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  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vogel, Felix; Frey, Matthias; Staufer, Johannes; Hase, Frank; Broquet, Grégoire; Xueref-Remy, Irène; Chevallier, Frédéric; Ciais, Philippe; Sha, Mahesh Kumar; Chelin, Pascale; +7 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Providing timely information on urban greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and their trends to stakeholders relies on reliable measurements of atmospheric concentrations and the understanding of how local emissions and atmospheric transport influence these observations. Portable Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers were deployed at five stations in the Paris metropolitan area to provide column-averaged concentrations of CO2 (XCO2) during a field campaign in spring of 2015, as part of the Collaborative Carbon Column Observing Network (COCCON). Here, we describe and analyze the variations of XCO2 observed at different sites and how they changed over time. We find that observations upwind and downwind of the city centre differ significantly in their XCO2 concentrations, while the overall variability of the daily cycle is similar, i.e. increasing during night-time with a strong decrease (typically 2–3 ppm) during the afternoon. An atmospheric transport model framework (CHIMERE-CAMS) was used to simulate XCO2 and predict the same behaviour seen in the observations, which supports key findings, e.g. that even in a densely populated region like Paris (over 12 million people), biospheric uptake of CO2 can be of major influence on daily XCO2 variations. Despite a general offset between modelled and observed XCO2, the model correctly predicts the impact of the meteorological parameters (e.g. wind direction and speed) on the concentration gradients between different stations. When analyzing local gradients of XCO2 for upwind and downwind station pairs, those local gradients are found to be less sensitive to changes in XCO2 boundary conditions and biogenic fluxes within the domain and we find the model–data agreement further improves. Our modelling framework indicates that the local XCO2 gradient between the stations is dominated by the fossil fuel CO2 signal of the Paris metropolitan area. This further highlights the potential usefulness of XCO2 observations to help optimize future urban GHG emission estimates.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Olarinoye, Tunde; Gleeson, Tom; Marx, Vera; Seeger, Stefan; Adinehvand, Rouhollah; Allocca, Vincenzo; Andreo, Bartolome; Apaéstegui, James; Apolit, Christophe; Arfib, Bruno; +50 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Germany
    Project: UKRI | MaRIUS: Managing the Risk... (NE/L010399/1)

    Karst aquifers provide drinking water for 10% of the world’s population, support agriculture, groundwater-dependent activities, and ecosystems. These aquifers are characterised by complex groundwater-flow systems, hence, they are extremely vulnerable and protecting them requires an in-depth understanding of the systems. Poor data accessibility has limited advances in karst research and realistic representation of karst processes in large-scale hydrological studies. In this study, we present World Karst Spring hydrograph (WoKaS) database, a community-wide effort to improve data accessibility. WoKaS is the first global karst springs discharge database with over 400 spring observations collected from articles, hydrological databases and researchers. The dataset’s coverage compares to the global distribution of carbonate rocks with some bias towards the latitudes of more developed countries. WoKaS database will ensure easy access to a large-sample of good quality datasets suitable for a wide range of applications: comparative studies, trend analysis and model evaluation. This database will largely contribute to research advancement in karst hydrology, supports karst groundwater management, and promotes international and interdisciplinary collaborations. Measurement(s)hydrographic feature • fluid flow rateTechnology Type(s)digital curationFactor Type(s)geographic location • yearSample Characteristic - Environmentkarst • spring • groundwater Machine-accessible metadata file describing the reported data: 10.6084/m9.figshare.11336507

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Amanda Weltman; Philip Bull; Stefano Camera; Katharine Kelley; Hamsa Padmanabhan; Jonathan R. Pritchard; Alvise Raccanelli; Signe Riemer-Sørensen; Lijing Shao; Sambatra Andrianomena; +43 more
    Countries: Italy, France, Netherlands, Italy, United Kingdom, United States, Spain, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom
    Project: NSERC , EC | FirstDawn (638743), EC | MAGCOW (714196), NSF | Support of LIGO Data Anal... (1505861), EC | COSMOFLAGS (706896), EC | AstroFIt2 (664931), NSF | Expanding interdisciplina... (0734800)

