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  • Publication . Other literature type . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edmond, Jennifer; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Introduction The scholarly monograph has been compared to the Hapsburg monarchy in that it seems to have been in decline forever! It was in 2002 that Stephen Greenblatt, in his role as president of the US Modern Language Association, urged his membership to recognise what he called a ‘crisis in scholarly publication’. It is easy to forget now that this crisis, as he then saw it, had nothing to do with the rise of digital technologies, e-publishing, or open access. Indeed, it puts his words in...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nataša Jermen; Zdenko Jecic;
    Publisher: OpenEdition Press

    Professionally edited open access online encyclopaedias enable a systemic and reliable orientation within the ever-increasing amount of data and information on the Internet. Providing access to scientifically verified information, they represent an important part of the research and didactic infrastructure. This paper demonstrates the activities of Croatia’s Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography aimed at exploring the new encyclopaedic concept in the digital age. The Institute’s digital transformation is shown, which involves the digitisation and online publishing of archival editions, publishing of the permanently updated online general encyclopaedia, and the transformation of specialised encyclopedias to the encyclopaedic portals. Encyclopaedic portals could represent a new concept of encyclopaedias in the digital realm by serving as platforms for data networking and sharing, a sort of ‘junction points’ that connect diverse digital content on a specific topic. Institute’s publicly available repository of encyclopaedic knowledge enables the linking to the digital data and collections of other research and cultural institutions; therefore the collaborative projects aimed at reinforcing digital research and cultural infrastructure will be described. Thanks to the properties of the digital media and increasing connectivity, a closer collaboration Towards a New Concept of Open Access Online Encyclopaedia : A Case Study from... between professionally edited online encyclopaedias across Europe (and beyond) is enabled. This paper elaborates a range of initiatives seeking to build connections across individual European and North American national encyclopaedias, focusing on the role that Croatian encyclopaedistics plays in this endeavour.

