese Political Economy Revisited: Abenomics and Institutional Change”) and as an introduction to the book (Japanese Political Economy Revisited: Abenomics and Institutional Change, Routledge); This introductory article to the special issue on “Japanese Political Economy Revisited: Diverse Corporate Change, Institutional Transformation, and Abenomics” starts with a short summaryof the changing perceptions of Japan’s political economy from its meteoric rise as worldwide leading model in the 1970s and 1980s to its demotiontoa problem and reform case since the later 1990s. Based on this overview, it identifies some striking issue and open questions in this conventional view of Japan’s political economy as problem and the high expectations on Abenomics as Japan’s current economic reform programme. Then we discuss the articles of the special issue and their new contributionsto a better understanding of the developments at the corporate level as well as institutional change and economic reforms at the macro level in the last two decades. Finally, this introductory article ends with a short outlineof a new research programme and four central research questions about the Japanese political economy.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lucie Martin; Claire Delhon; Alexa Dufraisse; Stéphanie Thiébault; Marie Besse;
    Publisher: Éditions du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    Au Néolithique, les montagnes sont exploitées pour leurs ressources minérales, cynégétiques et pastorales. À partir de 5 500 ans avant notre ère, les premières communautés agropastorales atteignent les Alpes depuis le nord de l’Italie et la vallée du Rhône et s’établissent dans les massifs subalpins comme dans les Alpes internes. Les études archéobotaniques (analyse des macrorestes végétaux, principalement des graines, des fruits et des charbons de bois) permettent de comprendre l’économie végétale de ces communautés néolithiques : quelles espèces, sauvages ou cultivées, étaient récoltées pour le fourrage, pour construire, se nourrir, se soigner, se chauffer ? Les données de cinq sites néolithiques nous indiquent les différentes façons dont ces populations ont exploité leur territoire en tirant profit des ressources de divers biotopes, de l’étage collinéen à l’étage alpin, contribuant ainsi à mieux comprendre la mobilité verticale au Néolithique en contexte alpin. During the Neolithic, mountains were exploited for their mineral, hunting and pastoral resources. The first agro-pastoral communities reached the Alps from Northern Italy and the Rhone valley and settled in the subalpine massifs and in the internal Alps. Archeobotanical studies (plant macroremains and charcoal analysis) conducted at five sites allow us to understand the plant economy of these Neolithic communities: they determine which crops were cultivated, used as fodder, or gathered for consumption, medicine or other purpose, such as firewood. In the present paper, we support that the use of plant resources and the exploitation of territory are very different for the same period from one region to another, depending on the activities carried out at each site but also on cultural backgrounds. Archeobotanical data indicate how these people took resources from various plant associations growing from the colline to the subalpine level, and thus contribute to the understanding of vertical mobility in alpine contexts.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Elisa Nury;
    Country: Switzerland

    International audience; This paper describes the workflow of the Grammateus project, from gathering data on Greek documentary papyri to the creation of a web application. The first stage is the selection of a corpus and the choice of metadata to record: papyrology specialists gather data from printed editions, existing online resources and digital facsimiles. In the next step, this data is transformed into the EpiDoc standard of XML TEI encoding, to facilitate its reuse by others, and processed for HTML display. We also reuse existing text transcriptions available on . Since these transcriptions may be regularly updated by the scholarly community, we aim to access them dynamically. Although the transcriptions follow the EpiDoc guidelines, the wide diversity of the papyri as well as small inconsistencies in encoding make data reuse challenging. Currently, our data is available on an institutional GitLab repository, and we will archive our final dataset according to the FAIR principles.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Mayor; Douze Katja; Maria Lorenzo Martinez; Miriam Truffa Giachet; Aymeric Jacques; Hamady Bocoum; Champion Louis; Cervera Camille; Sarah Davidoux; Aline Garnier; +13 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Switzerland

    Cet article présente les résultats de la campagne de terrain menée au Sénégal oriental en 2017 dans le cadre du programme international « Peuplement humain et paléoenvironnement en Afrique ». Il intègre les résultats de deux projets complémentaires : le projet ANR-FNS CheRCHA, ainsi que le projet FNS Falémé. Le premier vise à reconstituer le cadre chronostratigraphique et les évolutions culturelles au Pléistocène et à l'Holocène ancien et moyen dans la vallée de la Falémé, tandis que le second est ciblé sur les dynamiques techniques des deux derniers millénaires au Sénégal oriental.

