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  • Bosnian

  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ovčina, Ismet; Kardaš, Mehmed; Smajić, Muamera;

    The Special Collections of the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina (NULBIH) are an irreplaceable source for multiple research projects and scientific papers. For many years, NULBIH has been strengthening efforts to present values of Special Collections to the scientific community through its projects. To provide users with faster and easier access to the material, and at the same time to protect the original documents from their further deterioration, the materials covered by the projects are digitized and presented through the Digital Collections portal of the National and University Library of BIH. In this article, we will present the ongoing project “Protection and presentation of the Poljica Documents Archive from the Collection of Aleksandar Poljanić” and so far, the results and ultimate goals of this project. Zbog svojih jedinstvenih i rijetkih kolekcija, Specijalne zbirke Nacionalne i univerzitetske biblioteke Bosne i Hercegovine (NUBBiH) su nezamjenjiv izvor za mnogostruke istraživačke projekte i naučne radove. Već dugi niz godina NUBBiH ulaže napor da putem svojih projekata naučnoj zajednici pobliže predstavi vrijedne kolekcije Specijalnih zbirki. Da bi se korisnicima osigurao brži i lakši pristup građi, a ujedno i zaštitili originalni dokumenti od njihovog daljeg propadanja, građa koja je obuhvaćena projektima digitalizira se i prezentira kroz Digitalne kolekcije NUBBiH. U ovom radu predstavit ćemo jedan takav projekt, a to je projekt zaštite i prezentacije Arhiva poljičkih isprava iz Zbirke Aleksandra Poljanića te ćemo prikazati dosadašnje rezultate, kao i krajnje ciljeve ovoga projekta.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Džejla Khattab; Lejla Hajdarpašić;

    Collecting, processing, storing, preserving and disseminating scientific products of academic staff are essential for building the prestige of a university, especially bearing in mind that scientific publications have always been used as a means of evaluating the work of scientists. This paper argues for the need to involve academic libraries in the implementation of various university publishing programs oriented towards promotion or increasing the visibility of the results of academic research at the international level. Although librarians in academic libraries have the experience of collaborating in various publishing programs, such as e-journal publishing programs, conference proceedings, or technical reports, this paper will focus on the need for improving and adopting new roles for the needs of maturing and professionalizing of this prevalent activity. In this regard, this paper focuses on the important role of academic libraries in university publishing programs, highlighting two basic ways in which libraries contribute to these processes, as publishers and in supporting university publishing, emphasizing the benefits of including academic libraries in developing university publishing strategies. This paper focuses on the lack of discussions in the B&H scientific and professional literature about the importance of publishing in academic libraries, which from an economic point of view is indisputably important as a new source of funding on campus, which strengthens the financial independence of the university, especially in the period of establishing an effective science and innovation management strategy and encouraging excellence and relevance of scientific research. Drawing on the experience of academic libraries in the use and dissemination of scientific information within the scientific communication system, the paper concludes that effective positioning of the academic libraries in the publishing of scientific information can broaden and diversify the university’s publishing activities, especially in the context of open access initiatives (OA) and open science principles (OS). Prikupljanje, obrada, pohrana, očuvanje i diseminiranje produkata naučnog rada akademskog osoblja od esencijalnog su značaja za izgradnju prestiža jednog univerziteta, a imajući na umu da se naučne publikacije oduvijek koriste i kao sredstvo vrednovanja rada naučnih radnika, u ovom se radu argumentira potreba uključivanja visokoškolskih biblioteka u realizaciju različitih programa univerzitetskog izdavaštva orijentiranih ka promociji, tj. povećanju vidljivosti rezultata znanstvenih istraživanja akademske zajednice na međunarodnom nivou. Iako bibliotekari u visokoškolskim bibliotekama raspolažu iskustvom kolaboracije u različitim programima izdavaštva, poput programa publiciranja e-časopisa, zbornika radova sa konferencija ili tehničkih izvještaja, u radu će se istaknuti potreba usavršavanja i usvajanja novih uloga za potrebe sazrijevanja i profesionalizacije ove sve prisutnije djelatnosti. S tim u vezi, ovaj rad tematizira važnu ulogu visokoškolskih biblioteka u izdavačkim programima univerziteta, izdvajajući dva osnovna načina na koji biblioteke daju svoj doprinos ovim procesima: kao izdavači i kao podrška izdavačkoj djelatnosti univerziteta. Rad problematizira u bosanskohercegovačkoj naučnoj i stručnoj literaturi iz bibliotečko-informacijskih nauka nedostajuće diskusije o prednostima uključivanja visokoškolskih biblioteka u izradu strategija unapređenja izdavačke djelatnosti univerziteta, odnosno uspostavljanja efikasnog sistema upravljanja naukom i inovacijama te poticanja izvrsnosti i relevantnosti naučnih istraživanja. Oslanjajući se na iskustvo akademskih biblioteka u korištenju i diseminiranju naučnih informacija unutar sistema naučne komunikacije, u radu se donosi zaključak da efikasno pozicioniranje akademske biblioteke u izdavaštvu naučnih informacija može proširiti i diverzificirati izdavačku djelatnost univerziteta, posebno u kontekstu inicijativa otvorenog pristupa (OA, engl. open access) te principa otvorene nauke (OS, engl. open science).