    The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a planned large radio interferometer designed to operate over a wide range of frequencies, and with an order of magnitude greater sensitivity and survey speed than any current radio telescope. The SKA will address many important topics in astronomy, ranging from planet formation to distant galaxies. However, in this work, we consider the perspective of the SKA as a facility for studying physics. We review four areas in which the SKA is expected to make major contributions to our understanding of fundamental physics: cosmic dawn and reionisation; gravity and gravitational radiation; cosmology and dark energy; and dark matter and astroparticle physics. These discussions demonstrate that the SKA will be a spectacular physics machine, which will provide many new breakthroughs and novel insights on matter, energy, and spacetime. A. Racanelli has received funding from the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union H2020 Programme under REA grant agreement number 706896 (COSMOFLAGS). Funding for this work was partially provided by the Spanish MINECO under MDM-2014-0369 of ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia ‘Maria de Maeztu’). Square Kilometre Array: et al. arXiv:1810.02680v3 Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Claudia P. Gutiérrez; Joseph P. Anderson; Mario Hamuy; Nidia Morrell; Santiago González-Gaitán; Maximilian Stritzinger; Mark M. Phillips; Lluís Galbany; Gastón Folatelli; Luc Dessart; +16 more
    Countries: France, Italy, Argentina, Argentina, France, Denmark
    Project: NSF | Nearby Supernovae: Discov... (0908886), NSF | The Carnegie Supernova Pr... (0607438), NSF | Measuring the Universe wi... (0306969), EC | SPCND (615929), NSF | The Carnegie Supernova Pr... (1008343)

    We present 888 visual-wavelength spectra of 122 nearby type II supernovae (SNe II) obtained between 1986 and 2009, and ranging between 3 and 363 days post-explosion. In this first paper, we outline our observations and data reduction techniques, together with a characterization based on the spectral diversity of SNe II. A statistical analysis of the spectral matching technique is discussed as an alternative to nondetection constraints for estimating SN explosion epochs. The time evolution of spectral lines is presented and analyzed in terms of how this differs for SNe of different photometric, spectral, and environmental properties: velocities, pseudo-equivalent widths, decline rates, magnitudes, time durations, and environment metallicity. Our sample displays a large range in ejecta expansion velocities, from ∼9600 to ∼1500 km s-1 at 50 days post-explosion with a median Hα value of 7300 km s-1. This is most likely explained through differing explosion energies. Significant diversity is also observed in the absolute strength of spectral lines, characterized through their pseudo-equivalent widths. This implies significant diversity in both temperature evolution (linked to progenitor radius) and progenitor metallicity between different SNe II. Around 60% of our sample shows an extra absorption component on the blue side of the Hα P-Cygni profile ("Cachito" feature) between 7 and 120 days since explosion. Studying the nature of Cachito, we conclude that these features at early times (before ∼35 days) are associated with Si ii λ6355, while past the middle of the plateau phase they are related to high velocity (HV) features of hydrogen lines. Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Achraf Ammar; Michael Brach; Khaled Trabelsi; Hamdi Chtourou; Omar Boukhris; Liwa Masmoudi; Bassem Bouaziz; Ellen Bentlage; Daniella How; Mona A. Ahmed; +47 more
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
    Country: France

    AbstractBackgroundPublic health recommendations and governmental measures during the COVID-19 pandemic have enforced numerous restrictions on daily living including social distancing, isolation and home confinement. While these measures are imperative to abate the spreading of COVID-19, the impact of these restrictions on health behaviours and lifestyle at home is undefined. Therefore, an international online survey was launched in April 2020 in seven languages to elucidate the behavioral and lifestyle consequences of COVID-19 restrictions. This report presents the preliminary results from the first thousand responders on physical activity (PA) and nutrition behaviours.MethodsThirty-five research organisations from Europe, North-Africa, Western Asia and the Americas promoted the survey through their networks to the general society, in English, German, French, Arabic, Spanish, Portugese, and Slovenian languages. Questions were presented in a differential format with questions related to responses “before” and “during” confinement conditions.Results1047 replies (54% women) from Asia (36%), Africa (40%), Europe (21%) and other (3%) were included into a general analysis. The COVID-19 home confinement had a negative effect on all intensities of PA (vigorous, moderate, walking and overall). Conversely, daily sitting time increased from 5 to 8 hours per day. Additionally, food consumption and meal patterns (the type of food, eating out of control, snacks between meals, number of meals) were more unhealthy during confinement with only alcohol binge drink decreasing significantly.ConclusionWhile isolation is a necessary measure to protect public health, our results indicate that it alters physical activity and eating behaviours in a direction that would compromise health. A more detailed analysis of survey data will allow for a segregation of these responses in different age groups, countries and other subgroups which will help develop bespoke interventions to mitigate the negative lifestyle behaviors manifest during the COVID-19 confinement.

