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  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Dumanska, I. (Ilona);
    Publisher: RS Global
    Country: Indonesia

    The article reveals the peculiarities of ventures investigated the sources of their funding. The problems of venture financing innovation enterprises of the agricultural sector. The problems and prospects of development of venture investment in Ukraine. Found that in Ukraine is a source of venture capital organizations, large companies and commercial banks. Today, almost every company has its own venture capital fund that invests in innovative businesses related fields. Unlike the developed foreign countries in Ukraine basic research in the agricultural sector financed only by the state. This fact provokes the creation of favorable conditions for attracting private and foreign investments for the development of research and innovation in agriculture.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Rejekiningrum, P. (Popi);
    Publisher: Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development
    Country: Indonesia

    . Climate change has been occurring globally. Evidence of it has been reported systematically by Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Climate change has and will cause immediate impact on changes in precipitation patterns, rising temperatures, sea level rise, and extreme climate events. The processes that lead to global climate change and climate change has been accepted by many as a necessity which is characterized by global warming, with a direct impact on the hydrological cycle, so that climate change is believed to significantly impact on water resources in many regions of the world with broad consequences on people's lives and the environment. This paper discusses the impact of climate change on water resources in Indonesia through identification with the scientific evidence of the empirical facts and data change trend in rainfall and river flow rivers in Indonesia, shows the various efforts to anticipate through adaptation, and Law and Action Plan related to water resources management in facing of global climate change. These efforts are expected to be a strategy to reduce vulnerability and risks of climate change on the water resources sector.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Akbari, T. T. (Taufan); Pratomo, R. R. (Rizky);
    Publisher: Padjadjaran University
    Country: Indonesia

    The pandemic is forcing universities to carry out digital transformation simultaneously. However, the pandemic opened Pandora's box revealing the fundamental weaknesses of universities that make them unprepared to adapt to changing times. However, the pandemic can be an opportunity to transform the entire workforce in universities so that their existence remains relevant. The critical factor in this transformation is the leader. Today's leaders must change from traditional to digital. Digital leaders can be a catalyst for change to oversee digital transformation in universities. Therefore, this study intends to explain how the implementation of digital leadership in universities in Indonesia, especially since the world has been hit by a pandemic. The author uses the literature study method and interviews stakeholders in universities. The author finds that three fundamental challenges must be overcome: culture and mindset, human resource competence, and infrastructure. Higher education leaders must resolve these three challenges to ensure that digital transformation runs smoothly. The author argues that universities are still relevant to producing quality human resources and abilities according to the times. To maintain the relevance and role of universities, leaders need to implement changes holistically, starting by creating a holistic grand design, increasing human resource competencies, infrastructure development, developing a new mindset, creating progressive culture, to organizational restructuring.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Sitompul, E. (Erwin); Rohmat, A. (Agus);
    Publisher: Tanjungpura University
    Country: Indonesia

    Machines are valuable assets that need to be protected from damage and failure through proper maintenance measures. This paper proposes a system that automatically monitors the running time of machines and sends notifications regarding their preventive maintenance (PM) schedules. The system core consists of a programmable logic controller (PLC) and a human machine interface (HMI). The HMI is connected to an online platform via internet connection provided by a router, so that the monitoring result can be accessed via Android smartphone or laptop/PC. This IoT-based running time monitoring system (IRTMS) will be particularly helpful in implementation at an production site that consists of multiple various machines. The PM items of a machine may vary from cleaning, changing single component, to an overhaul, each with different time interval. By using the IRTMS, the user will have an overview of the PM schedules anytime and anywhere. The preparation of material, components, or tools can be known ahead of time. For simulation purpose, a prototype is constructed by using components as used in industrial real-life condition. Four output connections are provided to simulate the simultaneous monitoring of four machines. The IRTMS prototype is tested and completely successful on doing the running time monitoring, the running time reset, the PM notifications, and the remote access for monitoring and control.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Saihani, A. (Azwar); Kusumayana, P. (Purna); Sari, L. M. (Laila);
    Publisher: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Amuntai
    Country: Indonesia

    This study aims to determine the contribution, position, growth, and basis and non basis of each agricultural subsector to the GRDP in the economy of Hulu Sungai Utara Regency from 2013-2017. The data used is secondary data originating from the Central Bureau of Statistics and related government agencies. The analytical method used is contribution analysis, typology of class, shift share and LQ. The results showed that of the five agricultural sub-sectors in North Hulu Sungai Regency the highest contribution to the agricultural sector was the food crop subsector in the past five years at 61.07%. The position of the five agricultural sub-sectors is in the third place, which means that the five subsectors are potential or can still develop. The growth of each agricultural sub-sector in the economy of Hulu Sungai Utara Regency varies from the proportional growth of the food, livestock and fisheries sub-sectors to rapid growth while the horticulture and plantation subsectors experienced slow growth. The five agricultural sub-sectors are not competitive or lack competitiveness with other regions in South Kalimantan Province. The subsector which is the subsector of the base is the food, livestock and fisheries subsector while the horticulture and plantation subsector is the non-base sub-sector in North Hulu Sungai Regency.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Winnoto, Winnoto; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Setiani, Onny;
    Country: Indonesia

