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3,615 research outcomes, page 1 of 362
  • publication . Article . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    George Osoro Momanyi; Maureen Atieno Adoyo; Eunice Muthoni Mwangi; Dennis Okari Mokua;
    Publisher: The African Field Epidemiology Network

    INTRODUCTION: training, as an additive human resources intervention is decisive to organizational performance. Employees require constant update of formal and informal knowledge alongside positive attitudes that have been defined as necessary in motivation leading to ef...

  • publication . Article . 2013
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Eliningaya Kweka;
    Publisher: Springer Nature

    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Larval control is of paramount importance in the reduction of vector populations. Previous observations have suggested that, larvae of <it>Anopheles gambiae</it> s.l occur more often in small temporary habitats while other studies sh...

  • publication . Article . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Nickolas, Thomas L; Yin, Michael T; Hong, Ting; Mugwanya, Kenneth K; Branch, Andrea D; Heffron, Renee; Ramalho, Janaina; Nandakumar, Renu; Dworakowski, Elzbieta; Wanga, Valentine; ...
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Project: NIH | University of Washington ... (5P30AI027757-18), NIH | Incidence and Implication... (3R01DK100272-03S1), NIH | Impact of early antiretro... (1R01DK112258-01), NIH | Impact of Concurrent Init... (1R01HD089843-01A1)

    Abstract Background Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) reduces the risk of HIV seroconversion but may promote bone mineral density (BMD) decline. The mechanisms of BMD decline with FTC/TDF remain unclear, and stu...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Jean Jacques N. Noubiap; Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla; Jan-Walter De Neve; Boris Bikbov; Olalekan Uthman; Khalid Altirkawi; Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo; Morteza Shamsizadeh; Kewal Krishan; Félix Carvalho; ...
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Project: NIH | DEMOGRAPHY (5T32HD007242-10)

    Educational attainment is an important social determinant of maternal, newborn, and child health1–3. As a tool for promoting gender equity, it has gained increasing traction in popular media, international aid strategies, and global agenda-setting4–6. The global health ...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2016
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Austin Burt;
    Project: EC | INFRAVEC (228421), WT

    Background Population genomic features such as nucleotide diversity and linkage disequilibrium are expected to be strongly shaped by changes in population size, and might therefore be useful for monitoring the success of a control campaign. In the Kilifi district of Ken...

  • Marine-protected areas (MPAs) have the potential to enhance fisheries through transport of larvae or by a net emigration of adult and juvenile fish to adjacent fished areas. A network of appropriately located MPAs will have the potential to reseed fished areas and other...

  • publication . Other literature type . Article . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Fabiana Pimenta; Robert E. Gertz; So Hee Park; Ellie Kim; Iaci Moura; Jennifer Milucky; Nadine Rouphael; Monica M. Farley; Monica M. Farley; Lee H. Harrison; ...
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

    : Streptococcus pneumoniae is a highly impactful bacterial pathogen on a global scale. The principal pneumococcal virulence factor and target of effective vaccines is its polysaccharide capsule, of which there are many structurally distinct forms. Here, we describe four...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Richard Derman; Elizabeth McClure; SHIVAPRASAD GOUDAR; Omrana Pasha;
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Project: NIH | A Strategy to Reduce Stun... (5U10HD076465-02), NIH | Global Network for Women'... (5U10HD076461-05), NIH | Maternal and Child Health... (3U10HD078439-01S1), NIH | Evidence-Based Global Hea... (3U01HD040477-10S1), NIH | Columbia University/Aga K... (5U10HD078438-03), NIH | CCHS-JNMC Global Network ... (3U10HD076457-01S1), NIH | The Global Network and Pr... (3U10HD076474-05S2), NIH | Heart Rate Detection duri... (4U10HD078437-04), NIH | Global Network Data Coord... (2U01HD040636-07)

    Background: During the post-partum period, most women wish to delay or prevent future pregnancies. Despite this, the unmet need for family planning up to a year after delivery is higher than at any other time. This study aims to assess fertility intention, contraceptive...

  • publication . Article . 2011
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Paul Newton; M. J. Mackinnon; Sachel Mok; Francois Nosten; Zbynek Bozdech; Bruce Russell; Peter null;
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Project: WT

    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Artemisinin resistance in <it>Plasmodium falciparum </it>malaria has emerged in Western Cambodia. This is a major threat to global plans to control and eliminate malaria as the artemisinins are a key component of antimalarial treatme...

  • publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Simon Arunga; Geoffrey Wiafe; Esmael Habtamu; John Onyango; Stephen Gichuhi; Astrid Leck; David Macleod; Victor Hu; Matthew Burton;
    Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
    Project: WT , WT | Controlling blinding Trac... (098481), WT | SEVERE CORNEAL INFECTIONS... (207472)

    <jats:sec><jats:title>Background</jats:title><jats:p>Microbial keratitis (MK) is a frequent cause of sight loss in sub-Saharan Africa. However, no studies have formally measured its impact on quality of life (QoL) in this context.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:titl...

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