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  • 2014-2023
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  • Estonian

  • Authors: Raudsepp, Anu;

    Training high school teachers in post-war Tartu State University After World War II the heavy sovietisation of Estonian education began. The key persons of this process were undoubtedly teachers, preferably those who had arrived from the Soviet Union (especially Estonians from Russia) or young people taught in Estonia in the spirit of new educational ideas. A great shift took place in the Estonian teacher community at that time. Altogether 4,176 teachers are known to have been fired, dismissed at their own request or transferred to another position during the period of 1946–1950. The only counterbalance was preparing new teachers locally. In the post-war years, high school teachers were trained only at Tartu State University, which was exceptional in the Soviet Union because elsewhere it was mainly done in pedagogical institutes. The article studies the substantial and formal changes in the sovietisation of teacher training that were realised through complying with union-wide regulations and pedagogical trends. Similarities and differences are also outlined. Secondly, the process of making teacher training obligatory at Tartu State University and its importance in providing Estonian schools with local staff is explored. Thirdly, the article attempts to disclose the role and activity of various people related to pedagogy at the time in this process. The study is mainly based on new and practically unused archive sources related to the history of the University of Tartu. During the era of Stalinism, teacher training became obligatory for everyone in the University of Tartu faculties that taught subjects also covered by general education schools. In the 1940s there were few university graduates, incl. teachers, but since the spring of 1950 the number of people who were appointed as teachers from Tartu State University increased significantly. The establishment of the Tallinn Pedagogical Institute in 1952 added a second educational institution in Estonia that trained high school teachers and helped provide the schools with local staff. It was mainly the service of the chairs of pedagogy that teacher training persisted at the University of Tartu. However, it was the service of the specialisation chairs that teachers received an education, which was, to a great extent, in the spirit of the traditions of the independence era. Therefore, the compulsory teacher training of the university contributed much to educating university graduate, Estonian-minded, Estonian and Russian speaking teachers for Estonian schools to counter the Russian-minded and Russian speaking teachers who were appointed to Estonia from elsewhere. Tartu Ülikooli ajaloo küsimusi, No 44 (2016): Rahvusülikooli omad ja võõrad

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Keel ja Kirjandus
    Article . 2014
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Keel ja Kirjandusarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Keel ja Kirjandus
      Article . 2014
      Data sources: VIRTA
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Olt, Jüri; Ilves, Risto; Küüt, Arne;

    Article Saabunud / Received 08.04.2019 ; Aktsepteeritud / Accepted 06.06.2019 ; Avaldatud veebis / Published online 12.06.2019 ; Vastutav autor / Corresponding author: Jüri Olt e-mail: jyri.olt@emu.ee The aim of the current research is to provide an overview of the trends in the park of agricultural machinery in Estonia during the period 2010–2018. For this purpose, data obtained from the registers of Agriculture and Transport of Statistics Estonia have been used. The article outlines, firstly, changes in the number of agricultural holdings by the size of arable land and growing area of grain, secondly, changes in the number of tractors and grain harvesters, including the number of new tractors and harvesters sold over the years, thirdly, the preferences of holdings for tractors and grain harvesters, and fourthly, the categorization of new tractors and grain harvesters by the manufacturing company in the given time period. What is more, developments concomitant with trends in the park of agricultural machinery have been described.

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    EMU DSpace
    Article . 2019
    Data sources: EMU DSpace
    https://doi.org/10.15159/jas.1...
    Article . 2019
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
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      EMU DSpace
      Article . 2019
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      https://doi.org/10.15159/jas.1...
      Article . 2019
      License: CC BY
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    Authors: Kallis, Ain;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DSpace at Tartu Univ...arrow_drop_down
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    DSpace at Tartu University Library
    Article . 2020
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      DSpace at Tartu University Library
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  • Authors: Lell, Virge; Lõbu, Terje;

    Tartu Ülikooli ajaloo küsimusi, No 44 (2016): Rahvusülikooli omad ja võõrad

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    Authors: Kallis, Ain;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DSpace at Tartu Univ...arrow_drop_down
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    DSpace at Tartu University Library
    Article . 2019
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      DSpace at Tartu University Library
      Article . 2019
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    Authors: Kuht, Jaan; Eremeev, Viacheslav; Alaru, Maarika; Luik, Anne; +1 Authors

    Uurimistulemustest selgus, et punase ristiku kasvatamine külvikorras avaldab soodsat mõju mikroorganismidele, tõstes mullamikroobide aktiivsust. Pestitsiididega töödeldud tavaviljelussüsteemides oli mulla mikroobide aktiivsus ja orgaanilise süsiniku sisaldus võrreldes mahesüsteemidega madalam.

