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  • Publications
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  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
  • Part of book or chapter of book
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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Manuela Incerti; Gaia Lavoratti; Sara D'Amico; Stefano Giannetti;
    Publisher: Springer, Cham
    Country: Italy

    The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is one of Ravenna’s UNESCO protected monuments, globally renowned for the extraordinary mosaic decorations that cover the internal surfaces. The famous starry vault profoundly engages and inspires the observer. It has been studied for its accuracy in the representation of the real sky, but also because of its mystical and symbolic meaning in relation to the iconographic tradition of the time. The building has also been subject of archeoastronomical research (Romano in Orientamenti ad sidera. Astronomia, riti e calendari per la fondazione di templi e citta. Un esempio a Ravenna. Edizioni Essegi, Ravenna, 1995), which is here presented in depth. The present contribution also examines other architectural elements beyond orientation: particular attention is payed to the small slit windows of the building to investigate their possible archaeoastronomical significance. In the study of these elements, particular attention should be payed to the elaboration of architectural survey data, which has to be produced following established procedures and techniques. A functional 3D model will be developed from the data of the archaeoastronomical analysis to display the original morphology of the building (the floor was about 1.4 m lower because of subsidence movements), astronomical phenomena, and allow for multimedia communication of the scientific content produced. Finally, the related issues will be investigated: the geometric and projective transformations of the starry dome, the geometric shape of space also in relation to the unit of measurement used.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Paola Puma;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    The paper presents the first results of the Cortona Heritage Project, which takes the opportunity to use the techniques of Virtual heritage to implementing concrete and innovative modes making the very rich cultural heritage of ancient Tuscan cities accessible for more people and engaging new publics by promoting its knowledge among young generations.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Leonardo M. Savoia;
    Publisher: De Gruyter
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maria Rita Manzini; Leonardo M. Savoia;
    Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Carlos, Gilberto Duarte; Correia, Mariana; Dipasquale, Letizia; Mecca, Saverio;
    Publisher: FUP Firenze University Press
    Countries: Italy, Portugal

    Considering the built environment as the most enduring receiver of human behaviour, one can easily assume vernacular heritage as an objective consequence of the essential features of specific local communities. [...]

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Paola Puma;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    Here we address the roadmap of the Digital Cultural Heritage research group DigitCH group, which was set up in 2013 at the Department of Architecture, University of Florence. The aim of DigitCH group was to realize the link between scientifically validated methodologies and contents, innovative storytelling, and technological instrumentation. The spread of electronic devices has enabled rapid and easy technological fallout of research in the field of the acquisition-representation of the survey data expanding audiences and accelerating even an innovative approach to the whole knowledge of CH.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alberto Camplani; Federico Contardi;
    Publisher: Brepols Publishers
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Emma Mandelli; Alessandro Merlo;
    Publisher: Springer
    Country: Italy

    In the field of documentation of cultural heritage, the employment of surveying instruments and methods and graphic representation that use digital technology has become a consolidated praxis in the past decades. The literature of such issues tends to show, with few exceptions, the potential (often not fully expressed) of the latest hardware and software, throughout surveying experiences, some more intriguing than others (from a figurative point of view), without really indulging on the true problems behind their overall usage: from the very first data-acquisition to the final graphic panels. In truth, the procedures for digital survey are relatively new and not unanimously shared by the scientific community, and the central role taken by 3D digital models in such a processes is often mystified. Maquettes with apparent-colour textures, achieved throughout the integrated use of image-based techniques (digital photogrammetry) and range-based tools (laser scanner), do not always lead to a correct understanding and interpretation of the architectural artefacts, hence impedes to proficiently describe them throughout the codes of representation. The contribution aims to provide, with the chosen examples, some indications in this apparent paradox, with special emphasis on the limitations of nowadays technologies and the complications that could arise due to a-critical construction of digital models.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Roberta Martino; Johannes Pignatti; Lorenzo Rook; Luca Pandolfi;
    Publisher: Earth Science Dept., University of Florence
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Benedetta Rosadini; Alessio Ferrari; Gloria Gori; Alessandro Fantechi; Stefania Gnesi; Iacopo Trotta; Stefano Bacherini;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    Context and motivation: In the railway safety-critical domain requirements documents have to abide to strict quality criteria. Rule-based natural language processing (NLP) techniques have been developed to automatically identify quality defects in natural language requirements. However, the literature is lacking empirical studies on the application of these techniques in industrial settings. Question/problem: Our goal is to investigate to which extent NLP can be practically applied to detect defects in the requirements documents of a railway signalling manufacturer. Principal idea/results: To address this goal, we first identified a set of typical defects classes, and, for each class, an engineer of the company implemented a set of defect-detection patterns by means of the GATE tool for text processing. After a preliminary analysis, we applied the patterns to a large set of 1866 requirements previously annotated for defects. The output of the patterns was further inspected by two domain experts to check the false positive cases. Contribution: This is one of the first works in which defect detection NLP techniques are applied on a very large set of industrial requirements annotated by domain experts. We contribute with a comparison between traditional manual techniques used in industry for requirements analysis, and analysis performed with NLP. Our experience tells that several discrepancies can be observed between the two approaches. The analysis of the discrepancies offers hints to improve the capabilities of NLP techniques with company specific solutions, and suggests that also company practices need to be modified to effectively exploit NLP tools.

