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  • 2023-2023
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bailey, Shivani; Ferraresso, Marta; Alonso-Crisostomo, Luz; Ward, Dawn; +7 Authors
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Apollo
    Other ORP type . 2023
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Apollo
      Other ORP type . 2023
      Data sources: Apollo
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: King, David; Li, Xiao Dun; Almeida, Gilberto S; Kwok, Colin; +12 Authors
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Apollo
    Other ORP type . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Apollo
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Apollo
      Other ORP type . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Apollo
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Cave, Stephen; Dihal, Kanta; Drage, Eleanor; Mackereth, Kerry;

    Drawing on feminist perspectives within cultural studies and science communication studies, this paper aims to analyse the gendered portrayals of AI scientists in popular film, which, we argue, contribute to the barriers women face within the AI sector. In order to understand the cultural construction of the AI engineer, we analysed the 142 most influential films featuring AI from 1920 to 2020 for their portrayals of AI researchers. As well as finding that only 7% of AI professionals portrayed in film are women, we identified a number of key gendered tropes associated with the AI scientist that recur in these films. In this chapter, we focus on four tropes that construct the ideal AI scientist as male: the portrayal of the AI scientist as a genius; AI’s association with traditionally masculine milieus such as the military; the creation of artificial life; and relations of gender inequality that relegate female AI engineers into positions of subservience and sacrifice.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Apollo
    Other ORP type . 2023
    Data sources: Apollo
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Apollo
      Other ORP type . 2023
      Data sources: Apollo
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Craig-McFeely, J;

    Digital reproductions of manuscripts are now reasonably easy to obtain from a very wide variety of libraries, although persuading suppliers to meet the standards required for digital restoration - or even high-quality reproduction - is surprisingly difficult. As more researchers tackle image-processing to help them read damaged originals, the need for suppliers to meet a baseline standard is much greater. The paper examines a set of basic guidelines for requesting images for research purposes A demonstration of some 'virtual restoration' techniques on a variety of different types of damage as well as photographic techniques such as ultra-violet, infra-red and multi-spectral imaging as adjuncts to normal color imaging will also be discussed.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oxford University Re...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oxford University Re...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bloser, Joy;

    As the world races to ban the plastic bag, its use in art as a reclaimed and repurposed material is still very prominent. Treatment options for clear plastic bags, film and sheeting, primarily composed of various densities of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, and ethylene vinyl acetate are not yet codified in the care and conservation of contemporary art materials. Experimental methods are often necessary to achieve conservation goals set by artists, institutions, or the artwork itself. Through the lens of three case studies, both interventive and non-interventive treatment options for different polymer compositions used to make clear plastic bags will be discussed.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Apollo
    Other ORP type . 2023
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Apollo
      Other ORP type . 2023
      Data sources: Apollo
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lightfoot, J;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oxford University Re...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    0
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    downloaddownloads35
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    more_vert
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oxford University Re...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Chen-Xu, Michael; Cooper, Daniel; Döffinger, Rainer; Jones, Rachel; +1 Authors