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . Other literature type . Research . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Salvatore Aiola; Simon Akar; Johannes Albrecht; Sandra Amato; G. Andreassi; John Back; Wander Baldini; William Barter; Fedor Baryshnikov; Jan-Marc Basels; +260 more
    Publisher: SpringerOpen
    Countries: Italy, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, United Kingdom, France, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Italy ...
    Project: EC | pANUCSTR (792684)

    A precision measurement of the $ {B}_c^{+} $ meson mass is performed using proton- proton collision data collected with the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 9.0 fb$^{−1}$. The $ {B}_c^{+} $ mesons are reconstructed via the decays $ {B}_c^{+} $→ J/ψπ$^{+}$, $ {B}_c^{+} $→ J/ψπ$^{+}$π$^{−}$π$^{+}$, $ {B}_c^{+}\to J/\psi p\overline{p}{\pi}^{+} $, $ {B}_c^{+}\to J/\psi {D}_s^{+} $, $ {B}_c^{+} $→ J/ψ D$^{0}$K$^{+}$ and $ {B}_c^{+}\to {B}_s^0{\pi}^{+} $. Combining the results of the individual decay channels, the $ {B}_c^{+} $ mass is measured to be 6274.47 ± 0.27 (stat) ± 0.17 (syst) MeV/c$^{2}$. This is the most precise measurement of the $ {B}_c^{+} $ mass to date. The difference between the $ {B}_c^{+} $ and $ {B}_s^0 $ meson masses is measured to be 907.75 ± 0.37 (stat) ± 0.27 (syst) MeV/c$^2.$ Journal of high energy physics 07(7), 123 (1-20) (2020). doi:10.1007/JHEP07(2020)123 Published by SISSA, [Trieste]

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Francesco Petrelli; Tamara Zehnder; Luca Pucci; Corrado Calì; Bianca Maria Bondiolotti; Alicia Molinero Perez; Glenn Dallérac; Nicole Déglon; Bruno Giros; Fulvio Magara; +4 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    AbstractAstrocytes control synaptic activity by modulating peri-synaptic concentrations of ion and neurotransmitters including dopamine and, as such, can be critically involved in the modulation of some aspect of mammalian behavior. Here we report that genetic mouse model with a reduced medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) dopamine levels, arising from astrocyte-specific conditional deletion of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2; aVMTA2cKO mice) shows excessive grooming and anxiety-like behaviour. The VMAT2cKO mice also develop a synaptic pathology, expressed through increased relative AMPA vs. NMDA receptor currents in synapses of the dorsal striatum receiving inputs from the mPFC. Importantly, behavioural and synaptic phenotypes are prevented by reexpression of mPFC VMAT2, showing that the deficits are driven by mPFC astrocytes. By analysing human tissue samples, we found that VMAT2 is expressed in human mPFC astrocytes, corroborating the potential translational relevance of our observations in mice. Our study shows that impairments of the astrocytic-control of dopamine in the mPFC has a profound impact on circuit function and behaviours, which resemble symptoms of anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Philip Urban; Roxana Mehran; Roisin Colleran; Dominick J. Angiolillo; Robert A. Byrne; Davide Capodanno; Thomas Cuisset; Donald E. Cutlip; Pedro Eerdmans; John Eikelboom; +24 more
    Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Kardiologi
    Countries: Switzerland, Netherlands, United Kingdom, France, Sweden, France, France
    Project: NIH | Genomic Medicine Implemen... (5U01HG007269-02), NIH | UF Clinical and Translati... (3UL1TR000064-05S2)