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Hajdarpašić, Lejla; Dizdar, Senada; Khattab, Džejla;

    Globalna pandemija prouzrokovana virusom COVID-19 bitno je utjecala na poslovanje u visokoškolskim bibliotekama u cijelom svijetu, a cilj ovoga istraživanja je utvrditi kako su javne visokoškolske biblioteke u Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine prilagodile i/ili redefinirale svoje bibliotečko-informacijske usluge pandemijskim okolnostima rada. Za potrebe prikupljanja takvih podataka, anketirani su samo bibliotekari/ke onih javnih visokoškolskih biblioteka koje imaju kontakt (e-mail) na web stranici fakulteta / akademije / univerziteta, a samo istraživanje, koje je kvantitativne prirode, realizirano je korištenjem posebno kreiranog anketnog upitnika, upotrebom Google Forms, u junu 2021. godine. Od ukupno 47 mapiranih biblioteka, 26 biblioteka je sudjelovalo u ispunjavanju ankete (ukupno 55,3%). U ovom istraživačkom radu, koji je prvi ove vrste u Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine, donose se pristupi visokoškolskih biblioteka koje, za razliku od visokoškolskih biblioteka iz razvijenih evropskih zemalja, djeluju u vrlo specifičnim uslovima koje, prije svega, karakteriziraju ograničeni i nedovoljni budžeti za nabavku građe, ali i nedostatak osnovne IT opreme. Rezultati pokazuju da su uprkos zatečenim, često neodgovarajućim elementarnim uslovima rada, visokoškolski bibliotekari ulagali izvjesne napore orijentirane ka zadovoljenju informacijskih potreba korisnika tokom svjetske zdravstvene krize, ali i da je pandemija naglasila hitnu potrebu digitalne transformacije istraživanjem obuhvaćenih visokoškolskih biblioteka. The global pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus has significantly affected library processes and procedures in academic libraries worldwide, and the aim of this study is to determine how public academic libraries in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H) have adapted and/or redefined their library and information services to pandemic circumstances. For the purposes of collecting such data, only librarians of those public academic libraries who have contact information (e-mail) displayed on the faculty / academy / university website were surveyed. The research itself, which is of a quantitative nature, was realized by using a survey questionnaire, which was created on Google Forms, in June 2021. Out of a total of 47 mapped libraries, 26 academic libraries participated in the survey (response rate of 55.3%). This research paper, which is first of its kind in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, brings approaches of academic libraries which, unlike academic libraries from developed European countries, operate in very specific circumstances which are primarily characterized by limited and insufficient budgets for procurement of collections but also basic IT equipment. Results showed that despite the found inadequate elementary working conditions, academic librarians made certain efforts aimed towards meeting the information needs of library users during the world health crisis, but also that the pandemic emphasized the urgent need for digital transformation of surveyed academic libraries.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Mirela Omerović;

    The paper will discuss the relationship between a language and space and the elaboration of such spatial relationship at the level of a complex sentence with a spatial clause. Within the semantic cases of the spatial relationships – locative, ablative, adlative and perlative – there are certain submeanings that are encoded at the level of a complex sentence with a spatial clause in different ways. Unlike case-marked prepositonal constructions, in which spatial relations are expressed by case meaning and prepositions, these spatial relationships at the level of a complex sentence are generally indicated by conjuctions, and then by antecedents and postcedents to which the conjunctions refer. The spatial clauses in the complex sentence are introduced by relative adverbs, which express different types and subtypes of spatial relations with their lexical and semantic properties. When we talk about spatial relations at the level of a complex sentence, the spatial clause is a prototype and specific in the formally grammatical plan as compared to the other types of dependent clauses. We will also compare the spatial clauses with relative clauses introduced by relative adverbs. U radu će se govoriti o odnosu jezika i prostora i elaboraciji takvog prostornog odnosa na razini zavisnosložene rečenice s mjesnom klauzom. U okviru semantičkih padeža za označavanje prostornih odnosa – lokativa, ablativa, adlativa i perlativa – izdvajaju se određeni podznačenjski tipovi koji se na razini složene rečenice s mjesnom klauzom kodiraju na različite načine. Za razliku od prijedložno-padežnih konstrukcija, u kojima su prostorni odnosi najprije iskazani padežnim značenjima i prijedlozima, na razini složene rečenice ti se prostorni odnosi označavaju uglavnom veznim sredstvima, a potom i antecedentima i postcedentima na koje vezno sredstvo upućuje. Mjesne klauze u složenu rečenicu uvode se odnosnim prilozima, koji svojim leksičkosemantičkim svojstvima iskazuju različite tipove i podtipove prostornih odnosa. Zato mjesna jeste prototipna kad je riječ o prostornim odnosima na razini složene rečenice, ali je i specifična na formalno-gramatičkom planu u odnosu na ostale tipove zavisnih klauza. S tim u vezi, usporedit će se i s atributnom klauzom uvedenom odnosnim prilozima.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ema Mazrak;