  • Publication . Preprint . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . Article . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Diego Marcos; Ruth Fong; Sylvain Lobry; Rémi Flamary; Nicolas Courty; Devis Tuia;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, Netherlands, France, France, France
    Project: ANR | 3IA@cote d'azur (ANR-19-P3IA-0002), ANR | OATMIL (ANR-17-CE23-0012)

    International audience; Convolutional neural networks (CNN) are known to learn an image representation that captures concepts relevant to the task, but do so in an implicit way that hampers model interpretability. However, one could argue that such a representation is hidden in the neurons and can be made explicit by teaching the model to recognize semantically interpretable attributes that are present in the scene. We call such an intermediate layer a \emph{semantic bottleneck}. Once the attributes are learned, they can be re-combined to reach the final decision and provide both an accurate prediction and an explicit reasoning behind the CNN decision. In this paper, we look into semantic bottlenecks that capture context: we want attributes to be in groups of a few meaningful elements and participate jointly to the final decision. We use a two-layer semantic bottleneck that gathers attributes into interpretable, sparse groups, allowing them contribute differently to the final output depending on the context. We test our contextual semantic interpretable bottleneck (CSIB) on the task of landscape scenicness estimation and train the semantic interpretable bottleneck using an auxiliary database (SUN Attributes). Our model yields in predictions as accurate as a non-interpretable baseline when applied to a real-world test set of Flickr images, all while providing clear and interpretable explanations for each prediction.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Yang, Xiucheng; Koehl, Mathieu; Grussenmeyer, Pierre;
    Publisher: MDPI
    Country: France
  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . Book . 2017
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Claude Bérard;
    Publisher: Éditions de l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales

    International audience; Dans l’enquête sur la poléogénèse, le dossier érétrien apparaît singulièrement lacunaire. Érétrie se signale par sa non-fondation. L’autel circulaire du sanctuaire d’Apollon est le premier signe de l’émergence d’une communauté politico-religieuse, mais voici que l’imagerie de la céramique locale prend le relais et témoigne des premières pratiques cultuelles et rituelles dans l’enceinte du sanctuaire : s’ouvrent alors les portes du Soleil

search
Include:
8 Research products, page 1 of 1
  • Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access

    France’s hesitant stance on EU enlargement towards the Balkans is illustrative of a broader ambivalence among both French elites and citizens towards the European project. Despite principled support for the Balkans’ EU membership, achieving this step is no strategic priority for France. The official approach emphasizes strict conditionality and a rigorous monitoring of reform progress in aspirant countries. A hostile public opinion and superficial media coverage further strengthen the country’s reluctance to admit new, possibly unprepared candidates into the Union. Analysing the historical evolution of the French position on EU enlargement as well as its current political, institutional and societal expressions, this article construes France’s disinvestment from the Balkans’ EU perspective as the result of failed expectations and a growing disillusionment with the EU’s international role and its political future more broadly. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17 (4)

  • Publication . Other literature type . Preprint . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    David Chiavacci; Sébastien Lechevalier;
    Countries: France, Switzerland, France
    Project: EC | INCAS (645763)

    This article has been published as the introduction of the special issue in Japan Forum (“Japanese Political Economy Revisited: Abenomics and Institutional Change”) and as an introduction to the book (Japanese Political Economy Revisited: Abenomics and Institutional Change, Routledge); This introductory article to the special issue on “Japanese Political Economy Revisited: Diverse Corporate Change, Institutional Transformation, and Abenomics” starts with a short summaryof the changing perceptions of Japan’s political economy from its meteoric rise as worldwide leading model in the 1970s and 1980s to its demotiontoa problem and reform case since the later 1990s. Based on this overview, it identifies some striking issue and open questions in this conventional view of Japan’s political economy as problem and the high expectations on Abenomics as Japan’s current economic reform programme. Then we discuss the articles of the special issue and their new contributionsto a better understanding of the developments at the corporate level as well as institutional change and economic reforms at the macro level in the last two decades. Finally, this introductory article ends with a short outlineof a new research programme and four central research questions about the Japanese political economy.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lucie Martin; Claire Delhon; Alexa Dufraisse; Stéphanie Thiébault; Marie Besse;
    Publisher: Éditions du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    Au Néolithique, les montagnes sont exploitées pour leurs ressources minérales, cynégétiques et pastorales. À partir de 5 500 ans avant notre ère, les premières communautés agropastorales atteignent les Alpes depuis le nord de l’Italie et la vallée du Rhône et s’établissent dans les massifs subalpins comme dans les Alpes internes. Les études archéobotaniques (analyse des macrorestes végétaux, principalement des graines, des fruits et des charbons de bois) permettent de comprendre l’économie végétale de ces communautés néolithiques : quelles espèces, sauvages ou cultivées, étaient récoltées pour le fourrage, pour construire, se nourrir, se soigner, se chauffer ? Les données de cinq sites néolithiques nous indiquent les différentes façons dont ces populations ont exploité leur territoire en tirant profit des ressources de divers biotopes, de l’étage collinéen à l’étage alpin, contribuant ainsi à mieux comprendre la mobilité verticale au Néolithique en contexte alpin. During the Neolithic, mountains were exploited for their mineral, hunting and pastoral resources. The first agro-pastoral communities reached the Alps from Northern Italy and the Rhone valley and settled in the subalpine massifs and in the internal Alps. Archeobotanical studies (plant macroremains and charcoal analysis) conducted at five sites allow us to understand the plant economy of these Neolithic communities: they determine which crops were cultivated, used as fodder, or gathered for consumption, medicine or other purpose, such as firewood. In the present paper, we support that the use of plant resources and the exploitation of territory are very different for the same period from one region to another, depending on the activities carried out at each site but also on cultural backgrounds. Archeobotanical data indicate how these people took resources from various plant associations growing from the colline to the subalpine level, and thus contribute to the understanding of vertical mobility in alpine contexts.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Elisa Nury;
    Country: Switzerland