  • French
    Authors: 
    Ferracci, Elsa;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    As a result of technological obsolescence, nowadays long-term archiving proves to be unavoidable and represents an issue in the field of Higher Education and Research. Nevertheless, long-term preservation requires specific skills and technics, as it implies human and financial costs. Academic libraries have then to define their role regarding long-term archiving of the digital contents they usually store, broadcast or produce. The goal of this report is to give an updated overview of long-term archiving in the field of Higher Education and Research, to present and analyse a set of feedbacks from French academic libraries having completed successfully or being considering a long term archival project, and to deduce the difficulties and obstacles which are opposed to a significant progress in long-term archiving in academic libraries. The report will consider different levels of resource sharing as a response to these difficulties.; Au vu des risques que créée l’obsolescence technologique, l’archivage pérenne des contenus numériques s’avère désormais incontournable et constitue un enjeu pour l’Enseignement supérieur et la Recherche. La préservation à très long terme nécessite cependant des compétences et des techniques spécifiques et implique des coûts, humains et financiers. Pour la bibliothèque universitaire se pose alors la question du rôle qui doit être le sien au regard de l’archivage pérenne des contenus numériques qu’elle est amenée à stocker, à diffuser ou à produire. L’objectif de ce mémoire est de dresser un panorama de l’archivage pérenne dans l’Enseignement supérieur et la Recherche, de présenter et d’analyser un ensemble de retours d’expérience de bibliothèques universitaires ayant mené à bien, ou mettant actuellement en oeuvre, ou encore envisageant un projet d’archivage pérenne, et d’en déduire les difficultés et les obstacles qui s’opposent à une réelle avancée de l’archivage pérenne en bibliothèque universitaire. Le mémoire envisagera la mutualisation, à divers niveaux, comme une réponse à ces difficultés.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Franziska Heimburger; Émilien Ruiz;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Since the end of the 1980s the historiographical context has changed considerably. Over the course of the last ten years, we have reached the “digital age” and computers as well as resources available via the Internet have become indispensable tools for all researchers. Be it for the stage of documentation or for actual writing, we are now living and working in a context where historians can no longer completely refuse all IT tools. As long as there are no solid, durable, large-scale training efforts to equip all historians with the skills to use the new and old IT tools, their potential is necessarily limited. While there have been studies on “researchers” in general and also on political scientists in particular, there has, to our knowledge, been no scientific study which would allow us to reach conclusions on the use of IT tools and digital resources by French historians. It is thus difficult to reach conclusions on a larger scale and we have decided to base our analysis on our own experience in order to consider what could be the transformations of the historian’s craft in the digital age. We will thus proceed first to a series of conclusions based on our activities in mediation (teaching and blogging), before proposing a typology of the principal evolutions. We will conclude with a certain number of propositions as far as training of historians is concerned.; Dalla fine degli anni ’80, il contesto storiografico è mutato in maniera considerevole. Nel corso degli ultimi dieci anni, siamo entrati nell’“era digitale” e i computer – così come le risorse disponibili attraverso la rete Internet – sono diventati strumenti indispensabili per tutti i ricercatori. Sia per la fase di raccolta della documentazione sia per la stesura vera e propria dei resoconti, viviamo e lavoriamo oramai in un contesto in cui gli storici non possono più permettersi di rinunciare completamente a tutte le risorse informatiche; ma fino a quando non saranno profusi sforzi di formazione robusti, durevoli e ad ampio raggio per dotare tutti gli storici delle abilità necessarie ad utilizzare gli strumenti informatici vecchi e nuovi, il loro potenziale sarà necessariamente limitato. Mentre sono apparsi studi su alcuni “ricercatori” in generale e anche su scienziati politici in particolare, non esistono – a nostra conoscenza – contributi di livello scientifico che ci permettano di trarre conclusioni sull’utilizzo degli strumenti informatici e delle risorse digitali da parte degli storici francesi: così, di fronte alla difficoltà di giungere a definizioni su larga scala, abbiamo deciso di basare la presente analisi sulla nostra personale esperienza, in maniera tale da prendere in esame quali trasformazioni potrebbero intervenire nel mestiere dello storico dell’era digitale. Procederemo quindi, in prima istanza, con una serie di valutazioni fondate sulle nostre attività di mediazione (insegnamento e pratica come bloggers), prima di proporre una definizione delle principali evoluzioni; concluderemo poi con un certo numero di considerazioni a proposito di quanto la formazione dello storico sia coinvolta in questo processo.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Narayan Kumar Bhadra;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    We study a series of new energy sources of the Gaussian energy group SU(6), SU(12), SU(24), ….etc. called intelligences which created consciousness and which are responsible for the creation of everything of this universe. The effective quantity and quality of the consciousness of the earth-like planet where living elements were found depends on environment and place of position within the galaxy or cluster or super cluster etc. & mechanical structure of the planet. The said energy sources created consciousness within the living cell and also controlled the whole universe with the symmetry breaking of the energy group SU(11) ( SU(6)  SU(5)  U(1)); SU(23); SU(47);…… etc.). In the living body, generally consciousness controlled by the self gravitational force of the energy group SU(6) and plays with biological revolution. But consciousness level of any living body including human group and also inanimate objects is particularly controlled by SU(12), SU(24), ….etc. We examine the quantum measurement, using the Wheeler DeWitt wave equation over the complex space-time R + iRI of (4+D) dimensions, where D is an extra dimensions. We know that the quantum super-positions will continually be reaching the Di�� si-Penrose (DP) threshold for Objective Reduction in non- biological settings as well as in biological ones, and usually take place in the purely random environment of a quantum system under measurement through the symmetry breaking of the Generalized Gaussian Energy Group from infinity i.e. from Big-Rip singularity when RI →∞. I. Introduction: Masao Ito wrote that it may be take another half century to bring psychology into the field of neuroscience. This statement reflects the difficulty of extending knowledge about the pivotal role of the cerebellum from the domain of motor control to the cognitive domain. The shift of information processing from divergence to convergence in cerebella micro-complexes (Ito) parallels the shift from coherence to de-coherence in quantum information processing (LIoyd). Consciousness defines our existence: It was proposed by Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff in the mid of 1990"s that consciousness depends on biologically "orchestrated" quantum computations in collections of microtubules within brain neurons, that these quantum computations correlate with and regulate neuronal activity, and that the continuous Schro dinger evolution of each quantum computation terminates in accordance with the specific Dio΄si − Penrose(DP) scheme of "Objective Reduction" of the quantum state (OR). This orchestrated OR activity (Orch OR) is taken to result in a moment of conscious awareness and / or choice. This particular (DP) from of OR is taken to be a quantum-gravity process related to the fundamentals of space-time geometry with complex scale factor R+ iRI in the large scale of the universe, where R is the 4-dimensional Einstein"s universe and iRI (= a), the internal space-time of the extra-dimension "D", which may be compared with the Kaluza-Klein cosmology. Hence solving the WDW equation of the wave function instead of Shro dingers wave equation, we get a remarkable solutions of the wave function of the variable RI (where RI = − R 2 ) in the tachyonic and pseudo-tachyonic universe, which assume as the source of intelligence or consciousness in the universe starting from Big-Rip singularity i.e. from the infinite space-time. Again Orch OR suggests a connection between brain bio-molecular processes and fine scale structure of the universe. There were three general assumption regarding the origin and place of consciousness in the universe have been commonly expressed as 1). Consciousness is not an independent quality but arose as a natural evolutionary consequence of the biological adaptation of brain and nervous system. 2). Consciousness is a quality that has always been in the universe. 3). Precursors of consciousness have always been in the universe; biology evolved a mechanism to convert conscious precursors to actual consciousness. The quantum cosmology explain an appropriate quantum mechanical description of the universe, which was introduced and developed by DeWitt. In quantum cosmology the universe, as a whole is treated quantum mechanically and is described by a single wave function, Ψ(hij , Φ) defined on a manifold (super spaces) of all possible three geometries and all mater field configurations. The wave function Ψ(hij , Φ) has no explicit time dependence due to the fact that there is no real time parameter external to the Einsteins universe. Therefore, there is no Shro dingers wave equation but the operator version of the Hamiltonian constraint of the Dirac canonical quantization procedure, namely vanishing of the variation of the Einstein-Hilbert action S with respect to the arbitrary lapse function N. Thus H = δS δN = 0, which is written as H Ψ(hij , Φ) = 0. This equation is known as the Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation. The goal of quantum cosmology by solving the WDW equation over

