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  • Authors: Amphilochios Papathomas;

    Abstract The article offers critical remarks on and a re-edition of a Greek documentary papyrus belonging to the collection of the University of Padua and containing a Greek business letter from the second or third century of our era.

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  • Authors: Eleni Voultsiadou; Tatolas Apostolos;

    Aim of the present work is to study the composition of the fauna in Greece and adjacent areas around 3000 years ago through the knowledge of the Homeric man about the animal kingdom in Greece and adjacent areas. The method consists of the analysis of information derived from a thorough study of the first written documents of the Greek literature, the epics, attributed to Homer and Hesiod. Records of 2442 animals were found, corresponding to 71 different animal names. All animal names were attributed to recent taxa at different category levels; the majority (65%) were assigned to taxa of the species level and the rest to supraspecific taxa. Most of the animal names recorded in the epics have been retained, as integral words or roots in Modern Greek and they have been used in the formation of Latin scientific taxa names. Five animal phyla appear in the texts: (1) Chordata (mostly birds and mammals), (2) Arthropoda, (3) Mollusca, (4) Porifera, and (5) Annelida. Information in the epics also includes morphology, biology, ecology (habitat and prey-predator relationships) and behavior. The presence of several species in the area in that period is documented on the basis of archaeological and/or palaeontological findings from various Greek localities. The knowledge of Homeric man about animals, as reflected in the epics, seems to concentrate mainly, but not exclusively, on animals involved in human activities. The populations of some common animal species of the Homeric age in the Greek populated areas have become extinct or reduced at the present time. On the other hand, some common animals of the present time do not appear in the epics, since they were introduced later. Useful zoological information can be derived from the study of classical texts, which may help historical biogeographers, as a supplement to archaeology and art, in the reconstruction of faunas of older periods.

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    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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      Part of book or chapter of book . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Dimitrios P. Lyras; Kyriakos N. Sgarbas; Nikos Fakotakis;

    In the present work we have implemented the Edit Distance (also known as Levenshtein Distance) on a dictionary-based algorithm in order to achieve the automatic induction of the normalized form (lemma) of regular and mildly irregular words with no direct supervision. The algorithm combines two alignment models based on the string similarity and the most frequent inflexional suffixes. In our experiments, we have also examined the language-independency (i.e. independency of the specific grammar and inflexional rules of the language) of the presented algorithm by evaluating its performance on the Modern Greek and English languages. The results were very promising as we achieved more than 95 % of accuracy for the Greek language and more than 96 % for the English language. This algorithm may be useful to various text mining and linguistic applications such as spell-checkers, electronic dictionaries, morphological analyzers, search engines etc.

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  • Authors: Monica Nilsson;

    This paper sets out to propose an alternative model of economic management at settlements of Early Helladic I–II date, where evidence of socioeconomic hierarchies is not prominent in the archaeological material. It is suggested here that the remains of certain original structures within the boundaries of settlements were once granaries which served the whole community. If this reading of the material is accepted, then communal storage seems to have supplemented domestic storage or constituted the sole method of grain keeping at a number of settlements during the initial stages of the EH period. The practice was then abandoned and, with one exception, after the EH II–III break there is instead a strong case for domestic storage only. A potential EH I–II communal management of basic food supplies thus carries wider implications for the interpretation of the general management of settlements.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Hartung, Thomas; Tsatsakis, Aristides M.;

    Science changes in waves, the so-called paradigm shifts or scientific revolutions. This concept was prominently elabo­rated by Thomas S. Kuhn more than 50 years ago in what remains one of the most cited science philosophy books of all time. Kuhn described how “normal science” experiences anomalies, which bring it to crisis and revolution from which a new, immature scientific paradigm results, which over time becomes the new normal. Building on an analysis on how this applies to toxicology and its change in approach in 2008, we concluded at the time that toxicology had encountered a number of such anomalies and was moving into crisis. Here, the progress along Kuhn’s trajectory over the last 12 years of a scientific revolution is discussed. We conclude that this decade has shown up even more anomalies, and the perception of crisis has spread and consolidated. Indications of revolutionary paradigm changes are emerging. published

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    ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kondis, Basil;

    Preface: Stelios A. Papadimitriou 62 σ.

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    I.R. "OLYMPIAS"
    Book . 2015
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      I.R. "OLYMPIAS"
      Book . 2015
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  • Authors: Ines Cherif; V. Solachidis; Ioannis Pitas;

    This paper aims at providing a quantitative description of shot types commonly used in movie productions. Only qualitative descriptions are available in the literature and even these are subject to various naming conventions. A vocabulary is fixed and human body-based rules are defined to extract the shot types. A database was generated with a set of samples labeled by cinematography experts. The proposed approach was tested on the set of samples providing promising results.

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    Authors: Damasio C. V.; Pan J. Z.; Stoilos G.; Straccia U.;

    The RuleML initiative defines a normalized markup for expressing and exchange rules in the Semantic Web. However, the syntax of the language is still limited and lacks features for representing rule-based languages capable of handling uncertainty. It is desirable to have a general extension of RuleML which accommodates major existing languages proposed in the latest two decades. The main contribution of the paper is to propose such a general extension, showing how to encode many of the existing languages in this extension. We hope this work can also provide some insights on how to cover uncertainty in the RIF framework.

