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80 research outcomes, page 1 of 8
  • publication . Article . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Maciej Trzaskowski;
    Project: NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), NIH | Genetics of Mathematical ... (5R01HD059215-05), WT | WTCCC2 core activities (085475), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Highlights • Twin research yields high genetic correlations among diverse cognitive abilities. • A new method based on DNA alone supports these twin study results. • These ‘generalist genes’ are the genetic foundation for intelligence.

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2012
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Yulia Kovas; Robert Plomin; Philip S Dale;
    Publisher: American Psychological Association
    Project: RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), NIH | GENETICS OF GENERAL AND S... (5R01HD046167-02), NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), EC | GHCA (295366), NIH | Genetics of Mathematical ... (5R01HD059215-05)

    Although evidence suggests that individual differences in reading and mathematics skills are correlated, this relationship has typically only been studied in relation to word decoding or global measures of reading. It is unclear whether mathematics is differentially rel...

  • publication . Article . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Maciej Trzaskowski; Patrik K Magnusson; Nancy L Pedersen;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Project: NIH | GENETICS OF GENERAL AND S... (5R01HD046167-02), NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), EC | GHCA (295366), WT | WTCCC2 core activities (085475), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Background: It is now possible to estimate genetic correlations between two independent samples when there is no overlapping phenotypic information. We applied the latest bivariate genomic methods to children in the UK and older adults in Sweden to ask two questions. Ar...

  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Claire Haworth; Helena Zavos; Elena Antonova;
    Publisher: Wiley
    Project: RCUK | Genetic and environmental... (G1100559), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Background:<br/>Mindfulness-based therapies have been shown to be effective in treating depression and reducing cognitive biases. Anxiety sensitivity is one cognitive bias that may play a role in the association between mindfulness and depressive symptoms. It refers to ...

  • publication . Article . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Richard Fearon; Peter Fonagy;
    Project: RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), EC | GHCA (295366)

    Background<br/>Twin studies consistently point to limited genetic influence on attachment security in the infancy period, but no study has examined whether this remains the case in later development. This study presents the findings from a twin study examining the relat...

  • publication . Preprint . Other literature type . Article . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Jonathan R I Coleman; Saskia Selzam;
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
    Project: NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), NIH | Colorado Adoption/Twin St... (1R01AG046938-01A1), NIH | Genetics of Mathematical ... (5R01HD059215-05), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), EC | ACTION (602768), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>It has recently been proposed that a single dimension, called the <jats:italic>p</jats:italic> factor, can capture a person’s liability to mental disorder. Relevant to the <jats:italic>p</jats:italic> hypothesis, recent genetic r...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Rosa Cheesman; Robert Plomin; Kaili Rimfeld;
    Project: NIH | Colorado Adoption/Twin St... (1R01AG046938-01A1), EC | ACTION (602768), EC | CAPICE (721567), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Background: Diverse behaviour problems in childhood correlate phenotypically, suggesting a general dimension of psychopathology that has been called the p factor. The shared genetic architecture between childhood psychopathology traits also supports a genetic p. This st...

  • publication . Article . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Yulia Kovas; Margherita Malanchini; Saskia Selzam; Kaili Rimfeld;
    Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
    Project: EC | ACTION (602768), NIH | Genetics of Mathematical ... (5R01HD059215-05), NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), EC | GHCA (295366), NIH | White Matter Diffusion MR... (7R21HD046938-03), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    Spatial abilities – defined broadly as the capacity to manipulate mental representations of objects and the relations between them – have been studied widely, but with little agreement reached concerning their nature or structure. Two major putative spatial abilities ar...

  • publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Selzam, Saskia; Ritchie, Stuart J.; Pingault, Jean-Baptiste; Reynolds, Chandra A.; O’Reilly, Paul F.; Plomin, Robert;
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
    Project: NIH | Colorado Adoption/Twin St... (1R01AG046938-01A1), RCUK | HSM Polygenic score metho... (MR/N015746/1), EC | GHCA (295366), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (MR/M021475/1), EC | ACTION (602768), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0901245)

    To understand the regulation of A2a adenosine receptor (A2a-R) response, we examined the molecular mechanisms underlying the desensitization of A2a response in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, which possess an A2a-R identical with the A2a receptor we recently cloned fro...

  • publication . Article . 2012
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Robert Plomin; Claire Haworth; Cathryn M Lewis; Oliver S P Davis;
    Publisher: Springer Nature
    Project: WT | Identifying patterns of g... (088984), EC | GHCA (295366), NIH | Genetics, School environm... (1R01HD044454-01A2), RCUK | Origins of learning diffi... (G0500079)

    <p>Twin studies allow us to estimate the relative contributions of nature and nurture to human phenotypes by comparing the resemblance of identical and fraternal twins. Variation in complex traits is a balance of genetic and environmental influences; these influences ar...

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