    This article sets out the results of a study of one of the finest manuscripts of mediaeval Bosnia – Hval’s Miscellany, conducted in the University Library in Bologna. A synthetizing overview of studies to date and comparative analysis of the original and facsimile editions were used to detect and reinterpret certain problematic areas relating to the Miscellany. First to be addressed is the latest treatment and storage of the codex in the Library. This is followed by a critical approach to the evaluation of the original manuscript as compared with the facsimile. A separate chapter deals with the sequence of the folios in Hval’s Miscellany, the collaboration of two miniaturists, and the technical aspects of illumination U članku se iznose rezultati istraživanja jednoga od najreprezentativnijih rukopisa srednjovjekovne Bosne – Hvalovog zbornika, obavljeni u Univerzitetskoj biblioteci u Bolonji. Sintetiziranim pregledom dosadašnjih istraživanja i komparativnom analizom originala i faksimilskog izdanja pokušalo se detektirati i re/intepretirati određene problemske cjeline vezane za Zbornik. Na prvom mjestu se ističe nova oprema kodeksa i način njegove pohrane u Biblioteci, a zatim se, kritičkim pristupom, valorizira originalni rukopis naspram faksimila. Posebno poglavlje je posvećeno rasporedu listova Hvalovog zbornika, saradnji dvojice minijaturista te tehnološkim aspektima iluminiranja.

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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HRČAK - Portal of sc...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Tulić, Adnan; Seferović, Nedim;

    Understanding and proving the psychic relationship of perpetrators of criminal offenses, in which the perpetrators appear as official or responsible persons, is primarily for the prosecution, probably the biggest challenge. Intent, as the focal point of the criminal law system, in a reality in which prosecution of perpetrators of this type of crimes is indisputably a task of exceptional significance in social terms as well as in regards to criminal policy, is an institute that is distingiuished by its characteristic. Therefore it is necessary to devote considerable attention to the question of proofing intent. It is crucial to perceive this institute in a way that is based on criminal law doctrine, in order to avoid any form of arbitrariness of process entities, and in order to fully accomplish the purpose of criminal prosecution and sanctioning by correct understanding of the given form of guilt. In this regard, it is necessary to highlight some of the dilemmas that arise when assessing the existence of intent on the side of perpetrators of the aforementioned crimes. In this paper, the authors offer a review of essential doctrinal notions of intent within the framework of domestic and foreign criminal law dogmatics, presenting general observations about the institute. At the same time, the authors are emphasizing the necessity of making a distinction between intent, and other institutes of criminal law such as error about subsumption, awareness of unlawfulness, real and legal errors, along with providing practical case-law examples that support the argumentation presented in the paper. In addition to the above, authors provide a review on intent as element of the crime of abuse of official duty or authority as the basic criminal offense in regard to this type of criminal offenses. In the end, authors present the most frequent problems that arise in the process of proving intent from the aspect of the prosecution, discussing potential ways of overcoming these problems, based on their own view. Razumijevanje i dokazivanje psihičkog odnosa počinitelja krivičnih djela, kod kojih se kao počinitelj javlja službena ili odgovorna osoba, prema tim djelima predstavlja, prvenstveno za tužilaštva, vjerojatno najveći izazov. Umišljaj, kao fokalna tačka krivičnopravnog sistema, u realnosti u kojoj krivični progon počinilaca ove vrste krivičnih djela nesporno predstavlja zadatak od izuzetnog društvenog i kriminalnopolitičkog značaja, jeste institut koji se izdvaja po svom značaju i čijem dokazivanju je potrebno posvetiti značajnu pažnju. Od presudne je važnosti percipirati ovaj institut na način koji je utemeljen u krivičnopravnoj doktrini, kako bi se izbjegli bilo kakvi oblici arbitrarnosti procesnih subjekata u danom pogledu, i kako bi se pravilnim razumijevanjem ovog oblika krivnje u toku postupka u potpunosti realizirala svrha krivičnopravnog progona i sankcioniranja. U tom smislu, potrebno je istaknuti neke od dilema koje se javljaju prilikom ocjene postojanja umišljaja na strani počinioca navedenih krivičnih djela. U ovom radu, autori su ponudili doktrinarni pregled suštinskog poimanja umišljaja u okvirima domaće i strane krivičnopravne dogmatike, prezentirajući opća zapažanja o ovom institutu, njegov pojam i elemente, nastojeći naglasiti potrebu za distinkcijom između umišljaja, zablude o supsumpciji, svijesti o protupravnosti, stvarne i pravne zablude, uz praktične primjere iz sudske prakse koji govore u prilog argumentima iznesenim u radu. Pored navedenog, dat je osvrt na krivnju kao element krivičnog djela Zloupotrebe položaja ili ovlaštenja kao genusnog djela pravih službeničkih krivičnih djela, a zatim su prezentirani najčešći problemi u dokazivanju umišljaja s aspekta tužilaštva, uz nastojanje autora da na temelju vlastitog viđenja potencijalnih načina prevazilaženja tih problema ponude rješenja prisutnih nedoumica.

