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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Loïc Riom;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; Globalization through individualization together with an increase of translocal relations has opened up new ways of identification. Music as a set of symbolic elements enables this identification process. Indie rock as a globalized musical genre is a fruitful field that gives insight into understanding how individuals adopt and adapt a musical style. The aim of this research is to describe how indie rock bands are situated in Switzerland within the indie rock genre, and how they get in contact and identify with it. This research is based on 15 individual interviews conducted with members of six different Swiss indie bands. The results show that these bands uphold translocal identification with the international musical genre through, among others, the generalized use of English as the language of indie rock. However, since only few of them have connections abroad, this translocal identification is mainly mediated through the consumption of both live and recorded music from international artists. Due to this peripheral position, these bands are unable to play a significant role within the indie rock scene. Their music is, so to say, internationally inspired but locally produced. In this context, they are still very dependent on their geographical environment considered as a space of experience and resource. Yet, local identity does not seem to be claimed neither is the feeling of belonging to a local scene. This research shows that indie rock has to be understood through the lense of a rhizomic phenomenon, which is being constantly adapted by individuals through a variety of mediators. Moreover it challenges the idea of a local scene by showing how it is socially constructed.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pierre Penet; Juan Flores Zendejas;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; During the nineteenth century, free trade and financial integration contributed to what is often referred to as the first globalization wave (1820-1914) (Flandreau, 2013; Flandreau & Zumer, 2004; Mauro et al., 2006). As creditors began to expand the reach of their operations by investing in the bonds of foreign nations, sometime from overseas, lending became more perilous. For instance, British investors often knew little about the Latin American countries whose bonds they were purchasing.¹ Nineteenth-century cross-border lending exemplifies the problem of information asymmetries familiar to economists (Stiglitz, 2000). In this case, uncertainties were compounded by the fact that lenders in the sovereign sector could not mitigate default risk by collateralizing their loans: as a rule, ownership of public assets cannot be transferred to foreigners. To reduce the anxiety of long-distance investing, investors began to seek information pertaining to the trust and credit profile of foreign borrowers. Since investors did not always possess sufficient organizational capabilities and resources to examine the facts, risk analysis was delegated to intermediaries, in particular merchant banks. As informational third parties, merchant banks performed the important function of certifying the credit of debtors, thus providing a practicable solution to the problem of uncertainty in sovereign lending (Flandreau & Flores, 2009). Such banks owned a 'brand' that could grant borrowing states market access on more favourable terms. Gradually, the notion of creditworthiness became cardinal in international lending and borrowing. Technologies of risk assessment played a cardinal role in the building of nineteenth-century debt markets (Carruthers, 2013). The tools of risk analysis which have become so ubiquitous recently can be traced back to the nineteenth ¹ The controversy about Poyais provides a good testimony of how difficult it was for creditors to invest abroad without reliable information to rely on. Poyais, as it turned out, was a fictitious country (Clavel, 2020).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Philippe Dessus; Julie Chabert; Jean-Philippe Pernin; Philippe Wanlin;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; This paper introduces to Class-Card, a role-playing simulation allowing pre-service teachers to experience a large part of the instructional process, from planning, to post-active phases. The players first have to perform a cognitive analysis of the learning tasks of a lesson, then they are faced with disruptive events they react on, guided by theoretically-sound frameworks. We examined seven pre-service teacher students using Class-Card on five simulations. The results show that participants were engaged in rich decisions and verbal interactions about the events they were faced to. We contend that Class-Card is a promising way to attenuate the "reality-shock" novice teachers experience and help them build professional knowledge.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nicolas Baya-Laffite;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    Over 40 years of diffusion worldwide, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has acquired an authoritative governance script that says that part of the decision-making process about the licensing or the funding of territorial development projects can be delegated to the instrument. Inscribed in applicable planning and development (hard and soft) law, regulations, and general technical reference documents, EIA affords its use for legitimizing and challenging decisions where a balance between competing environmental and developmental interests is to be struck. Initially associated with information provision for ecologically rational planning, EIAs became enshrined as a means, and ultimately a condition, for the substantiation of sustainable development and participatory governance, whatever these may mean (Cashmore et al. 2007).

