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  • 2018-2022
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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Arena, Francesca;
    Publisher: Le Mans Université
    Country: Switzerland

    Almost entirely overlooked throughout the 20th century, neglected by contemporary medical manuals, the clitoris has gradually returned centre stage thanks to Western feminism.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Book . Other literature type . 2018
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bähler, Ursula;
    Publisher: Publications de l’École nationale des chartes
    Country: Switzerland

    PREMIÈRE APPROCHE TERMINOLOGIQUE Dès le premier cours donné en 1861 par Gaston Paris, alors âge de vingt-deux ans, au quai Malaquais, la typologie de la littérature française du Moyen Âge qui sera celle du philologue pendant plus de quarante ans est fixée : Histoire de la littérature française du moyen âge1[è]re Leçon. — Préliminaires. — Origines, formation et phases successives de la langue.2e Leçon. — Anciennes traditions épiques.3e Leçon. — Les épopées Carlovingiennes. — La...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Juliano Efson Sales; André Freitas; Siegfried Handschuh;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    This paper shows the preliminary results of an initial effort to analyse whether explanations associated with a semantic parser help users to generalise the system’s mechanisms regardless of their technical background. With the support of a user-centred experiment with 66 participants, we evaluated the user’s mental model by associating the linguistic features from a set of explanations to the system’s behaviour.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Roland Walter;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    Astrophysics deals with important questions characterizing human nature. Most of our knowledge was obtained in the last century. The data resulting from these explorations, collected in space or on ground, are of great value, encoding our knowledge of the Universe, of our past and of our future. With the emergence of clouds and deep learning, high level interfaces to these data could evolve towards providing direct access to knowledge. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs can play a role towards a consensus in establishing a code of conduct on data handling and promoting the data and knowledge on the Universe as an intangible world cultural heritage.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Anjani Dhrangadhariya; Sebastian Otálora; Manfredo Atzori; Henning Müller;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    Free-text reporting has been the main approach in clinical pathology practice for decades. Pathology reports are an essential information source to guide the treatment of cancer patients and for cancer registries, which process high volumes of free-text reports annually. Information coding and extraction are usually performed manually and it is an expensive and time-consuming process, since reports vary widely between institutions, usually contain noise and do not have a standard structure. This paper presents strategies based on natural language processing (NLP) models to classify noisy free-text pathology reports of high and low-grade prostate cancer from the open-source repository TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas). We used paragraph vectors to encode the reports and compared them with n-grams and TF-IDF representations. The best representation based on distributed bag of words of paragraph vectors obtained an \(f_{1}\)-score of 0.858 and an AUC of 0.854 using a logistic regression classifier. We investigate the classifier’s more relevant words in each case using the LIME interpretability tool, confirming the classifiers’ usefulness to select relevant diagnostic words. Our results show the feasibility of using paragraph embeddings to represent and classify pathology reports.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Delphine Carron;
    Publisher: Firenze University Press

    At the turn of the fourteenth century (1295-1301), the Florentine Dominican Remigio de’ Girolami produced a collection of essential texts connected to events in Florentine politics that present the testimony of a well-informed intellectual directly involved in the Communal crises. This article proposes to analyze, as a case study, the influence of Remigio’s five sermons on Florentine communal life. His preaching in reaction to the crises shaking Florence happened in dialogue with the institutions and citizens of the Commune. It bears witness to the interactions between Santa Maria Novella and the city of Florence and contributes to the development of the political philosophy of its time.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019 . Embargo End Date: 04 Jul 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Thilo Stadelmann; Kurt Stockinger; Gundula Heinatz Bürki; Martin Braschler;
    Publisher: Springer
    Country: Switzerland

    What is a data scientist? How can you become one? How can you form a team of data scientists that fits your organization? In this chapter, we trace the skillset of a successful data scientist and define the necessary competencies. We give a disambiguation to other historically or contemporary definitions of the term, and show how a career as a data scientist might get started. Finally we will answer the above mentioned third question, i.e. how to build analytics teams within a data-driven organization.