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    Authors: Nišević, Maja;
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    Sažetak Pravo na poslovnu sposobnost je temeljno ljudsko pravo zasnovano na principu da svaka punoljetna osoba u okviru pravnog sistema bude priznata i da stjecanjem poslovne sposobnosti postane subjekt prava. Stoga, mogućnost oduzimanja ili ograničenja poslovne sposobnosti, većinom osobama s invaliditetom koje imaju intelektualne teškoće ili duševne smetnje, normirana odgovarajućim zakonodavstvom u BiH predstavlja ne samo kršenje osnovnih ljudskih prava nego i povredu ljudskog dostojanstva ovih osoba. To posebno što je navedeno zakonsko normiranje u direktnoj suprotnosti s odredbama UN Konvencije o pravima osoba s invaliditetom, koju je BiH ratificirala 2010. godine, odnosno principom jednakost pred zakonom sadržanom u čl. 12. ovog međunarodnog ugovora. Kršenje temeljnih ljudskih prava ogleda se i u tome što osobe oduzimanjem poslovne sposobnosti i stavljanjem pod starateljstvo gube pravo na donošenje odluka i preuzimanje odgovornosti, odnosno na mogućnost kontrole nad sopstvenim životom. Umjesto njih sve odluke donosi zamjenski odlučitelj/staratelj, koji svoju moć može zloupotrijebiti i nanijeti im štetu. Ovakvo stanje zahtijeva neodložne izmjene odgovarajućeg bosanskohercegovačkog zakonodavstva, koje je diskriminatorno i neusklađeno s međunarodnim standardima. Summary The right to legal capacity is a fundamental human right and it is based on the principle that every adult in the legal system should be recognized and thus also a subject of law. Therefore, a possibility of deprivation or limitation of legal capacity for people with intellectual or mental disabilities, which is enabled by the current laws in Bosnia and Herzegovina, represent not just a violation of fundamental human rights but also of human dignity of these people. This is in direct contradiction with the provisions of the 2006 United Nation Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities that Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified in 2010 and especially to the principle of equality before the law stipulated in its Article 12. The violation of fundamental human rights is also reflected in the fact that, by depriving the persons with disabilities of their legal capacity and placing them under guardianship, you deprive them of the right to take decisions by themselves and to assume responsibilities for their actions, as well as of the possibility to control their own lives. Instead of by themselves, all decisions are made by their guardians, who can abuse their entitlements. Hence, it is necessary to make prompt changes of the relevant Bosnia and Herzegovina’s legislation, which is in a current state without doubt discriminatory and incompatible with international standards.

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    Article . 2020
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bečić, Edina;

    The paper defines the responsibility of civil servants for breaches of official duty. The basic characteristics and principles of disciplinary responsibility are discussed. Given that civil servants are a key component of the civil service system and are a significant prerequisite for the continuous, regular and efficient functioning of the state administration, the paper analyzes the legal regulation of disciplinary responsibility and disciplinary proceedings. Since there are three different civil servants systems in Bosnia and Herzegovina that follow its complex constitutional and institutional arrangement, it is necessary to point out the basic differences that exist at each level of the institutions of the state, entities and Brcko District. However, despite the different approaches in the regulation of disciplinary responsibility, at every level of government efforts are being made to encourage civil servants to work responsibly in the service. U radu se definira odgovornost državnih službenika za povrede službene dužnosti. Razmatraju se osnovne karakteristike i načela disciplinske odgovornosti. S obzirom da su državni službenici ključna komponenta službeničkog sistema i da su značajna pretpostavka za stalno, redovno i učinkovito funkcioniranje državne uprave, u radu se analizira pravno uređenje disciplinske odgovornosti i disciplinski postupak. Kako u Bosni i Hercegovini postoje tri različita službenička sistema koja prate njeno složeno ustavno i institucionalno uređenje, neophodno je ukazati na osnovne razlike koje postoje na nivou institucija države, entiteta i Brčko Distrikta. Međutim, i pored različitog pristupa u uređenju disciplinske odgovornosti, na svakom nivou vlasti nastoje se potaknuti državni službenici na odgovoran rad u službi.

