In British Columbia (BC), Canada, a majority of electricity is produced and distributed by the crown corporation BC Hydro, which sources 90% of their power from hydroelectric generation. However, many remote areas around the province lack connection to the electrical grid and consequently depend upon diesel generators for electricity production, resulting in negative environmental externalities and an increased cost of power. To understand present legislative, technological, and financial barriers to the use of tidal energy as a strategy to displace the use of diesel in BC, and how they may be overcome, I reviewed and analyzed existing literature, and sourced primary data from interviews with industry experts. I determined that policy is the key driver to revitalize funding and technological development. However, first, the case for tidal power must be made to policy makers by communicating both the market and non-market benefits and risks of tidal power in comparison against diesel.
Purpose. Firm level case using action research (AR) to investigate constraints to productivity improvements leading to sustainability (social, economic, environmental) to help organizations and municipalities understand how firm behaviour slows adoption of action on social agendas, such as sustainability. Methodology. Action research involved attending to a single organization for 12 months to observe two organization selected projects using multiple qualitative methods, observation, an interpretive reflection through cycles of action and evaluation. Methods where used as interventions to inform the action team and design further project interventions. Findings. Research findings included limits to organizational capabilities regarding strategy and standards, objectives and measures, structure, and skills development, which were constrained by learning and inertia, knowledge, and founder created culture. This limited the organizational members to reacting to external market forces, internal dilemmas, or nonpecuniary whims of management. Originality. This exploratory paper offers a specific case of organizational constraints led by a foreign founder in the senior living industry by using action research as an intervention. Originality is marked by the observation of constraints without directly inquiring into those constraints, as opposed to most other studies reviewed. I make specific recommendations for the business and municipal government to work towards reciprocal benefits. The paper also gives insight into the challenges of a doctoral study using action research, and the design and conduct of that research methodology as an organizational outsider.
The impending climate crisis creates a critical need to understand the complex social phenomena of human behaviour for the purpose of meaningful interventions to support and foster sustainable practices. Using a qualitative case study approach, the annual Earth Day Festival (the Festival) in the rural community of Roberts Creek, British Columbia, is examined for its supporting effect on pro-environmental behaviour (PEB). Using grounded theory, the research finds six themes identified as place, education, community, support, practice, and celebration. These themes, when mapped onto the belief, normative and control constructs of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, demonstrate how the Festival successfully influences PEB at the individual and community levels. Explored also are three unique properties of the Festival that further support PEB change. These are diversity of experience, interconnection of interventions, and the supportive feedback of celebration. These properties emerge from the combination and interaction of the six themes.
This case study explores sustainable landscape features and solutions to the impacts of climate change in the City of Colwood, a suburban area on Vancouver Island in Canada. It does so by addressing this research question: What landscape features could be incorporated into a suburban landscape to enhance its ability to mitigate and/or adapt to climate change? The main goal of the case study is to define relevant sustainable suburban landscape features that will potentially help the City of Colwood mitigate and/or adapt to climate change. A qualitative approach has been taken to data collection from a variety of primary and secondary resources—reports, government publications, articles, and case studies from other jurisdictions. These documents have been used to identify landscapes that can address climate change mitigation and/or adaptation. The study’s results on sustainable landscapes in suburban areas could contribute to revisions in laws and policies on sustainable urban landscapes and to future plans and developments in this area. Key words: climate change, mitigation, adaptation, sustainability, regenerative thinking, landscape ecology, urban landscapes, suburban landscapes, sustainable landscapes, City of Colwood.