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Filip Kruse; Jesper Boserup Thestrup;

    The amount of research data is growing constantly, due to new technology with new potentials for collecting and analysing both digital data and research objects. This growth creates a demand for a coherent IT-infrastructure. Such an infrastructure must be able to provide facilities for storage, preservation and a more open access to data in order to fulfil the demands from the researchers themselves, the research councils and research foundations.This paper presents the findings of a research project carried out under the auspices of DEFF (Danmarks Elektroniske Fag- og Forskningsbibliotek - Denmark’s Electronic research Library)[i] to analyse how the Danish universities store, preserve and provide access to research data. It shows that they do not have a common IT-infrastructure for research data management. This paper describes the various paths chosen by individual universities and research institutions, and the background for their strategies of research data management. Among the main reasons for the uneven practices are the lack of a national policy in this field, the different scientific traditions and cultures and the differences in the use and organization of IT-services.This development contains several perspectives that are of particular relevance to research libraries. As they already curate digital collections and are active in establishing web archives, the research libraries become involved in research and dissemination of knowledge in new ways. This paper gives examples of how The State and University Library’s services facilitate research data management with special regard to digitization of research objects, storage, preservation and sharing of research data.This paper concludes that the experience and skills of research libraries make the libraries important partners in a research data management infrastructure.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ivan Kratchanov;

    International audience; The National Library Ivan Vazov in Plovdiv is the second largest library in Bulgaria. It serves asthe second national legal depository of Bulgarian printed works. In addition, it has contributedsignificantly to the preservation and the digital accessibility of the national cultural andhistorical heritage. This article offers an overview of the library’s history and currentdevelopments in the field of automation and digitization.