    Background: Dialysis, renal transplant (RTX) and autoimmune kidney disease (AKD) patients are at higher risk of COVD-19 and suboptimal humoral responses post primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. As such, these groups have been prioritised for further SARS-CoV-2 vaccine doses. Limited data are available on their immunogenicity. Methods: Patients on dialysis or with a RTX or AKD who received primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination were prospectively recruited from three UK sites. SARS-CoV-2 IgG spike antibody (anti-S IgG) and nucleocapsid titres were measured with a Luminex assay post 2nd, 3rd and 4th SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. Endpoints were median anti-S IgG titres and seroconversion (anti-S IgG titre >1896 MFI). Results: 628 patients (58% male, median age 62 years) comprising 240 dialysis, 194 RTX, and 194 AKD patients were recruited, with seroconversion of 96%, 61% and 70% respectively post two vaccines, and median anti-S IgG titres (IQR) of 30604 (24393–31826), 5829 (455–28296) and 18711 (1233–30226). 400/627 (64%) had anti-S IgG titres post 3rd dose (82% BNT162b2, 7% mRNA-1273, 3% ChAdOx1, 8% unknown; median 191 days post 2nd dose), with 27/58 (47%) of RTX and 17/46 (37%) of AKD patient non-responders seroconverting. Seroconversion among RTX and AKD patients overall improved to 78% (114/146) and 79% (122/155) respectively (p< 0.05), but not in dialysis patients post 3rd dose. 212/400 (53%) had serology post 4th dose (66% BNT162b2, 22% mRNA-1273, 12% unknown; median 104 days post 3rd dose), with 10/22 (46%) and 3/25 (12%) of RTX and AKD patient non-responders seroconverting. Anti-S IgG titre and seroconversion were similar within each group post 4th dose (Table 1, Figure 1). Predictors of non-seroconversion post 3rd dose in a multivariable model were rituximab use within six months, mycophenolate, prednisolone, chronic kidney disease and AKD (all p< 0.05), and post 4th dose, rituximab alone (p< 0.001). Conclusion: After primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, a 3rd but not 4th dose improved anti-S IgG titres and seroconversion in renal patients. Immunosuppressive use, particularly rituximab, was associated with reduced serologic responses (Tables 2, 3). Patients on immunosuppressives should therefore be prioritised for consideration of additional pre-exposure prophylactic agents. Disclosures: Michael Chen-Xu, MBChB, MRCP, MPH, GSK: Grant/Research Support Rachel Jones, MD, GSK: Advisor/Consultant|GSK: Grant/Research Support|Roche: Grant/Research Support|Vifor Pharma: Advisor/Consultant Rona M. Smith, MD MRCP, GSK: Grant/Research Support|Union Therapeutics: Grant/Research Support

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Apollo
    Other ORP type . 2023
    Data sources: Apollo
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Apollo
      Other ORP type . 2023
      Data sources: Apollo
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Hugenroth, D; Kocaoğullar, C; Beresford, AR;

    Anonymity networks protect the metadata of communication between participants. This is an important privacy guarantee for whistleblowers, activists, journalists and others who rely on anonymity networks. However, these same guarantees can also help criminals and disruptive users evade the consequences of their actions. Existing literature and research has little to say on what designers and operators of such networks can do to maximize beneficial uses while minimizing harm. We build on lessons learned from the widespread deployment of another strong privacy technology, end-to-end encrypted messaging applications, as well as on existing examples from anonymity networks, to formulate a set of design methods which anonymity networks can use to discourage harmful use. We find better solutions exist when networks are specialized to particular application domains since such networks are then able to provide a better trade-off between benefits and harms. One drawback of such specialization is that it may lead to smaller numbers of users and therefore an increased risk of insufficient anonymity.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Apollo
    Other ORP type . 2023
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Apolloarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Apollo
      Other ORP type . 2023
      Data sources: Apollo
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Apostolou, Menelaos; Sullman, Mark; Birkás, Béla; Błachnio, Agata; +23 Authors

    Adult individuals frequently face difficulties in attracting and keeping mates, which is an important driver of singlehood. In the current research, we investigated the mating performance (i.e., how well people do in attracting and retaining intimate partners) and singlehood status in 14 different countries, namely Austria, Brazil, China, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Peru, Poland, Russia, Spain, Turkey, the UK, and Ukraine (N = 7,181). We found that poor mating performance was in high occurrence, with about one in four participants scoring low in this dimension, and more than 57% facing difficulties in starting and/or keeping a relationship. Men and women did not differ in their mating performance scores, but there was a small yet significant effect of age, with older participants indicating higher mating performance. Moreover, nearly 13% of the participants indicated that they were involuntarily single, which accounted for about one-third of the singles in the sample. In addition, more than 15% of the participants indicated that they were voluntarily single, and 10% were between-relationships single. We also found that poor mating performance was associated with an increased likelihood of voluntary, involuntary, and between-relationships singlehood. All types of singlehood were in higher occurrence in younger participants. Although there was some cross-cultural variation, the results were generally consistent across samples. © The Author(s) 2023. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Peer reviewed

