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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . Article . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Florent Berthaut; Luke Dahl;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | IXMI (330770)

    International audience; Orchestras of Digital Musical Instruments (DMIs) enable new musical collaboration possibilities, extending those of acoustic and electric orchestras. However the creation and development of these orchestras remain constrained. In fact, each new musical collaboration system or orchestra piece relies on a fixed number of musicians, a fixed set of instruments (often only one), and a fixed subset of possible modes of collaboration. In this paper, we describe a unified framework that enables the design of Digital Orchestras with potentially different DMIs and an expand-able set of collaboration modes. It relies on research done on analysis and classification of traditional and digital orchestras, on research in Collaborative Virtual Environments, and on interviews of musicians and composers. The BOEUF framework consists of a classification of modes of collaboration and a set of components for modelling digital orchestras. Integrating this framework into DMIs will enable advanced musical collaboration modes to be used in any digital orchestra, including spontaneous jam sessions.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2019
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Dan E. Webster; Sandrine Roulland; James D. Phelan;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | LYMPHOSIGN (661066)

    Genome-wide screens are a powerful technique to dissect the complex network of genes regulating diverse cellular phenotypes. The recent adaptation of the CRISPR-Cas9 system for genome engineering has revolutionized functional genomic screening. Here, we present protocols used to introduce Cas9 into human lymphoma cell lines, produce high-titer lentivirus of a genome-wide sgRNA library, transduce and culture cells during the screen, isolate genomic DNA, and prepare a custom library for next-generation sequencing. These protocols were tailored for loss-of-function CRISPR screens in human lymphoma cell lines but are highly amenable for other experimental purposes.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bouchez, Daniel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    [p. 445] THE SUBJECT OF this paper is a collection of essays composed, in the words of the title "as the brush goes," by Sŏp'o, that is, by Kim Manjung (1637-1692). He is well known, as the author of a masterpiece of Korean fiction, the novel Nine Cloud Dream (Kuunmong). He is also credited with another novel, less famous but not less interesting, The Record of a Southern Journey (Namjŏng ki), which is especially well documented and on which I have already published several articles.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . Book . 2014
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Li Huang; Guangqi Huang; Yaohong Zhang; Weizi Li; Xueshan Luo;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    Part 4: Enterprise Architecture; International audience; An executable model plays an important role on verifying the behavior and performance of an architecture. This paper summarizes the state of the art on the synthesis methods of the executable model for an architecture that is compliant with the Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF). To overcome the deficiencies of current executable modeling studies, a component data-focused method is proposed. Following the introduction of an executable modeling language named OPDL, the data elements of DoDAF Meta-model (DM2) required for building executable model is analyzed. The mapping relations between partial DM2 and OPDL elements are built. Finally, a process to create executable model is explained in detail.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Muhammad Shahanoor Alam; Laurence Brooks;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    Part 2: Services and Interoperability; International audience; This paper aims to identify the need for Public Sector Information Systems (PSIS), a particular field of the IS discipline dealing with the design, redesign and evaluation of E-services in public sector organizations. A longitudinal and empirical study of an E-service project in a public sector organization in Bangladesh reveals that without addressing underlying organizational problems, taking account into organization contexts, statutes and practices and considering the organizational reality and users’ capability; it is difficult to implement E-services in public sector organizations. This paper argues that a particular information system (public sector information systems (PSIS)) has the potential to lead to better design and implementation of successful E-services in public sector organizations.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Fabien Martinez;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    International audience; This introductory chapter discusses the challenge of fostering sustainable development in Asia, where the economic, social and environmental contingencies are changing rapidly and concerns over, inter alia, climate change, environmental degradation, population growth and social deprivation provide for a complex terrain for decision-making. A number of perspectives that have been used in the extant literature to explain the specific societal role of business organisations in this region are critically reviewed and an emphasis is placed on their general lack of depth and contextualisation. This leads to the observation that this volume represents a timely contribution to our understanding of an understudied phenomenon: corporate sustainability-oriented practices in Asia. The book develops a collection of illustrative company cases that help us to clarify some conceptual and practical issues that surface the societal role of multinational companies in the Asian context. We hereby join a growing movement of research that seeks to unveil the conditions giving rise to a better and more context-sensitive way of integrating concerns for social and environmental impacts into corporate management decisions.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Miquel Canals; Isabel Cacho; Laurent Carozza; J. L. Casamor; Galderic Lastras; Anna Sanchez-Vidal;
    Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
    Country: France

    International audience; The study area mainly includes the continental shelves of two European states (France and Spain), three North African countries (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia), and Gibraltar and Monaco. Overall, the total shelf area in the western Mediterranean down to the 150 m isobath is 208,000 km2 within a total basin area of 1,343,620 km2. There is a major difference in the degree of available information from EU member states and North African countries.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Preprint . Article . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Florian Bridoux; Maximilien Gadouleau; Guillaume Theyssier;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Automata networks are mappings of the form \(f: Q^Z \rightarrow Q^Z\), where Q is a finite alphabet and Z is a set of entities; they generalise Cellular Automata and Boolean networks. An update schedule dictates when each entity updates its state according to its local function \(f_i: Q^Z \rightarrow Q\). One major question is to study the behaviour of a given automata networks under different update schedules. In this paper, we study automata networks that are invariant under many different update schedules. This gives rise to two definitions, locally commutative and globally commutative networks. We investigate the relation between commutativity and different forms of locality of update functions; one main conclusion is that globally commutative networks have strong dynamical properties, while locally commutative networks are much less constrained. We also give a complete classification of all globally commutative Boolean networks.

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Eshien Chong; Carine Staropoli; Anne Yvrande-Billon;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The relative efficiency of auctions and negotiations is still a puzzle in the literature. While auctions are the prescribed procedures and the most used ones for public procurement, in the private sector, where buyers are free to choose their purchasing method, competitive tendering is far from being their preferred option (Bajari et al. 2009). In addition, recent empirical studies (Estache et al. 2009, Bajari et al. 2009) highlight some failures of auction procedures and identify conditions under which negotiation is more efficient. In particular, they show that auctions perform poorly when projects are complex. In this paper, our aim is to contribute to this debate by providing an empirical analysis of how awarding mechanisms are chosen in public procurement in France. To this end, we examine a comprehensive database of 76,188 observations corresponding to the entire set of public procurement work contracts awarded between 2005 and 2007 in the construction sector. We find empirical regularities regarding the choice of awarding procedures by public buyers. However, most of these regularities do not coincide with what the theoretical literature considers as transaction-cost minimizing behaviours. In particular, the size of the construction projects as well as the length of contracts do not appear as key determinants of the choice of awarding procedures, which translates into costly renegotiations.

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jean-Paul Carrière; Stuart Farthing;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: France

    In this research, we investigated the environmental as well as social impacts of the regeneration of urban riverbanks and waterfronts, localities previously occupied by port-industrial activities established during the twentieth century or earlier, but more recently abandoned and occupied by informal housing and wasteland or brownfield land. The urban plans and strategies of metropolises as well as of medium-sized cities have become increasingly underpinned by the “paradigm of attractiveness,” in a context of globalization and competition between cities at an international scale. In order to become more attractive for investment, mainly foreign direct investment, cities need to improve their image and their international ranking. The recycling of the abandoned wasteland in these areas has become a policy priority. Under the banner of sustainable development, strategic plans in many cities throughout the world have thus promoted flagship projects for the regeneration of these waterfront areas, incorporating new environmental amenities.

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