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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Michał Maciejewski; Joschka Bischoff; Sebastian Hörl; Kai Nagel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Germany, France

    International audience; Since modern transport services are becoming more flexible, demand-responsive, and energy/cost efficient, there is a growing demand for large-scale microscopic simulation platforms in order to test sophisticated routing algorithms. Such platforms have to simulate in detail, not only the dynamically changing demand and supply of the relevant service, but also traffic flow and other relevant transport services. This paper presents the DVRP extension to the open-source MATSim simulator. The extension is designed to be highly general and customizable to simulate a wide range of dynamic rich vehicle routing problems. The extension allows plugging in of various algorithms that are responsible for continuous re-optimisation of routes in response to changes in the system. The DVRP extension has been used in many research and commercial projects dealing with simulation of electric and autonomous taxis, demand-responsive transport, personal rapid transport, free-floating car sharing and parking search.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Dolz-Mestre, Joaquim; Laurens, Véronique; Silva-Hardmeyer, Carla;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Nieddu, Luisa;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    La réflexion ici développée est tournée vers une analyse approfondie du profil artistique de Perréal par laquelle on cherchera à délimiter l'environnement historique dans lequel son expérience culturelle s'enracine et à montrer ainsi l'importance de sa production dans le portrait privé. Avec certitude, on sait qu'il se rend à Milan en 1499, pour l'entrée solennelle de Louis XII; visite historique durant laquelle il entre en contact avec Léonard désireux d'apprendre la technique de la couleur « a secco ». Les motivations exprimées dans l'art de ce dernier sont plutôt à rechercher dans la combinaison d'influences diverses dont il prit l'essence dans un exercice de réélaboration de modèles nordiques vers une direction lombarde où l'artiste démontra sa capacité à dominer la double origine de son style. Des rapports entre l'artiste lyonnais et les Flandres, il en est fait mention même dans l'historiographie du XIXe siècle, où l'hypothèse d'un séjour à Bruges de Perréal pour se perfectionner dans la peinture à l'huile a été émise.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Loïc Riom;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; Globalization through individualization together with an increase of translocal relations has opened up new ways of identification. Music as a set of symbolic elements enables this identification process. Indie rock as a globalized musical genre is a fruitful field that gives insight into understanding how individuals adopt and adapt a musical style. The aim of this research is to describe how indie rock bands are situated in Switzerland within the indie rock genre, and how they get in contact and identify with it. This research is based on 15 individual interviews conducted with members of six different Swiss indie bands. The results show that these bands uphold translocal identification with the international musical genre through, among others, the generalized use of English as the language of indie rock. However, since only few of them have connections abroad, this translocal identification is mainly mediated through the consumption of both live and recorded music from international artists. Due to this peripheral position, these bands are unable to play a significant role within the indie rock scene. Their music is, so to say, internationally inspired but locally produced. In this context, they are still very dependent on their geographical environment considered as a space of experience and resource. Yet, local identity does not seem to be claimed neither is the feeling of belonging to a local scene. This research shows that indie rock has to be understood through the lense of a rhizomic phenomenon, which is being constantly adapted by individuals through a variety of mediators. Moreover it challenges the idea of a local scene by showing how it is socially constructed.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sonia Mandin; Marina De Simone; Sophie Soury-Lavergne;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; We study how elementary school pupils give sense to the moves of a mobile robot in a mathematical game. The game consists in choosing 3 numbers out of 6, whose sum is a given target number. The robot moves on a game board have been implemented to provide pupils with a tangible feedback about their answer. We have studied strategies of pupils to solve the problem and their evolution. Our methodology included interviews, aloud verbalization and video observations of 28 pupils in grade 1 and 2 while they are playing. The pursuit of a mastery goal encourages a trial and error strategy for only some of the pupils. We conclude that some aspects of the moves of the robot, like its position, are perceived as a form of help and not as a threat, even if they are only partially understood.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Rigal, Alexandre; Rodighiero, Dario;
    Country: Switzerland

