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  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2007
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nicolas Berger; Tomasz Bold; Till Eifert; G. Fischer; S. George; Johannes Haller; Andreas Hoecker; Jiri Masik; Martin zur Nedden; V. P. Reale; +4 more
    Publisher: IOP Publishing
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; The High Level Trigger (HLT) of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider receives events which pass the LVL1 trigger at ~75 kHz and has to reduce the rate to ~200 Hz while retaining the most interesting physics. It is a software trigger and performs the reduction in two stages: the LVL2 trigger and the Event Filter (EF). At the heart of the HLT is the Steering software. To minimise processing time and data transfers it implements the novel event selection strategies of seeded, step-wise reconstruction and early rejection. The HLT is seeded by regions of interest identified at LVL1. These and the static configuration determine which algorithms are run to reconstruct event data and test the validity of trigger signatures. The decision to reject the event or continue is based on the valid signatures, taking into account pre-scale and pass-through. After the EF, event classification tags are assigned for streaming purposes. Several powerful new features for commissioning and operation have been added: comprehensive monitoring is now built in to the framework; for validation and debugging, reconstructed data can be written out; the steering is integrated with the new configuration (presented separately), and topological and global triggers have been added. This paper will present details of the final design and its implementation, the principles behind it, and the requirements and constraints it is subject to. The experience gained from technical runs with realistic trigger menus will be described.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Article . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Condamines; Amélie Josselin-Leray; Cécile Fabre; Luce Lefeuvre; Aurélie Picton; Josette Rebeyrolle;
    Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Countries: France, Switzerland

    V International Conference on Corpus Linguistics (CILC2013); International audience; The paper presents the early stage of the CRISTAL project, an original French project involving linguists, computer researchers and a firm specializing in multilingual text management. What is at stake from a linguistic point of view is a deeper analysis of the notion of Knowledge Rich Context proposed by Meyer (2001). Using comparable corpora, it analyzes how the notion of KRC can vary according to text genre and/or type of users.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Book . 2009
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Vincent Kaufmann; Caroline Gallez;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Switzerland

    International audience; Alors que les questions de mobilité font l'objet, depuis une quinzaine d'années, d'une production scientifique renouvelée et de débats interdisciplinaires, la situation des historiens apparaît paradoxale : plutôt absents des réseaux étudiant la mobilité (mais très présents dans ceux qui s'intéressent aux infrastructures et aux modes de transport), leur discipline est cependant régulièrement convoquée pour administrer la preuve des tournants en cours. C'est pourquoi il nous est apparu stimulant d'opérer un tournant par l'histoire, afin de clarifier l'origine et la portée des controverses dont elle fait actuellement l'objet. C'est à une ébauche de l'histoire de la notion de mobilité dans le champ scientifique que se consacre ce chapitre.

  • Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access

    France’s hesitant stance on EU enlargement towards the Balkans is illustrative of a broader ambivalence among both French elites and citizens towards the European project. Despite principled support for the Balkans’ EU membership, achieving this step is no strategic priority for France. The official approach emphasizes strict conditionality and a rigorous monitoring of reform progress in aspirant countries. A hostile public opinion and superficial media coverage further strengthen the country’s reluctance to admit new, possibly unprepared candidates into the Union. Analysing the historical evolution of the French position on EU enlargement as well as its current political, institutional and societal expressions, this article construes France’s disinvestment from the Balkans’ EU perspective as the result of failed expectations and a growing disillusionment with the EU’s international role and its political future more broadly. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17 (4)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Maud Ehrmann; Matteo Romanello; Antoine Doucet; Simon Clematide;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: EC | NewsEye (770299)

    We present the HIPE-2022 shared task on named entity processing in multilingual historical documents. Following the success of the first CLEF-HIPE-2020 evaluation lab, this edition confronts systems with the challenges of dealing with more languages, learning domain-specific entities, and adapting to diverse annotation tag sets. HIPE-2022 is part of the ongoing efforts of the natural language processing and digital humanities communities to adapt and develop appropriate technologies to efficiently retrieve and explore information from historical texts. On such material, however, named entity processing techniques face the challenges of domain heterogeneity, input noisiness, dynamics of language, and lack of resources. In this context, the main objective of the evaluation lab is to gain new insights into the transferability of named entity processing approaches across languages, time periods, document types, and annotation tag sets.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Zaugg, Roberto;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France
    Project: EC | CONFIGMED (295868), SNSF | Histoires connectées, his... (148042)