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    Authors: Edin Čolaković;

    U cikličnom ekonomskom toku, suvremeno porezno okruženje je dinamično i kompleksano polje endogenih i egzogenih faktora, koji su od uticaja na prihvatljivo ponašanje poreznog obveznika. Devijantno ponašanje djela poreskih obveznika motivisano je kriminalnim i nezakonitim lažnim prijavljivanjem prihoda, u cilju pranja novca i ostvarenja kriminalnog profita. Prilikom donošenja odluke o izvršenju porezne prevare, izvršilac krivičnog djela procjenjuje potencijalnu dobit koju može ostvariti po dovršenju krivičnog djela, kao i sigurnosni rizik krivične izloženosti ukoliko bude otkriven. Krivično djelo lažna porezna isprava može se izvršiti izdavanjem lažne isprave ili ne izdavanjem isprave, čije se izdavanje zahtjeva po poreznom zakonodavstvu. Bez obzira da li se radi o izdavanju ili ne izdavanju isprave po poreznom zakonodavstvu, lažna porezna isprava je rezultat profesionalizacije i namjere ostvarenja porezne utaje, čija je realizacija predikatnog karaktera u funkciji pranja novca. Kao modus operandi i metod izvršenja krivičnog djela lažna porezna isprava, u radu je prikazan prakseološki primjer zloupotrebe i nezakonitog ponašanja izvršioca krivičnog djela lažnog obračuna i uplate doprinosa.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ovčina, Ismet; Kardaš, Mehmed; Smajić, Muamera;

    The Special Collections of the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina (NULBIH) are an irreplaceable source for multiple research projects and scientific papers. For many years, NULBIH has been strengthening efforts to present values of Special Collections to the scientific community through its projects. To provide users with faster and easier access to the material, and at the same time to protect the original documents from their further deterioration, the materials covered by the projects are digitized and presented through the Digital Collections portal of the National and University Library of BIH. In this article, we will present the ongoing project “Protection and presentation of the Poljica Documents Archive from the Collection of Aleksandar Poljanić” and so far, the results and ultimate goals of this project. Zbog svojih jedinstvenih i rijetkih kolekcija, Specijalne zbirke Nacionalne i univerzitetske biblioteke Bosne i Hercegovine (NUBBiH) su nezamjenjiv izvor za mnogostruke istraživačke projekte i naučne radove. Već dugi niz godina NUBBiH ulaže napor da putem svojih projekata naučnoj zajednici pobliže predstavi vrijedne kolekcije Specijalnih zbirki. Da bi se korisnicima osigurao brži i lakši pristup građi, a ujedno i zaštitili originalni dokumenti od njihovog daljeg propadanja, građa koja je obuhvaćena projektima digitalizira se i prezentira kroz Digitalne kolekcije NUBBiH. U ovom radu predstavit ćemo jedan takav projekt, a to je projekt zaštite i prezentacije Arhiva poljičkih isprava iz Zbirke Aleksandra Poljanića te ćemo prikazati dosadašnje rezultate, kao i krajnje ciljeve ovoga projekta.

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    Authors: Džejla Khattab; Lejla Hajdarpašić;

    Collecting, processing, storing, preserving and disseminating scientific products of academic staff are essential for building the prestige of a university, especially bearing in mind that scientific publications have always been used as a means of evaluating the work of scientists. This paper argues for the need to involve academic libraries in the implementation of various university publishing programs oriented towards promotion or increasing the visibility of the results of academic research at the international level. Although librarians in academic libraries have the experience of collaborating in various publishing programs, such as e-journal publishing programs, conference proceedings, or technical reports, this paper will focus on the need for improving and adopting new roles for the needs of maturing and professionalizing of this prevalent activity. In this regard, this paper focuses on the important role of academic libraries in university publishing programs, highlighting two basic ways in which libraries contribute to these processes, as publishers and in supporting university publishing, emphasizing the benefits of including academic libraries in developing university publishing strategies. This paper focuses on the lack of discussions in the B&H scientific and professional literature about the importance of publishing in academic libraries, which from an economic point of view is indisputably important as a new source of funding on campus, which strengthens the financial independence of the university, especially in the period of establishing an effective science and innovation management strategy and encouraging excellence and relevance of scientific research. Drawing on the experience of academic libraries in the use and dissemination of scientific information within the scientific communication system, the paper concludes that effective positioning of the academic libraries in the publishing of scientific information can broaden and diversify the university’s publishing activities, especially in the context of open access initiatives (OA) and open science principles (OS). Prikupljanje, obrada, pohrana, očuvanje i diseminiranje produkata naučnog rada akademskog osoblja od esencijalnog su značaja za izgradnju prestiža jednog univerziteta, a imajući na umu da se naučne publikacije oduvijek koriste i kao sredstvo vrednovanja rada naučnih radnika, u ovom se radu argumentira potreba uključivanja visokoškolskih biblioteka u realizaciju različitih programa univerzitetskog izdavaštva orijentiranih ka promociji, tj. povećanju vidljivosti rezultata znanstvenih istraživanja akademske zajednice na međunarodnom nivou. Iako bibliotekari u visokoškolskim bibliotekama raspolažu iskustvom kolaboracije u različitim programima izdavaštva, poput programa publiciranja e-časopisa, zbornika radova sa konferencija ili tehničkih izvještaja, u radu će se istaknuti potreba usavršavanja i usvajanja novih uloga za potrebe sazrijevanja i profesionalizacije ove sve prisutnije djelatnosti. S tim u vezi, ovaj rad tematizira važnu ulogu visokoškolskih biblioteka u izdavačkim programima univerziteta, izdvajajući dva osnovna načina na koji biblioteke daju svoj doprinos ovim procesima: kao izdavači i kao podrška izdavačkoj djelatnosti univerziteta. Rad problematizira u bosanskohercegovačkoj naučnoj i stručnoj literaturi iz bibliotečko-informacijskih nauka nedostajuće diskusije o prednostima uključivanja visokoškolskih biblioteka u izradu strategija unapređenja izdavačke djelatnosti univerziteta, odnosno uspostavljanja efikasnog sistema upravljanja naukom i inovacijama te poticanja izvrsnosti i relevantnosti naučnih istraživanja. Oslanjajući se na iskustvo akademskih biblioteka u korištenju i diseminiranju naučnih informacija unutar sistema naučne komunikacije, u radu se donosi zaključak da efikasno pozicioniranje akademske biblioteke u izdavaštvu naučnih informacija može proširiti i diverzificirati izdavačku djelatnost univerziteta, posebno u kontekstu inicijativa otvorenog pristupa (OA, engl. open access) te principa otvorene nauke (OS, engl. open science).