    Abstract Identification and management of patients at high bleeding risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are of major importance, but a lack of standardization in defining this population limits trial design, data interpretation, and clinical decision-making. The Academic Research Consortium for High Bleeding Risk (ARC-HBR) is a collaboration among leading research organizations, regulatory authorities, and physician-scientists from the United States, Asia, and Europe focusing on percutaneous coronary intervention–related bleeding. Two meetings of the 31-member consortium were held in Washington, DC, in April 2018 and in Paris, France, in October 2018. These meetings were organized by the Cardiovascular European Research Center on behalf of the ARC-HBR group and included representatives of the US Food and Drug Administration and the Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, as well as observers from the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. A consensus definition of patients at high bleeding risk was developed that was based on review of the available evidence. The definition is intended to provide consistency in defining this population for clinical trials and to complement clinical decision-making and regulatory review. The proposed ARC-HBR consensus document represents the first pragmatic approach to a consistent definition of high bleeding risk in clinical trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of devices and drug regimens for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Adams, C. B.; Benbow, W.; Finley, J. P.; Cortina, J.; Covino, S.; D'Amico, G.; D'Elia, V.; Da Vela, P.; Dazzi, F.; De Angelis, A.; +313 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Norway, Spain, Netherlands, France, Croatia, United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Spain, Poland ...
    Project: AKA | Intrinsic Very High Energ... (320045), NSERC

    The results of gamma-ray observations of the binary system HESS J0632 + 057 collected during 450 hr over 15 yr, between 2004 and 2019, are presented. Data taken with the atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes H.E.S.S., MAGIC, and VERITAS at energies above 350 GeV were used together with observations at X-ray energies obtained with Swift-XRT, Chandra, XMM-Newton, NuSTAR, and Suzaku. Some of these observations were accompanied by measurements of the H�� emission line. A significant detection of the modulation of the very high-energy gamma-ray fluxes with a period of 316.7 �� 4.4 days is reported, consistent with the period of 317.3 �� 0.7 days obtained with a refined analysis of X-ray data. The analysis of data from four orbital cycles with dense observational coverage reveals short-timescale variability, with flux-decay timescales of less than 20 days at very high energies. Flux variations observed over a timescale of several years indicate orbit-to-orbit variability. The analysis confirms the previously reported correlation of X-ray and gamma-ray emission from the system at very high significance, but cannot find any correlation of optical H�� parameters with fluxes at X-ray or gamma-ray energies in simultaneous observations. The key finding is that the emission of HESS J0632 + 057 in the X-ray and gamma-ray energy bands is highly variable on different timescales. The ratio of gamma-ray to X-ray flux shows the equality or even dominance of the gamma-ray energy range. This wealth of new data is interpreted taking into account the insufficient knowledge of the ephemeris of the system, and discussed in the context of results reported on other gamma-ray binary systems. The astrophysical journal 923(2), 241 (2021). doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac29b7 Published by Univ., Chicago, Ill. [u.a.]

  • Publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    K. Kiiveri; Daniel Gruen; Alexis Finoguenov; Thomas Erben; L. van Waerbeke; Eli S. Rykoff; Lance Miller; Steffen Hagstotz; R. A. Dupke; J. Patrick Henry; +12 more
    Countries: France, Finland, Switzerland
    Project: AKA | The COSMOS legacy survey (266918), AKA | Euclid Cosmology Mission ... (292882), AKA | Euclid Cosmology Mission ... (295113)

    The COnstrain Dark Energy with X-ray clusters (CODEX) sample contains the largest flux limited sample of X-ray clusters at $0.35 = \alpha \mu + \beta$, with $\mu = \ln (M_{200c}/M_{\mathrm{piv}})$, and $M_{\mathrm{piv}} = 10^{14.81} M_{\odot}$. We find a slope $\alpha = 0.49^{+0.20}_{-0.15}$, normalization $ \exp(\beta) = 84.0^{+9.2}_{-14.8}$ and $\sigma_{\ln \lambda | \mu} = 0.17^{+0.13}_{-0.09}$ using CFHT richness estimates. In comparison to other weak lensing richness-mass relations, we find the normalization of the richness statistically agreeing with the normalization of other scaling relations from a broad redshift range ($0.0