    International audience; This paper describes the workflow of the Grammateus project, from gathering data on Greek documentary papyri to the creation of a web application. The first stage is the selection of a corpus and the choice of metadata to record: papyrology specialists gather data from printed editions, existing online resources and digital facsimiles. In the next step, this data is transformed into the EpiDoc standard of XML TEI encoding, to facilitate its reuse by others, and processed for HTML display. We also reuse existing text transcriptions available on . Since these transcriptions may be regularly updated by the scholarly community, we aim to access them dynamically. Although the transcriptions follow the EpiDoc guidelines, the wide diversity of the papyri as well as small inconsistencies in encoding make data reuse challenging. Currently, our data is available on an institutional GitLab repository, and we will archive our final dataset according to the FAIR principles.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Mayor; Douze Katja; Maria Lorenzo Martinez; Miriam Truffa Giachet; Aymeric Jacques; Hamady Bocoum; Champion Louis; Cervera Camille; Sarah Davidoux; Aline Garnier; +13 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Switzerland

    Cet article présente les résultats de la campagne de terrain menée au Sénégal oriental en 2017 dans le cadre du programme international « Peuplement humain et paléoenvironnement en Afrique ». Il intègre les résultats de deux projets complémentaires : le projet ANR-FNS CheRCHA, ainsi que le projet FNS Falémé. Le premier vise à reconstituer le cadre chronostratigraphique et les évolutions culturelles au Pléistocène et à l'Holocène ancien et moyen dans la vallée de la Falémé, tandis que le second est ciblé sur les dynamiques techniques des deux derniers millénaires au Sénégal oriental.

  • Publication . Preprint . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . Article . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Diego Marcos; Ruth Fong; Sylvain Lobry; Rémi Flamary; Nicolas Courty; Devis Tuia;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, Netherlands, France, France, France
    Project: ANR | 3IA@cote d'azur (ANR-19-P3IA-0002), ANR | OATMIL (ANR-17-CE23-0012)

    International audience; Convolutional neural networks (CNN) are known to learn an image representation that captures concepts relevant to the task, but do so in an implicit way that hampers model interpretability. However, one could argue that such a representation is hidden in the neurons and can be made explicit by teaching the model to recognize semantically interpretable attributes that are present in the scene. We call such an intermediate layer a \emph{semantic bottleneck}. Once the attributes are learned, they can be re-combined to reach the final decision and provide both an accurate prediction and an explicit reasoning behind the CNN decision. In this paper, we look into semantic bottlenecks that capture context: we want attributes to be in groups of a few meaningful elements and participate jointly to the final decision. We use a two-layer semantic bottleneck that gathers attributes into interpretable, sparse groups, allowing them contribute differently to the final output depending on the context. We test our contextual semantic interpretable bottleneck (CSIB) on the task of landscape scenicness estimation and train the semantic interpretable bottleneck using an auxiliary database (SUN Attributes). Our model yields in predictions as accurate as a non-interpretable baseline when applied to a real-world test set of Flickr images, all while providing clear and interpretable explanations for each prediction.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Yang, Xiucheng; Koehl, Mathieu; Grussenmeyer, Pierre;
    Publisher: MDPI
    Country: France
  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . Book . 2017
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Claude Bérard;
    Publisher: Éditions de l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales

    International audience; Dans l’enquête sur la poléogénèse, le dossier érétrien apparaît singulièrement lacunaire. Érétrie se signale par sa non-fondation. L’autel circulaire du sanctuaire d’Apollon est le premier signe de l’émergence d’une communauté politico-religieuse, mais voici que l’imagerie de la céramique locale prend le relais et témoigne des premières pratiques cultuelles et rituelles dans l’enceinte du sanctuaire : s’ouvrent alors les portes du Soleil

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