    Dans le cadre de la « Conférence internationale des Humanités Numériques » qui s’est tenue en 2014 à Lausanne, nous avons réalisé une représentation. Celle-ci est une cartographie en réseau des auteurs et des mots-clés de la conférence. Les cartes résultantes sont reproduites sur divers objets : bâche, tapis, ouvrages, posters, tasses. Ces derniers avaient pour fonction de susciter l'intérêt des auteurs et leur identi cation au champ des humanités numériques. La qualité de la car- tographie en réseau est qu'elle exclut peu d'acteurs et dans notre cas peu de participants. De ce fait un grand nombre de participants à la conférence a pu se trouver sur la représentation et par là prendre part au collectif suggéré par les liens de la cartographie. Par ces reproductions, qui ne sont jamais vraiment mécaniques, la représentation a circulé en alimentant des interprétations qui tracent les contours d'un collectif propre à la conférence. Les traces fabriquées par les participants - commentaires de la cartographie, photos, souvenirs, tweets, etc. -, permettent de suivre la trajectoire de la représentation. Par conséquent, savoir si la représentation a réussi revient à enquêter sur l’étendue et la qualité de sa trajectoire entre les épreuves. L’enjeu de cet article est donc d’enquêter sur le design cartographique en tant qu’art du rassemblement, grâce aux outils du design cartographique.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    English
    Authors: 
    Philippe Delaporte; Anne-Patricia Alloncle; Thomas Lippert;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Christophe Garcion; Olivier Lamotte; Jean-Luc Cacas; Jean-Pierre Métraux;
    Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
    Country: France

    SPE IPM; International audience; Plant defences comprise both pre-existing barriers as well as defences induced upon perception of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) or molecules produced from damage as a result of infection (damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)). This chapter focuses on the induced mechanisms of defence. The inducibility of phytoalexin biosynthesis has probably been favoured in the course of evolution by biological constraints such as metabolic costs and functional side-effects associated with chemical defence. Historically, the term ‘hypersensitive’ refers to the rapid and localized cell death induced in specific cereal cultivars by the fungal pathogen Puccinia graminis. The expression ‘hypersensitive response’ (HR) was coined later on when it appeared that this form of plant cell death was generally associated with resistance to many pathogens. Infection by pathogens is accompanied by the local and systemic induction of plant encoded proteins referred to as pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Fabio Daolio; Sébastien Verel; Gabriela Ochoa; Marco Tomassini;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; This article extracts and analyzes local optima networks for the permutation flow-shop problem. Two widely used move operators for permutation representations, namely, swap and insertion, are incorporated into the network landscape model. The performance of a heuristic search algorithm on this problem is also analyzed. In particular, we study the correlation between local optima network features and the performance of an iterated local search heuristic. Our analysis reveals that network features can explain and predict problem difficulty. The evidence confirms the superiority of the insertion operator for this problem.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Conference object . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Boonserm Kulvatunyou; Evan K. Wallace; Dimitris Kiritsis; Barry Smith; Chris Will;
    Publisher: SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN
    Country: Switzerland

    Part 6: Industry 4.0 - Smart Factory; International audience; The current industrial revolution is said to be driven by the digitization that exploits connected information across all aspects of manufacturing. Standards have been recognized as an important enabler. Ontology-based information standard may provide benefits not offered by current information standards. Although there have been ontologies developed in the industrial manufacturing domain, they have been fragmented and inconsistent, and little has received a standard status. With successes in developing coherent ontologies in the biological, biomedical, and financial domains, an effort called Industrial Ontologies Foundry (IOF) has been formed to pursue the same goal for the industrial manufacturing domain. However, developing a coherent ontology covering the entire industrial manufacturing domain has been known to be a mountainous challenge because of the multidisciplinary nature of manufacturing. To manage the scope and expectations, the IOF community kicked-off its effort with a proof-of-concept (POC) project. This paper describes the developments within the project. It also provides a brief update on the IOF organizational set up.