  • Publication . Article . 2013
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Narayan Kumar;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Abstract: We study a super unified theory with gauge group SU(11). The subgroup SU(6) has been interpreted as a new type of energy source other than SU(5)[SU(5)  SU(3)  SU(2) U(1)], where SU(3) the strong energy group; SU(2) the weak energy group & U(1) the electro dynamics]. We consider a (4+D)–dimensional Friedmann–Robertson–Walker type universe having complex scale factor R + iRI , where R is the scale factor corresponding to the usual 4–dimensional Universe while RI is that of D–dimensional space. It is then compared with (4+D)–dimensional Kaluza–Klein Cosmology having two scale factors R and a(= iRI). It is shown that the rate of compactification of higher dimension depends on extra dimension ‘D’. The Wheeler–DeWitt equation is constructed and general solution is obtained. It is found that for D = 6 (i.e. in 10 dimension), the Wheeler–DeWitt equation is symmetric under the exchange RI  R.

  • Publication . Article . 2021
    Open Access

    It was first announced in article since 2007 that our Physical Universe appeared by a Phase Transition Systems.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Olusoji Akinola;
    Publisher: SvedbergOpen

    This paper centers on assessing the socio-economic impact of electronic banking business in Sub-Saharan Africa, while critically observing the role that emerging FinTech ecosystems play in deepening economic inclusion and access in developing countries. Extensive related literatures were consulted which were integrated into this new body of knowledge, which has been one of the recommended areas for future research. Research hypothesis were derived to validate relevant findings. This study aim to provide transparency on whether the development of digital payments business and FinTech ecosystems are having a synergistic positive impact or otherwise, on the economic well-being of developing countries. It will also support potential foreign investors and multilateral development agencies on relevant socio-economic factors to note, while expanding into or supporting development in developing countries. The implication of this is for policyholders, multilateral development organizations, investors, donor agencies and governments to be conscious of the real impact and take perceptual measures where and when the need arises.

search
Include:
35 Research products, page 1 of 4
  • Publication . Other literature type . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edmond, Jennifer; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Introduction The scholarly monograph has been compared to the Hapsburg monarchy in that it seems to have been in decline forever! It was in 2002 that Stephen Greenblatt, in his role as president of the US Modern Language Association, urged his membership to recognise what he called a ‘crisis in scholarly publication’. It is easy to forget now that this crisis, as he then saw it, had nothing to do with the rise of digital technologies, e-publishing, or open access. Indeed, it puts his words in...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nataša Jermen; Zdenko Jecic;
    Publisher: OpenEdition Press

    Professionally edited open access online encyclopaedias enable a systemic and reliable orientation within the ever-increasing amount of data and information on the Internet. Providing access to scientifically verified information, they represent an important part of the research and didactic infrastructure. This paper demonstrates the activities of Croatia’s Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography aimed at exploring the new encyclopaedic concept in the digital age. The Institute’s digital transformation is shown, which involves the digitisation and online publishing of archival editions, publishing of the permanently updated online general encyclopaedia, and the transformation of specialised encyclopedias to the encyclopaedic portals. Encyclopaedic portals could represent a new concept of encyclopaedias in the digital realm by serving as platforms for data networking and sharing, a sort of ‘junction points’ that connect diverse digital content on a specific topic. Institute’s publicly available repository of encyclopaedic knowledge enables the linking to the digital data and collections of other research and cultural institutions; therefore the collaborative projects aimed at reinforcing digital research and cultural infrastructure will be described. Thanks to the properties of the digital media and increasing connectivity, a closer collaboration Towards a New Concept of Open Access Online Encyclopaedia : A Case Study from... between professionally edited online encyclopaedias across Europe (and beyond) is enabled. This paper elaborates a range of initiatives seeking to build connections across individual European and North American national encyclopaedias, focusing on the role that Croatian encyclopaedistics plays in this endeavour.