    International audience; This essay examines the geographic origins, the political belongings and the confessional profiles of the members of the two most important mercantile nations of eighteenth-century southern Italy: the French nation and the British factory of Naples. Taking into account their pronounced prosopographic heterogeneity, it shows how legal resources and their social uses played a crucial role in defining the boundaries of such groups.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Pierre-Yves Nicod; Régis Picavet; Jacqueline Argant; Jacques Léopold Brochier; Louis Chaix; Claire Delhon; Lucie Martin; Bernard Moulin; Dominique Sordoillet; Stéphanie Thiébault;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    Les niveaux néolithiques de l'abri-sous-roche de la Grande Rivoire sont formés d'une multitude de lentilles sédimentaires de couleurs très contrastées. Les analyses sédimentologiques montrent que les fractions fines, essentiellement limoneuses et assez fortement carbonatées, ont deux origines principales : d'une part, une importante accumulation d'excréments due au parcage maintes fois renouvelé de troupeaux d'herbivores (présence de sphérolites de calcite, fortes teneurs en matière organique, valeurs élevées en phosphates) et, d'autre part, une forte production de cendres due à des feux de bois allumés par les hommes directement sur les « fumiers » ou dans des foyers peu éloignés. Les ossements d'animaux découverts dans ces niveaux montrent, parmi les espèces domestiques, une nette prédominance des caprinés (chèvres/moutons) sur le bœuf et le porc. Les analyses archéobotaniques suggèrent pour leur part un apport intentionnel de ligneux, sous forme de branchettes feuillées et parfois fleuries. En relation avec la présence de caprinés, on peut penser à du fourrage et/ou de la litière d'arbre.Les niveaux protohistoriques se différencient nettement de ceux du Néolithique par la disparition des horizons cendreux et par une présence plus manifeste de composants naturels détritiques. Toutefois, l'analyse en lames minces des fractions fines montre que les sphérolites de calcite et les phytolithes sont encore bien présents. Cela indique que le parcage du bétail sous l'abri était encore pratiqué durant ces périodes. The neolithic levels of the rock-shelter "La Grande Rivoire" are composed of a multitude of sedimentary layers of very contrasting colours.Sedimentological analyses show that the fine fractions, mainly silty and rather strongly carbonated, have two main origins: on the one hand, an important accumulation of herbivores faeces due to the repeated penning of flocks (presence of calcite spheruliths, high concentrations of organic matter, high rate of phosphate), on the other hand, a large production of ashes from fire kindled directly on the dung or in nearby hearths. Animal bones of domestic species found in these dung levels show a large predominancy of goat/sheep over ox and pig. Archaeobotanical studies suggest a fodder/litter supply based on leafy and flowering tree branches.The protohistoric levels are different from the neolithic ones: ashy layers are missing whereas natural detritic components are better represented. Nevertheless, the analysis of thin sections from these levels shows the lasting presence of spheruliths and phytoliths. This indicates that stabling was during the Bronze and Iron Ages still practiced in the rock-shelter.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Herbert Bruderer;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Part 4: Spotlight on Some Research Projects; International audience; Since 2009 we have been trying to find out more about the beginnings of computer science in Switzerland and abroad. Most eyewitnesses have already died or are over 80 years old. In general, early analog and digital computers have been dismantled long ago. Subject to exceptions, the few remaining devices are no longer functioning. Many documents have gone lost. Therefore investigations are difficult and very time-consuming. However, we were able to discover several unknown historical computers and hundreds of exciting documents of the 1950s. In 2012, the results have been published in a first book; a second volume will be forthcoming next year.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Herbert Bruderer;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The Austrian engineer Curt Herzstark invented the world-renowned mechanical pocket calculator Curta. The books and the papers on the history of computing mention two models, Curta 1 and Curta 2. In November 2015 original drawings and patent documents on a multiple Curta were discovered in Switzerland. This device is supposed to be the world’s smallest mechanical parallel calculator.