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arrow_drop_down
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1,268 Research products, page 1 of 127
  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vogel, Felix; Frey, Matthias; Staufer, Johannes; Hase, Frank; Broquet, Grégoire; Xueref-Remy, Irène; Chevallier, Frédéric; Ciais, Philippe; Sha, Mahesh Kumar; Chelin, Pascale; +7 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Providing timely information on urban greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and their trends to stakeholders relies on reliable measurements of atmospheric concentrations and the understanding of how local emissions and atmospheric transport influence these observations. Portable Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers were deployed at five stations in the Paris metropolitan area to provide column-averaged concentrations of CO2 (XCO2) during a field campaign in spring of 2015, as part of the Collaborative Carbon Column Observing Network (COCCON). Here, we describe and analyze the variations of XCO2 observed at different sites and how they changed over time. We find that observations upwind and downwind of the city centre differ significantly in their XCO2 concentrations, while the overall variability of the daily cycle is similar, i.e. increasing during night-time with a strong decrease (typically 2–3 ppm) during the afternoon. An atmospheric transport model framework (CHIMERE-CAMS) was used to simulate XCO2 and predict the same behaviour seen in the observations, which supports key findings, e.g. that even in a densely populated region like Paris (over 12 million people), biospheric uptake of CO2 can be of major influence on daily XCO2 variations. Despite a general offset between modelled and observed XCO2, the model correctly predicts the impact of the meteorological parameters (e.g. wind direction and speed) on the concentration gradients between different stations. When analyzing local gradients of XCO2 for upwind and downwind station pairs, those local gradients are found to be less sensitive to changes in XCO2 boundary conditions and biogenic fluxes within the domain and we find the model–data agreement further improves. Our modelling framework indicates that the local XCO2 gradient between the stations is dominated by the fossil fuel CO2 signal of the Paris metropolitan area. This further highlights the potential usefulness of XCO2 observations to help optimize future urban GHG emission estimates.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Olarinoye, Tunde; Gleeson, Tom; Marx, Vera; Seeger, Stefan; Adinehvand, Rouhollah; Allocca, Vincenzo; Andreo, Bartolome; Apaéstegui, James; Apolit, Christophe; Arfib, Bruno; +50 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Germany
    Project: UKRI | MaRIUS: Managing the Risk... (NE/L010399/1)

    Karst aquifers provide drinking water for 10% of the world’s population, support agriculture, groundwater-dependent activities, and ecosystems. These aquifers are characterised by complex groundwater-flow systems, hence, they are extremely vulnerable and protecting them requires an in-depth understanding of the systems. Poor data accessibility has limited advances in karst research and realistic representation of karst processes in large-scale hydrological studies. In this study, we present World Karst Spring hydrograph (WoKaS) database, a community-wide effort to improve data accessibility. WoKaS is the first global karst springs discharge database with over 400 spring observations collected from articles, hydrological databases and researchers. The dataset’s coverage compares to the global distribution of carbonate rocks with some bias towards the latitudes of more developed countries. WoKaS database will ensure easy access to a large-sample of good quality datasets suitable for a wide range of applications: comparative studies, trend analysis and model evaluation. This database will largely contribute to research advancement in karst hydrology, supports karst groundwater management, and promotes international and interdisciplinary collaborations. Measurement(s)hydrographic feature • fluid flow rateTechnology Type(s)digital curationFactor Type(s)geographic location • yearSample Characteristic - Environmentkarst • spring • groundwater Machine-accessible metadata file describing the reported data: 10.6084/m9.figshare.11336507

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Amanda Weltman; Philip Bull; Stefano Camera; Katharine Kelley; Hamsa Padmanabhan; Jonathan R. Pritchard; Alvise Raccanelli; Signe Riemer-Sørensen; Lijing Shao; Sambatra Andrianomena; +43 more
    Countries: Italy, France, Netherlands, Italy, United Kingdom, United States, Spain, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom
    Project: NSERC , EC | FirstDawn (638743), EC | MAGCOW (714196), NSF | Support of LIGO Data Anal... (1505861), EC | COSMOFLAGS (706896), EC | AstroFIt2 (664931), NSF | Expanding interdisciplina... (0734800)