search
Include:
858 Research products, page 1 of 86
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Michał Maciejewski; Joschka Bischoff; Sebastian Hörl; Kai Nagel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Germany, France

    International audience; Since modern transport services are becoming more flexible, demand-responsive, and energy/cost efficient, there is a growing demand for large-scale microscopic simulation platforms in order to test sophisticated routing algorithms. Such platforms have to simulate in detail, not only the dynamically changing demand and supply of the relevant service, but also traffic flow and other relevant transport services. This paper presents the DVRP extension to the open-source MATSim simulator. The extension is designed to be highly general and customizable to simulate a wide range of dynamic rich vehicle routing problems. The extension allows plugging in of various algorithms that are responsible for continuous re-optimisation of routes in response to changes in the system. The DVRP extension has been used in many research and commercial projects dealing with simulation of electric and autonomous taxis, demand-responsive transport, personal rapid transport, free-floating car sharing and parking search.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Dolz-Mestre, Joaquim; Laurens, Véronique; Silva-Hardmeyer, Carla;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Nieddu, Luisa;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    La réflexion ici développée est tournée vers une analyse approfondie du profil artistique de Perréal par laquelle on cherchera à délimiter l'environnement historique dans lequel son expérience culturelle s'enracine et à montrer ainsi l'importance de sa production dans le portrait privé. Avec certitude, on sait qu'il se rend à Milan en 1499, pour l'entrée solennelle de Louis XII; visite historique durant laquelle il entre en contact avec Léonard désireux d'apprendre la technique de la couleur « a secco ». Les motivations exprimées dans l'art de ce dernier sont plutôt à rechercher dans la combinaison d'influences diverses dont il prit l'essence dans un exercice de réélaboration de modèles nordiques vers une direction lombarde où l'artiste démontra sa capacité à dominer la double origine de son style. Des rapports entre l'artiste lyonnais et les Flandres, il en est fait mention même dans l'historiographie du XIXe siècle, où l'hypothèse d'un séjour à Bruges de Perréal pour se perfectionner dans la peinture à l'huile a été émise.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Loïc Riom;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; Globalization through individualization together with an increase of translocal relations has opened up new ways of identification. Music as a set of symbolic elements enables this identification process. Indie rock as a globalized musical genre is a fruitful field that gives insight into understanding how individuals adopt and adapt a musical style. The aim of this research is to describe how indie rock bands are situated in Switzerland within the indie rock genre, and how they get in contact and identify with it. This research is based on 15 individual interviews conducted with members of six different Swiss indie bands. The results show that these bands uphold translocal identification with the international musical genre through, among others, the generalized use of English as the language of indie rock. However, since only few of them have connections abroad, this translocal identification is mainly mediated through the consumption of both live and recorded music from international artists. Due to this peripheral position, these bands are unable to play a significant role within the indie rock scene. Their music is, so to say, internationally inspired but locally produced. In this context, they are still very dependent on their geographical environment considered as a space of experience and resource. Yet, local identity does not seem to be claimed neither is the feeling of belonging to a local scene. This research shows that indie rock has to be understood through the lense of a rhizomic phenomenon, which is being constantly adapted by individuals through a variety of mediators. Moreover it challenges the idea of a local scene by showing how it is socially constructed.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sonia Mandin; Marina De Simone; Sophie Soury-Lavergne;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; We study how elementary school pupils give sense to the moves of a mobile robot in a mathematical game. The game consists in choosing 3 numbers out of 6, whose sum is a given target number. The robot moves on a game board have been implemented to provide pupils with a tangible feedback about their answer. We have studied strategies of pupils to solve the problem and their evolution. Our methodology included interviews, aloud verbalization and video observations of 28 pupils in grade 1 and 2 while they are playing. The pursuit of a mastery goal encourages a trial and error strategy for only some of the pupils. We conclude that some aspects of the moves of the robot, like its position, are perceived as a form of help and not as a threat, even if they are only partially understood.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Rigal, Alexandre; Rodighiero, Dario;
    Country: Switzerland