  • Publication . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2003
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Djamal Benslimane; Christelle Vangenot; Catherine Roussey; Ahmed Arara;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The objective of this paper is to define an ontology language to support multiple representations of ontologies. In our research, we focus on the logic-based ontology languages. As a matter of fact, we will consider only languages that are based on description logics (DLs). At first, we propose a sub-language of DL as an ontology language. Furthermore we achieve multiple representations of ontological concepts by extending such sub-language through the use of stamping mechanism proposed in the context of multiple representation of spatial databases. The proposed language should offer a modest solution to the problem of multirepresentation ontologies.

search
Include:
20 Research products, page 1 of 2
  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2007
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nicolas Berger; Tomasz Bold; Till Eifert; G. Fischer; S. George; Johannes Haller; Andreas Hoecker; Jiri Masik; Martin zur Nedden; V. P. Reale; +4 more
    Publisher: IOP Publishing
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; The High Level Trigger (HLT) of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider receives events which pass the LVL1 trigger at ~75 kHz and has to reduce the rate to ~200 Hz while retaining the most interesting physics. It is a software trigger and performs the reduction in two stages: the LVL2 trigger and the Event Filter (EF). At the heart of the HLT is the Steering software. To minimise processing time and data transfers it implements the novel event selection strategies of seeded, step-wise reconstruction and early rejection. The HLT is seeded by regions of interest identified at LVL1. These and the static configuration determine which algorithms are run to reconstruct event data and test the validity of trigger signatures. The decision to reject the event or continue is based on the valid signatures, taking into account pre-scale and pass-through. After the EF, event classification tags are assigned for streaming purposes. Several powerful new features for commissioning and operation have been added: comprehensive monitoring is now built in to the framework; for validation and debugging, reconstructed data can be written out; the steering is integrated with the new configuration (presented separately), and topological and global triggers have been added. This paper will present details of the final design and its implementation, the principles behind it, and the requirements and constraints it is subject to. The experience gained from technical runs with realistic trigger menus will be described.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Article . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Condamines; Amélie Josselin-Leray; Cécile Fabre; Luce Lefeuvre; Aurélie Picton; Josette Rebeyrolle;
    Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Countries: France, Switzerland

    V International Conference on Corpus Linguistics (CILC2013); International audience; The paper presents the early stage of the CRISTAL project, an original French project involving linguists, computer researchers and a firm specializing in multilingual text management. What is at stake from a linguistic point of view is a deeper analysis of the notion of Knowledge Rich Context proposed by Meyer (2001). Using comparable corpora, it analyzes how the notion of KRC can vary according to text genre and/or type of users.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Book . 2009
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Vincent Kaufmann; Caroline Gallez;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Switzerland

    International audience; Alors que les questions de mobilité font l'objet, depuis une quinzaine d'années, d'une production scientifique renouvelée et de débats interdisciplinaires, la situation des historiens apparaît paradoxale : plutôt absents des réseaux étudiant la mobilité (mais très présents dans ceux qui s'intéressent aux infrastructures et aux modes de transport), leur discipline est cependant régulièrement convoquée pour administrer la preuve des tournants en cours. C'est pourquoi il nous est apparu stimulant d'opérer un tournant par l'histoire, afin de clarifier l'origine et la portée des controverses dont elle fait actuellement l'objet. C'est à une ébauche de l'histoire de la notion de mobilité dans le champ scientifique que se consacre ce chapitre.

  • Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access

    France’s hesitant stance on EU enlargement towards the Balkans is illustrative of a broader ambivalence among both French elites and citizens towards the European project. Despite principled support for the Balkans’ EU membership, achieving this step is no strategic priority for France. The official approach emphasizes strict conditionality and a rigorous monitoring of reform progress in aspirant countries. A hostile public opinion and superficial media coverage further strengthen the country’s reluctance to admit new, possibly unprepared candidates into the Union. Analysing the historical evolution of the French position on EU enlargement as well as its current political, institutional and societal expressions, this article construes France’s disinvestment from the Balkans’ EU perspective as the result of failed expectations and a growing disillusionment with the EU’s international role and its political future more broadly. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17 (4)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Maud Ehrmann; Matteo Romanello; Antoine Doucet; Simon Clematide;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: EC | NewsEye (770299)

    We present the HIPE-2022 shared task on named entity processing in multilingual historical documents. Following the success of the first CLEF-HIPE-2020 evaluation lab, this edition confronts systems with the challenges of dealing with more languages, learning domain-specific entities, and adapting to diverse annotation tag sets. HIPE-2022 is part of the ongoing efforts of the natural language processing and digital humanities communities to adapt and develop appropriate technologies to efficiently retrieve and explore information from historical texts. On such material, however, named entity processing techniques face the challenges of domain heterogeneity, input noisiness, dynamics of language, and lack of resources. In this context, the main objective of the evaluation lab is to gain new insights into the transferability of named entity processing approaches across languages, time periods, document types, and annotation tag sets.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Zaugg, Roberto;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France
    Project: EC | CONFIGMED (295868), SNSF | Histoires connectées, his... (148042)

