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  • Journal of Education Culture and Society

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zsuzsanna Dégi; Orsolya Kovasch;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    Aim. The present research aims to explore the English language learning motivation of students at the Sapientia University, Faculty of Economics, Socio-Human Sciences and Engineering, Miercurea-Ciuc (Csíkszereda). Method. 103 students took part in the exploratory research where an online questionnaire containing 50 statements was used to find out students’ motivations to learn English, focusing on seven different motivational factors (instrumentality, desire to become a global citizen, ideal foreign language self, desire for self-satisfaction, attitudes towards learning English, cultural integration and ought-to foreign language self). Results and conclusion. Results show that instrumental motivation has a strong effect on the surveyed students as they are highly motivated by the idea of getting a well-paying job with the help of their English language knowledge. Moreover, we also found out that participant students do not want to integrate within a native English-speaking community; they do not want to speak the language as native speakers, they rather aim to become global citizens with English. Cognitive value. The results of this exploratory research might offer valuable insight into students’ language learning motivation. Therefore, the study might be helpful for university teachers to have detailed information and a clearer picture of their students’ language learning motivations.

  • Publication . Article . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Arberore Bicaj; Fatlume Berisha;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    Education is the key supporter of society, yet at the same time it is the main challenge to hu-manity and society. The need for change is incontestable in all fi elds, including that of education.Education in Kosovo has taken a long, challenging and extremely diffi cult journey. Such challenging situations are a result of the low level of economic and social development in Ko-sovo. Today, education in Kosovo is considered to have made signifi cant progress as a result of fundamental reforms of the education system towards standardization to the European Union education system.This paper aims to analyze the historical, political and economic infl uence on the edu-cation system in Kosovo in general and the teacher education in particular, on its course to-wards implementation of the objectives of the Bologna Process and integration into the Euro-pean Higher Education Area (EHEA).

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Panagiotis Pentaris;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    A full understanding of and a competent approach to dying patients may lead to a more qu-alitative service delivery, an enhanced quality of life paradigms, and the patients’ well-being, all of which remain the ultimate goal of health care practice. The modern world has developed in parallel with secularism and religious diversity. This paper aims to illustrate the secularization process in Britain (with indications of generalized meanings) and juxtaposes it with a descrip-tion of the needs of dying patients regarding the meanings of religion and non-religion. Altho-ugh this paper draws on and provides a review of selected theoretical literature, it also addres-ses a signifi cant challenge: the lack of scientifi c research on the subject. Hence, this paper aims to give an overview of the issues, but not synthesise them. The arguments that are elaborated in the paper are also supported by the author’s current research project in the city of London. The approach here is client oriented, and concerns social and health care. Practitioners ought to become competent, and maintain their competence throughout their professional career. Religious competence seems to have not been at the centre of discussions, regardless of the historical pathway that religious discourse has drawn since the beginnings of huma-nity. The paper concludes with certain suggestions for future research and inclusive appro-aches regarding religious matters.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jūratė Litvinaitė;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    The article proposes to examine teachers' professional activity with the help of P. Bourdieu's theory of sociology of education and the theory of postcolonialism. According to P. Bourdieu's theory, it is revealed how the teachers' habitus, acting under the pressure of external structures, reproduces a culture that ensures the continuity of the position of dominant classes. In this respect, the teacher is similar to a colonizer sent to civilize by barbarian tribes. From a postcolonial perspective, the processes of cultural imposition are disrupted as cultural resistance in the "barbarian" tribes intensifies. Rejecting the one-way cultural movement (from colonist to colonized), postcolonialism speaks of encounters in which both sides undergo cultural change. A Third Space is formed, in which a hybrid culture is created. In this sense, the teacher can no longer be seen as the conqueror of new generations. He/ she is a social agent looking for his/ her own strategies and ways of survival. Taking over Other's culture is the teacher's resistance in professional terms and collaborating with the Other's culture. Resistance and collaboration interrupt reproduction and expand the hybrid culture. It is a state of uncertainty and tension that leads to dissatisfaction with professional activities. This interpretation seeks to explain the decline in the prestige of the teaching profession and teachers' own dissatisfaction with their work, as recorded in OECD TALIS 2018 research. Concept. P. Bourdieu states that the purpose of a school is to reproduce power relations. Teachers, using their authority, implement a culture that supports the position of the dominant class. However, various new studies show a decline in teachers' authority. The rupture of hierarchical connections in the process of culture imposition is being studied in postcolonialism. By applying the ideas of H. K. Bhabha, the modern teacher activity can be explained not as a cultural reproduction but as a teacher's constant encounters with the culture of the Other. A space where cultural encounters take place, K. H. Bhabha names the Third Space. Here a new hybrid culture emerges, and a school becomes open to otherness and diversity.

