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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Yu Wu; Wei Wu; Chen Xing; Can Xu; Zhoujun Li; Ming Zhou;
    Publisher: The MIT Press

    We study the problem of response selection for multi-turn conversation in retrieval-based chatbots. The task requires matching a response candidate with a conversation context, whose challenges include how to recognize important parts of the context, and how to model th...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Sara Stymne; Nicola Cancedda; Lars Ahrenberg;
    Publisher: Linköpings universitet, NLPLAB - Laboratoriet för databehandling av naturligt språk
    Country: Sweden

    In this article we investigate statistical machine translation (SMT) into Germanic languages, with a focus on compound processing. Our main goal is to enable the generation of novel compounds that have not been seen in the training data. We adopt a split-merge strategy...

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Debanjan Ghosh; Alexander R. Fabbri; Smaranda Muresan;
    Publisher: The MIT Press

    Computational models for sarcasm detection have often relied on the content of utterances in isolation. However, the speaker's sarcastic intent is not always apparent without additional context. Focusing on social media discussions, we investigate three issues: (1) does...

  • Publication . Contribution for newspaper or weekly magazine . Article . Conference object . 2008
    Open Access English

    This article proposes a novel framework for representing and measuring local coherence. Central to this approach is the entity-grid representation of discourse, which captures patterns of entity distribution in a text. The algorithm introduced in the article automatica...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Shuntaro Takahashi; Kumiko Tanaka-Ishii;

    In this article, we evaluate computational models of natural language with respect to the universal statistical behaviors of natural language. Statistical mechanical analyses have revealed that natural language text is characterized by scaling properties, which quantify...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    McCarthy, Diana; Carroll, John;
    Publisher: MIT Press
    Country: United Kingdom

    Selectional preferences have been used by word sense disambiguation (WSD) systems as one source of disambiguating information. We evaluate WSD using selectional preferences acquired for English adjective—noun, subject, and direct object grammatical relationships with r...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gokhan Tur; Andreas Stolcke; Dilek Hakkani-Tur; Elizabeth Shriberg;
    Country: Turkey
    Project: NSF | STIMULATE: Modeling and A... (9619921)

    We present a probabilistic model that uses both prosodic and lexical cues for the automatic segmentation of speech into topically coherent units. We propose two methods for combining lexical and prosodic information using hidden Markov models and decision trees. Lexical...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mark-Jan Nederhof;
    Country: Netherlands

    We show that under certain conditions, a language model can be trained on the basis of a second language model. The main instance of the technique trains a finite automaton on the basis of a probabilistic context-free grammar, such that the Kullback-Leibler distance be...

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Saif M. Mohammad; Bonnie J. Dorr; Graeme Hirst; Peter D. Turney;
    Country: Canada
    Project: NSERC , NSF | III-COR: iOPENER - A Flex... (0705832)

    Knowing the degree of semantic contrast between words has widespread application in natural language processing, including machine translation, information retrieval, and dialogue systems. Manually created lexicons focus on opposites, such as hot and cold. Opposites ar...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Silvio Ricardo Cordeiro; Aline Villavicencio; Marco Idiart; Carlos Ramisch;
    Publisher: MIT Press - Journals
    Countries: France, United Kingdom
    Project: ANR | PARSEME-FR (ANR-14-CERA-0001)

    International audience; Nominal compounds such as red wine and nut case display a continuum of compositionality, with varying contributions from the components of the compound to its semantics. This article proposes a framework for compound compositionality prediction u...