The Open University's Centre for Higher Education Research and Information was commissioned in June 2007 to undertake a formative evaluation of Lifelong Learning Networks (LLNs). Research to inform the interim evaluation has been two-fold: \ud \ud desk research of LLN documentation and \ud visits to and interviews with personnel involved in eight LLNs.\ud \ud The report's main conclusion was that LLNs are making progress in terms of encouraging institutions to offer curricula and put in place procedures that, in the fullness of time, could make a significant difference to the coherence, clarity and certainty of progression opportunities for vocational learners. However, it went on to say that it is too soon to be able to make substantive and well-evidenced statements about LLNs' overall progress on meeting this overarching objective of the LLN initiative.
This research is aimed to identify, analyze and obtain empirical evidence about the effect of experience, education and training of auditors in auditing the auditor to increase expertise in public accounting firms in the city of Medan as set out in the Statement of Certified Public Accountants (PSAP). Independent variables in this research is the experience, education and training of auditors. For dependent variables in this research is auditor expertise. The data in this research is the primary data obtained from questionnaires directly to the auditor who worked in public accounting firms in the city of Medan. These research outcomes represent the experience, education and training of auditors simultaneously significantly influence the increase of expertise in auditing the auditor public accounting firm in the city of Medan. 070503103
Publisher: Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik
Countries: United Kingdom, Germany
Project: EC | QUALITY (278410)
In Boolean synthesis, we are given an LTL specification, and the goal is to construct a transducer that realizes it against an adversarial environment. Often, a specification contains both Boolean requirements that should be satisfied against an adversarial environment, and multi-valued components that refer to the quality of the satisfaction and whose expected cost we would like to minimize with respect to a probabilistic environment. In this work we study, for the first time, mean-payoff games in which the system aims at minimizing the expected cost against a probabilistic environment, while surely satisfying an omega-regular condition against an adversarial environment. We consider the case the omega-regular condition is given as a parity objective or by an LTL formula. We show that in general, optimal strategies need not exist, and moreover, the limit value cannot be approximated by finite-memory strategies. We thus focus on computing the limit-value, and give tight complexity bounds for synthesizing epsilon-optimal strategies for both finite-memory and infinite-memory strategies. We show that our game naturally arises in various contexts of synthesis with Boolean and multi-valued objectives. Beyond direct applications, in synthesis with costs and rewards to certain behaviors, it allows us to compute the minimal sensing cost of omega-regular specifications -- a measure of quality in which we look for a transducer that minimizes the expected number of signals that are read from the input.
This project aimed to develop new theoretical understanding of the nature and extent of children’s learner agency in primary education. From a sociocultural perspective, having the capacity to exercise learner agency is essential for meaning-making and therefore deep and effective learning. Existing international research suggests that children attending schools with significant intakes of children from ‘disadvantaged’ backgrounds may develop ‘passive’ and disengaged orientations to learning in response to the strong pressure on many of these schools to raise attainment. Learner agency can be defined as volitional activity which has an effect on learners’ peers and teachers, for example in terms of their understanding of a concept or phenomena. Learner agency is both constrained and enabled by sociocultural practices, including, as in this research, the modes of pedagogy used by teachers. A multiple case study design (Yin 2009) was selected to enable collection of rich data using multiple methods within and compare across different schools. Four case study schools with above national average (26.7% in 2013) proportion of pupils eligible for Free School Meals (as a proxy for ‘disadvantage’) and located in urban settings in Greater London. Data was collected in the four schools through semi-structured interviews with Year Five teachers and children and Year Five lessons were observed by the researcher as a non-participant observer, across the curriculum. All four classrooms were characterised by a mixture of competence-based and performative pedagogy, although the dominant mode varied across schools. The higher the proportion of disadvantaged children at the school, the more performative the pedagogy was.The project provides new empirical evidence about the nature and extent of children’s learner agency in disadvantaged urban primary schools; it has led to the development of theoretical understandings of learner agency in such contexts. The data suggests that learner agency is constrained and enabled in complex ways, which depend on teachers’ pedagogical practices. This extends existing research in such contexts, which has mainly focussed on children’s agency in constructing their social and learner identities and positioning as learners (e.g. Youdell 2006; Reay 2006). The study took a new theoretical approach to researching agency in disadvantaged schools, drawing on sociocultural theory to develop understandings of learner agency. The project also contributes significantly to developing sociocultural understandings of learner agency by identifying how it is constrained and enabled in relation to Bernstein’s (2000) modes of pedagogy.