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Norwegian Open Resea...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Norwegian Open Resea...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Torres-Ferrera, Pablo; Faruk, Saifuddin; Kovacs, Istvan Bence; Savory, Seb J;

    We experimentally investigate a simple fiber nonlinearity pre-compensation technique for 200 Gbps PON downstream using a simplified coherent receiver. A power budget improvement of 1.0 dB is achieved for 50 km reach in C-band.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bailey, Shivani; Ferraresso, Marta; Alonso-Crisostomo, Luz; Ward, Dawn; +7 Authors
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    Authors: King, David; Li, Xiao Dun; Almeida, Gilberto S; Kwok, Colin; +12 Authors
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    Authors: Cave, Stephen; Dihal, Kanta; Drage, Eleanor; Mackereth, Kerry;

    Drawing on feminist perspectives within cultural studies and science communication studies, this paper aims to analyse the gendered portrayals of AI scientists in popular film, which, we argue, contribute to the barriers women face within the AI sector. In order to understand the cultural construction of the AI engineer, we analysed the 142 most influential films featuring AI from 1920 to 2020 for their portrayals of AI researchers. As well as finding that only 7% of AI professionals portrayed in film are women, we identified a number of key gendered tropes associated with the AI scientist that recur in these films. In this chapter, we focus on four tropes that construct the ideal AI scientist as male: the portrayal of the AI scientist as a genius; AI’s association with traditionally masculine milieus such as the military; the creation of artificial life; and relations of gender inequality that relegate female AI engineers into positions of subservience and sacrifice.

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    Authors: Craig-McFeely, J;

    Digital reproductions of manuscripts are now reasonably easy to obtain from a very wide variety of libraries, although persuading suppliers to meet the standards required for digital restoration - or even high-quality reproduction - is surprisingly difficult. As more researchers tackle image-processing to help them read damaged originals, the need for suppliers to meet a baseline standard is much greater. The paper examines a set of basic guidelines for requesting images for research purposes A demonstration of some 'virtual restoration' techniques on a variety of different types of damage as well as photographic techniques such as ultra-violet, infra-red and multi-spectral imaging as adjuncts to normal color imaging will also be discussed.

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    Authors: Bloser, Joy;

    As the world races to ban the plastic bag, its use in art as a reclaimed and repurposed material is still very prominent. Treatment options for clear plastic bags, film and sheeting, primarily composed of various densities of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, and ethylene vinyl acetate are not yet codified in the care and conservation of contemporary art materials. Experimental methods are often necessary to achieve conservation goals set by artists, institutions, or the artwork itself. Through the lens of three case studies, both interventive and non-interventive treatment options for different polymer compositions used to make clear plastic bags will be discussed.

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    Authors: Lightfoot, J;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oxford University Re...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Chen-Xu, Michael; Cooper, Daniel; Döffinger, Rainer; Jones, Rachel; +1 Authors

