research data . Dataset . 2016

Iconicity in English and Spanish and Its Relation to Lexical Category and Age of Acquisition

K. Perry, Lynn; Perlman, Marcus; Lupyan, Gary;
  • Published: 01 Jan 2016
  • Publisher: Figshare
Abstract
<div><p>Signed languages exhibit iconicity (resemblance between form and meaning) across their vocabulary, and many non-Indo-European spoken languages feature sizable classes of iconic words known as ideophones. In comparison, Indo-European languages like English and Spanish are believed to be arbitrary outside of a small number of onomatopoeic words. In three experiments with English and two with Spanish, we asked native speakers to rate the iconicity of ~600 words from the English and Spanish MacArthur-Bates Communicative Developmental Inventories. We found that iconicity in the words of both languages varied in a theoretically meaningful way with lexical cate...
Subjects
free text keywords: Biological Sciences, Science Policy, iconic words, onomatopoeic words, verb semantics, Lexical Category, iconicity ratings, English verbs, languages exhibit iconicity, findings show, languages feature, function words, Spanish verbs, typological differences
Communities
Science and Innovation Policy Studies
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Dataset . 2016
Provider: figshare
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