    International audience; This essay examines the geographic origins, the political belongings and the confessional profiles of the members of the two most important mercantile nations of eighteenth-century southern Italy: the French nation and the British factory of Naples. Taking into account their pronounced prosopographic heterogeneity, it shows how legal resources and their social uses played a crucial role in defining the boundaries of such groups.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Pierre-Yves Nicod; Régis Picavet; Jacqueline Argant; Jacques Léopold Brochier; Louis Chaix; Claire Delhon; Lucie Martin; Bernard Moulin; Dominique Sordoillet; Stéphanie Thiébault;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    Les niveaux néolithiques de l'abri-sous-roche de la Grande Rivoire sont formés d'une multitude de lentilles sédimentaires de couleurs très contrastées. Les analyses sédimentologiques montrent que les fractions fines, essentiellement limoneuses et assez fortement carbonatées, ont deux origines principales : d'une part, une importante accumulation d'excréments due au parcage maintes fois renouvelé de troupeaux d'herbivores (présence de sphérolites de calcite, fortes teneurs en matière organique, valeurs élevées en phosphates) et, d'autre part, une forte production de cendres due à des feux de bois allumés par les hommes directement sur les « fumiers » ou dans des foyers peu éloignés. Les ossements d'animaux découverts dans ces niveaux montrent, parmi les espèces domestiques, une nette prédominance des caprinés (chèvres/moutons) sur le bœuf et le porc. Les analyses archéobotaniques suggèrent pour leur part un apport intentionnel de ligneux, sous forme de branchettes feuillées et parfois fleuries. En relation avec la présence de caprinés, on peut penser à du fourrage et/ou de la litière d'arbre.Les niveaux protohistoriques se différencient nettement de ceux du Néolithique par la disparition des horizons cendreux et par une présence plus manifeste de composants naturels détritiques. Toutefois, l'analyse en lames minces des fractions fines montre que les sphérolites de calcite et les phytolithes sont encore bien présents. Cela indique que le parcage du bétail sous l'abri était encore pratiqué durant ces périodes. The neolithic levels of the rock-shelter "La Grande Rivoire" are composed of a multitude of sedimentary layers of very contrasting colours.Sedimentological analyses show that the fine fractions, mainly silty and rather strongly carbonated, have two main origins: on the one hand, an important accumulation of herbivores faeces due to the repeated penning of flocks (presence of calcite spheruliths, high concentrations of organic matter, high rate of phosphate), on the other hand, a large production of ashes from fire kindled directly on the dung or in nearby hearths. Animal bones of domestic species found in these dung levels show a large predominancy of goat/sheep over ox and pig. Archaeobotanical studies suggest a fodder/litter supply based on leafy and flowering tree branches.The protohistoric levels are different from the neolithic ones: ashy layers are missing whereas natural detritic components are better represented. Nevertheless, the analysis of thin sections from these levels shows the lasting presence of spheruliths and phytoliths. This indicates that stabling was during the Bronze and Iron Ages still practiced in the rock-shelter.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Herbert Bruderer;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Part 4: Spotlight on Some Research Projects; International audience; Since 2009 we have been trying to find out more about the beginnings of computer science in Switzerland and abroad. Most eyewitnesses have already died or are over 80 years old. In general, early analog and digital computers have been dismantled long ago. Subject to exceptions, the few remaining devices are no longer functioning. Many documents have gone lost. Therefore investigations are difficult and very time-consuming. However, we were able to discover several unknown historical computers and hundreds of exciting documents of the 1950s. In 2012, the results have been published in a first book; a second volume will be forthcoming next year.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Herbert Bruderer;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The Austrian engineer Curt Herzstark invented the world-renowned mechanical pocket calculator Curta. The books and the papers on the history of computing mention two models, Curta 1 and Curta 2. In November 2015 original drawings and patent documents on a multiple Curta were discovered in Switzerland. This device is supposed to be the world’s smallest mechanical parallel calculator.

  • Publication . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2003
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Djamal Benslimane; Christelle Vangenot; Catherine Roussey; Ahmed Arara;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The objective of this paper is to define an ontology language to support multiple representations of ontologies. In our research, we focus on the logic-based ontology languages. As a matter of fact, we will consider only languages that are based on description logics (DLs). At first, we propose a sub-language of DL as an ontology language. Furthermore we achieve multiple representations of ontological concepts by extending such sub-language through the use of stamping mechanism proposed in the context of multiple representation of spatial databases. The proposed language should offer a modest solution to the problem of multirepresentation ontologies.

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