    In the agriculture field, farmers are a demand to get results high qualities and large quantities on a fast scale. Ngablak sub-district is one of the districts with the vast agricultural area. The primary job of Ngablak's people is farmers. The using of pesticide which it was so high and intensive would increase the agriculture production. The other impact is can be harmful to human health and the environment. The children who get exposed to pesticides has more often disruption of child development. This study aimed to analysis the relationship of pregnancy pesticide exposure with pre-school children's (4-5 years) development disorders in the Sumberejo village Ngablak district of Magelang regency. The study used observational design with cross-sectional approach. The total number of samples 25 respondents selected by purposive, carried on the Sumberejo village Ngablak district of Magelang regency. The instruments used were the props and Ages and Stages questionnaire by Bricker D., Squires J., and Twombly E., which has been modified. Analysis used by Chi Square. The children with development disorders there are 64%. The results of Chi Square analysis showed that there was relationship of pesticide exposure the frequency of pesticide spraying (pvalue= 0,017), duration of pesticides exposure (pvalue= 0,004), Mixing Pesticides (pvalue= 0,041), location of residence (pvalue = 0.002) and the use of PPE (pvalue= 0,041). Variables that there is no correlation (p> 0.05) which is a source of clean water (pvalue = 0.116) and storage of pesticides (pvalue = 0.200). The conclusion of this study there are relationships between the frequency of pesticide spraying, long exposure to pesticides, pesticide mixing, the location of residence and use of PPE in pregnancy with pre school children's (4-5 years) development disorders in Sumberejo village Ngablak district of Magelang regency.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Hermawan, J. (Jojon); Abdullah, W. G. (Weka); Rianse, I. S. (Ilma);
    Publisher: Haluoleo University
    Country: Indonesia

    The study aims to determine the amount of income, income contribution to total household income, and how the difference in income contribution of housewife working in oil palm plantations and working as traders in traditional markets. The research location was done by purposive and sample housewife who work as oil palm plantation as many as 60 people and work as a trader in the traditional market as much as 37 people. Data analysis that was used in this study were income analysis, income contribution, and t-test analysis of difference(t-test). The results showed that the average income of housewife who works as laborers in oil palm plantation IDR 1.038.300, - / month and work in traditional market IDR 1.359.204, - / month. The income contribution of a housewife from working as oil palm plantation workers and those who work as traders in traditional markets was the same, about 30% of total household income. The difference in income contribution of housewife working on oil palm plantations and working in traditional markets to total household income was not different, statistically

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Utomo, Anggoro Wahyu; Suprayogi, Andri; Sasmito, Bandi;
    Country: Indonesia