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    Conference object . 2006
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    ISTI Open Portal
    Conference object . 2006
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    https://doi.org/10.1109/ruleml...
    Conference object . 2006 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Christy Spackman;

    This article examines the politics of smell at the edge of perception. In January 2014, the municipal water supply of Charleston, West Virginia was contaminated by an under-characterized chemical, crude MCHM. Even when instrumental measurements no longer detected the chemical, people continued to smell its licorice-like odor. In a space where nothing was certain, smell became the only indicator of potential harm. Officials responded by commissioning state-funded sensory testing of crude MCHM to determine its sensory threshold. Via the critical passage point of sensory science, some instances of embodied attunement were allowed to enter into the evidentiary regimes of perception, while other, similarly trained moments of attunement were excluded from the process. This, I show, produced knowledge about the spilled chemical that maintained the systems that contributed to the spill in the first place. Drawing on new materialist thought, I riff on biology and ‘transduce’ the ephemeral phenomena of smelling crude MCHM into a new medium: Rather than thinking of smell as a volatile molecular material (an odorant), I show that consideration of smell as a manipulable object that one can imagine as having tangible substance and shape offers a way to experiment with disciplinary forms. I suggest an alternate future, where sensory science acts to record sensory labor that produces facts about collective experience that cannot (easily) travel through current systems, a process that is one possible way of beginning to unravel entrenched systems of toxic harm.

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    Social Studies of Science
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    Social Studies of Science
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Thomas Goumenos;
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    Nations and Nationalism
    Article . 2013 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Amphilochios Papathomas;

    Abstract The article offers critical remarks on and a re-edition of a Greek documentary papyrus belonging to the collection of the University of Padua and containing a Greek business letter from the second or third century of our era.

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  • Authors: Eleni Voultsiadou; Tatolas Apostolos;

    Aim of the present work is to study the composition of the fauna in Greece and adjacent areas around 3000 years ago through the knowledge of the Homeric man about the animal kingdom in Greece and adjacent areas. The method consists of the analysis of information derived from a thorough study of the first written documents of the Greek literature, the epics, attributed to Homer and Hesiod. Records of 2442 animals were found, corresponding to 71 different animal names. All animal names were attributed to recent taxa at different category levels; the majority (65%) were assigned to taxa of the species level and the rest to supraspecific taxa. Most of the animal names recorded in the epics have been retained, as integral words or roots in Modern Greek and they have been used in the formation of Latin scientific taxa names. Five animal phyla appear in the texts: (1) Chordata (mostly birds and mammals), (2) Arthropoda, (3) Mollusca, (4) Porifera, and (5) Annelida. Information in the epics also includes morphology, biology, ecology (habitat and prey-predator relationships) and behavior. The presence of several species in the area in that period is documented on the basis of archaeological and/or palaeontological findings from various Greek localities. The knowledge of Homeric man about animals, as reflected in the epics, seems to concentrate mainly, but not exclusively, on animals involved in human activities. The populations of some common animal species of the Homeric age in the Greek populated areas have become extinct or reduced at the present time. On the other hand, some common animals of the present time do not appear in the epics, since they were introduced later. Useful zoological information can be derived from the study of classical texts, which may help historical biogeographers, as a supplement to archaeology and art, in the reconstruction of faunas of older periods.

    https://doi.org/10.1...arrow_drop_down
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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      Part of book or chapter of book . 2008 . Peer-reviewed
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  • Authors: Dimitrios P. Lyras; Kyriakos N. Sgarbas; Nikos Fakotakis;

    In the present work we have implemented the Edit Distance (also known as Levenshtein Distance) on a dictionary-based algorithm in order to achieve the automatic induction of the normalized form (lemma) of regular and mildly irregular words with no direct supervision. The algorithm combines two alignment models based on the string similarity and the most frequent inflexional suffixes. In our experiments, we have also examined the language-independency (i.e. independency of the specific grammar and inflexional rules of the language) of the presented algorithm by evaluating its performance on the Modern Greek and English languages. The results were very promising as we achieved more than 95 % of accuracy for the Greek language and more than 96 % for the English language. This algorithm may be useful to various text mining and linguistic applications such as spell-checkers, electronic dictionaries, morphological analyzers, search engines etc.

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  • Authors: Monica Nilsson;

    This paper sets out to propose an alternative model of economic management at settlements of Early Helladic I–II date, where evidence of socioeconomic hierarchies is not prominent in the archaeological material. It is suggested here that the remains of certain original structures within the boundaries of settlements were once granaries which served the whole community. If this reading of the material is accepted, then communal storage seems to have supplemented domestic storage or constituted the sole method of grain keeping at a number of settlements during the initial stages of the EH period. The practice was then abandoned and, with one exception, after the EH II–III break there is instead a strong case for domestic storage only. A potential EH I–II communal management of basic food supplies thus carries wider implications for the interpretation of the general management of settlements.

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    Authors: Hartung, Thomas; Tsatsakis, Aristides M.;

    Science changes in waves, the so-called paradigm shifts or scientific revolutions. This concept was prominently elabo­rated by Thomas S. Kuhn more than 50 years ago in what remains one of the most cited science philosophy books of all time. Kuhn described how “normal science” experiences anomalies, which bring it to crisis and revolution from which a new, immature scientific paradigm results, which over time becomes the new normal. Building on an analysis on how this applies to toxicology and its change in approach in 2008, we concluded at the time that toxicology had encountered a number of such anomalies and was moving into crisis. Here, the progress along Kuhn’s trajectory over the last 12 years of a scientific revolution is discussed. We conclude that this decade has shown up even more anomalies, and the perception of crisis has spread and consolidated. Indications of revolutionary paradigm changes are emerging. published

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Konstanzer Online-Pu...arrow_drop_down
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    ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation
    Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Konstanzer Online-Pu...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation
      Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref
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    Authors: Kondis, Basil;

    Preface: Stelios A. Papadimitriou 62 σ.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ I.R. "OLYMPIAS"arrow_drop_down
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    I.R. "OLYMPIAS"
    Book . 2015
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