    The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a planned large radio interferometer designed to operate over a wide range of frequencies, and with an order of magnitude greater sensitivity and survey speed than any current radio telescope. The SKA will address many important topics in astronomy, ranging from planet formation to distant galaxies. However, in this work, we consider the perspective of the SKA as a facility for studying physics. We review four areas in which the SKA is expected to make major contributions to our understanding of fundamental physics: cosmic dawn and reionisation; gravity and gravitational radiation; cosmology and dark energy; and dark matter and astroparticle physics. These discussions demonstrate that the SKA will be a spectacular physics machine, which will provide many new breakthroughs and novel insights on matter, energy, and spacetime. A. Racanelli has received funding from the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union H2020 Programme under REA grant agreement number 706896 (COSMOFLAGS). Funding for this work was partially provided by the Spanish MINECO under MDM-2014-0369 of ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia ‘Maria de Maeztu’). Square Kilometre Array: et al. arXiv:1810.02680v3 Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Claudia P. Gutiérrez; Joseph P. Anderson; Mario Hamuy; Nidia Morrell; Santiago González-Gaitán; Maximilian Stritzinger; Mark M. Phillips; Lluís Galbany; Gastón Folatelli; Luc Dessart; +16 more
    Countries: France, Italy, Argentina, Argentina, France, Denmark
    Project: NSF | Nearby Supernovae: Discov... (0908886), NSF | The Carnegie Supernova Pr... (0607438), NSF | Measuring the Universe wi... (0306969), EC | SPCND (615929), NSF | The Carnegie Supernova Pr... (1008343)

    We present 888 visual-wavelength spectra of 122 nearby type II supernovae (SNe II) obtained between 1986 and 2009, and ranging between 3 and 363 days post-explosion. In this first paper, we outline our observations and data reduction techniques, together with a characterization based on the spectral diversity of SNe II. A statistical analysis of the spectral matching technique is discussed as an alternative to nondetection constraints for estimating SN explosion epochs. The time evolution of spectral lines is presented and analyzed in terms of how this differs for SNe of different photometric, spectral, and environmental properties: velocities, pseudo-equivalent widths, decline rates, magnitudes, time durations, and environment metallicity. Our sample displays a large range in ejecta expansion velocities, from ∼9600 to ∼1500 km s-1 at 50 days post-explosion with a median Hα value of 7300 km s-1. This is most likely explained through differing explosion energies. Significant diversity is also observed in the absolute strength of spectral lines, characterized through their pseudo-equivalent widths. This implies significant diversity in both temperature evolution (linked to progenitor radius) and progenitor metallicity between different SNe II. Around 60% of our sample shows an extra absorption component on the blue side of the Hα P-Cygni profile ("Cachito" feature) between 7 and 120 days since explosion. Studying the nature of Cachito, we conclude that these features at early times (before ∼35 days) are associated with Si ii λ6355, while past the middle of the plateau phase they are related to high velocity (HV) features of hydrogen lines. Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Achraf Ammar; Michael Brach; Khaled Trabelsi; Hamdi Chtourou; Omar Boukhris; Liwa Masmoudi; Bassem Bouaziz; Ellen Bentlage; Daniella How; Mona A. Ahmed; +47 more
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
    Country: France

    AbstractBackgroundPublic health recommendations and governmental measures during the COVID-19 pandemic have enforced numerous restrictions on daily living including social distancing, isolation and home confinement. While these measures are imperative to abate the spreading of COVID-19, the impact of these restrictions on health behaviours and lifestyle at home is undefined. Therefore, an international online survey was launched in April 2020 in seven languages to elucidate the behavioral and lifestyle consequences of COVID-19 restrictions. This report presents the preliminary results from the first thousand responders on physical activity (PA) and nutrition behaviours.MethodsThirty-five research organisations from Europe, North-Africa, Western Asia and the Americas promoted the survey through their networks to the general society, in English, German, French, Arabic, Spanish, Portugese, and Slovenian languages. Questions were presented in a differential format with questions related to responses “before” and “during” confinement conditions.Results1047 replies (54% women) from Asia (36%), Africa (40%), Europe (21%) and other (3%) were included into a general analysis. The COVID-19 home confinement had a negative effect on all intensities of PA (vigorous, moderate, walking and overall). Conversely, daily sitting time increased from 5 to 8 hours per day. Additionally, food consumption and meal patterns (the type of food, eating out of control, snacks between meals, number of meals) were more unhealthy during confinement with only alcohol binge drink decreasing significantly.ConclusionWhile isolation is a necessary measure to protect public health, our results indicate that it alters physical activity and eating behaviours in a direction that would compromise health. A more detailed analysis of survey data will allow for a segregation of these responses in different age groups, countries and other subgroups which will help develop bespoke interventions to mitigate the negative lifestyle behaviors manifest during the COVID-19 confinement.