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    Authors: Hajdarpašić, Lejla; Dizdar, Senada; Khattab, Džejla;

    Globalna pandemija prouzrokovana virusom COVID-19 bitno je utjecala na poslovanje u visokoškolskim bibliotekama u cijelom svijetu, a cilj ovoga istraživanja je utvrditi kako su javne visokoškolske biblioteke u Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine prilagodile i/ili redefinirale svoje bibliotečko-informacijske usluge pandemijskim okolnostima rada. Za potrebe prikupljanja takvih podataka, anketirani su samo bibliotekari/ke onih javnih visokoškolskih biblioteka koje imaju kontakt (e-mail) na web stranici fakulteta / akademije / univerziteta, a samo istraživanje, koje je kvantitativne prirode, realizirano je korištenjem posebno kreiranog anketnog upitnika, upotrebom Google Forms, u junu 2021. godine. Od ukupno 47 mapiranih biblioteka, 26 biblioteka je sudjelovalo u ispunjavanju ankete (ukupno 55,3%). U ovom istraživačkom radu, koji je prvi ove vrste u Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine, donose se pristupi visokoškolskih biblioteka koje, za razliku od visokoškolskih biblioteka iz razvijenih evropskih zemalja, djeluju u vrlo specifičnim uslovima koje, prije svega, karakteriziraju ograničeni i nedovoljni budžeti za nabavku građe, ali i nedostatak osnovne IT opreme. Rezultati pokazuju da su uprkos zatečenim, često neodgovarajućim elementarnim uslovima rada, visokoškolski bibliotekari ulagali izvjesne napore orijentirane ka zadovoljenju informacijskih potreba korisnika tokom svjetske zdravstvene krize, ali i da je pandemija naglasila hitnu potrebu digitalne transformacije istraživanjem obuhvaćenih visokoškolskih biblioteka. The global pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus has significantly affected library processes and procedures in academic libraries worldwide, and the aim of this study is to determine how public academic libraries in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H) have adapted and/or redefined their library and information services to pandemic circumstances. For the purposes of collecting such data, only librarians of those public academic libraries who have contact information (e-mail) displayed on the faculty / academy / university website were surveyed. The research itself, which is of a quantitative nature, was realized by using a survey questionnaire, which was created on Google Forms, in June 2021. Out of a total of 47 mapped libraries, 26 academic libraries participated in the survey (response rate of 55.3%). This research paper, which is first of its kind in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, brings approaches of academic libraries which, unlike academic libraries from developed European countries, operate in very specific circumstances which are primarily characterized by limited and insufficient budgets for procurement of collections but also basic IT equipment. Results showed that despite the found inadequate elementary working conditions, academic librarians made certain efforts aimed towards meeting the information needs of library users during the world health crisis, but also that the pandemic emphasized the urgent need for digital transformation of surveyed academic libraries.

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    Authors: Mirela Omerović;

    The paper will discuss the relationship between a language and space and the elaboration of such spatial relationship at the level of a complex sentence with a spatial clause. Within the semantic cases of the spatial relationships – locative, ablative, adlative and perlative – there are certain submeanings that are encoded at the level of a complex sentence with a spatial clause in different ways. Unlike case-marked prepositonal constructions, in which spatial relations are expressed by case meaning and prepositions, these spatial relationships at the level of a complex sentence are generally indicated by conjuctions, and then by antecedents and postcedents to which the conjunctions refer. The spatial clauses in the complex sentence are introduced by relative adverbs, which express different types and subtypes of spatial relations with their lexical and semantic properties. When we talk about spatial relations at the level of a complex sentence, the spatial clause is a prototype and specific in the formally grammatical plan as compared to the other types of dependent clauses. We will also compare the spatial clauses with relative clauses introduced by relative adverbs. U radu će se govoriti o odnosu jezika i prostora i elaboraciji takvog prostornog odnosa na razini zavisnosložene rečenice s mjesnom klauzom. U okviru semantičkih padeža za označavanje prostornih odnosa – lokativa, ablativa, adlativa i perlativa – izdvajaju se određeni podznačenjski tipovi koji se na razini složene rečenice s mjesnom klauzom kodiraju na različite načine. Za razliku od prijedložno-padežnih konstrukcija, u kojima su prostorni odnosi najprije iskazani padežnim značenjima i prijedlozima, na razini složene rečenice ti se prostorni odnosi označavaju uglavnom veznim sredstvima, a potom i antecedentima i postcedentima na koje vezno sredstvo upućuje. Mjesne klauze u složenu rečenicu uvode se odnosnim prilozima, koji svojim leksičkosemantičkim svojstvima iskazuju različite tipove i podtipove prostornih odnosa. Zato mjesna jeste prototipna kad je riječ o prostornim odnosima na razini složene rečenice, ali je i specifična na formalno-gramatičkom planu u odnosu na ostale tipove zavisnih klauza. S tim u vezi, usporedit će se i s atributnom klauzom uvedenom odnosnim prilozima.