    Perkembangan teknologi penginderaan jauh ditandai dengan semakin banyaknya satelit yang digunakan untuk keperluan studi sehingga mendorong pemanfaatannya dalam berbagai bidang. Satelit Landsat milik NASA dalam perkembangannya telah menghasilkan beberapa generasi, di antaranya adalah Landsat 7 dan yang terbaru Landsat 8. Satelit Landsat 8 merupakan misi kelanjutan dari Landsat 7, karakteristik kedua satelit tersebut hampir sama dalam hal resolusi spasial, spektral dan temporalnya serta karakteristik sensornya. Sensor pada satelit ini dilengkapi inframerah thermal yang dapat mendeteksi suhu permukaan.Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kabupaten Pati. Adapun data yang digunakan adalah data Landsat 7 dan Landsat 8. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan variasi antara land surface temperature dengan kelas tutupan lahan memanfaatkan teknologi penginderaan jauh yaitu metode klasifikasi terbimbing dan pengolahan suhu permukaan menggunakan metode mono-window brightness temperature. Hasil dari pengolahan tersebut akan dilakukan analisis spasial menggunakan zonal statistic, dimana hasilnya adalah nilai minimal, maksimal, rata-rata dan range serta standar deviasi dari suhu permukaan di setiap satuan pemetaan tutupan lahan yang dihasilkan. Kemudian hasil dari nilai tersebut dilakukan perbandingan antara standar deviasi terhadap range, sehingga hasil dari perbandingan tersebut dapat digunakan untuk mengetahui variasi hasil olahan suhu permukaan terhadap tiap tutupan lahan yang dihasilkan.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengolahan suhu permukaan didapatkan hasil suhu permukaan rata-rata pada wilayah penelitian untuk bulan Mei 2016 berkisar antara 29,020C; bulan Juni 2016 berkisar antara 23,000C dan bulan Juli 2016 berkisar antara 20,920C. Sedangkan hubungan antara land surface temperature dengan kelas tutupan lahan didapatkan hasil suhu tertinggi pada lahan terbangun dan suhu terendah pada kelas non pertanian. Untuk hasil variasi suhu permukaan paling rendah terdapat pada kelas Perairan, hal ini ditunjukkan oleh nilai rata-rata rasio antara 2σ terhadap range sebesar 17,16%. Sedangkan hasil variasi suhu permukaan paling tinggi terdapat pada kelas Non Pertanian, hal ini berdasarkan hasil dari rata-rata rasio antara antara 2σ terhadap range sebesar 22,23 %. The continued development of remote sensing technology is characterized by the increasing by number of satellites used for purposes of study that encourages utilization in a variety of fields. NASA Landsat satellite in its development has resulted in several generations, including the most recent Landsat 7 and Landsat 8. Satellite Landsat 8 is a continuation of the Landsat 7 mission, characteristics of the both satellites are almost the same in terms of spatial resolution, spectral and temporal as well as the characteristics of the sensor. Sensors on the satellite is equipped with thermal infrared that can detect surface temperatures.This research conducted in Pati regency. The data used are Landsat 7 and Landsat 8. The purpose of this research was to determine correlation between the variations of land surface temperature with the land cover classes by utilizing remote sensing technology that the method is supervised classification and surface temperature using mono-window brightness temperature method. The results of the processing will be analyzing spatial with zonal statistics, where the output is a minimum value, maximum, average, standard deviation and range of the surface temperature on each unit generated land cover mapping. The results of that value be conducted a comparison between the standard deviation of the range, so the results of these comparisons can be used to determine variations in the surface temperature of the processed results of each land cover generated. The results showed that the surface temperature in the area of research for the month of May 2016 ranged between 29,02°C; in June 2016 ranged between 23,00°C and in July 2016 ranged from 20,92°C. While the correlation between land surface temperatures with land cover classes is performed at the highest temperature encountered on building area and the lowest temperature in the non-agricultural classes. For the lowest surface temperature variations found in waters class, this is indicated by the value of the average ratio between 2σ of the range is 17.16%. While variations in surface temperature is highest on Non-Agricultural class, it is based on the results of the average ratio of between 2σ of the range is 22.23%.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Manoori, M. T. (Muhammad); Atiq-ur-Rehman, A. (Atiq-ur-Rehman); Jamil, M. (Muhammad); Ishfaq, M. (Muhammad);
    Publisher: Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University
    Country: Indonesia

    The present study aims to explore the potential application of Bai Salam (forward sale agreement) as substitute financial instrument in the agriculture sector of Pakistan. The conclusion is drawn through a survey questionnaire from 300 farmers and bankers in a district of Punjab. For analysis, we use SPSS software and presented the results by using descriptive methods. This study overall concludes the banker's and farmer's awareness, willingness, risks, hurdles and the role of institutions in the Salam promotion. The majority of the farmers are not aware of the Salam contract because the Islamic bank's branch network is limited to urban areas and there is no proper promotion campaign launched by the Islamic banks for awareness about Salaam among the farmers. Bankers are reluctant to finance the tenants, orchards due to more operational risk for the bank. Bankers opinion that small farmers do not have personal securities which is not a solid reason because half of the sampled farmers take a loan from the formal system if they can provide securities to conventional interest-based institution why they can't provide securities to Islamic financial institutions? There is a vast market for the Islamic Banks if they sincerely pay their attention towards forward sale contracts. The concept applies to all areas of agriculture and livestock farming to overcome financing problems and boost production.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Sagala, L. P. (Lambok);
    Publisher: Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University
    Country: Indonesia

    Ministry of the Environment Indonesia launched Adiwiyata “Green School” program in 2006 for encouraging and forming environmentally friendly and cultured schools that are able to participate and carry out environmental preservation and sustainable development efforts. This paper describes Forestry Vocational School activities in achieving Adiwiyata. The paper also provides information regarding its effectiveness, and challenges during its implementation. The school has adopted Adiwiyata “Green School” since 2013. There are 4 (four) components which are used as a guideline for undertaking adiwiyata school program, including school policies, curriculum, participatory-based activities, and facilities/infrastructure that support environmental education. Adiwiyata is an effective tool in raising environmental awareness that could eventually lead to eco-behavior. However, its implementation should also be supported by other stakeholders/programs as environmental awareness and behavior do not depend solely on Adiwiyata program.

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