  • Publication . Article . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nijolė Burkšaitienė;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    Aim. Research to date acknowledges the learning, instructional and assessment advantages of self-assessment used in different fields of study in higher education contexts, yet little known research has focused on its use for learning and raising learner awareness while studying English for Specific Purposes (ESP). To this end, the present small-scale study examines the use of self-assessment of philology students’ ESP oral performance at a university in Lithuania. Method. The data for this research was collected from undergraduate students’ written reports on their project presentations on the chosen ESP topics. To analyse the data, qualitative methodology of inductive content analysis was used. Results. The study resulted in the identification of five major dimensions covering problem areas in the students’ ESP oral performance. The findings indicate that self-assessment enabled the students not only to identify some gaps and difficulties in their ESP oral performance that call for action but also to establish the reasons which caused them, foresee how the gaps can be closed or the difficulties coped with. Furthermore, it allowed the students to make decisions that reached far beyond the self-assessment task. The results also demonstrate that self-assessment raised the students’ awareness of themselves as learners by giving them direction on how to perform better in the future. Conclusion. Self-assessment, as used in the present research, proves to be a valuable tool both for the students of ESP and their teachers as it reveals areas in the students’ performance that call for improvement, which enables ESP teachers to support their students to achieve better results in the future.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Maria-Judit Balko;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    This paper analyzes the relationship between permanent monuments and temporary art projects, as temporality is one of the strategies employed by Romanian artists to counterbalance the support that the Romanian state has shown only towards monuments and memorials dedicated to affirming its value. The complex nature of public art requires a careful consideration of the different dimensions this practice employs, and for that the Western debate on this matter can be a reference point in understanding Romanian public art. We will be looking at possible aspects of the functions of these two main directions in Romanian public art, as they stand methodically one in opposition to the other, in connection with the texts of Piotr Piotrowski (Art and Democracy in Post-communist Europe, 2012) and Boris Groys (Art Power, 2008).

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Olena Gubarenko;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    The importance of this article is dictated by the necessity to adopt the Bologna standard of higher education including the module system into the frame of the Ukrainian university network. The author gives a brief review of the development of the quality concept and approaches, which have been made to integrate it into higher education management. The article sets out the new scheme of individual work of student management seen as part of the general management process.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Natalia Usenko;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    At the beginning of the XXI century Ukrainian art observed activization of the artist’s interest for the political life of the country. The starting point was 2004, marked by protests against unfair elections in the country, the birth of the first “Maidan” and “Orange revolution”. In a number of artistic actions organized by art groups we can see the reflection of the revolution events and, later, the frustrations of its ideals. The most striking manifestation of political issues in contemporary art in Ukraine was the great creativity following the second “Maidan” (2013). In this spontaneous Performance everyone plays a role: the participants are the protesters, official persons, fighters of “Berkut” and interior force troops, journalists and others. Protesters’ tents, barricades, a statue of Lenin and “Maidan” itself (or Independence Square) as a place of free will and creativity became the Symbols of the “Maidan” and its own art objects.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ekaterina Gurina;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    Aim. The aim of the research is to compare Konstantin Levin’s function in the film Anna Karenina(2012) by Joe Wright, the script written by Tom Stoppard and the novel Anna Kareninaby Leo Tolstoy and to determine how much his figure was changed in the film adaptation under the influence of the scriptwriter’s and director’s stance. Methods. The subjects of the study were the film Anna Karenina (2012) by Joe Wright, the script written by Tom Stoppard and the novel Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy. They are analysed with the use of the theory of script writing, different types of character classifications and the text corpus analysis, taking into account the cultural, historical and economic features of scriptwriting and film production. Results. The analysis shows that Konstantin Levin’s function of the second protagonist that is characteristic for the novel is further developed in the screenplay but is omitted in the film. The discrepancies with the source book and the screenplay are caused by the influence of the film director during the film production. Conclusions. Even though the study considers the texts that are closely interrelated, the individual author’s stance influences the text of the screenplay so much that it gives us an opportunity to call Tom Stoppard, the scriptwriter, a writer in the full sense of the word.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Morana Drakulić;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica
    Country: Croatia

    Foreign language anxiety (FLA) has long been recognized as a factor that hinders the process of foreign language learning at all levels. Among numerous FLA sources identified in the literature, language classroom seems to be of particular interest and significance, especially in the formal language learning context, where the course and the teacher are often the only representatives of language. The main purpose of the study is to determine the presence and potential sources of foreign language anxiety among first year university students and to explore how high anxiety levels shape and affect students’ foreign language learning experience. In the study both the questionnaire and the interviews were used as the data collection methods. Thematic analysis of the interviews and descriptive statistics suggest that most anxiety-provoking situations stem from the language classroom itself.

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