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . Other literature type . Research . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Salvatore Aiola; Simon Akar; Johannes Albrecht; Sandra Amato; G. Andreassi; John Back; Wander Baldini; William Barter; Fedor Baryshnikov; Jan-Marc Basels; +260 more
    Publisher: SpringerOpen
    Countries: Italy, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, United Kingdom, France, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Italy ...
    Project: EC | pANUCSTR (792684)

    A precision measurement of the $ {B}_c^{+} $ meson mass is performed using proton- proton collision data collected with the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 9.0 fb$^{−1}$. The $ {B}_c^{+} $ mesons are reconstructed via the decays $ {B}_c^{+} $→ J/ψπ$^{+}$, $ {B}_c^{+} $→ J/ψπ$^{+}$π$^{−}$π$^{+}$, $ {B}_c^{+}\to J/\psi p\overline{p}{\pi}^{+} $, $ {B}_c^{+}\to J/\psi {D}_s^{+} $, $ {B}_c^{+} $→ J/ψ D$^{0}$K$^{+}$ and $ {B}_c^{+}\to {B}_s^0{\pi}^{+} $. Combining the results of the individual decay channels, the $ {B}_c^{+} $ mass is measured to be 6274.47 ± 0.27 (stat) ± 0.17 (syst) MeV/c$^{2}$. This is the most precise measurement of the $ {B}_c^{+} $ mass to date. The difference between the $ {B}_c^{+} $ and $ {B}_s^0 $ meson masses is measured to be 907.75 ± 0.37 (stat) ± 0.27 (syst) MeV/c$^2.$ Journal of high energy physics 07(7), 123 (1-20) (2020). doi:10.1007/JHEP07(2020)123 Published by SISSA, [Trieste]

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Francesco Petrelli; Tamara Zehnder; Luca Pucci; Corrado Calì; Bianca Maria Bondiolotti; Alicia Molinero Perez; Glenn Dallérac; Nicole Déglon; Bruno Giros; Fulvio Magara; +4 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    AbstractAstrocytes control synaptic activity by modulating peri-synaptic concentrations of ion and neurotransmitters including dopamine and, as such, can be critically involved in the modulation of some aspect of mammalian behavior. Here we report that genetic mouse model with a reduced medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) dopamine levels, arising from astrocyte-specific conditional deletion of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2; aVMTA2cKO mice) shows excessive grooming and anxiety-like behaviour. The VMAT2cKO mice also develop a synaptic pathology, expressed through increased relative AMPA vs. NMDA receptor currents in synapses of the dorsal striatum receiving inputs from the mPFC. Importantly, behavioural and synaptic phenotypes are prevented by reexpression of mPFC VMAT2, showing that the deficits are driven by mPFC astrocytes. By analysing human tissue samples, we found that VMAT2 is expressed in human mPFC astrocytes, corroborating the potential translational relevance of our observations in mice. Our study shows that impairments of the astrocytic-control of dopamine in the mPFC has a profound impact on circuit function and behaviours, which resemble symptoms of anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Philip Urban; Roxana Mehran; Roisin Colleran; Dominick J. Angiolillo; Robert A. Byrne; Davide Capodanno; Thomas Cuisset; Donald E. Cutlip; Pedro Eerdmans; John Eikelboom; +24 more
    Publisher: Uppsala universitet, Kardiologi
    Countries: Switzerland, Netherlands, United Kingdom, France, Sweden, France, France
    Project: NIH | Genomic Medicine Implemen... (5U01HG007269-02), NIH | UF Clinical and Translati... (3UL1TR000064-05S2)