  • French
    Authors: 
    Ferracci, Elsa;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    As a result of technological obsolescence, nowadays long-term archiving proves to be unavoidable and represents an issue in the field of Higher Education and Research. Nevertheless, long-term preservation requires specific skills and technics, as it implies human and financial costs. Academic libraries have then to define their role regarding long-term archiving of the digital contents they usually store, broadcast or produce. The goal of this report is to give an updated overview of long-term archiving in the field of Higher Education and Research, to present and analyse a set of feedbacks from French academic libraries having completed successfully or being considering a long term archival project, and to deduce the difficulties and obstacles which are opposed to a significant progress in long-term archiving in academic libraries. The report will consider different levels of resource sharing as a response to these difficulties.; Au vu des risques que créée l’obsolescence technologique, l’archivage pérenne des contenus numériques s’avère désormais incontournable et constitue un enjeu pour l’Enseignement supérieur et la Recherche. La préservation à très long terme nécessite cependant des compétences et des techniques spécifiques et implique des coûts, humains et financiers. Pour la bibliothèque universitaire se pose alors la question du rôle qui doit être le sien au regard de l’archivage pérenne des contenus numériques qu’elle est amenée à stocker, à diffuser ou à produire. L’objectif de ce mémoire est de dresser un panorama de l’archivage pérenne dans l’Enseignement supérieur et la Recherche, de présenter et d’analyser un ensemble de retours d’expérience de bibliothèques universitaires ayant mené à bien, ou mettant actuellement en oeuvre, ou encore envisageant un projet d’archivage pérenne, et d’en déduire les difficultés et les obstacles qui s’opposent à une réelle avancée de l’archivage pérenne en bibliothèque universitaire. Le mémoire envisagera la mutualisation, à divers niveaux, comme une réponse à ces difficultés.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Franziska Heimburger; Émilien Ruiz;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Since the end of the 1980s the historiographical context has changed considerably. Over the course of the last ten years, we have reached the “digital age” and computers as well as resources available via the Internet have become indispensable tools for all researchers. Be it for the stage of documentation or for actual writing, we are now living and working in a context where historians can no longer completely refuse all IT tools. As long as there are no solid, durable, large-scale training efforts to equip all historians with the skills to use the new and old IT tools, their potential is necessarily limited. While there have been studies on “researchers” in general and also on political scientists in particular, there has, to our knowledge, been no scientific study which would allow us to reach conclusions on the use of IT tools and digital resources by French historians. It is thus difficult to reach conclusions on a larger scale and we have decided to base our analysis on our own experience in order to consider what could be the transformations of the historian’s craft in the digital age. We will thus proceed first to a series of conclusions based on our activities in mediation (teaching and blogging), before proposing a typology of the principal evolutions. We will conclude with a certain number of propositions as far as training of historians is concerned.; Dalla fine degli anni ’80, il contesto storiografico è mutato in maniera considerevole. Nel corso degli ultimi dieci anni, siamo entrati nell’“era digitale” e i computer – così come le risorse disponibili attraverso la rete Internet – sono diventati strumenti indispensabili per tutti i ricercatori. Sia per la fase di raccolta della documentazione sia per la stesura vera e propria dei resoconti, viviamo e lavoriamo oramai in un contesto in cui gli storici non possono più permettersi di rinunciare completamente a tutte le risorse informatiche; ma fino a quando non saranno profusi sforzi di formazione robusti, durevoli e ad ampio raggio per dotare tutti gli storici delle abilità necessarie ad utilizzare gli strumenti informatici vecchi e nuovi, il loro potenziale sarà necessariamente limitato. Mentre sono apparsi studi su alcuni “ricercatori” in generale e anche su scienziati politici in particolare, non esistono – a nostra conoscenza – contributi di livello scientifico che ci permettano di trarre conclusioni sull’utilizzo degli strumenti informatici e delle risorse digitali da parte degli storici francesi: così, di fronte alla difficoltà di giungere a definizioni su larga scala, abbiamo deciso di basare la presente analisi sulla nostra personale esperienza, in maniera tale da prendere in esame quali trasformazioni potrebbero intervenire nel mestiere dello storico dell’era digitale. Procederemo quindi, in prima istanza, con una serie di valutazioni fondate sulle nostre attività di mediazione (insegnamento e pratica come bloggers), prima di proporre una definizione delle principali evoluzioni; concluderemo poi con un certo numero di considerazioni a proposito di quanto la formazione dello storico sia coinvolta in questo processo.