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    Authors: Ema Mazrak;

    This article sets out the results of a study of one of the finest manuscripts of mediaeval Bosnia – Hval’s Miscellany, conducted in the University Library in Bologna. A synthetizing overview of studies to date and comparative analysis of the original and facsimile editions were used to detect and reinterpret certain problematic areas relating to the Miscellany. First to be addressed is the latest treatment and storage of the codex in the Library. This is followed by a critical approach to the evaluation of the original manuscript as compared with the facsimile. A separate chapter deals with the sequence of the folios in Hval’s Miscellany, the collaboration of two miniaturists, and the technical aspects of illumination U članku se iznose rezultati istraživanja jednoga od najreprezentativnijih rukopisa srednjovjekovne Bosne – Hvalovog zbornika, obavljeni u Univerzitetskoj biblioteci u Bolonji. Sintetiziranim pregledom dosadašnjih istraživanja i komparativnom analizom originala i faksimilskog izdanja pokušalo se detektirati i re/intepretirati određene problemske cjeline vezane za Zbornik. Na prvom mjestu se ističe nova oprema kodeksa i način njegove pohrane u Biblioteci, a zatim se, kritičkim pristupom, valorizira originalni rukopis naspram faksimila. Posebno poglavlje je posvećeno rasporedu listova Hvalovog zbornika, saradnji dvojice minijaturista te tehnološkim aspektima iluminiranja.

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    Authors: Tulić, Adnan; Seferović, Nedim;

    Understanding and proving the psychic relationship of perpetrators of criminal offenses, in which the perpetrators appear as official or responsible persons, is primarily for the prosecution, probably the biggest challenge. Intent, as the focal point of the criminal law system, in a reality in which prosecution of perpetrators of this type of crimes is indisputably a task of exceptional significance in social terms as well as in regards to criminal policy, is an institute that is distingiuished by its characteristic. Therefore it is necessary to devote considerable attention to the question of proofing intent. It is crucial to perceive this institute in a way that is based on criminal law doctrine, in order to avoid any form of arbitrariness of process entities, and in order to fully accomplish the purpose of criminal prosecution and sanctioning by correct understanding of the given form of guilt. In this regard, it is necessary to highlight some of the dilemmas that arise when assessing the existence of intent on the side of perpetrators of the aforementioned crimes. In this paper, the authors offer a review of essential doctrinal notions of intent within the framework of domestic and foreign criminal law dogmatics, presenting general observations about the institute. At the same time, the authors are emphasizing the necessity of making a distinction between intent, and other institutes of criminal law such as error about subsumption, awareness of unlawfulness, real and legal errors, along with providing practical case-law examples that support the argumentation presented in the paper. In addition to the above, authors provide a review on intent as element of the crime of abuse of official duty or authority as the basic criminal offense in regard to this type of criminal offenses. In the end, authors present the most frequent problems that arise in the process of proving intent from the aspect of the prosecution, discussing potential ways of overcoming these problems, based on their own view. Razumijevanje i dokazivanje psihičkog odnosa počinitelja krivičnih djela, kod kojih se kao počinitelj javlja službena ili odgovorna osoba, prema tim djelima predstavlja, prvenstveno za tužilaštva, vjerojatno najveći izazov. Umišljaj, kao fokalna tačka krivičnopravnog sistema, u realnosti u kojoj krivični progon počinilaca ove vrste krivičnih djela nesporno predstavlja zadatak od izuzetnog društvenog i kriminalnopolitičkog značaja, jeste institut koji se izdvaja po svom značaju i čijem dokazivanju je potrebno posvetiti značajnu pažnju. Od presudne je važnosti percipirati ovaj institut na način koji je utemeljen u krivičnopravnoj doktrini, kako bi se izbjegli bilo kakvi oblici arbitrarnosti procesnih subjekata u danom pogledu, i kako bi se pravilnim razumijevanjem ovog oblika krivnje u toku postupka u potpunosti realizirala svrha krivičnopravnog progona i sankcioniranja. U tom smislu, potrebno je istaknuti neke od dilema koje se javljaju prilikom ocjene postojanja umišljaja na strani počinioca navedenih krivičnih djela. U ovom radu, autori su ponudili doktrinarni pregled suštinskog poimanja umišljaja u okvirima domaće i strane krivičnopravne dogmatike, prezentirajući opća zapažanja o ovom institutu, njegov pojam i elemente, nastojeći naglasiti potrebu za distinkcijom između umišljaja, zablude o supsumpciji, svijesti o protupravnosti, stvarne i pravne zablude, uz praktične primjere iz sudske prakse koji govore u prilog argumentima iznesenim u radu. Pored navedenog, dat je osvrt na krivnju kao element krivičnog djela Zloupotrebe položaja ili ovlaštenja kao genusnog djela pravih službeničkih krivičnih djela, a zatim su prezentirani najčešći problemi u dokazivanju umišljaja s aspekta tužilaštva, uz nastojanje autora da na temelju vlastitog viđenja potencijalnih načina prevazilaženja tih problema ponude rješenja prisutnih nedoumica.

