Presented at the 8th International Workshop for Advances in Cleaner Production, 13-15 November 2019 (Sanya, China).The presentation abstract can be found on page 130 of the conference proceedings:http://www.advancesincleanerproduction.net/8th/files/proceedings_8th.pdf
Presented at the 21st International Working Seminar on Production Economics, 24-28 February 2020 (Innsbruck, Austria).Awareness towards environmental pollution and the need to achieve resource efficiency has inspired a remarkable interest towards the adoption of Closed-Loop Supply Chain (CLSC) practices. In the Management Science literature, a significant attention has been devoted to CLSC network design problems, which are aimed at providing decision support for ensuring the appropriate configuration of supply chains. In this research, a careful scrutiny of the identified body of literature is performed, focusing on CLSC network design problems. The review analyses the following elements: (i) the type of decision supported (strategic, tactical or operational); (ii) the coverage of the different sustainability dimensions (economic, environmental, social) within the field of study; (iii) the adoption of different modelling (e.g., deterministic vs stochastic) and solution (e.g., exact methods vs heuristic/meta-heuristic ones); (iv) the applicability of the developed approaches to real-world cases and different types of supply chains. While the literature in this field is abundant, several gaps can be identified. One of the most notable one is the lack of rigorous assessment of the integration of economic, environmental and social sustainability performances within CLSC network design problems. Indeed, in existing researches, the social dimension of sustainability is seldom evaluated; also, the environmental dimension is generally measured in generic ways (C02 emissions) and not through a rigorous account of the degree of circularity of the devised configurations. Moreover, the integration of strategic, tactical and operational decisions has been scarcely studied as well. This paper will report about these gaps and propose a related research agenda.
The transition to Circular Economy involves rethinking of products, services, changes throughout the valuechain, and implementation of circular business models. Potential economic gains and cost savings fromcircular business models have been mentioned as drivers to implement circular thinking withinorganisations. However, companies still struggle in understanding the economic benefits and implicationsassociated with such a transition. To overcome this, metrics that provide economic information associatedwith circular products and business models are needed. Life cycle costing (LCC) has been identified as apotential economic quantitative assessment method. Through a systematic literature review, this paperpresents the strengths and limitations associated to LCC in assessing the economic implications of circularbusiness models.The review recognised that LCC can provide a life cycle and multiple stakeholder perspectives, which arerelevant to overcome some challenges associated with the implementation and design of circular businessmodels. Furthermore, environmental and social LCC can include externality costs, which is an importantfactor for Circular Economy. Nonetheless, there is a lack of empirical studies implementing multiplestakeholder perspective and accounting for externalities. Several challenges were also identified: lack ofunderstanding of the cost implications of products/materials with multiple life cycles; difficulties inallocating costs among multiple stakeholders; lack of data availability and low quality. These are relevantissues for costing associated to circular business models and should be addressed in future research.
1. Radio is more 360° than ever2. A lot of prototyping and proof-of-concepts with editorial teams lead to a simple (at first sight), but effective toolkit3. Chatbots: key is finding the right use case4. Less relevant for questions like ‘What song is currently playing?’ ➜ Easily (and more quickly) retrievable by hand; Very relevant for complex queries: ‘I’m looking for a song which you guys played in the evening sometime last week’5. Big help as a digital assistant for editorial team to handle interaction6. We intend to integrate with even more services during open piloting activities during the second half of the project
Supplemental Material, PWQ_Bongiorno_Perpetrator_Empathy_teaching_supplement for Why Women Are Blamed for Being Sexually Harassed: The Effects of Empathy for Female Victims and Male Perpetrators by Renata Bongiorno, Chloe Langbroek, Paul G. Bain, Michelle Ting and Michelle K. Ryan in Psychology of Women Quarterly