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Narayan Kumar Bhadra;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    We study a series of new energy sources of the Gaussian energy group SU(6), SU(12), SU(24), ….etc. called intelligences which created consciousness and which are responsible for the creation of everything of this universe. The effective quantity and quality of the consciousness of the earth-like planet where living elements were found depends on environment and place of position within the galaxy or cluster or super cluster etc. & mechanical structure of the planet. The said energy sources created consciousness within the living cell and also controlled the whole universe with the symmetry breaking of the energy group SU(11) ( SU(6)  SU(5)  U(1)); SU(23); SU(47);…… etc.). In the living body, generally consciousness controlled by the self gravitational force of the energy group SU(6) and plays with biological revolution. But consciousness level of any living body including human group and also inanimate objects is particularly controlled by SU(12), SU(24), ….etc. We examine the quantum measurement, using the Wheeler DeWitt wave equation over the complex space-time R + iRI of (4+D) dimensions, where D is an extra dimensions. We know that the quantum super-positions will continually be reaching the Di�� si-Penrose (DP) threshold for Objective Reduction in non- biological settings as well as in biological ones, and usually take place in the purely random environment of a quantum system under measurement through the symmetry breaking of the Generalized Gaussian Energy Group from infinity i.e. from Big-Rip singularity when RI →∞. I. Introduction: Masao Ito wrote that it may be take another half century to bring psychology into the field of neuroscience. This statement reflects the difficulty of extending knowledge about the pivotal role of the cerebellum from the domain of motor control to the cognitive domain. The shift of information processing from divergence to convergence in cerebella micro-complexes (Ito) parallels the shift from coherence to de-coherence in quantum information processing (LIoyd). Consciousness defines our existence: It was proposed by Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff in the mid of 1990"s that consciousness depends on biologically "orchestrated" quantum computations in collections of microtubules within brain neurons, that these quantum computations correlate with and regulate neuronal activity, and that the continuous Schro dinger evolution of each quantum computation terminates in accordance with the specific Dio΄si − Penrose(DP) scheme of "Objective Reduction" of the quantum state (OR). This orchestrated OR activity (Orch OR) is taken to result in a moment of conscious awareness and / or choice. This particular (DP) from of OR is taken to be a quantum-gravity process related to the fundamentals of space-time geometry with complex scale factor R+ iRI in the large scale of the universe, where R is the 4-dimensional Einstein"s universe and iRI (= a), the internal space-time of the extra-dimension "D", which may be compared with the Kaluza-Klein cosmology. Hence solving the WDW equation of the wave function instead of Shro dingers wave equation, we get a remarkable solutions of the wave function of the variable RI (where RI = − R 2 ) in the tachyonic and pseudo-tachyonic universe, which assume as the source of intelligence or consciousness in the universe starting from Big-Rip singularity i.e. from the infinite space-time. Again Orch OR suggests a connection between brain bio-molecular processes and fine scale structure of the universe. There were three general assumption regarding the origin and place of consciousness in the universe have been commonly expressed as 1). Consciousness is not an independent quality but arose as a natural evolutionary consequence of the biological adaptation of brain and nervous system. 2). Consciousness is a quality that has always been in the universe. 3). Precursors of consciousness have always been in the universe; biology evolved a mechanism to convert conscious precursors to actual consciousness. The quantum cosmology explain an appropriate quantum mechanical description of the universe, which was introduced and developed by DeWitt. In quantum cosmology the universe, as a whole is treated quantum mechanically and is described by a single wave function, Ψ(hij , Φ) defined on a manifold (super spaces) of all possible three geometries and all mater field configurations. The wave function Ψ(hij , Φ) has no explicit time dependence due to the fact that there is no real time parameter external to the Einsteins universe. Therefore, there is no Shro dingers wave equation but the operator version of the Hamiltonian constraint of the Dirac canonical quantization procedure, namely vanishing of the variation of the Einstein-Hilbert action S with respect to the arbitrary lapse function N. Thus H = δS δN = 0, which is written as H Ψ(hij , Φ) = 0. This equation is known as the Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation. The goal of quantum cosmology by solving the WDW equation over