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . Preprint . 2011
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Olivier Glassey; Jean-Henry Morin; Patrick Genoud; Giorgio Pauletto;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Switzerland

    Part 3: Understanding eParticipation; International audience; This paper examines how design thinking and serious games approaches can be used to support participation through the analysis of three case studies. Indeed we will analyze these approaches in three different contexts: (i) a state-owned multi-utilities company; (ii) a political party; (iii) an information system strategic committee. Our analysis framework relies on the concepts of "perceived usefulness" and "perceived ease of use" and we will use it to discuss the lessons learned. Our main finding is that these approaches really contributing in making complex and abstract matters more "tangible" and thus understandable.

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Melise Jaud; Youssouf Kiendrebeogo; Marie-Ange Véganzonès-Varoudakis;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Etudes & documents; This study documents the implications of financial vulnerability for export diversification in developing economies. Financial crises, by increasing the incidence of sunk costs of entry into exporting, reduce firm export dynamics. Financially-vulnerable exporters are not able to fully realize economies of scale in production and access better-sophisticated technologies. The number of products and destinations per exporter are therefore likely to decrease in times of crisis. We use a comprehensive cross-country dataset on export dynamics, with data covering the 1997-2011 period for 34 developing countries to investigate this issue. Building on the generalized difference-in-differences procedure proposed by Rajan & Zingales (1998) to remove any endogeneity bias, the results point to a negative and economically large effect of financial vulnerability on export diversification.Financial crises reduce export dynamics disproportionately more in financially dependent industries. This effect is less pronounced in countries with initially more open capital account, suggesting that portfolio inflows are good substitutes for underdeveloped domestic financial markets.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Guido Bologna;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    Part 5: MAKE Explainable AI; International audience; Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) lack an explanation capability in the form of propositional rules. In this work we define a simple CNN architecture having a unique convolutional layer, then a Max-Pool layer followed by a full connected layer. Rule extraction is performed after the Max-Pool layer with the use of the Discretized Interpretable Multi Layer Perceptron (DIMLP). The antecedents of the extracted rules represent responses of convolutional filters, which are difficult to understand. However, we show in a sentiment analysis problem that from these “meaningless” values it is possible to obtain rules that represent relevant words in the antecedents. The experiments illustrate several examples of rules that represent n-grams.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lucie Gianola; Ēriks Ajausks; Victoria Arranz; Chomicha Bendahman; Laurent Bié; Claudia Borg; Aleix Cerdà; Khalid Choukri; Montse Cuadros; Ona de Gibert; +19 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Spain, France

    The European MAPA (Multilingual Anonymisation for Public Administrations) project aims at developing an open-source solution for automatic de-identification of medical and legal documents. We introduce here the context, partners and aims of the project, and report on preliminary results. Peer Reviewed "Article signat per 30 autors/es: Lucie Gianola, Ēriks Ajausks, Victoria Arranz, Chomicha Bendahman, Laurent Bié, Claudia Borg, Aleix Cerdà, Khalid Choukri, Montse Cuadros, Ona De Gibert, Hans Degroote, Elena Edelman, Thierry Etchegoyhen, Ángela Franco Torres, Mercedes García Hernandez, Aitor García Pablos, Albert Gatt, Cyril Grouin, Manuel Herranz, Alejandro Adolfo Kohan, Thomas Lavergne, Maite Melero, Patrick Paroubek, Mickaël Rigault, Mike Rosner, Roberts Rozis, Lonneke Van Der Plas, Rinalds Vīksna, Pierre Zweigenbaum"

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Samantha Besson;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; What role do the people play in defining and developing human rights?This volume explores the very topical issue of the lack of democratic legitimisation of national and international courts and the question of whether rendering the original process of defining human rights more democratic at the national and international level would improve the degree of protection they afford.The authors venture to raise the crucial question: When can a democratic society be considered to be mature enough so as to be trusted to provide its own definition of human rights obligations?

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pouya Aleatrati Khosroshahi; Jannis Beese; Florian Matthes; Robert Winter;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Part 2: Regular Papers; International audience; Application Portfolio (AP) complexity is an increasingly important and strongly discussed issue by both researchers and practitioners. Application portfolios in large organizations have become more and more difficult to understand, resulting in costly efforts to maintain and operate them. Although this is an urgent topic in large organizations, researchers and industry experts do not yet have a common understanding of this phenomenon and lack appropriate methods to measure and manage the respective complexity. We conduct an exploratory case study with the central enterprise architecture management (EAM) governance team and ten application owners of a large European automotive company to identify and link root causes and consequences of AP complexity. Furthermore, we evaluate possible solutions to decrease or manage this complexity from an application owners perspective. The results are interpreted from a socio-technical systems perspective.