    Dans le cadre de la « Conférence internationale des Humanités Numériques » qui s’est tenue en 2014 à Lausanne, nous avons réalisé une représentation. Celle-ci est une cartographie en réseau des auteurs et des mots-clés de la conférence. Les cartes résultantes sont reproduites sur divers objets : bâche, tapis, ouvrages, posters, tasses. Ces derniers avaient pour fonction de susciter l'intérêt des auteurs et leur identi cation au champ des humanités numériques. La qualité de la car- tographie en réseau est qu'elle exclut peu d'acteurs et dans notre cas peu de participants. De ce fait un grand nombre de participants à la conférence a pu se trouver sur la représentation et par là prendre part au collectif suggéré par les liens de la cartographie. Par ces reproductions, qui ne sont jamais vraiment mécaniques, la représentation a circulé en alimentant des interprétations qui tracent les contours d'un collectif propre à la conférence. Les traces fabriquées par les participants - commentaires de la cartographie, photos, souvenirs, tweets, etc. -, permettent de suivre la trajectoire de la représentation. Par conséquent, savoir si la représentation a réussi revient à enquêter sur l’étendue et la qualité de sa trajectoire entre les épreuves. L’enjeu de cet article est donc d’enquêter sur le design cartographique en tant qu’art du rassemblement, grâce aux outils du design cartographique.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    English
    Authors: 
    Philippe Delaporte; Anne-Patricia Alloncle; Thomas Lippert;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Christophe Garcion; Olivier Lamotte; Jean-Luc Cacas; Jean-Pierre Métraux;
    Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
    Country: France

    SPE IPM; International audience; Plant defences comprise both pre-existing barriers as well as defences induced upon perception of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) or molecules produced from damage as a result of infection (damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)). This chapter focuses on the induced mechanisms of defence. The inducibility of phytoalexin biosynthesis has probably been favoured in the course of evolution by biological constraints such as metabolic costs and functional side-effects associated with chemical defence. Historically, the term ‘hypersensitive’ refers to the rapid and localized cell death induced in specific cereal cultivars by the fungal pathogen Puccinia graminis. The expression ‘hypersensitive response’ (HR) was coined later on when it appeared that this form of plant cell death was generally associated with resistance to many pathogens. Infection by pathogens is accompanied by the local and systemic induction of plant encoded proteins referred to as pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Fabio Daolio; Sébastien Verel; Gabriela Ochoa; Marco Tomassini;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; This article extracts and analyzes local optima networks for the permutation flow-shop problem. Two widely used move operators for permutation representations, namely, swap and insertion, are incorporated into the network landscape model. The performance of a heuristic search algorithm on this problem is also analyzed. In particular, we study the correlation between local optima network features and the performance of an iterated local search heuristic. Our analysis reveals that network features can explain and predict problem difficulty. The evidence confirms the superiority of the insertion operator for this problem.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Conference object . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Boonserm Kulvatunyou; Evan K. Wallace; Dimitris Kiritsis; Barry Smith; Chris Will;
    Publisher: SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN
    Country: Switzerland

    Part 6: Industry 4.0 - Smart Factory; International audience; The current industrial revolution is said to be driven by the digitization that exploits connected information across all aspects of manufacturing. Standards have been recognized as an important enabler. Ontology-based information standard may provide benefits not offered by current information standards. Although there have been ontologies developed in the industrial manufacturing domain, they have been fragmented and inconsistent, and little has received a standard status. With successes in developing coherent ontologies in the biological, biomedical, and financial domains, an effort called Industrial Ontologies Foundry (IOF) has been formed to pursue the same goal for the industrial manufacturing domain. However, developing a coherent ontology covering the entire industrial manufacturing domain has been known to be a mountainous challenge because of the multidisciplinary nature of manufacturing. To manage the scope and expectations, the IOF community kicked-off its effort with a proof-of-concept (POC) project. This paper describes the developments within the project. It also provides a brief update on the IOF organizational set up.

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