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Filip Kruse; Jesper Boserup Thestrup;

    The amount of research data is growing constantly, due to new technology with new potentials for collecting and analysing both digital data and research objects. This growth creates a demand for a coherent IT-infrastructure. Such an infrastructure must be able to provide facilities for storage, preservation and a more open access to data in order to fulfil the demands from the researchers themselves, the research councils and research foundations.This paper presents the findings of a research project carried out under the auspices of DEFF (Danmarks Elektroniske Fag- og Forskningsbibliotek - Denmark’s Electronic research Library)[i] to analyse how the Danish universities store, preserve and provide access to research data. It shows that they do not have a common IT-infrastructure for research data management. This paper describes the various paths chosen by individual universities and research institutions, and the background for their strategies of research data management. Among the main reasons for the uneven practices are the lack of a national policy in this field, the different scientific traditions and cultures and the differences in the use and organization of IT-services.This development contains several perspectives that are of particular relevance to research libraries. As they already curate digital collections and are active in establishing web archives, the research libraries become involved in research and dissemination of knowledge in new ways. This paper gives examples of how The State and University Library’s services facilitate research data management with special regard to digitization of research objects, storage, preservation and sharing of research data.This paper concludes that the experience and skills of research libraries make the libraries important partners in a research data management infrastructure.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ivan Kratchanov;

    International audience; The National Library Ivan Vazov in Plovdiv is the second largest library in Bulgaria. It serves asthe second national legal depository of Bulgarian printed works. In addition, it has contributedsignificantly to the preservation and the digital accessibility of the national cultural andhistorical heritage. This article offers an overview of the library’s history and currentdevelopments in the field of automation and digitization.

  • Publication . Article . 2013
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Narayan Kumar;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Abstract: We study a super unified theory with gauge group SU(11). The subgroup SU(6) has been interpreted as a new type of energy source other than SU(5)[SU(5)  SU(3)  SU(2) U(1)], where SU(3) the strong energy group; SU(2) the weak energy group & U(1) the electro dynamics]. We consider a (4+D)–dimensional Friedmann–Robertson–Walker type universe having complex scale factor R + iRI , where R is the scale factor corresponding to the usual 4–dimensional Universe while RI is that of D–dimensional space. It is then compared with (4+D)–dimensional Kaluza–Klein Cosmology having two scale factors R and a(= iRI). It is shown that the rate of compactification of higher dimension depends on extra dimension ‘D’. The Wheeler–DeWitt equation is constructed and general solution is obtained. It is found that for D = 6 (i.e. in 10 dimension), the Wheeler–DeWitt equation is symmetric under the exchange RI  R.

  • Publication . Article . 2021
    Open Access

    It was first announced in article since 2007 that our Physical Universe appeared by a Phase Transition Systems.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Olusoji Akinola;
    Publisher: SvedbergOpen

    This paper centers on assessing the socio-economic impact of electronic banking business in Sub-Saharan Africa, while critically observing the role that emerging FinTech ecosystems play in deepening economic inclusion and access in developing countries. Extensive related literatures were consulted which were integrated into this new body of knowledge, which has been one of the recommended areas for future research. Research hypothesis were derived to validate relevant findings. This study aim to provide transparency on whether the development of digital payments business and FinTech ecosystems are having a synergistic positive impact or otherwise, on the economic well-being of developing countries. It will also support potential foreign investors and multilateral development agencies on relevant socio-economic factors to note, while expanding into or supporting development in developing countries. The implication of this is for policyholders, multilateral development organizations, investors, donor agencies and governments to be conscious of the real impact and take perceptual measures where and when the need arises.

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