Stream remediation was undertaken at two impassable fish obstacles in Morrison Creek in Courtenay, British Columbia. These barriers were identified as impassable to the endangered Morrison Creek lamprey (Lampetra richardsoni variety marifuga) and a seasonal impediment to the movement of salmonids. The success of this remediation was not only in the removal of barriers to lamprey but in balancing the needs of multiple species of differing and sometimes conflicting habitat requirements. Community engagement was also a key outcome of the remediation with increased awareness of the protected lamprey species, hands-on interaction with stream remediation activities and the interaction and cooperation with landowners. What remains to be determined is if these remediation activities can slow or reverse the decline observed in catches of Morrison Creek lamprey. https://viurrspace.ca/bitstream/handle/10613/5435/Lamprey.Habitat.pdf?sequence=3
Version of record deposited with permission from the publisher. The version of record is available at http://www.peaceresearch.ca/issues/51-1/. Judith Eve Lipton and Daniel P Barash. Strength Through Peace: How Demilitarization Led to Peace and Happiness in Costa Rica and What the Rest of the World Can Learn from a Tiny Tropical Nation. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019. ISBN: 978-0-1999-2497-4 (Hbk). Pp. 261. This is a timely book! It shows how a small country like Costa Rica, a hugely successful nation-state, has become one of the most prosperous and progressive countries on earth. It also has maintained and kept itself in a peaceful state since 1948, the year Costa Rica decided to disband its army and create a zero-military budget. The decision gives it the distinction of being the largest independent country to become completely demilitarized. This has led, as the authors claim, to a nation that is thriving despite its small size and circumstances. Considering New Zealand, Iceland, and Bhutan as other success stories, this shows that demilitarized states are unique and thus to be admired as possible role models for other states.
Land crabs, Gecarcoidea lalandii, native to forest and tidal areas, are considered a tropic factor sustaining the food chain and food web in marine-mountain ecosystem/ecotone, and a valuable source of nutrition for tourism and livelihood development. Land crab populations are used as indicators for forest and marine ecosystem health and are considered a contributing factor to the sustainable development of island communities. Cham Island, located in Quang Nam province in central coastal Vietnam is explored as a case study to examine the influence that socio-economic development and natural disasters have on land crab populations and the associated benefits for sustainable development. Attempt for solutions have been offered and implemented by governments, managers, the scientific and grassroots communities to aid in the conservation and sustainable development of this valuable resource. One example, resulting from cooperation between these various actors is the establishment of community management land crab teams, responsible for the sustainable exploitation and protection. Regulations, embedded in the governmental and social organization of the community, serve the purpose of a controlling mechanism by the development and implementation of criteria, indicators and parameters. These include exploitation area, exploitation seasonality, specie’s size, reproduction patterns, and eco-labeling. Besides, local authorities are testing a mechanism for cooperation between the four forces (Government, Scientist, Entrepreneur and Community) in the land crab management, conservation and development. They are promoting one of eight islands to create a sanctuary as a land crab bank of the UNESCO Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An biosphere reserve. https://viurrspace.ca/bitstream/handle/10613/5440/Land.Crab.pdf?sequence=4
The United Nation World Tourism Organization (2017) concluded that a well-designed and managed tourism sector could support the host’s sustainability goals. Quality systems similar to Fodor’s star rating system for hotels provide a number of potential benefits as a means of tracking tourism’s sustainability performance (Kozak and Nield, 2004), assuming that they promulgate meaningful best practices. In 2016, Hawaii hosted 8.855 million visitors that spent $15 billion and visitor arrivals are expected to increase to more than 9 million visitors in 2018 (Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism, 2018). On an average day, the State has 6.50 visitors for every resident and this ratio is expected to increase with more visitor arrivals (Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism, 2018). In order to educate businesses, residents and visitors about protecting the State’s natural and cultural resources, the Hawaii Ecotourism Association (HEA), a 501c3, piloted an Ecotourism Certification Program in 2011 and 14 tour operators were certified statewide. Today, HEA’s Sustainable Tourism Certification Program includes 52 tour operators across the State and HEA working to further a partnership with the Global Sustainable Tourism Council for operator certification. Hawaii is one of two states in the U.S. with a certification program aimed at tour operators and HEA’s recommendations for best practices are on par with leading international programs. This case study summarizes the knowledge contributed by the Cooperative Extension Service that supported this effort, describes the lengthy, on-going process of developing HEA’s Certification program with the assistance of Cooperative Extension and provides lessons learned for other regions interested in a more sustainable tourism sector. https://viurrspace.ca/bitstream/handle/10613/16676/Cox.pdf?sequence=3
We are very appreciative of our colleagues at Royal Roads University, including the faculty, librarians, and staff who have provided support, ideas, contributions, and feedback during the preparation of this volume. We are particularly grateful to the authors of the case studies accepted for publication for their commitment of time and ideas to this volume. A special thanks goes out to the peer reviewers whose feedback to earlier versions of the case studies was timely, incisive, and encouraging. Also, we would like to thank Jean Pakvis, Senior Marketing Specialist, and George Balino, Senior Designer, at RRU for their production of the book covers and Margot Bracewell, Executive Assistant, Office of the Vice President Academic, for her coordination and administrative expertise. As well, we are grateful to Keith Webster, Cathy Pretorius, and Anthony Manning from the Centre for Teaching and Educational Technologies for their timely assistance in getting this book ready for production and printing. Three special acknowledgements are in order. First, we are very appreciative and indebted to Myriam Legault for her project management, editorial, copy-editing, and stewardship skills. Her consistent enthusiasm, extreme patience, and hands-on diligence made all the difference in the world to the editorial committee. Secondly, we would like to thank Dr. Allan Cahoon, President and Vice-Chancellor of Royal Roads University for his tireless and enthusiastic support for our learning and teaching model. Finally, the cases described in this book would not have been possible without the dedication, enthusiasm, and inspiration of our Royal Roads University students.