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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kulai, Tasha; Arnason, Thomas; MacIntosh, Donald; Igoe, John;

    Olmesartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used to treat hypertension, is associated with few adverse effects. Here, a case of severe sprue-like enteropathy and acute kidney injury is described in a 68-year-old male taking olmesartan for 3-4 years. He presented to hospital with a five-week history of diarrhea, vomiting, and a 20 lb weight loss. Anti-TTG was negative with a normal IgA. Biopsies of the distal duodenum and duodenal cap revealed marked blunting of the villi with near complete villous atrophy of the biopsies from the bulb. There was an increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes as well as neutrophils in the surface epithelium. The patient’s diarrhea improved upon discontinuation of olmesartan and he returned to his previous weight. Repeat endoscopy four months later demonstrated complete resolution of inflammatory change with normal villous architecture. Long-term olmesartan use is associated with severe sprue-like enteropathy. The mechanism of intestinal injury is unknown. Duodenal biopsy results may mimic other enteropathies such as celiac disease. Physicians should consider medications as potential etiologies of enteropathy.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Biederman, Laura; Satoskar, Anjali A.; Doraiswamy, Mohankumar; Parikh, Samir; +4 Authors

    Background. Nuclear staining by immunofluorescence in a kidney biopsy is often seen in patients with positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in the serum. These ANA are usually polyclonal, but herein we report 9 cases with an unusual finding of monoclonal nuclear staining by immunofluorescence on kidney biopsy. Case Presentation. Nine cases with predominant stain for kappa or lambda light chain were identified by searching the renal pathology laboratory database for the past 10 years. All cases had positive stain for only kappa (six cases) or lambda (three cases) light chain in the nuclei. Eight out of nine cases had positive nuclear IgG stain, and one case had positive nuclear IgA stain. Among cases with positive nuclear IgG staining, six cases were positive for IgG1 subclass, one case was positive for IgG2 subclass, and one case was positive for IgG3 subclass. All patients with positive IgG nuclear stain, who had testing for ANA, had positive ANA. Patients with positive IgG1 subclass did not have monoclonal protein in the serum or urine, but the patient with positive IgG2 subclass and lambda light chain stain in the nuclei had IgG lambda monoclonal gammopathy. Conclusions. We identified a new unique pattern of nuclear stain by immunofluorescence in kidney biopsies that suggests the presence of monoclonal ANA. Workup for underlying monoclonal gammopathy is warranted in such patients.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Allegaert, Karel; Smits, Anne; van den Anker, Johannes N.;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Robinson, Katie R.; Masud, Tahir; Hawley-Hague, Helen;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Gulati, Vivek; Bakare, Seun; Tibrewal, Saket; Ismail, Nizar; +6 Authors
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Case Reports in Path...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Case Reports in Path...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Zhang, Zhi-Jiang(School of Public Health, Wuhan University) Zhao, Genming(School of Public Health, Fudan University) Yu, Chuanhua(School of Public Health, Wuhan University) Bi, Yongyi(School of Public Health, Wuhan University) Zhang, Qingjun(Hubei Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan 430079) Song, Yiqing(Department of Epidemiology, Indiana University);
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kumar, K. Sathish; Selvaraj, V.; Alagar, M.;

    Polyethylene terephthalate-polylactic acid copolymer (PET-PLA) was synthesized from bis (2-hydroxyethyl terephthalate) and L-lactic acid oligomer in the presence of manganese antimony glycoxide as a catalyst. The synthesized PET-PLA copolymer was used for controlled drug release systems with gold nanoparticles. Fluorouracil containing PET-PLA nanocapsules was prepared in the presence of gold nanoparticles by solvent evaporation method. The morphologies of the nanocapsules were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Controlled release of Fu and Fu@Au was carried out in 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and 0.1 M HCl solution. The results indicated that the drug release for gold nanoparticles/fluorouracil (Au@Fu) incorporated PET-PLA nanocapsules was controlled and slow compared to Fu incorporated PET-PLA nanocapsules. This may be due to the interaction between the gold nanoparticles and fluorouracil in PET-PLA nanocapsules.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Sasi, Sharath P.; Park, Daniel; Muralidharan, Sujatha; Wage, Justin; +5 Authors
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hindawi Publishing C...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Povitz, Marcus Kimoff, R John;

    BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may impact the course of medical illness among hospitalized patients. Access to testing during hospitalization to assess this may be limited by wait times for laboratory polysomnography. Level 3 portable monitoring (PM) may provide an alternative.OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of technically adequate studies, diagnostic information obtained and impact on patient management of inpatient PM studies performed for SDB.METHODS: A retrospective review of 114 PM (Embletta, Natus Inc, Canada) records from the past two years was performed. Studies were ordered by pulmonologists, initiated by respiratory therapists and performed unattended on inpatient units. Admitting diagnoses, indication for sleep study, diagnostic information obtained from recordings and change in clinical management subsequent to PM were determined from medical charts.RESULTS: Of 114 studies reviewed, 99 (87%) met predetermined criteria for adequate signal quality and duration. Five studies could not be interpreted due to inadequate data, yielding an overall success rate of 83% (94 of 114). Of 86 studies performed for diagnosis, clinical and PM data supported a new diagnosis of SDB in 55 patients, of which 23 (42%) were started on positive pressure therapy. Thirteen PM studies were performed during SDB treatment. All were technically adequate and six of 13 demonstrated new or persistent SDB. Results from PM testing informed clinical management during hospitalization in 70 (61%) cases.CONCLUSION: Unattended level 3 PM studies are technically feasible in hospitalized patients and may provide information that influences clinical management.