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
25 Research products, page 1 of 3
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Manuela Incerti; Gaia Lavoratti; Sara D'Amico; Stefano Giannetti;
    Publisher: Springer, Cham
    Country: Italy

    The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia is one of Ravenna’s UNESCO protected monuments, globally renowned for the extraordinary mosaic decorations that cover the internal surfaces. The famous starry vault profoundly engages and inspires the observer. It has been studied for its accuracy in the representation of the real sky, but also because of its mystical and symbolic meaning in relation to the iconographic tradition of the time. The building has also been subject of archeoastronomical research (Romano in Orientamenti ad sidera. Astronomia, riti e calendari per la fondazione di templi e citta. Un esempio a Ravenna. Edizioni Essegi, Ravenna, 1995), which is here presented in depth. The present contribution also examines other architectural elements beyond orientation: particular attention is payed to the small slit windows of the building to investigate their possible archaeoastronomical significance. In the study of these elements, particular attention should be payed to the elaboration of architectural survey data, which has to be produced following established procedures and techniques. A functional 3D model will be developed from the data of the archaeoastronomical analysis to display the original morphology of the building (the floor was about 1.4 m lower because of subsidence movements), astronomical phenomena, and allow for multimedia communication of the scientific content produced. Finally, the related issues will be investigated: the geometric and projective transformations of the starry dome, the geometric shape of space also in relation to the unit of measurement used.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Paola Puma;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    The paper presents the first results of the Cortona Heritage Project, which takes the opportunity to use the techniques of Virtual heritage to implementing concrete and innovative modes making the very rich cultural heritage of ancient Tuscan cities accessible for more people and engaging new publics by promoting its knowledge among young generations.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Leonardo M. Savoia;
    Publisher: De Gruyter
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maria Rita Manzini; Leonardo M. Savoia;
    Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Carlos, Gilberto Duarte; Correia, Mariana; Dipasquale, Letizia; Mecca, Saverio;
    Publisher: FUP Firenze University Press
    Countries: Italy, Portugal

    Considering the built environment as the most enduring receiver of human behaviour, one can easily assume vernacular heritage as an objective consequence of the essential features of specific local communities. [...]

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Paola Puma;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    Here we address the roadmap of the Digital Cultural Heritage research group DigitCH group, which was set up in 2013 at the Department of Architecture, University of Florence. The aim of DigitCH group was to realize the link between scientifically validated methodologies and contents, innovative storytelling, and technological instrumentation. The spread of electronic devices has enabled rapid and easy technological fallout of research in the field of the acquisition-representation of the survey data expanding audiences and accelerating even an innovative approach to the whole knowledge of CH.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alberto Camplani; Federico Contardi;
    Publisher: Brepols Publishers
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Emma Mandelli; Alessandro Merlo;
    Publisher: Springer
    Country: Italy

    In the field of documentation of cultural heritage, the employment of surveying instruments and methods and graphic representation that use digital technology has become a consolidated praxis in the past decades. The literature of such issues tends to show, with few exceptions, the potential (often not fully expressed) of the latest hardware and software, throughout surveying experiences, some more intriguing than others (from a figurative point of view), without really indulging on the true problems behind their overall usage: from the very first data-acquisition to the final graphic panels. In truth, the procedures for digital survey are relatively new and not unanimously shared by the scientific community, and the central role taken by 3D digital models in such a processes is often mystified. Maquettes with apparent-colour textures, achieved throughout the integrated use of image-based techniques (digital photogrammetry) and range-based tools (laser scanner), do not always lead to a correct understanding and interpretation of the architectural artefacts, hence impedes to proficiently describe them throughout the codes of representation. The contribution aims to provide, with the chosen examples, some indications in this apparent paradox, with special emphasis on the limitations of nowadays technologies and the complications that could arise due to a-critical construction of digital models.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Roberta Martino; Johannes Pignatti; Lorenzo Rook; Luca Pandolfi;
    Publisher: Earth Science Dept., University of Florence
    Country: Italy
  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Benedetta Rosadini; Alessio Ferrari; Gloria Gori; Alessandro Fantechi; Stefania Gnesi; Iacopo Trotta; Stefano Bacherini;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: Italy

    Context and motivation: In the railway safety-critical domain requirements documents have to abide to strict quality criteria. Rule-based natural language processing (NLP) techniques have been developed to automatically identify quality defects in natural language requirements. However, the literature is lacking empirical studies on the application of these techniques in industrial settings. Question/problem: Our goal is to investigate to which extent NLP can be practically applied to detect defects in the requirements documents of a railway signalling manufacturer. Principal idea/results: To address this goal, we first identified a set of typical defects classes, and, for each class, an engineer of the company implemented a set of defect-detection patterns by means of the GATE tool for text processing. After a preliminary analysis, we applied the patterns to a large set of 1866 requirements previously annotated for defects. The output of the patterns was further inspected by two domain experts to check the false positive cases. Contribution: This is one of the first works in which defect detection NLP techniques are applied on a very large set of industrial requirements annotated by domain experts. We contribute with a comparison between traditional manual techniques used in industry for requirements analysis, and analysis performed with NLP. Our experience tells that several discrepancies can be observed between the two approaches. The analysis of the discrepancies offers hints to improve the capabilities of NLP techniques with company specific solutions, and suggests that also company practices need to be modified to effectively exploit NLP tools.

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