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73 research outcomes, page 1 of 8
  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Angelica Ronald; Robert Plomin; Tom McAdams; Rosa Cheesman; Philip S Dale; Saskia Selzam;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Project: RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245), RCUK | Genetic and environmental... (G1100559), NIH | Colorado Adoption/Twin St... (1R01AG046938-01A1), EC | ACTION (602768), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1)

    Abstract For most complex traits, DNA-based heritability (‘SNP heritability’) is roughly half that of twin-based heritability. A previous report from the Twins Early Development Study suggested that this heritability gap is much greater for childhood behaviour problems ...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . Preprint . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Allegrini, A.G.; Selzam, S.; Rimfeld, K.; von Stumm, S.; Pingault, J.B.; Plomin, R.;
    Project: EC | CAPICE (721567), NIH | Colorado Adoption/Twin St... (1R01AG046938-01A1), EC | ACTION (602768), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Recent advances in genomics are producing powerful DNA predictors of complex traits, especially cognitive abilities. Here, we leveraged summary statistics from the most recent genome-wide association studies of intelligence and e...

  • publication . Article . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Taylor, M.; Lichtenstein, P.; Larsson, H.; Ronald, Angelica; Anckarsäter, H.; Greven, C.U.;
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Project: RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is more frequent in males than females. The ‘female protective effect’ posits that females undergo greater exposure to etiological factors than males in order to develop ADHD, leading to the prediction that rela...

  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Yulia Kovas; Lucy Riglin; Michel Boivin;
    Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
    Project: RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    There is little research to date on the academic implications of teaching twins in the same or different classroom. Consequently, it is not clear whether twin classroom separation is associated with positive or negative educational outcomes. As a result, parents and tea...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Emma Meaburn; Angelica Ronald;
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Project: RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Background A gap exists in our mechanistic understanding of how genetic and environmental risk factors converge at the molecular level to result in the emergence of autism symptoms. We compared blood-based gene expression signatures in identical twins concordant and dis...

  • publication . Article . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Alison Fildes; Andrea Smith; Clare Llewellyn; Suzanna Forwood;
    Publisher: Nature Publishing Group UK
    Project: RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), NIH | Genetics of Mathematical ... (5R01HD059215-05), NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Abstract Beverage preferences are an important driver of consumption, and strong liking for beverages high in energy (e.g. sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) and dislike for beverages low in energy (e.g. non-nutritive sweetened beverages [NNSBs]) are potentially modifiab...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Angelica Ronald; Claire Haworth; Philip McGuire;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Project: RCUK | Genetic and environmental... (G1100559), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), RCUK | Understanding and treatin... (G0902308)

    We aimed to characterize multiple psychotic experiences, each assessed on a spectrum of severity (ie, quantitatively), in a general population sample of adolescents. Over five thousand 16-year-old twins and their parents completed the newly devised Specific Psychotic Ex...

  • publication . Article . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Claire Haworth; S. Katherine Nelson-Coffey;
    Project: EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245), RCUK | Determinants, Consequence... (MC_UU_12013/6)

    Genetic and environmental influences on complex traits can change in response to developmental and environmental contexts. Here we explore the impact of a positive activity intervention on the genetic and environmental influences on well-being and mental health in a sam...

  • publication . Article . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Eva Krapohl; Gerome Breen; Sang Hong Lee; Sang hyuck Lee; Charles Curtis; Hamel Patel; Magda Delilah Zabaneh; Robert Plomin;
    Project: NIH | Colorado Adoption/Twin St... (1R01AG046938-01A1), NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    We used a case-control genome-wide association (GWA) design with cases consisting of 1238 individuals from the top 0.0003 (∼170 mean IQ) of the population distribution of intelligence and 8172 unselected population-based controls. The single-nucleotide polymorphism heri...

  • publication . Article . 2016
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Lewis, Gary; Asbury, Kathryn; Plomin, Robert;
    Publisher: Wiley
    Project: EC | ACTION (602768), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), NIH | Genetics of Mathematical ... (5R01HD059215-05), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Background: Childhood behavior problems predict subsequent educational achievement; however, little research has examined the etiology of these links using a longitudinal twin design. Moreover, it is unknown whether genetic and environmental innovations provide incremen...

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