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    Authors: Ohnishi, Takashi; Tanaka, Takuya; Nakamura, Yuka; Hashimoto, Noriaki; +4 Authors
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kulai, Tasha; Arnason, Thomas; MacIntosh, Donald; Igoe, John;

    Olmesartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used to treat hypertension, is associated with few adverse effects. Here, a case of severe sprue-like enteropathy and acute kidney injury is described in a 68-year-old male taking olmesartan for 3-4 years. He presented to hospital with a five-week history of diarrhea, vomiting, and a 20 lb weight loss. Anti-TTG was negative with a normal IgA. Biopsies of the distal duodenum and duodenal cap revealed marked blunting of the villi with near complete villous atrophy of the biopsies from the bulb. There was an increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes as well as neutrophils in the surface epithelium. The patient’s diarrhea improved upon discontinuation of olmesartan and he returned to his previous weight. Repeat endoscopy four months later demonstrated complete resolution of inflammatory change with normal villous architecture. Long-term olmesartan use is associated with severe sprue-like enteropathy. The mechanism of intestinal injury is unknown. Duodenal biopsy results may mimic other enteropathies such as celiac disease. Physicians should consider medications as potential etiologies of enteropathy.

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    Authors: Biederman, Laura; Satoskar, Anjali A.; Doraiswamy, Mohankumar; Parikh, Samir; +4 Authors

    Background. Nuclear staining by immunofluorescence in a kidney biopsy is often seen in patients with positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in the serum. These ANA are usually polyclonal, but herein we report 9 cases with an unusual finding of monoclonal nuclear staining by immunofluorescence on kidney biopsy. Case Presentation. Nine cases with predominant stain for kappa or lambda light chain were identified by searching the renal pathology laboratory database for the past 10 years. All cases had positive stain for only kappa (six cases) or lambda (three cases) light chain in the nuclei. Eight out of nine cases had positive nuclear IgG stain, and one case had positive nuclear IgA stain. Among cases with positive nuclear IgG staining, six cases were positive for IgG1 subclass, one case was positive for IgG2 subclass, and one case was positive for IgG3 subclass. All patients with positive IgG nuclear stain, who had testing for ANA, had positive ANA. Patients with positive IgG1 subclass did not have monoclonal protein in the serum or urine, but the patient with positive IgG2 subclass and lambda light chain stain in the nuclei had IgG lambda monoclonal gammopathy. Conclusions. We identified a new unique pattern of nuclear stain by immunofluorescence in kidney biopsies that suggests the presence of monoclonal ANA. Workup for underlying monoclonal gammopathy is warranted in such patients.

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    Authors: Allegaert, Karel; Smits, Anne; van den Anker, Johannes N.;
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    Authors: Robinson, Katie R.; Masud, Tahir; Hawley-Hague, Helen;
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    Authors: Gulati, Vivek; Bakare, Seun; Tibrewal, Saket; Ismail, Nizar; +6 Authors
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    Authors: Zhang, Zhi-Jiang(School of Public Health, Wuhan University) Zhao, Genming(School of Public Health, Fudan University) Yu, Chuanhua(School of Public Health, Wuhan University) Bi, Yongyi(School of Public Health, Wuhan University) Zhang, Qingjun(Hubei Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan 430079) Song, Yiqing(Department of Epidemiology, Indiana University);
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    Authors: Kumar, K. Sathish; Selvaraj, V.; Alagar, M.;

    Polyethylene terephthalate-polylactic acid copolymer (PET-PLA) was synthesized from bis (2-hydroxyethyl terephthalate) and L-lactic acid oligomer in the presence of manganese antimony glycoxide as a catalyst. The synthesized PET-PLA copolymer was used for controlled drug release systems with gold nanoparticles. Fluorouracil containing PET-PLA nanocapsules was prepared in the presence of gold nanoparticles by solvent evaporation method. The morphologies of the nanocapsules were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Controlled release of Fu and Fu@Au was carried out in 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and 0.1 M HCl solution. The results indicated that the drug release for gold nanoparticles/fluorouracil (Au@Fu) incorporated PET-PLA nanocapsules was controlled and slow compared to Fu incorporated PET-PLA nanocapsules. This may be due to the interaction between the gold nanoparticles and fluorouracil in PET-PLA nanocapsules.

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    Authors: Sasi, Sharath P.; Park, Daniel; Muralidharan, Sujatha; Wage, Justin; +5 Authors
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    Authors: Povitz, Marcus Kimoff, R John;

    BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may impact the course of medical illness among hospitalized patients. Access to testing during hospitalization to assess this may be limited by wait times for laboratory polysomnography. Level 3 portable monitoring (PM) may provide an alternative.OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of technically adequate studies, diagnostic information obtained and impact on patient management of inpatient PM studies performed for SDB.METHODS: A retrospective review of 114 PM (Embletta, Natus Inc, Canada) records from the past two years was performed. Studies were ordered by pulmonologists, initiated by respiratory therapists and performed unattended on inpatient units. Admitting diagnoses, indication for sleep study, diagnostic information obtained from recordings and change in clinical management subsequent to PM were determined from medical charts.RESULTS: Of 114 studies reviewed, 99 (87%) met predetermined criteria for adequate signal quality and duration. Five studies could not be interpreted due to inadequate data, yielding an overall success rate of 83% (94 of 114). Of 86 studies performed for diagnosis, clinical and PM data supported a new diagnosis of SDB in 55 patients, of which 23 (42%) were started on positive pressure therapy. Thirteen PM studies were performed during SDB treatment. All were technically adequate and six of 13 demonstrated new or persistent SDB. Results from PM testing informed clinical management during hospitalization in 70 (61%) cases.CONCLUSION: Unattended level 3 PM studies are technically feasible in hospitalized patients and may provide information that influences clinical management.

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    Authors: Ohnishi, Takashi; Tanaka, Takuya; Nakamura, Yuka; Hashimoto, Noriaki; +4 Authors
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