    Background: Dialysis, renal transplant (RTX) and autoimmune kidney disease (AKD) patients are at higher risk of COVD-19 and suboptimal humoral responses post primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. As such, these groups have been prioritised for further SARS-CoV-2 vaccine doses. Limited data are available on their immunogenicity. Methods: Patients on dialysis or with a RTX or AKD who received primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination were prospectively recruited from three UK sites. SARS-CoV-2 IgG spike antibody (anti-S IgG) and nucleocapsid titres were measured with a Luminex assay post 2nd, 3rd and 4th SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. Endpoints were median anti-S IgG titres and seroconversion (anti-S IgG titre >1896 MFI). Results: 628 patients (58% male, median age 62 years) comprising 240 dialysis, 194 RTX, and 194 AKD patients were recruited, with seroconversion of 96%, 61% and 70% respectively post two vaccines, and median anti-S IgG titres (IQR) of 30604 (24393–31826), 5829 (455–28296) and 18711 (1233–30226). 400/627 (64%) had anti-S IgG titres post 3rd dose (82% BNT162b2, 7% mRNA-1273, 3% ChAdOx1, 8% unknown; median 191 days post 2nd dose), with 27/58 (47%) of RTX and 17/46 (37%) of AKD patient non-responders seroconverting. Seroconversion among RTX and AKD patients overall improved to 78% (114/146) and 79% (122/155) respectively (p< 0.05), but not in dialysis patients post 3rd dose. 212/400 (53%) had serology post 4th dose (66% BNT162b2, 22% mRNA-1273, 12% unknown; median 104 days post 3rd dose), with 10/22 (46%) and 3/25 (12%) of RTX and AKD patient non-responders seroconverting. Anti-S IgG titre and seroconversion were similar within each group post 4th dose (Table 1, Figure 1). Predictors of non-seroconversion post 3rd dose in a multivariable model were rituximab use within six months, mycophenolate, prednisolone, chronic kidney disease and AKD (all p< 0.05), and post 4th dose, rituximab alone (p< 0.001). Conclusion: After primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, a 3rd but not 4th dose improved anti-S IgG titres and seroconversion in renal patients. Immunosuppressive use, particularly rituximab, was associated with reduced serologic responses (Tables 2, 3). Patients on immunosuppressives should therefore be prioritised for consideration of additional pre-exposure prophylactic agents. Disclosures: Michael Chen-Xu, MBChB, MRCP, MPH, GSK: Grant/Research Support Rachel Jones, MD, GSK: Advisor/Consultant|GSK: Grant/Research Support|Roche: Grant/Research Support|Vifor Pharma: Advisor/Consultant Rona M. Smith, MD MRCP, GSK: Grant/Research Support|Union Therapeutics: Grant/Research Support

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    Authors: Hugenroth, D; Kocaoğullar, C; Beresford, AR;

    Anonymity networks protect the metadata of communication between participants. This is an important privacy guarantee for whistleblowers, activists, journalists and others who rely on anonymity networks. However, these same guarantees can also help criminals and disruptive users evade the consequences of their actions. Existing literature and research has little to say on what designers and operators of such networks can do to maximize beneficial uses while minimizing harm. We build on lessons learned from the widespread deployment of another strong privacy technology, end-to-end encrypted messaging applications, as well as on existing examples from anonymity networks, to formulate a set of design methods which anonymity networks can use to discourage harmful use. We find better solutions exist when networks are specialized to particular application domains since such networks are then able to provide a better trade-off between benefits and harms. One drawback of such specialization is that it may lead to smaller numbers of users and therefore an increased risk of insufficient anonymity.

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    Authors: Apostolou, Menelaos; Sullman, Mark; Birkás, Béla; Błachnio, Agata; +23 Authors

    Adult individuals frequently face difficulties in attracting and keeping mates, which is an important driver of singlehood. In the current research, we investigated the mating performance (i.e., how well people do in attracting and retaining intimate partners) and singlehood status in 14 different countries, namely Austria, Brazil, China, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Peru, Poland, Russia, Spain, Turkey, the UK, and Ukraine (N = 7,181). We found that poor mating performance was in high occurrence, with about one in four participants scoring low in this dimension, and more than 57% facing difficulties in starting and/or keeping a relationship. Men and women did not differ in their mating performance scores, but there was a small yet significant effect of age, with older participants indicating higher mating performance. Moreover, nearly 13% of the participants indicated that they were involuntarily single, which accounted for about one-third of the singles in the sample. In addition, more than 15% of the participants indicated that they were voluntarily single, and 10% were between-relationships single. We also found that poor mating performance was associated with an increased likelihood of voluntary, involuntary, and between-relationships singlehood. All types of singlehood were in higher occurrence in younger participants. Although there was some cross-cultural variation, the results were generally consistent across samples. © The Author(s) 2023. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Peer reviewed

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    Authors: Torres-Ferrera, Pablo; Faruk, Saifuddin; Kovacs, Istvan Bence; Savory, Seb J;

    We experimentally investigate a simple fiber nonlinearity pre-compensation technique for 200 Gbps PON downstream using a simplified coherent receiver. A power budget improvement of 1.0 dB is achieved for 50 km reach in C-band.

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    Apollo
    Other ORP type . 2023
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Apollo
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      Apollo
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      Data sources: Apollo