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
142 Research products, page 1 of 15
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Loïc Riom;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; Globalization through individualization together with an increase of translocal relations has opened up new ways of identification. Music as a set of symbolic elements enables this identification process. Indie rock as a globalized musical genre is a fruitful field that gives insight into understanding how individuals adopt and adapt a musical style. The aim of this research is to describe how indie rock bands are situated in Switzerland within the indie rock genre, and how they get in contact and identify with it. This research is based on 15 individual interviews conducted with members of six different Swiss indie bands. The results show that these bands uphold translocal identification with the international musical genre through, among others, the generalized use of English as the language of indie rock. However, since only few of them have connections abroad, this translocal identification is mainly mediated through the consumption of both live and recorded music from international artists. Due to this peripheral position, these bands are unable to play a significant role within the indie rock scene. Their music is, so to say, internationally inspired but locally produced. In this context, they are still very dependent on their geographical environment considered as a space of experience and resource. Yet, local identity does not seem to be claimed neither is the feeling of belonging to a local scene. This research shows that indie rock has to be understood through the lense of a rhizomic phenomenon, which is being constantly adapted by individuals through a variety of mediators. Moreover it challenges the idea of a local scene by showing how it is socially constructed.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pierre Penet; Juan Flores Zendejas;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; During the nineteenth century, free trade and financial integration contributed to what is often referred to as the first globalization wave (1820-1914) (Flandreau, 2013; Flandreau & Zumer, 2004; Mauro et al., 2006). As creditors began to expand the reach of their operations by investing in the bonds of foreign nations, sometime from overseas, lending became more perilous. For instance, British investors often knew little about the Latin American countries whose bonds they were purchasing.¹ Nineteenth-century cross-border lending exemplifies the problem of information asymmetries familiar to economists (Stiglitz, 2000). In this case, uncertainties were compounded by the fact that lenders in the sovereign sector could not mitigate default risk by collateralizing their loans: as a rule, ownership of public assets cannot be transferred to foreigners. To reduce the anxiety of long-distance investing, investors began to seek information pertaining to the trust and credit profile of foreign borrowers. Since investors did not always possess sufficient organizational capabilities and resources to examine the facts, risk analysis was delegated to intermediaries, in particular merchant banks. As informational third parties, merchant banks performed the important function of certifying the credit of debtors, thus providing a practicable solution to the problem of uncertainty in sovereign lending (Flandreau & Flores, 2009). Such banks owned a 'brand' that could grant borrowing states market access on more favourable terms. Gradually, the notion of creditworthiness became cardinal in international lending and borrowing. Technologies of risk assessment played a cardinal role in the building of nineteenth-century debt markets (Carruthers, 2013). The tools of risk analysis which have become so ubiquitous recently can be traced back to the nineteenth ¹ The controversy about Poyais provides a good testimony of how difficult it was for creditors to invest abroad without reliable information to rely on. Poyais, as it turned out, was a fictitious country (Clavel, 2020).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Philippe Dessus; Julie Chabert; Jean-Philippe Pernin; Philippe Wanlin;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; This paper introduces to Class-Card, a role-playing simulation allowing pre-service teachers to experience a large part of the instructional process, from planning, to post-active phases. The players first have to perform a cognitive analysis of the learning tasks of a lesson, then they are faced with disruptive events they react on, guided by theoretically-sound frameworks. We examined seven pre-service teacher students using Class-Card on five simulations. The results show that participants were engaged in rich decisions and verbal interactions about the events they were faced to. We contend that Class-Card is a promising way to attenuate the "reality-shock" novice teachers experience and help them build professional knowledge.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nicolas Baya-Laffite;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    Over 40 years of diffusion worldwide, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has acquired an authoritative governance script that says that part of the decision-making process about the licensing or the funding of territorial development projects can be delegated to the instrument. Inscribed in applicable planning and development (hard and soft) law, regulations, and general technical reference documents, EIA affords its use for legitimizing and challenging decisions where a balance between competing environmental and developmental interests is to be struck. Initially associated with information provision for ecologically rational planning, EIAs became enshrined as a means, and ultimately a condition, for the substantiation of sustainable development and participatory governance, whatever these may mean (Cashmore et al. 2007).