  • Publication . Book . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Bartuschat, Johannes;
    Publisher: Publications de l’École française de Rome
    Country: Switzerland

    La contribution analyse le Libro delle donne illustri de Giuseppe Betussi (1545). Il s’agit de la traduction italienne du De mulieribus claris de Boccace, enrichie d’une additione qui comprend cinquante biographies supplémentaires de femmes ayant vécu pour la plupart après la mort de Boccace. Notre étude insère le texte de Betussi à la fois dans l’histoire de la réception de l’ouvrage de Boccace et dans le contexte de la littérature sur les femmes célèbres au xvie siècle. Une étude approfondie de l’additione permet de souligner les différences dans l’approche de la biographie qui pour Betussi doit posséder une valeur exemplaire et qu’il développe dans le sens d’un éloge de la vertu féminine. This contribution examines the Libro delle donne illustri by Giuseppe Betussi (1545). This is the Italian translation of Boccaccio’s De mulieribus claris, supplemented by an additione, which contains fifty biographies of women who lived mainly after Boccaccio’s time. My essay analyses this work both as part of the history of the reception of Boccaccio’s De mulieribus, and in the context of the 16th-century literature on famous women. An in-depth analysis of the additione allows us to highlight the different conceptions of the biographical genre; for Betussi, it must include a value of exemplarity and he develops this genre towards a praise of feminine virtue.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Susanna Burghartz; Lucas Burkart; Christine Göttler; Ulinka Rublack;
    Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
    Country: Switzerland
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Conference object . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maud Ehrmann; Matteo Romanello; Antoine Doucet; Simon Clematide;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: EC | NewsEye (770299)

    We present the HIPE-2022 shared task on named entity processing in multilingual historical documents. Following the success of the first CLEF-HIPE-2020 evaluation lab, this edition confronts systems with the challenges of dealing with more languages, learning domain-specific entities, and adapting to diverse annotation tag sets. HIPE-2022 is part of the ongoing efforts of the natural language processing and digital humanities communities to adapt and develop appropriate technologies to efficiently retrieve and explore information from historical texts. On such material, however, named entity processing techniques face the challenges of domain heterogeneity, input noisiness, dynamics of language, and lack of resources. In this context, the main objective of the evaluation lab is to gain new insights into the transferability of named entity processing approaches across languages, time periods, document types, and annotation tag sets.

search
Include:
149 Research products, page 1 of 15
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Arena, Francesca;
    Publisher: Le Mans Université
    Country: Switzerland

    Almost entirely overlooked throughout the 20th century, neglected by contemporary medical manuals, the clitoris has gradually returned centre stage thanks to Western feminism.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Book . Other literature type . 2018
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bähler, Ursula;
    Publisher: Publications de l’École nationale des chartes
    Country: Switzerland

    PREMIÈRE APPROCHE TERMINOLOGIQUE Dès le premier cours donné en 1861 par Gaston Paris, alors âge de vingt-deux ans, au quai Malaquais, la typologie de la littérature française du Moyen Âge qui sera celle du philologue pendant plus de quarante ans est fixée : Histoire de la littérature française du moyen âge1[è]re Leçon. — Préliminaires. — Origines, formation et phases successives de la langue.2e Leçon. — Anciennes traditions épiques.3e Leçon. — Les épopées Carlovingiennes. — La...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Juliano Efson Sales; André Freitas; Siegfried Handschuh;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    This paper shows the preliminary results of an initial effort to analyse whether explanations associated with a semantic parser help users to generalise the system’s mechanisms regardless of their technical background. With the support of a user-centred experiment with 66 participants, we evaluated the user’s mental model by associating the linguistic features from a set of explanations to the system’s behaviour.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Roland Walter;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    Astrophysics deals with important questions characterizing human nature. Most of our knowledge was obtained in the last century. The data resulting from these explorations, collected in space or on ground, are of great value, encoding our knowledge of the Universe, of our past and of our future. With the emergence of clouds and deep learning, high level interfaces to these data could evolve towards providing direct access to knowledge. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs can play a role towards a consensus in establishing a code of conduct on data handling and promoting the data and knowledge on the Universe as an intangible world cultural heritage.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Anjani Dhrangadhariya; Sebastian Otálora; Manfredo Atzori; Henning Müller;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    Free-text reporting has been the main approach in clinical pathology practice for decades. Pathology reports are an essential information source to guide the treatment of cancer patients and for cancer registries, which process high volumes of free-text reports annually. Information coding and extraction are usually performed manually and it is an expensive and time-consuming process, since reports vary widely between institutions, usually contain noise and do not have a standard structure. This paper presents strategies based on natural language processing (NLP) models to classify noisy free-text pathology reports of high and low-grade prostate cancer from the open-source repository TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas). We used paragraph vectors to encode the reports and compared them with n-grams and TF-IDF representations. The best representation based on distributed bag of words of paragraph vectors obtained an \(f_{1}\)-score of 0.858 and an AUC of 0.854 using a logistic regression classifier. We investigate the classifier’s more relevant words in each case using the LIME interpretability tool, confirming the classifiers’ usefulness to select relevant diagnostic words. Our results show the feasibility of using paragraph embeddings to represent and classify pathology reports.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Delphine Carron;
    Publisher: Firenze University Press

