contribution à un site web; Several countries in the Western Balkans have responded to the Covid-19 outbreak with draconian measures that entail a further erosion of democracy, writes Natasha Wunsch. She argues the pandemic is shining a spotlight on the impact of geopolitical competition in the Western Balkans, where authoritarian forces are undermining the EU’s democracy promotion efforts.
Position paper for the work- shop on Sharing Perspectives on the Design of Shape-Changing Interfaces at the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'16); We present the results of a focus group that aims at exploring deformable and shape-changing objects that are already surrounding users in their daily life. The reason why we are doing this is that, although shapechanging interfaces are becoming more popular, it is currently not clear what type of shape-changes are relevant for the design of these new devices. With our approach we hope to elicit new ideas of shape-change interaction. We discuss the implications for design and the future direction of this work.
European Research Area - Network on the Industrial Handling of Raw Materials for European Industries; roadmap of the "ERA-MIN" eranet; Non-energy and non-agricultural raw materials underpin the global economy and our quality of life. They are vital for the EU's economy and for the development of environmentally friendly technologies essential to European industries. However, the EU is highly dependent on imports, and securing supplies has therefore become crucial. A sustainable supply of mineral products and metals for European industry requires a more efficient and rational consumption, enhanced substitution and improved recycling. Recycling from scrap to raw materials has been rapidly gaining in quantity and efficiency over the last years. However, continuous re-use cannot provide alone the necessary quantities of mineral raw materials, due to i) recycling losses, ii) the worldwide growing demand in raw materials, and iii) the need of "new" elements for the industry. To fully meet future needs, metals and mineral products from primary sources will still be needed in the future. Most of them will continue to be imported from sources outside Europe; but others can, and should, be produced domestically. Advanced research and innovation are required to improve the capacity of existing technologies to discover new deposits, to improve the efficiency of the entire geomaterials life cycle from mineral extraction to the use as secondary resource of products at the end of their industrial life, and to reduce the environmental footprint of raw materials extraction and use. Research and innovation must be made to acquire knowledge as well, and to improve our basic understanding of all engineering and natural processes involved in the raw materials life cycle, as well as the coupling of these processes. Finally, research has to go beyond the present-day economic and technological constraints, and it should be closely associated with training and education in order to maintain existing skills and to share the most recent developments with the industrial sector. A long-term vision of research is necessary in order to have the capacity of evaluating the environmental and societal impacts of present and developing industrial activities and to imagine tomorrow's breakthrough concepts and technologies that will create new industrial opportunities. These objectives require the input of contrasted scientific and technical skills and competences (earth science, material science and technology, chemistry, physics, engineer, biology, engineering, environmental science, economy, social and human sciences, etc). An important challenge is to gather all these domains of expertise towards the same objective. The ERA-MIN Research Agenda aims at listing the most important topics of research and innovation that will contribute to i) secure the sustainable supply and management of non-energy and non-agricultural raw materials, and ii) offer opportunities of investment and employment opportunities in the EU.
Critical Review of Pourquoi les mathématiques sont-elles difficiles? by Lény Oumraou, preface by Jacques Dubucs, (Vuibert, « Philosophie des sciences » series, Paris, 2009, viii pages, 216 pages); International audience
contribution à un site web : Blog LSE - EUROPP - European Politics and Policy; Miloš Zeman won a second term as Czech President on 27 January, narrowly defeating opposition candidate Jiří Drahoš. Jan Rovny writes that the country is now sharply divided between two political blocs that cut across old left-right allegiances, with identity politics playing an increasingly important role in shaping support. The presidential election also underlined that Czech politics is likely to take another step closer to Poland and Hungary, but with the key distinction that the country’s liberal opposition has shown an ability to unite against Zeman and garner almost 50% of the vote.
In the context of the #metoo movement, some have expressed a long-running fear that feminism and the cause of women’s rights may enhance the opposition between men and women instead of bridging the gap between them, and create division instead of harmony. Martine Monacelli’s collection of texts written by men in favour of women’s rights could hardly have come at a better time to redefine the contours of the extent of men’s political engagement throughout the 20th century for women’s rights. The question of men and women’s equality is one that concerns everyone. Published in 2017, this collection is structured around four sections preceded by a preface and anintroduction, written by Martine Monacelli, that frame the selected texts and provide information and landmarks that historicise these extracts.
Project: UKRI | The Network for Integrate... (ES/P008976/1), ANR | ColAForm (ANR-16-FRAL-0010), EC | NormativeEconomics (670103), ANR | CHOp (ANR-17-CE26-0003)
URL des Documents de travail : https://centredeconomiesorbonne.cnrs.fr/publications/ Voir aussi l'article basé sur ce document de travail paru dans "Journal of Economic Methodology, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2021, 28 (2), pp.143-164. Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 2020.16 - ISSN : 1955-611X International audience Leonard Savage famously contravened his own theory when first confronting the Allais Paradox, but then convinced himself that the had made an error. We examine the formal structure of Savage's ‘error-correcting’ reasoning in the light of (i) behavioural economists' claims to identify the latent preferences of individuals who violate conventional rationality requirements and (ii) John Broome's critique of arguments which presuppose that rationality requirements can be achieved through reasoning. We argue that Savage's reasoning is not vulnerable to Broome's critique, but does not provide support for the view that behavioural scientists can identify and counteract errors in people's choices.