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    Authors: Nišević, Maja;
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    Sažetak Pravo na poslovnu sposobnost je temeljno ljudsko pravo zasnovano na principu da svaka punoljetna osoba u okviru pravnog sistema bude priznata i da stjecanjem poslovne sposobnosti postane subjekt prava. Stoga, mogućnost oduzimanja ili ograničenja poslovne sposobnosti, većinom osobama s invaliditetom koje imaju intelektualne teškoće ili duševne smetnje, normirana odgovarajućim zakonodavstvom u BiH predstavlja ne samo kršenje osnovnih ljudskih prava nego i povredu ljudskog dostojanstva ovih osoba. To posebno što je navedeno zakonsko normiranje u direktnoj suprotnosti s odredbama UN Konvencije o pravima osoba s invaliditetom, koju je BiH ratificirala 2010. godine, odnosno principom jednakost pred zakonom sadržanom u čl. 12. ovog međunarodnog ugovora. Kršenje temeljnih ljudskih prava ogleda se i u tome što osobe oduzimanjem poslovne sposobnosti i stavljanjem pod starateljstvo gube pravo na donošenje odluka i preuzimanje odgovornosti, odnosno na mogućnost kontrole nad sopstvenim životom. Umjesto njih sve odluke donosi zamjenski odlučitelj/staratelj, koji svoju moć može zloupotrijebiti i nanijeti im štetu. Ovakvo stanje zahtijeva neodložne izmjene odgovarajućeg bosanskohercegovačkog zakonodavstva, koje je diskriminatorno i neusklađeno s međunarodnim standardima. Summary The right to legal capacity is a fundamental human right and it is based on the principle that every adult in the legal system should be recognized and thus also a subject of law. Therefore, a possibility of deprivation or limitation of legal capacity for people with intellectual or mental disabilities, which is enabled by the current laws in Bosnia and Herzegovina, represent not just a violation of fundamental human rights but also of human dignity of these people. This is in direct contradiction with the provisions of the 2006 United Nation Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities that Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified in 2010 and especially to the principle of equality before the law stipulated in its Article 12. The violation of fundamental human rights is also reflected in the fact that, by depriving the persons with disabilities of their legal capacity and placing them under guardianship, you deprive them of the right to take decisions by themselves and to assume responsibilities for their actions, as well as of the possibility to control their own lives. Instead of by themselves, all decisions are made by their guardians, who can abuse their entitlements. Hence, it is necessary to make prompt changes of the relevant Bosnia and Herzegovina’s legislation, which is in a current state without doubt discriminatory and incompatible with international standards.

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    Authors: Bečić, Edina;

    The paper defines the responsibility of civil servants for breaches of official duty. The basic characteristics and principles of disciplinary responsibility are discussed. Given that civil servants are a key component of the civil service system and are a significant prerequisite for the continuous, regular and efficient functioning of the state administration, the paper analyzes the legal regulation of disciplinary responsibility and disciplinary proceedings. Since there are three different civil servants systems in Bosnia and Herzegovina that follow its complex constitutional and institutional arrangement, it is necessary to point out the basic differences that exist at each level of the institutions of the state, entities and Brcko District. However, despite the different approaches in the regulation of disciplinary responsibility, at every level of government efforts are being made to encourage civil servants to work responsibly in the service. U radu se definira odgovornost državnih službenika za povrede službene dužnosti. Razmatraju se osnovne karakteristike i načela disciplinske odgovornosti. S obzirom da su državni službenici ključna komponenta službeničkog sistema i da su značajna pretpostavka za stalno, redovno i učinkovito funkcioniranje državne uprave, u radu se analizira pravno uređenje disciplinske odgovornosti i disciplinski postupak. Kako u Bosni i Hercegovini postoje tri različita službenička sistema koja prate njeno složeno ustavno i institucionalno uređenje, neophodno je ukazati na osnovne razlike koje postoje na nivou institucija države, entiteta i Brčko Distrikta. Međutim, i pored različitog pristupa u uređenju disciplinske odgovornosti, na svakom nivou vlasti nastoje se potaknuti državni službenici na odgovoran rad u službi.

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