    At the turn of the fourteenth century (1295-1301), the Florentine Dominican Remigio de’ Girolami produced a collection of essential texts connected to events in Florentine politics that present the testimony of a well-informed intellectual directly involved in the Communal crises. This article proposes to analyze, as a case study, the influence of Remigio’s five sermons on Florentine communal life. His preaching in reaction to the crises shaking Florence happened in dialogue with the institutions and citizens of the Commune. It bears witness to the interactions between Santa Maria Novella and the city of Florence and contributes to the development of the political philosophy of its time.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019 . Embargo End Date: 04 Jul 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Thilo Stadelmann; Kurt Stockinger; Gundula Heinatz Bürki; Martin Braschler;
    Publisher: Springer
    Country: Switzerland

    What is a data scientist? How can you become one? How can you form a team of data scientists that fits your organization? In this chapter, we trace the skillset of a successful data scientist and define the necessary competencies. We give a disambiguation to other historically or contemporary definitions of the term, and show how a career as a data scientist might get started. Finally we will answer the above mentioned third question, i.e. how to build analytics teams within a data-driven organization.

  • Publication . Book . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Bartuschat, Johannes;
    Publisher: Publications de l’École française de Rome
    Country: Switzerland

    La contribution analyse le Libro delle donne illustri de Giuseppe Betussi (1545). Il s’agit de la traduction italienne du De mulieribus claris de Boccace, enrichie d’une additione qui comprend cinquante biographies supplémentaires de femmes ayant vécu pour la plupart après la mort de Boccace. Notre étude insère le texte de Betussi à la fois dans l’histoire de la réception de l’ouvrage de Boccace et dans le contexte de la littérature sur les femmes célèbres au xvie siècle. Une étude approfondie de l’additione permet de souligner les différences dans l’approche de la biographie qui pour Betussi doit posséder une valeur exemplaire et qu’il développe dans le sens d’un éloge de la vertu féminine. This contribution examines the Libro delle donne illustri by Giuseppe Betussi (1545). This is the Italian translation of Boccaccio’s De mulieribus claris, supplemented by an additione, which contains fifty biographies of women who lived mainly after Boccaccio’s time. My essay analyses this work both as part of the history of the reception of Boccaccio’s De mulieribus, and in the context of the 16th-century literature on famous women. An in-depth analysis of the additione allows us to highlight the different conceptions of the biographical genre; for Betussi, it must include a value of exemplarity and he develops this genre towards a praise of feminine virtue.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Susanna Burghartz; Lucas Burkart; Christine Göttler; Ulinka Rublack;
    Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
    Country: Switzerland
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Conference object . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maud Ehrmann; Matteo Romanello; Antoine Doucet; Simon Clematide;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: EC | NewsEye (770299)

    We present the HIPE-2022 shared task on named entity processing in multilingual historical documents. Following the success of the first CLEF-HIPE-2020 evaluation lab, this edition confronts systems with the challenges of dealing with more languages, learning domain-specific entities, and adapting to diverse annotation tag sets. HIPE-2022 is part of the ongoing efforts of the natural language processing and digital humanities communities to adapt and develop appropriate technologies to efficiently retrieve and explore information from historical texts. On such material, however, named entity processing techniques face the challenges of domain heterogeneity, input noisiness, dynamics of language, and lack of resources. In this context, the main objective of the evaluation lab is to gain new insights into the transferability of named entity processing approaches across languages, time periods, document types, and annotation tag sets.

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