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . Preprint . 2011
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Olivier Glassey; Jean-Henry Morin; Patrick Genoud; Giorgio Pauletto;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: Switzerland

    Part 3: Understanding eParticipation; International audience; This paper examines how design thinking and serious games approaches can be used to support participation through the analysis of three case studies. Indeed we will analyze these approaches in three different contexts: (i) a state-owned multi-utilities company; (ii) a political party; (iii) an information system strategic committee. Our analysis framework relies on the concepts of "perceived usefulness" and "perceived ease of use" and we will use it to discuss the lessons learned. Our main finding is that these approaches really contributing in making complex and abstract matters more "tangible" and thus understandable.

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . 2017
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Melise Jaud; Youssouf Kiendrebeogo; Marie-Ange Véganzonès-Varoudakis;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Etudes & documents; This study documents the implications of financial vulnerability for export diversification in developing economies. Financial crises, by increasing the incidence of sunk costs of entry into exporting, reduce firm export dynamics. Financially-vulnerable exporters are not able to fully realize economies of scale in production and access better-sophisticated technologies. The number of products and destinations per exporter are therefore likely to decrease in times of crisis. We use a comprehensive cross-country dataset on export dynamics, with data covering the 1997-2011 period for 34 developing countries to investigate this issue. Building on the generalized difference-in-differences procedure proposed by Rajan & Zingales (1998) to remove any endogeneity bias, the results point to a negative and economically large effect of financial vulnerability on export diversification.Financial crises reduce export dynamics disproportionately more in financially dependent industries. This effect is less pronounced in countries with initially more open capital account, suggesting that portfolio inflows are good substitutes for underdeveloped domestic financial markets.

  • Publication . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2018
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Guido Bologna;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    Part 5: MAKE Explainable AI; International audience; Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) lack an explanation capability in the form of propositional rules. In this work we define a simple CNN architecture having a unique convolutional layer, then a Max-Pool layer followed by a full connected layer. Rule extraction is performed after the Max-Pool layer with the use of the Discretized Interpretable Multi Layer Perceptron (DIMLP). The antecedents of the extracted rules represent responses of convolutional filters, which are difficult to understand. However, we show in a sentiment analysis problem that from these “meaningless” values it is possible to obtain rules that represent relevant words in the antecedents. The experiments illustrate several examples of rules that represent n-grams.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lucie Gianola; Ēriks Ajausks; Victoria Arranz; Chomicha Bendahman; Laurent Bié; Claudia Borg; Aleix Cerdà; Khalid Choukri; Montse Cuadros; Ona de Gibert; +19 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Spain, France

    The European MAPA (Multilingual Anonymisation for Public Administrations) project aims at developing an open-source solution for automatic de-identification of medical and legal documents. We introduce here the context, partners and aims of the project, and report on preliminary results. Peer Reviewed "Article signat per 30 autors/es: Lucie Gianola, Ēriks Ajausks, Victoria Arranz, Chomicha Bendahman, Laurent Bié, Claudia Borg, Aleix Cerdà, Khalid Choukri, Montse Cuadros, Ona De Gibert, Hans Degroote, Elena Edelman, Thierry Etchegoyhen, Ángela Franco Torres, Mercedes García Hernandez, Aitor García Pablos, Albert Gatt, Cyril Grouin, Manuel Herranz, Alejandro Adolfo Kohan, Thomas Lavergne, Maite Melero, Patrick Paroubek, Mickaël Rigault, Mike Rosner, Roberts Rozis, Lonneke Van Der Plas, Rinalds Vīksna, Pierre Zweigenbaum"

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Samantha Besson;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Switzerland, France

    International audience; What role do the people play in defining and developing human rights?This volume explores the very topical issue of the lack of democratic legitimisation of national and international courts and the question of whether rendering the original process of defining human rights more democratic at the national and international level would improve the degree of protection they afford.The authors venture to raise the crucial question: When can a democratic society be considered to be mature enough so as to be trusted to provide its own definition of human rights obligations?

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pouya Aleatrati Khosroshahi; Jannis Beese; Florian Matthes; Robert Winter;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Part 2: Regular Papers; International audience; Application Portfolio (AP) complexity is an increasingly important and strongly discussed issue by both researchers and practitioners. Application portfolios in large organizations have become more and more difficult to understand, resulting in costly efforts to maintain and operate them. Although this is an urgent topic in large organizations, researchers and industry experts do not yet have a common understanding of this phenomenon and lack appropriate methods to measure and manage the respective complexity. We conduct an exploratory case study with the central enterprise architecture management (EAM) governance team and ten application owners of a large European automotive company to identify and link root causes and consequences of AP complexity. Furthermore, we evaluate possible solutions to decrease or manage this complexity from an application owners perspective. The results are interpreted from a socio-technical systems perspective.

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