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    Authors: Tolonen, Mikko; Mäkelä, Eetu; Marjanen, Jani; Tahko, Tuuli;

    Peer reviewed

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    Authors: Kallis, Ain;
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    Authors: Kallis, Ain;
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  • Authors: Raudsepp, Anu;

    Training high school teachers in post-war Tartu State University After World War II the heavy sovietisation of Estonian education began. The key persons of this process were undoubtedly teachers, preferably those who had arrived from the Soviet Union (especially Estonians from Russia) or young people taught in Estonia in the spirit of new educational ideas. A great shift took place in the Estonian teacher community at that time. Altogether 4,176 teachers are known to have been fired, dismissed at their own request or transferred to another position during the period of 1946–1950. The only counterbalance was preparing new teachers locally. In the post-war years, high school teachers were trained only at Tartu State University, which was exceptional in the Soviet Union because elsewhere it was mainly done in pedagogical institutes. The article studies the substantial and formal changes in the sovietisation of teacher training that were realised through complying with union-wide regulations and pedagogical trends. Similarities and differences are also outlined. Secondly, the process of making teacher training obligatory at Tartu State University and its importance in providing Estonian schools with local staff is explored. Thirdly, the article attempts to disclose the role and activity of various people related to pedagogy at the time in this process. The study is mainly based on new and practically unused archive sources related to the history of the University of Tartu. During the era of Stalinism, teacher training became obligatory for everyone in the University of Tartu faculties that taught subjects also covered by general education schools. In the 1940s there were few university graduates, incl. teachers, but since the spring of 1950 the number of people who were appointed as teachers from Tartu State University increased significantly. The establishment of the Tallinn Pedagogical Institute in 1952 added a second educational institution in Estonia that trained high school teachers and helped provide the schools with local staff. It was mainly the service of the chairs of pedagogy that teacher training persisted at the University of Tartu. However, it was the service of the specialisation chairs that teachers received an education, which was, to a great extent, in the spirit of the traditions of the independence era. Therefore, the compulsory teacher training of the university contributed much to educating university graduate, Estonian-minded, Estonian and Russian speaking teachers for Estonian schools to counter the Russian-minded and Russian speaking teachers who were appointed to Estonia from elsewhere. Tartu Ülikooli ajaloo küsimusi, No 44 (2016): Rahvusülikooli omad ja võõrad

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Keel ja Kirjandusarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Keel ja Kirjandus
    Article . 2014
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      Keel ja Kirjandus
      Article . 2014
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    Authors: Olt, Jüri; Ilves, Risto; Küüt, Arne;

    Article Saabunud / Received 08.04.2019 ; Aktsepteeritud / Accepted 06.06.2019 ; Avaldatud veebis / Published online 12.06.2019 ; Vastutav autor / Corresponding author: Jüri Olt e-mail: jyri.olt@emu.ee The aim of the current research is to provide an overview of the trends in the park of agricultural machinery in Estonia during the period 2010–2018. For this purpose, data obtained from the registers of Agriculture and Transport of Statistics Estonia have been used. The article outlines, firstly, changes in the number of agricultural holdings by the size of arable land and growing area of grain, secondly, changes in the number of tractors and grain harvesters, including the number of new tractors and harvesters sold over the years, thirdly, the preferences of holdings for tractors and grain harvesters, and fourthly, the categorization of new tractors and grain harvesters by the manufacturing company in the given time period. What is more, developments concomitant with trends in the park of agricultural machinery have been described.

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    https://doi.org/10.15159/jas.1...
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    Authors: Kallis, Ain;
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  • Authors: Lell, Virge; Lõbu, Terje;

    Tartu Ülikooli ajaloo küsimusi, No 44 (2016): Rahvusülikooli omad ja võõrad

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    Authors: Kallis, Ain;
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    Authors: Kuht, Jaan; Eremeev, Viacheslav; Alaru, Maarika; Luik, Anne; +1 Authors

    Uurimistulemustest selgus, et punase ristiku kasvatamine külvikorras avaldab soodsat mõju mikroorganismidele, tõstes mullamikroobide aktiivsust. Pestitsiididega töödeldud tavaviljelussüsteemides oli mulla mikroobide aktiivsus ja orgaanilise süsiniku sisaldus võrreldes mahesüsteemidega madalam.

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    Authors: Tolonen, Mikko; Mäkelä, Eetu; Marjanen, Jani; Tahko, Tuuli;

    Peer reviewed

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    Authors: Kallis, Ain;
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