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3 research outcomes, page 1 of 1
  • publication . Preprint . Article . 2011
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Ugo Gragnolati; Daniele Moschella; Emanuele Pugliese;
    Persistent Identifiers
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Italy, France

    Why was the Industrial Revolution British? In a recent article published in this Journal, Robert Allen argues that only in England was the price of labor relative to capital high enough to justify the adoption of the labor-saving technologies which characterized the Ind...

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  • publication . Article . 2012
    Open Access English
    Authors:
    Alessandro Nuvolari; Michelangelo Vasta;
    Country: Italy

    In this paper we provide a survey of the long term evolution of the Italian “National innovation system” since the unification. . First we provide a broad reconstruction of long term trends by examining a wide range of quantitative indicators of science and technologica...

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  • publication . Article . 2011
    Open Access
    Authors:
    Carsten Burhop;

    In this paper, we describe the emergence and evolution of pharmaceutical research at the German company E. Merck during the late 19th and early 20th century. Revolutionary changes in the scientific knowledge base, especially the rise of bacteriological research, and the...

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3 research outcomes, page 1 of 1