    Abstract Identification and management of patients at high bleeding risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are of major importance, but a lack of standardization in defining this population limits trial design, data interpretation, and clinical decision-making. The Academic Research Consortium for High Bleeding Risk (ARC-HBR) is a collaboration among leading research organizations, regulatory authorities, and physician-scientists from the United States, Asia, and Europe focusing on percutaneous coronary intervention–related bleeding. Two meetings of the 31-member consortium were held in Washington, DC, in April 2018 and in Paris, France, in October 2018. These meetings were organized by the Cardiovascular European Research Center on behalf of the ARC-HBR group and included representatives of the US Food and Drug Administration and the Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, as well as observers from the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. A consensus definition of patients at high bleeding risk was developed that was based on review of the available evidence. The definition is intended to provide consistency in defining this population for clinical trials and to complement clinical decision-making and regulatory review. The proposed ARC-HBR consensus document represents the first pragmatic approach to a consistent definition of high bleeding risk in clinical trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of devices and drug regimens for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Adams, C. B.; Benbow, W.; Finley, J. P.; Cortina, J.; Covino, S.; D'Amico, G.; D'Elia, V.; Da Vela, P.; Dazzi, F.; De Angelis, A.; +313 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Norway, Spain, Netherlands, France, Croatia, United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Spain, Poland ...
    Project: AKA | Intrinsic Very High Energ... (320045), NSERC

    The results of gamma-ray observations of the binary system HESS J0632 + 057 collected during 450 hr over 15 yr, between 2004 and 2019, are presented. Data taken with the atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes H.E.S.S., MAGIC, and VERITAS at energies above 350 GeV were used together with observations at X-ray energies obtained with Swift-XRT, Chandra, XMM-Newton, NuSTAR, and Suzaku. Some of these observations were accompanied by measurements of the H�� emission line. A significant detection of the modulation of the very high-energy gamma-ray fluxes with a period of 316.7 �� 4.4 days is reported, consistent with the period of 317.3 �� 0.7 days obtained with a refined analysis of X-ray data. The analysis of data from four orbital cycles with dense observational coverage reveals short-timescale variability, with flux-decay timescales of less than 20 days at very high energies. Flux variations observed over a timescale of several years indicate orbit-to-orbit variability. The analysis confirms the previously reported correlation of X-ray and gamma-ray emission from the system at very high significance, but cannot find any correlation of optical H�� parameters with fluxes at X-ray or gamma-ray energies in simultaneous observations. The key finding is that the emission of HESS J0632 + 057 in the X-ray and gamma-ray energy bands is highly variable on different timescales. The ratio of gamma-ray to X-ray flux shows the equality or even dominance of the gamma-ray energy range. This wealth of new data is interpreted taking into account the insufficient knowledge of the ephemeris of the system, and discussed in the context of results reported on other gamma-ray binary systems. The astrophysical journal 923(2), 241 (2021). doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac29b7 Published by Univ., Chicago, Ill. [u.a.]

  • Publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    K. Kiiveri; Daniel Gruen; Alexis Finoguenov; Thomas Erben; L. van Waerbeke; Eli S. Rykoff; Lance Miller; Steffen Hagstotz; R. A. Dupke; J. Patrick Henry; +12 more
    Countries: France, Finland, Switzerland
    Project: AKA | The COSMOS legacy survey (266918), AKA | Euclid Cosmology Mission ... (292882), AKA | Euclid Cosmology Mission ... (295113)

    The COnstrain Dark Energy with X-ray clusters (CODEX) sample contains the largest flux limited sample of X-ray clusters at $0.35 = \alpha \mu + \beta$, with $\mu = \ln (M_{200c}/M_{\mathrm{piv}})$, and $M_{\mathrm{piv}} = 10^{14.81} M_{\odot}$. We find a slope $\alpha = 0.49^{+0.20}_{-0.15}$, normalization $ \exp(\beta) = 84.0^{+9.2}_{-14.8}$ and $\sigma_{\ln \lambda | \mu} = 0.17^{+0.13}_{-0.09}$ using CFHT richness estimates. In comparison to other weak lensing richness-mass relations, we find the normalization of the richness statistically agreeing with the normalization of other scaling relations from a broad redshift range ($0.0

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