This thesis entitled Influence Leaders to Work Motivation Employees in the Public Broadcasting Radio Republik Indonesia Medan North Sumatra. Correlational study aimed to determine the influence of the leader on the motivation of employees working in Public Broadcasting Radio Republik Indonesia Medan North Sumatra. The theory used in this research is the theory of leadership, leadership and motivation theory. The population in this study are all permanent employees LPP RRI Medan totaling 127 people, using the formula Slovin obtained a total sample of 51 people, while sampling technique using proportional random sampling. This study was conducted from September-October 2016. The data collection techniques used in this research in two ways, namely the library research (library research) and field research (field research) by distributing questionnaires. Data analysis techniques used in this research is the analysis of single table and hypothesis testing through test formula coefficient of simple regression (t test) using SPSS 15. From these results obtained t count = 7.426 and t table = 2.010635. Based on the hypothesis that the test criteria if t> t table then Ho is rejected. It can be concluded that Ha received that are Influence Leaders to Work Motivation Employees in the Public Broadcasting Radio Republik Indonesia Medan North Sumatra. From the regression results obtained value of the coefficient of correlation (R) of 0.728 in the category have a strong relationship between the leaders on work motivation of employees, and the value of R Square or the coefficient of determination (KD) amounted to 53.0%, which means variable leaders have the effect of 53.0 % of employees work motivation variable LPP RRI in Medan, with the balance of 47% influenced by other factors outside factor leader. 120904019
Bioethics education on deliberation - a view of a novel: Blue Gold, by Clive Cussler (Article presented at the conference Bioethics Education: Contents, Methods, Trends, Zefat, Israel, May 2-5, 2010) Authors: Susana Magalhães* (researcher), Joana Araújo (researcher), Ana Sofia Carvalho (Head of the Institute of Bioethics) Research Centre of Bioethics, Institute of Bioethics, Portuguese Catholic University Bioethics education on deliberation - a view of a novel: Blue Gold, by Clive Cussler Since the focus of Bioethics is the bridge between Humanities and the Life Sciences and bearing in mind that this bridge is often difficult to build, those who believe that this dialogue is important in our days should promote it through Education. By educating in Bioethics it is possible to improve the participation of the citizens in debates on the ethical issues raised by new technologies and scientific research. It is our conviction that literary texts are laboratories of ethical judgment, where the ethical questions concerning specific scientific/technological issues are addressed in an imaginary world. Therefore our purpose is to present a framework for ethical deliberation through the use of literature. Fiction allows us to “practise” ethical decision making, by focusing on the particular cases of the characters of the story and by checking how the principles / theories working at the background apply to the narrated cases.
This summary focuses on how the English courts appear to have shifted towards an increased preoccupation for settlement, particularly during the past 20 years. The focus is mainly on ordinary civil (nonCfamily) courts, which hear cases in first instance (rather than appeals) (Part A), although similar practices can be found in criminal cases (Part B). For civil cases, the most relevant English courts are local county courts, as well as the High Court (including the Commercial Court and the Technology and Construction Court within the Queen’s Bench Division). For criminal cases, the focus is on first instance cases in Magistrates’ Courts and the Crown Court. The last section summarises the main reasons that are typically used by English scholars and policymakers in supporting settlement in civil and criminal cases.