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19 Research products, page 1 of 2

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  • 2018-2022
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  • Hal-Diderot

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  • English
    Authors: 
    Colombaroli, Daniele; Vannière, Boris; Daniau, Anne-Laure; Power, Mitchell James;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Technical report

  • English
    Authors: 
    Wunsch, Natasha;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, United Kingdom

    contribution à un site web; Several countries in the Western Balkans have responded to the Covid-19 outbreak with draconian measures that entail a further erosion of democracy, writes Natasha Wunsch. She argues the pandemic is shining a spotlight on the impact of geopolitical competition in the Western Balkans, where authoritarian forces are undermining the EU’s democracy promotion efforts.

  • Spanish
    Authors: 
    Pramova, Emilia; Locatelli, Bruno; Gregorio, Monica,; Brockhaus, Maria;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: UKRI | Centre for Climate Change... (ES/K006576/1)

    CIFOR Infobrief 290; Entender los vínculos que existen entre adaptación y mitigación ayuda a identificar los cobeneficios y reduce las interacciones negativas entre estos dos ámbitos del cambio climático.Entre las barreras se encuentran el aislamiento institucional y la falta de información: los actores que trabajan en adaptación no están bien informados sobre las acciones de mitigación y viceversa.Los análisis de redes de políticas nos permiten ver con mayor claridad las interacciones que existen entre los actores que trabajan en adaptación y aquellos que trabajan en mitigación, y lo que se puede hacer para mejorarlas.También, nos muestran a los actores de siempre y a los inesperados que pueden facilitar los vínculos entre estos dos ámbitos.Este InfoBrief resume los hallazgos de un análisis de redes de políticas climáticas llevado a cabo en Perú y publicado en la revista Climate Policy (Locatelli et al. 2020).

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2018
    English
    Authors: 
    Rovny, Jan;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: United Kingdom, France

    contribution à un site web : Blog LSE - EUROPP - European Politics and Policy; Miloš Zeman won a second term as Czech President on 27 January, narrowly defeating opposition candidate Jiří Drahoš. Jan Rovny writes that the country is now sharply divided between two political blocs that cut across old left-right allegiances, with identity politics playing an increasingly important role in shaping support. The presidential election also underlined that Czech politics is likely to take another step closer to Poland and Hungary, but with the key distinction that the country’s liberal opposition has shown an ability to unite against Zeman and garner almost 50% of the vote.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Snellen, Ignas; Albrecht, Simon; Anglada-Escudé, Guillem; Baraffe, Isabelle; Baudoz, Pierre; Benz, Willy; Beuzit, Jean-Luc; Biller, Beth; Birkby, Jayne; Boccaletti, Anthony; +57 more
    Countries: United Kingdom, France

    White paper for ESA Voyage 2050; In this white paper, we recommend the European Space Agency plays a proactive role in developing a global collaborative effort to construct a large high-contrast imaging space telescope, e.g. as currently under study by NASA. Such a mission will be needed to characterize a sizable sample of temperate Earth-like planets in the habitable zones of nearby Sun-like stars and to search for extraterrestrial biological activity. We provide an overview of relevant European expertise, and advocate ESA to start a technology development program towards detecting life outside the Solar system.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Monacelli, Martine; Boileau, Nicolas;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    In the context of the #metoo movement, some have expressed a long-running fear that feminism and the cause of women’s rights may enhance the opposition between men and women instead of bridging the gap between them, and create division instead of harmony. Martine Monacelli’s collection of texts written by men in favour of women’s rights could hardly have come at a better time to redefine the contours of the extent of men’s political engagement throughout the 20th century for women’s rights. The question of men and women’s equality is one that concerns everyone. Published in 2017, this collection is structured around four sections preceded by a preface and anintroduction, written by Martine Monacelli, that frame the selected texts and provide information and landmarks that historicise these extracts.

  • French
    Authors: 
    Baptiste, Enki;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2019
    French
    Authors: 
    Navarro, Danielle; Foxcroft, David; Meunier, Jean-Marc;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Version françaçise de Navarro, D. J., & Foxcroft, D. R. (2019). Learning statistics with Jamovi: a tutorial for psychology students and other beginners. (Version 0.70). Consulté à l’adresse http://www.learnstatswithJamovi.com; L'apprentissage des statistiques avec Jamovi couvre le contenu d'un cours d'introduction à la statistique, tel qu'il est généralement enseigné aux étudiants de premier cycle en psychologie. Le livre aborde la façon de commencer dans Jamovi et donne une introduction à la manipulation des données. D'un point de vue statistique, l'ouvrage traite d'abord des statistiques descriptives et la représentation graphique, puis de la théorie des probabilités, de l'échantillonnage et de l'estimation et de la vérification des hypothèses nulles. Après avoir présenté la théorie, le livre couvre l'analyse des tableaux de contingence, la corrélation, les tests t, la régression, l'ANOVA et l'analyse factorielle. Les statistiques bayésiennes sont présentées à la fin du livre.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dietrich, Franz; Staras, Antonios; sugden, robert;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: UKRI | The Network for Integrate... (ES/P008976/1), ANR | ColAForm (ANR-16-FRAL-0010), EC | NormativeEconomics (670103), ANR | CHOp (ANR-17-CE26-0003)

    URL des Documents de travail : https://centredeconomiesorbonne.cnrs.fr/publications/ Voir aussi l'article basé sur ce document de travail paru dans "Journal of Economic Methodology, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2021, 28 (2), pp.143-164. Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 2020.16 - ISSN : 1955-611X International audience Leonard Savage famously contravened his own theory when first confronting the Allais Paradox, but then convinced himself that the had made an error. We examine the formal structure of Savage's ‘error-correcting’ reasoning in the light of (i) behavioural economists' claims to identify the latent preferences of individuals who violate conventional rationality requirements and (ii) John Broome's critique of arguments which presuppose that rationality requirements can be achieved through reasoning. We argue that Savage's reasoning is not vulnerable to Broome's critique, but does not provide support for the view that behavioural scientists can identify and counteract errors in people's choices.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Diaconescu, Ada; Porter, Barry; Rodrigues, Roberto; Pournaras, Evangelos;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: United Kingdom, France

    System self-integration from open sets of components provides the basis for open adaptability to unpredictable environments. Hierarchical architectures are essential for enabling such systems to scale, as they allow to compromise between processing detailed knowledge in parallel and coordinating parallel processes from a more abstract viewpoint; recursively. This position paper aims to bring to the fore the following key design aspect of such hierarchical systems: how should the authority of decision and action be assigned across hierarchical levels, with respect to the self-awareness capabilities of these levels, The difficulty lays in that all levels lack knowledge, which may be key to certain decisions, because lower levels have detailed knowledge but within a narrow scope (good for local customisation), and higher levels have a broader scope but no details (good for global coordination). We highlight the most obvious authority schemes available and discuss their advantages and shortcomings: top-down, bottom-up, and iterative (yoyo). We discuss three detailed application examples from our previous work on hierarchical systems, pointing-out the knowledge and authority schemes employed and the possible alternatives. This provides a basis for offering system designers the necessary understanding and tools for taking the appropriate decisions with respect to the distribution of self-awareness capabilities and authority of decision and action across hierarchical system levels.

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