The Pollen Organelle Membrane Proteome Reveals Highly Spatial−Temporal Dynamics during Germination and Tube Growth of Lily Pollen

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Pertl, Heidi ; Schulze, Waltraud X. ; Obermeyer, Gerhard (2009)
  • Publisher: Figshare
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1021/pr900503f.s002, doi: 10.1021/pr900503f.s001
  • Subject: Inorganic Chemistry | membrane | tube growth | pollen organelle membrane proteome | pollen grain germination | Developmental Biology | Microbiology | Plant Biology | cell wall biosynthesis | ion transport | lilium longiflorum pollen | spatiotemporal protein abundance changes | Ecology | Cell Biology | Genetics | Biochemistry | germinating pollen grain | Biophysics
    • FOR: 29999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified | 69999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages

As a first step in understanding the membrane-related dynamics during pollen grain germination and subsequent tube growth, the changes in protein abundance of membrane and membrane-associated proteins of 5 different membrane/organelle fractions were studied at physiologically important stages (0, 10, 30, 60, and 240 min) of <i>Lilium longiflorum</i> pollen <i>in vitro</i> culture. Proteins of each fraction and time point were identified by ‘shot-gun’ proteomics (LC-MS/MS). Analysis of more than 270 identified proteins revealed an increase in the abundance of proteins involved in cytoskeleton, carbohydrate and energy metabolism, as well as ion transport before pollen grain germination (10−30 min), whereas proteins involved in membrane/protein trafficking, signal transduction, stress response and protein biosynthesis decreased in abundance during this time. Proteins of amino acids and lipids/steroids metabolism, proteolysis, transcription, cell wall biosynthesis as well as nutrient transport showed a time-independent abundance profile. These spatiotemporal patterns were confirmed by immunodetection of specific proteins of the cellular processes membrane/protein trafficking and ion transport. Our results reveal major protein rearrangements at endomembranes and the plasma membrane before and as the pollen grains start tube growth. The spatiotemporal protein abundance changes correlate with the underlying developmental and physiological processes of the germinating pollen grain.
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