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  • Publication . Doctoral thesis . 2020
    Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Šimková, Radka;
    Country: Czech Republic

    1 Expert evidence in criminal proceedings Abstract Rigorosum thesis addresses expert evidence in criminal proceedings. For more than a century, experts are being taken on the criminal proceedings to clarify technical facts to law enforcement or judicial authorities or to explain how the factual circumstances related to criminal acts took place. Their involvement into criminal proceedings helps discover the objective truth about past act and following conviction of perpetrator. Examination of experts is being secured by law enforcement and judicial authorities, but this option is also given to the defendant. The aim of the author was to comprehensively evaluate crucial institutes of expert and criminal law in the process of taking of evidence. Expert report, technical advice and experts' subjects - experts and expert institutions are elaborately described. Author analyses expert report as an evidence starting from the securing of tracks at the place of the offense, taking on an expert, their legal possibilities during processing of the expert record up till its evaluation. Author reflects historical development of expert evidence in criminal proceedings in the territory of the Czech Republic and its predecessors and also the development of expert institutions of Police of the Czech Republic, such as Forensic...

  • Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    KŘENKOVÁ, Václava;
    Country: Czech Republic

    The combination of two or more kinds of differently severe disabilities in an individual is characterized as a multiple disability. When this term is used, it usually means combined defects, multiple disabilities or multi handicaps. This kind of disability can be divided into two groups. There is either a congenital multiple disability which already occurred in pregnancy, shortly after birth or it is based on genetical background. Or there is another group of multiple disabilities, those which acquired during life. Disabled children, despite their differences, have right to be treated in a decent way and live a full life. Work with disabled children is often both physically and mentally demanding for their parents. Therefore there is a special relief service which helps parents to rest temporarily or gives them time for managing their personal duties and important matters. Although this change is definitely not easy for a child. It involves getting used to a new environment, new people and a different daily routine to the one which they are used to at home. The theoretical part of this work defines the adaptation process, deals with the characteristics and division of disabilities and also explains the concept of multiple disability. It focuses on cerebral palsy. Furthermore, it deals with respite care, its history and its importance for the caring people as well as for those who are cared for. I also explained the terminology of a personal assistant and personal assistance in that section. The aim of my bachelor thesis was to find out how the process of adaptation of children with multiple disabilities within respite care or relief service work. I chose the qualitative research strategy method for the theoretical part. I used the method of semi-structured interviews for collecting data. I made the interviews with assistants and parents, I also used the method of observation in a group. Then I put all the gained data together and made a qualitative analysis. My work has shown that it is not possible to comply all clients in order to maintain their living habits from home for better adaptation. However, as the research shows, all assistants are fully dedicated to their work and use all the opportunities to make the adaptation as pleasant and high quality as possible. My other objective was to asses the parents' satisfaction with respite care or relief services. After the questioning I would say that all the interviewed parents are content with the care services. The results of my work can help the improvement and development of respite care programs. It is also applicable while teaching new social workers or useful for professional publications.

  • Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Chmel, Jan;
    Country: Czech Republic

    Legal and Extralegal Factors in Argumentation and Decision-making of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic Abstract The thesis deals with the influence of legal and extralegal factors on the decision-making of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic. Particularly, it focuses on the questions of which preconditions for decision-making of the Constitutional Court are created by the external political and social environment, how this decision-making reflects the different attitudes and approaches of individual judges and how it is influenced by the composition of the judicial panels. The author first summarizes a wide range of factors whose influence on court decisions has been observed. These include not only the content of legislation, but also judicial philosophy, including activism and self-restraint, and various extralegal factors observed by the attitudinal and strategic model of judicial decision-making, but also by psychological and economic studies. Subsequently, the thesis focuses on the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic. First, it deals with the preconditions for the influence of various factors on its decision-making and argues that the Constitutional Court can be considered a strong court due to its external conditions and its own decision-making activities. Then, with the...

  • Publication . Bachelor thesis . 2018
    Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    JAKEŠOVÁ, Lenka;
    Country: Czech Republic

    This bachelor thesis deals with CNC machine tools and their relationship to mechatronics. It contains a simulation model of a linear axis with DC motor flexibly coupled to the load.

  • Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Procházka, Jiří;
    Publisher: Vysoká škola ekonomická v Praze
    Country: Czech Republic

    The goal of this bachelors thesis is to find the cause behind current uneven economic landscapes of China and India. I have achieved this goal through utilising comparative analysis. Through the analysis, I have determined that both economies developed in a similar fashion up until the 1960s. After this period I have compared the economic development of both countries until the end of the Indian transformation period in the year 1998. I focused on the transformational process of both countries, specifically the aspect of opening up of both economies to foreign trade and capital i.e. I compared their trade and investment policies. Via the content of these policies which I confront with the macroeconomic reality I determined their effectivity and I searched for key differences that are responsible for the current uneven economic state of the two countries. The main differences that I describe in the paper are the differences in sector structure (Indian focus on services as opposed to Chinese focus on manufacturing), opposite approaches to producer surplus and the execution of the transformational process (the aspect of opening up).

  • Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Skrzypková, Eva;
    Country: Czech Republic

    Title: Cooperation between Ocupational Therapist and Physiotherapist in the Training of Personal Activities of Daily Living with Patients with Cervical Spine Lesion Abstract: This thesis explores some aspects of collaboration between occupational therapist (OT) and physiotherapist (PT) in rehabilitation of patients with complete spine lesion in level C6-C8. This group of patients has the functional potential to cope with activities of daily living with the use of compensation aids and strategies in an adapted enviroment. To fulfil this potential intense intervention of OT and PT is needed. The goal of this thesis was to map this cooperation in training of self-sufficiency in daily tasks during subacute and chronic phase of rehabilitation. As a representative sample 3 institutions were chosen, where patiens are treated during the spinal program. These institutions are: Spinal Unit in Faculty Hospital Motol, Rehabilitation Centre Kladruby and NGO Centrum Paraple. Information gained through observation in the practical trainings in these institutions and data collected from the survey were systematically processed and offer a view of some aspects of interprofessional cooperation. In each institution, unique roles of the therapists were defined together with the area of their role overlap, extent of mutual...

  • Publication . Bachelor thesis . 2020
    Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Mrkvová, Jana;
    Country: Czech Republic

    Author: Mgr. Jana Mrkvová Thesis title: A Case Study of a Patient After a Polytraumatic Injury Aim: The aim of this thesis is to summarize a theoretical context for injuries of the elbow, especially fractures in this area and methods of treatment, and to present a case study of a patient after a fracture of the olecranon. Methods: This thesis is divided into a theoretical part and a case study. The theoretical part is based on research of scientific literature focused on the topic of injuries of the elbow, especially types of elbow fractures, and methods of treatment with the focus on osteosynthesis. Further it describes possible complications and methods of rehabilitation treatment. The case study documents the course of a patient after a polytraumatic injury with the focus of physiotherapeutic treatment on the elbow fracture treated with osteosynthesis during physiotherapy student clinical practice. Results: Physiotherapy treatment resulted in objectively improved range of motion and subjectively in reduction of pain intensity, not only in the elbow but in the shoulder and wrist as well. Conclusion: The aims of this thesis were reached and the positive effect of selected physiotherapeutic methods was confirmed. Keywords: elbow joint, fracture, osteosynthesis, physiotherapy

  • Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Velová, Kateřina;
    Country: Czech Republic

    (in English): The diploma thesis pursue the use of communication skills of social workers in reception centers for families with children. The main objective is to identify communication skills and consequent development in the field of communication of social workers in reception centers in order to increase the effectiveness of work with the target group. The thesis is divided into three parts. The first theoretical part describes in more detail the terms related to the use of communication skills of social workers. For the second empirical part of the work, a qualitative method is used, which is performed by semi- structured interviews with social workers in reception centers. The research focuses on communication skills, barrier options, skills development and psychohygiene. The last third part of the thesis contains the interpretation of the results, discussion and conclusion. Klíčová slova (anglicky): communication skills, social worker, barriers, development, client

  • Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Zamazalová, Romana;
    Country: Czech Republic

    Title: Post-stroke physiotherapy treatment: A case study Aim: Brief review of current knowledge of stroke, with emphasis on rehabilitation possibilities; followed by a case study. Summary: The theoretical part of the thesis introduces the issue from the epidemiological point of view, provides stroke definition and classification according to the mechanism of origin, deals with risk factors and possibilities of prevention. Within the clinical signs, more attention is paid to the topic of spastic hemiparesis. The following text outlines the course of stroke treatment. The rehabilitation process, its possibilities and techniques, including the use of modern technologies and virtual reality, are described in more detail. In the empirical part, a case report of a patient after haemorrhagic stroke with right-sided spastic hemiparesis and global aphasia is presented. Keywords: spastic hemiparesis, rehabilitation

  • Restricted Czech
    Authors: 
    Vrajíková, Melinda;
    Country: Czech Republic

    RESUMÉ The theme of this thesis is comparison of the particularly serious crime of murder in the Czech and Slovak criminal law. The aim of this thesis is to compare the legislation with regard to the particularly serious crime of murder in the Czech and Slovak law, to find its identical, similar or different characteristics and to point them out. The thesis first focuses on the historical development of the legislation with regard to prosecuting the crime of murder, as well as to the constitutional protection of human life in both countries, which are being compared, i.e. the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. Furthermore, the thesis focuses on the characteristics of crimes against life in general. The key chapter of the work deals with legislation regarding the particularly serious crime of murder and its qualified and privileged facts in the contemporary Czech law. This is followed by a chapter, which presents the current legislation with regard to facts of the crime of murder and related facts of the same crime in the Slovak Republic. The subsequent chapter includes a comparison of the legislation regarding the crime of murder in both countries. Based on the comparison of the legislation related to facts of the crime of murder in the Slovak and Czech law, it is possible to come to the conclusion...

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